Author Topic: Walking around corfu  (Read 268940 times)

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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #585 on: November 10, 2021, 09:05:06 AM »



HI

I am working blind but i might be able to work my magic haha. Truth [Karl] is right the fruit could have be poisonous If something looks good It might look good to eat DONT unless you know

Right the tree i think is a Jujube tree i have posted about this fruit i shall put the link here and scroll down till Jujube     Ziziphus jujuba

Let me know if it is the tree if not i dig deeper



https://arillas.com/forum/index.php/topic,10517.msg145095.html#msg145095

KEV

Offline Eggy

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #586 on: November 10, 2021, 09:15:37 AM »
It is a Jujube tree. Greeks tend to call them Zisitha (That's hw they say it-Not sure about the spelling)
Taste of an apple with a hard nut inside. We have a young one in our garden.
Negg

Offline DronnyDave

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #587 on: November 10, 2021, 11:57:49 AM »
I had previously seen people eat them and because they went back a couple of days later and had some more, I was fairly sure they weren't poisonous. I tried them a couple of years ago and just thought that they weren't particularly good to eat.
As we were in Arillas much later on in the year than we would normally be I thought they might be  a bit riper and therefore tried them again. Same result, not particularly appealing.
I know, like some of the drinks, these things can be an acquired taste, a bit like ouzo.😀
Anyway, thanks for the info, it's good to know what they are. I might try them again some time in the future.

Offline Truth

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #588 on: November 10, 2021, 01:31:27 PM »
Try squeezing some in your Ouzo next time,,,, might be nice 😁
Wolverhampton Wanderers, pride of The Midlands......

Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #589 on: November 11, 2021, 12:29:09 PM »


HI

I found a old book travel guide all about Corfu and came across this plant that grows all over the Island i did not Know this plant grows on Corfu

Blood orange

Citrus × sinensis Known as a blood orange with a  crimson, almost blood-colored flesh.
The distinctive dark flesh color is due to the presence of anthocyanins, a family of polyphenol pigments common to many flowers and fruit, but uncommon in citrus fruits.
Chrysanthemin (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) is the main compound found in red oranges. The flesh develops its characteristic maroon color when the fruit develops with low temperatures during the night. Sometimes, dark coloring is seen on the exterior of the rind, as well, depending on the variety of blood orange. The skin can be tougher and harder to peel than that of other oranges. Blood oranges have a unique flavor compared to other oranges, being distinctly raspberry-like in addition to the usual citrus notes. The anthocyanin pigments of blood oranges begin accumulating in the vesicles at the edges of the segments, and at the blossom end of the fruit, and continue accumulating in cold storage after harvest.
The blood orange is a natural mutation of the orange, which is itself a hybrid, probably between the pomelo and the tangerine, Within Europe, the arancia rossa di Sicilia (red orange of Sicily) has Protected Geographical Status. In the Valencian Community, it was introduced in the second half of the 19th century.

HABITAT
Orange trees are climate-sensitive plants that have quite definite temperature requirements. When they are actively growing, they do best if temperatures range from 55 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. They become dormant in winter and require temperatures no lower the 35 F or higher than 50 F during this period.
thrive in USDA zones 9-10. Open fields

Order:   Sapindales
Family:   Rutaceae
Genus:   Citrus
Species:   C. × sinensis
Binomial name
Citrus × sinensis
Cultivar group   Blood orange cultivars
Origin   Southern Mediterranean,
Cultivar group members   
'Tarocco' (native to Italy)
'Sanguinello' (native to Spain)
'Moro' (Sicily)

The three most common types of blood oranges are the 'Tarocco' (native to Italy), the 'Sanguinello' (native to Spain), and the 'Moro', the newest variety of the three. Other less-common types include 'Maltese', 'Khanpur', 'Washington Sanguine', 'Ruby Blood', 'Sanguina Doble Fina', 'Delfino', 'Red Valencia', 'Burris Blood Valencia', 'Vaccaro', 'Sanguine grosse ronde', 'Entre Fina', and 'Sanguinello a pignu'. The 'Maltese' is known to be the sweetest.
While also pigmented, Cara cara navels and Vainiglia sanguignos have pigmentation based on lycopene, not anthocyanins as blood oranges do.

Citrus × sinensis is a small evergreen tree originally domesticated in subtropical Asia. These plants can reach up to 30' tall. Slender spines may be found at the leaf axils, particularly on new growth. The glossy, aromatic leaves are ovate in shape and can reach up to 4" long.

HISTORY
Blood oranges may have originated in the southern Mediterranean, where they have been grown since the 18th century. They are a common orange grown in Italy. The anthocyanins – which give the orange its distinct maroon color – will only develop when temperatures are low at night, as during the Mediterranean fall and winter.
It was carried to the Mediterranean area possibly by Italian traders after 1450 or by Portuguese navigators around 1500.






NONE in humans

Symptoms of Orange Poisoning in Dogs
The symptoms of orange poisoning in dogs vary, but the most common are:
Drooling
Weakness
Muscle spasms and tremors
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Depression
Choking on orange peel
Potential photosensitivity
Intestinal obstruction

All citrus fruits (grapefruit, oranges, limes and lemons) are mildly toxic to cats. Consider every part of the fruit, from the seeds to the fruit and skin, to be toxic for your feline.



Gardens parks Food Drinks Peel oil
Orangewood sticks are used as cuticle pushers in manicures and pedicures, and as spudgers for manipulating slender electronic wires.
Orangewood is used in the same way as mesquite, oak, and hickory for seasoning grilled meat.



Blood oranges are full of anthocyanins, a type of antioxidant. These are the pigments that give them their dark red color. These antioxidants are known for their anti-cancer properties. They help your body reduce damage from free radicals, decreasing the chance that cells will become cancerous.

support healthy pregnancy
Blood oranges contain several nutrients that are important for promoting proper growth and development during your pregnancy.

Boost immune function
With a hearty dose of vitamin C packed into each serving, blood oranges may help ramp up immune function, protecting you from illness and infection.

Improve gut health
Blood oranges are a great source of fiber, boasting nearly 3 grams in a single serving (2Trusted Source).
Fiber can soften and add bulk to stool — this promotes your regularity and prevents constipation

 Have cancer-fighting properties
Blood oranges are rich in cancer-fighting antioxidants like chrysanthemin, the compound that gives the fruit its distinct color.
In one test-tube study, chrysanthemin prevented the growth and spread of prostate cancer cells


Versatile and delicious
Blood oranges have a slightly sweet, tart, and tangy flavor that works well in a variety of recipes.
From cakes and panna cottas to ice creams and sorbets, blood oranges make a great addition to many desserts.
You can also use blood oranges to brighten up salads or add a tasty twist to cocktails, juices, and mixed drinks.
Alternatively, you can try using blood oranges in dressings and salsas for an extra burst of flavor and nutrients.
Similar to other citrus fruits, blood oranges can also be enjoyed as a simple snack on the go. Just peel them and enjoy!








Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #590 on: November 15, 2021, 10:32:19 AM »


HI

Cornelian Cherry


Cornus Mas Also just known as Dogwood also European cornel or Cornelian cherry dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to Southern Europe and Southwestern Asia.
Flowering Cornus (dogwood) trees are grown for their showy coloured bracts in late spring and early summer. sanguinea are grown for their vivid winter stem colour, while shrubby C. mas (the cornelian cherry) is grown for its winter flowers and summer fruits.
Cornus is a genus for all seasons. Known as dogwood or cornels there are around 60 ? species of cornus, ranging from low, creeping, sub shrubs to large trees. Perfect for gardens of all sizes. Those grown for their leaves are some of the most beautiful foliage shrubs.

Family:   Cornaceae
Genus:   Cornus
Subgenus:   Cornus subg. Cornus
Species:   C. mas
Binomial name
Cornus mas

It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. The leaves are opposite, 4–10 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with an ovate to oblong shape and an entire margin. The flowers are small (5–10 mm in diameter), with four yellow petals, produced in clusters of 10–25 together in the late winter (between February and March in the UK), well before the leaves appear. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter, containing a single seed.
The fruits are red berries. When ripe on the plant, they bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and ripen in mid- to late summer. The fruit is edible, as used in Eastern Europe, the UK and British Columbia, Canada, but the unripe fruit is astringent. When ripe, the fruit is dark ruby red or a bright yellow. It has an acidic flavor which is best described as a mixture of cranberry and sour cherry; it is mainly used for making jam, makes an excellent sauce similar to cranberry sauce when pitted, and then boiled with sugar and orange, but also can be eaten dried.

HABITAT
 Thrives in open areas or in semi-shade vegetation, such as forest hedges, steppe shrubs, and light woodlands. It prefers moist, alkaline soils rich in nutrients, although it is principally found in warm and dry conditions. and can occur at altitudes from sea level up to 1500 m.
Height: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 20.00 feet

The plant bears deep brown branches, while the twigs are greenish. The leaves are arranged opposite to one another with a short stalk and measure about 4 cm to 10 cm in length and 2 cm to 4 cm in width. The shape of the leaves vary from ovate to oblong with an entire margin that is shortly acuminate and supplied with visible parallel veins. Leaves are dark green above and lighter below. They turn to mahogany red in autumn.

The flowers of Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas) have both male and female parts; the trees can pollinate themselves. But a partner of a different variety is often needed for abundant fruit and sometimes, as in your case, for any fruit at all. ... And their small edible fruits are usually bright red.
The species is also grown as an ornamental plant for its late winter yellow flowers, which open earlier than those of Forsythia. While Cornus mas flowers are not as large and vibrant as those of the Forsythia, the entire plant can be used for a similar effect in the landscape.

The wood of C. mas is extremely dense and, unlike the wood of most other woody plant species, sinks in water. This density makes it valuable for crafting into tool handles, parts for machines, etc.
Cornus mas was used from the seventh century BC onward by Greek craftsmen to construct spears, javelins and bows, the craftsmen considering it far superior to any other wood. Topic: A to Z - Photographs of Arillas and Corfu a Photo 15/11/2021 The wood's association with weaponry was so well known that the Greek name for it was used as a synonym for "spear" in poetry during the fourth and third centuries BC.
In Italy, the mazzarella, uncino or bastone, the stick carried by the butteri or mounted herdsmen of the Maremma region, is traditionally made of cornel-wood, there called crognolo or grugnale, dialect forms of Italian: corniolo

The shrub was not native to the British Isles. William Turner had only heard of the plant in 1548, but by 1551 he had heard of one at Hampton Court Palace. Gerard said it was to be found in the gardens "of such as love rare and dainty plants".

The appreciation of the early acid-yellow flowers is largely a 20th-century development






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Parks gardens Landscape  Hedge Screen  For its very early spring bloom. All year round interest
 Cornelian Cherry Whole-Fruit in Syrup



C. mas L. is important in terms of decoration and is used in traditional medicine to treat diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, cholera, fever, malaria, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, cancer, bleeding and heat stroke.
Drinking the juice extracted from cornelian cherry berry can also promote recovery after a bout of severe diarrhea.

Consuming these berries on a regular basis helps to boost the functioning of liver by exercising a potent hepato protective action.

Eating cornelian cherry also promotes the functioning of the kidneys.

Cornelian cherry also aids in lowering high blood pressure and is beneficial for people suffering from hypertension.

This berry-like fruit also encourages detoxification of the entire body

Small amount of edible oil can be extracted from the seeds.

Seeds are roasted, ground into a powder and used as a coffee substitute.





Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #591 on: November 21, 2021, 12:12:47 PM »


HI

Black Cumin

Nigella sativa
 All so known as  black cumin, nigella, kalonji, black caraway, black nigella seed,  is an annual flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae, native to eastern Europe Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania and western Asia (Turkey, Iran and Iraq), but naturalized over a much wider area, including parts of Mediterranean Europe, Greece, Spain,Italy, northern Africa and east to Myanmar.
N. sativa grows to 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) tall, with finely divided, linear (but not thread-like) leaves. The flowers are delicate, and usually coloured pale blue and white, with five to ten petals. The fruit is a large and inflated capsule composed of three to seven united follicles, each containing numerous seeds which are used as spice, sometimes as a replacement for black cumin
[ Bunium bulbocastanum is the black cumin  Bunium bulbocastanum and Nigella sativa, are commonly referred to as black cumin. ]
Family:   Ranunculaceae
Genus:   Nigella
Species:   N. sativa
Binomial name
HABITAT
Arable land and market gardens Constructed, industrial and other artificial habitats gardens and parks Woodland fringes and clearings Wasteland Roadsides,

HISTORY
Nigella sativa L. (Ranunculaceae), commonly known as black seed or black cumin, has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. It originated from Southeastern Asia and was also used in ancient Egypt, Greece, Middle East, and Africa. It is a flowering plant which has been used for centuries as a spice and food preservative
used as a condiment of the Old World to flavor food. The Persian physician Avicenna in his Canon of Medicine described N. sativa as a treatment for dyspnea. N. sativa was used in the Middle East as a traditional medicine. Today the oil is used by many in the treatment of conditions such as asthma, diabetes, hypertension and weight loss among others.
N. sativa  It even appears in the words of Mohammad and the Judeo-Christian Holy Bible.
Black cumin, Nigella sativa, is a plant native to ancient Egypt with numerous historical references and applications in traditional medicine. Black cumin is known as the oil of the Pharaohs as black cumin seeds were supposedly found in the tomb of Tutankhamen to accompany him into the afterlife. Likewise, it seems that Cleopatra and Nefertiti used black cumin oil for their beauty care.
Ancient Greek physicians sang praises of black cumin oil
Hippocrates, the ancient Greek physician who is considered the father of early medicine, loved pure black seed oil and recommended it as a remedy for several ailments, particularly digestive issues. References to ‘melanthion’ (which literally means little black seed) can be found in multiple Hippocratic recipes. Galen, another Greek surgeon and philosopher listed both superficial and internal uses of black seed oil in his medicinal texts.

Tutankhamen took black seeds to his grave
Ancient Egyptians revered black cumin oil enough to bury it with their dead. The Egyptians believed that their dead would be resurrected in afterlife, so they buried essential ‘grave goods’ or artifacts along with the deceased. When the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen, who ruled ancient Egypt from 1336-1327 BCE, was excavated, archeologists found remains of black seeds amongst his accompanying goods.
Black seed oil remedies were mentioned in Ayurvedic scriptures
References to black seeds or ‘Kalonji’ as it is called in India, can be found in ancient ayurvedic medicinal texts. Black cumin seed oil was used to cure boils and treat skin problems such as eczema. Ayurvedic texts also recommend the use of kalonji to build Agnior achieve metabolic balance.
Black seeds are included in Sunnah Foods
Black seed oil also has a special status in Islam. Sunnah foods are basically food items that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) loved and recommended for the rest of the Muslim Ummah (community). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) described black seeds as a universal cure. He said that the black seed was medicine for every disease except death. Hadith literature compiled in 8thand 9thcentury describes the medicinal benefits and uses of black seeds.

Bunium bulbocastanum and Nigella sativa, are commonly referred to as black cumin.
          Both are purported to have therapeutic properties, and both are spices. So what’s the difference?

Nigella sativa

The prophet Mohammed is quoted as saying, “This black cumin is healing for all diseases except death.”

The black cumin he was referring to is Nigella sativa. It’s been used for centuries to treat everything from abscesses to herpes zoster.

Nigella sativa is a flowering plant that’s also called:

fennel flower
black caraway
kalonji
It’s native to parts of:
Asia
the Middle East
North Africa
The plant grows nearly three feet and has wispy foliage, small pale flowers, and fruit pods filled with seeds.
These seeds, about the size of caraway seeds, contain a number of active ingredients, including a powerful compound called thymoquinone (TQ).
TQ is said to:
reduce inflammation
enhance the immune system
protect against cancer
Considerable research is being conducted to determine potential applications for N. sativa in the treatment of a range of conditions, including:
Cancer
N. sativa has gained interest as a possible anti-cancer agent. There are ongoing studies to look at the role of N. sativa in controlling the beginning, growth and spreading of tumors.
Recent studies showTrusted Source that there appears to be a cancer-cell-killing potential in N. Sativa that holds hope for future prevention and treatment protocols.
Allergies
A large body of research supports the use of N. sativa for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. One studyTrusted Source concluded that N. sativa relieves most common nasal allergy symptoms, including:
congestion
runny nose
sneezing
swelling of the nasal passages
Infection control
In new studies, N. sativa is showing promise as a treatment for bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.
Alzheimer’s disease
Animal research indicates that N. sativa warrants further investigation for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Animal studies are showing promise for use of N. sativa for prevention of cognitive decline.

                       Bunium bulbocastanum

B. bulbocastanum is also called:
black cumin
great pignut
soil chestnut
black zira
It’s native to:
Northern Africa
Southeastern Europe
Southern Asia
The plant is about two feet tall and topped with white flowers similar to Queen Anne’s lace.
All parts of B. bulbocastanum have uses. The edible roots taste like coconut or chestnuts, while the leaves can be used as herbs. The seeds of B. bulbocastanum are most prized.
Although there hasn’t been extensive research on the therapeutic uses of B. bulbocastanum, several studies indicate that the herb may be effective in several treatment areas.
Infection Control
Researchers are exploring B. bulbocastanum as an antibacterial drug.
Most notably, it helps fight Staphylococcus aureus, which is the primary cause of skin and soft tissue infections.
These infections are often vancomycin-resistant and methicillin-resistant (MRSA), which means they don’t respond to antibiotics. Alternative treatments like B. bulbocastanum would be very beneficial.
Cancer
The fruit of B. bulbocastanum has been shown to be an antioxidant with potential cancer-fighting effects, though more research is needed.
Diabetes
According to some research, B. bulbocastanum has antioxidant properties and improves cell function to prevent aging and cell breakdown.
In the future, B. bulbocastanum may prove to be effective at reducing the effect of diabetes complications and aging due to oxidation and glycation.
These processes damage our cells and contribute to a host of medical conditions.
More human research and clinical trials are required before N. sativa and B. bulbocastanum can be heralded as cures. N. sativa in particular may pan out as a panacea for certain conditions.

The main difference between black seeds and black cumin seeds is that black seeds are Nigella sativa while black cumin seeds are either Bunium bulbocastanum or Nigella sativa. However, most people use these two words interchangeably.

I am just as confused kev




 

                                             Bunium bulbocastanum



NONE

Grow in pot, tubs, gardens parks Nigella seeds are widely used as a spice and condiment in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine. They can be dry-roasted and used to give a smokey, nutty flavor to curries, vegetables, and beans.
Nigella seeds can add an herby-oniony flavor to all sorts of dishes. Try sprinkling them over salad, vegetables (potato dishes especially), or fish or adding them to rice pilaf, lentils, and chicken or lamb braises. Add these oniony, aromatic seeds to everything from baked goods to potatoes, pilaf, and braises.


It has been widely used as antihypertensive, liver tonics, diuretics, digestive, anti-diarrheal, appetite stimulant, analgesics, anti-bacterial and in skin disorders.
N. sativa and its constituents may be considered effective remedies for treatment of allergic and obstructive lung diseases as well as other respiratory diseases.
Packed With Antioxidants
Antioxidants are substances that neutralize harmful free radicals and prevent oxidative damage to cells.

Lower Cholesterol
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found throughout your body. While you need some cholesterol, high amounts can build up in your blood and increase your risk of heart disease.
Kalonji has been shown to be especially effective

Cancer-Fighting Properties
Kalonji is high in antioxidants, which help neutralize harmful free radicals that may contribute to the development of diseases like cancer.
Test-tube studies have found some impressive results regarding the potential anti-cancer effects of kalonji and thymoquinone, its active compound.

Kill off Bacteria
Disease-causing bacteria are responsible for a long list of dangerous infections, ranging from ear infections to pneumonia.
Some test-tube studies have found that kalonji may have antibacterial properties and be effective at fighting off certain strains of bacteria.

Protect the Liver
The liver is an incredibly important organ. It removes toxins, metabolizes drugs, processes nutrients and produces proteins and chemicals that are crucial to health.
Several promising animal studies have found that kalonji may help protect the liver against injury and damage.

Can Aid in Blood Sugar Regulation
High blood sugar can cause many negative symptoms, including increased thirst, unintentional weight loss, fatigue and difficulty concentrating.
Left unchecked in the long term, high blood sugar can lead to even more serious consequences, such as nerve damage, vision changes and slow wound healing.
Some evidence shows that kalonji could help keep blood sugar steady and thus prevent these dangerous adverse side effects.

Prevent Stomach Ulcers
Stomach ulcers are painful sores that form when stomach acids eat away at the layer of protective mucus that lines the stomach.
Some research shows that kalonji could help preserve the lining of the stomach and prevent the formation of ulcers.
In one animal study, 20 rats with stomach ulcers were treated using kalonji. Not only did it result in healing effects in about 83% of rats, but it was also nearly as effective as a common medication used to treat stomach ulcers

 Hair
nigella sativa, black seed oil is thought to naturally restore hair growth in thinning areas thanks to its high concentration of thymoquinone, a powerful antihistamine. ... That means it's not thick like olive or coconut oil, and it has added therapeutic benefits.

Skin
Thymoquinone, a chemical compound found in Nigella sativa, the plant which black cumin seed comes from, acts as an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory for the skin, which make black cumin seed products safe for even the most sensitive skin.


There are a variety of ways to add kalonji to your diet.

With a bitter taste that is described as a mix between oregano and onions, it is often found in Middle Eastern and South Asian cuisines.

It’s usually lightly toasted and then ground or used whole to add flavor to bread or curry dishes.

Some people also eat the seeds raw or mix them with honey or water. They can also be added to oatmeal, smoothies or yogurt.

What’s more, the oil is sometimes diluted and applied topically as a natural remedy that’s said to increase hair growth, reduce inflammation and treat certain skin conditions.

Lastly, supplements are available in capsule or softgel form for a quick and concentrated dose of kalonji.



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #592 on: November 25, 2021, 12:06:53 PM »


HI

You may see this plant on your walks

Love-in-a-mist

Nigella damascena Also known as  Devil in the bush   is an annual garden flowering plant, belonging to the buttercup family Ranunculaceae. It is native to southern Europe (but adventive in more northern countries of Europe), north Africa and southwest Asia, where it is found on neglected, damp patches of land.
The specific epithet damascena relates to Damascus in Syria. The plant's common name "love-in-a-mist" comes from the flower being nestled in a ring of multifid, lacy bracts.
Nigella damascena, is a charming old-fashioned flower that blooms in spring and early summer. The genus name Nigella comes from the Latin niger (black), referring to the intense black seeds.
It grows to 20–50 cm (8–20 in) tall, with pinnately divided, thread-like, alternate leaves. The flowers, blooming in early summer, are most commonly different shades of blue, but can be white, pink, or pale purple, with 5 to 25 sepals. The actual petals are located at the base of the stamens and are minute and clawed. The sepals are the only colored part of the perianth. The four to five carpels of the compound pistil have each an erect style.
The fruit is a large and inflated capsule, growing from a compound ovary, and is composed of several united follicles, each containing numerous seeds. This is rather exceptional for a member of the buttercup family. The capsule becomes brown in late summer. The plant self-seeds, growing on the same spot year after year

Family:   Ranunculaceae
Genus:   Nigella
Species:   N. damascena
Binomial name
Nigella damascena

HABITAT
any well-drained garden soil. Best in full sun but will tollerate some shade for part of the day. Suitable for town, city or coastal gardens, in beds and borders. waste ground Road sides

HISTORY
Some hybrids are available with white, pink or lavender flowers. Inside the seedpods are black seeds from which the name Nigella and many of its folk names derive. Love-in-a-mist is native to Europe and Northern Africa. Its seeds were ground and used as a spice for foods before black pepper became widely available. The ground seed is said to have a flavor like peppery oregano. The ground seed was also used as a snuff and as an expectorant.
The Roman physician, Dioscorides used love-in-a-mist seeds to cure headaches, treat nasal congestion and toothaches, as well as utilizing them as a natural insect repellent and to treat intestinal worms. It was very popular in Arabic and Turkish countries as a food that fattened up women. The prophet Muhammad recommended nigella as a cure-all herb. Recent studies in South Carolina showed nigella seed extract had some effect on diminishing cancer cells.
After the beginning of metal processing at the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age, further knowledge of ore mining and smelting had spread from the Near East to central Europe. In the copper ore deposits of Schwaz, in the central part of the Alps, the oldest traces of copper mining derive from the early to middle Bronze Ages. Investigation of a middle to late Bronze Age (1410–920 cal B.C.) slag-washing site in the area revealed a carbonised seed of Nigella damascena (Ranunculaceae) (love-in-a-mist) together with individual other food plants. The plant remains had become incorporated into the slag sediments by chance and had been preserved in an excellent state due to toxic copper salts contained in the soil. Nigella damascena, like N. sativa (black cumin), is traditionally used as a condiment and healing herb in southern Europe and the Near East, but has never grown in the wild in central Europe. Until now, there has been no evidence of prehistoric large-scale cultivation of N. damascena in central Europe. This leads to two possible conclusions: the find may either originate from an exchange of goods with the cultures in the Mediterranean during the Bronze Age, or indicate an introduction of the plant by an immigrant population from that area. Implicating the latter alternative together with the archaeological context of the ore processing site suggests that Nigella damascena had been introduced to the Alps by foreign miners in the course of ore exploitation during the middle to late Bronze Age.








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Gardens Parks Beds Both the flowers and unusual seed head look wonderful in flower arrangements, and the flower is edible. The original form of this flower N. sativa, also known as black cumin, has flowers that are not as showy, and is grown for its black, peppery, aromatic seeds that are used as a spice. Was my last post The related Nigella sativa (and not N. damascena) is the source of the spice variously known as nigella, kalonji or black cumin.
Seed - raw or cooked. It is normally used as a condiment  it has a nutmeg flavour An essential oil distilled from the plant is used in perfumery and lipsticks



Nigella damascena L belongs to Ranunculaceae family and is mentioned in Eastern traditional medicine for the treatment of high temperatures, regulation of menstruation or catarrhal affections.







Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #593 on: November 27, 2021, 12:46:34 PM »


HI

I am not sure about this plant being in Arillas Growing wild if so can someone let me know please

Sesame

Sesamum indicum is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. World production in 2018 was 6 million tonnes, with Sudan, Myanmar, and India as the largest producers.
Sesame seed is one of the oldest oilseed crops known, domesticated well over 3000 years ago. Sesamum has many other species, most being wild and native to sub-Saharan Africa. S. indicum, the cultivated type, originated in India.
 It tolerates drought conditions well, growing where other crops fail.
 Sesame has one of the highest oil contents of any seed. With a rich, nutty flavor, it is a common ingredient in cuisines across the world.
Like other seeds and foods, it can trigger allergic reactions in some people.

Family:   Pedaliaceae
Genus:   Sesamum
Species:   S. indicum
Binomial name
Sesamum indicum
The word "sesame" is from Latin sesamum and Greek σήσαμον : sēsamon; which in turn are derived from ancient Semitic languages, e.g., Akkadian šamaššamu. From these roots, words with the generalized meaning "oil, liquid fat" were derived. The word "benne" was first recorded to be used in English in 1769 and comes from Gullah benne which itself derives from Malinke bĕne.
Sesame varieties have adapted to many soil types. The high-yielding crops thrive best on well-drained, fertile soils of medium texture and neutral pH. However, these have a low tolerance for soils with high salt and water-logged conditions. Commercial sesame crops require 90 to 120 frost-free days. Warm conditions above 23 °C (73 °F) favor growth and yields. While sesame crops can grow in poor soils, the best yields come from properly fertilized farms.
Sesame is an annual plant growing 50 to 100 cm (1.6 to 3.3 ft) tall, with opposite leaves 4 to 14 cm (1.6 to 5.5 in) long with an entire margin; they are broad lanceolate, to 5 cm (2 in) broad, at the base of the plant, narrowing to just 1 cm (0.4 in) broad on the flowering stem. The flowers are tubular, 3 to 5 cm (1.2 to 2.0 in) long, with a four-lobed mouth. The flowers may vary in colour, with some being white, blue, or purple. Sesame seeds occur in many colours depending on the cultivar. The most traded variety of sesame is off-white coloured. Other common colours are buff, tan, gold, brown, reddish, gray, and black. The colour is the same for the hull and the fruit.
The largest sesame areas are grown in Asia, especially in India, which holds about 2.5 million hectares, and in China, with 900,000 hectares. ... However, the most productive sesame farms are located in Greece, where largest productions per hectare were recorded in 2013.

HABITAT
Sesame grows best in well-drained, sandy loam soils, with a pH from 5–8. Sesame cannot survive standing water or high salinity environments. Sesame is notable for its ability to grow under droughty conditions and in extreme heat.
 
HISTORY
Sesame seed is considered to be the oldest oilseed crop known to humanity  The genus has many species, and most are wild. Most wild species of the genus Sesamum are native to sub-Saharan Africa. S. indicum, the cultivated type, originated in India.
Archaeological remnants suggest sesame was first domesticated in the Indian subcontinent dating to 5500 years ago.
Charred remains of sesame recovered from archeological excavations have been dated to 3500-3050 BC. Fuller claims trading of sesame between Mesopotamia and the Indian subcontinent occurred by 2000 BC. It is possible that the Indus Valley Civilization exported sesame oil to Mesopotamia, where it was known as ilu in Sumerian and ellu in Akkadian.
The sesame plant likely originated in Asia or East Africa, and ancient Egyptians are known to have used the ground seed as grain flour. The seeds were used by the Chinese at least 5,000 years ago, and for centuries they have burned the oil to make soot for the finest Chinese ink blocks. The Romans ground sesame seeds with cumin to make a pasty spread for bread. Once it was thought to have mystical powers, and sesame still retains a magical quality, as shown in the expression “open sesame,” from the Arabian Nights tale of “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.”
The historic origin of sesame was favored by its ability to grow in areas that do not support the growth of other crops. It is also a robust crop that needs little farming support—it grows in drought conditions, in high heat, with residual moisture in soil after monsoons are gone or even when rains fail or when rains are excessive. It was a crop that could be grown by subsistence farmers at the edge of deserts, where no other crops grow. Sesame has been called a survivor crop






 


NONE  It can trigger allergic reactions in some people.Natasha Ednan-Laperouse, 15, suffered anaphylaxis after unknowingly eating sesame in a baguette she bought from a Pret a Manger shop at Heathrow. She died after collapsing on a Nice-bound flight in July 2016. Natasha’s parents, from Fulham, west London, have backed legislation that will mean all shops in Britain will have to label all ingredients on pre-packed food.


Its seeds, which are used as food and flavouring and from which a prized oil is extracted. Sweets,
 Usually roasted or stewed, it can also be ground into a powder and used as a flour, make sweetmeats, added to breads,
. It can also be fermented into 'tempeh', ground into a powder and mixed with a sweetener to make 'halva', or made into a paste and used as the spread 'tahini'
 The seeds can also be sprouted and used in salads  An edible oil is obtained from the seed . The oil is very stable and will keep for years without turning rancid



Sesame seeds are a good source of healthy fats, protein, B vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants, and other beneficial plant compounds. Regularly eating substantial portions of these seeds — not just an occasional sprinkling on a burger bun — may aid blood sugar control, combat arthritis pain, and lower cholesterol.
 The leaves are rich in a gummy matter and when mixed with water they form a rich bland mucilage that is used in the treatment of infant cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, catarrh and bladder troubles. The seed is diuretic, emollient, galactogogue, lenitive and tonic, and acts as a tonic for the liver and kidneys. It is taken internally in the treatment of premature hair loss and greying, convalescence, chronic dry constipation, dental caries, osteoporosis, stiff joints, dry cough etc. It has a marked ability to increase milk production in nursing mothers. Externally it is used to treat haemorrhoids and ulcers. The seed is very high in calories and so should be used with caution by people who are overweight. The oil is laxative and also promotes menstruation. It is used to treat dry constipation in the elderly. Mixed with lime water, the oil is used externally to treat burns, boils and ulcers. A decoction of the root is used in various traditions to treat asthma and coughs.



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #594 on: December 11, 2021, 11:29:50 AM »


HI
You can see this grass all around Arillas and Corfu you most probably sat on it at some time

Couch Grass

Elymus repens Also known commonly around the world as  twitch, quick grass, quitch grass (also just quitch), dog grass, quackgrass, scutch grass, and witchgrass.
  Is a very common perennial species of grass native to most of Europe, Asia, the Arctic biome, and northwest Africa. It has been brought into other mild northern climates for forage or erosion control, but is often considered a weed.
It has creeping rhizomes which enable it to grow rapidly across grassland. It has flat, hairy leaves with upright flower spikes. The stems ('culms') grow to 40–150 cm tall; the leaves are linear, 15–40 cm long and 3–10 mm broad at the base of the plant, with leaves higher on the stems 2–8.5 mm broad. The flower spike is 10–30 cm long, with spikelets 1–2 cm long, 5–7 mm broad and 3 mm thick with three to eight florets. The glumes are 7–12 mm long, usually without an awn or with only a short one. It flowers at the end of June through to August in the Northern Hemisphere

Family:   Poaceae
Subfamily:   Pooideae
Genus:   Elymus
Species:   E. repens
Binomial name
Elymus repens

HABITAT
Wide range of soils from sand to heavy clays.. It prefers heavier land but is able to spread more readily in lighter soils. ... If left undisturbed a mat of young rhizomes forms in the upper 10 cm of soil.  It can also handle drought and high levels of salt,
Full sun not shade. Roadside verges, waste ground and arable land. It is very tough and can shade out more delicate plants.

HISTORY
Used in herbal medicine since the times of the ancient Greeks and Romans, Couch Grass was traditionally used as a diuretic and to expel gravel from the bladder.
Its sweet tasting root has also been used as a coffee substitute, and to make meal and mixed with wheat flour in times of scarcity.
17th century herbalist Culpeper had this to say about it in his tome The Complete Herbal, “the most medicinal of all the quick grasses. The roots of it act powerfully by urine; they should be dried and powdered, for the decoction by water is too strong for tender stomachs, therefore should be sparingly used when given that way to children to destroy the worms. The way of use is to bruise the roots, and having well boiled them in white wine, drink the decoction; it is opening, not purging, very safe: it is a remedy against all diseases coming of stopping, and such are half those that are incident to the body of man; and although a gardener be of another opinion, yet a physician holds half an acre of them to be worth five acres of carrots twice told over".


Couch Grass contains carbohydrates (10%) (including triticin (3-8%) (a polysaccharide related to inulin), inositol, mannitol, and mucilage (10%)), volatile oil (0.01-0.05%), agropyrene, flavonoids (tricin), cyanogenic glycosides, saponins, vanilloside (vanillin monoglucoside) (very small amounts), vanillin, and phenolcarboxylic acids (silicic acid; and silicates)

Couch grass has become naturalised throughout much of the world, and is often listed as an invasive weed
 It is very difficult to remove from garden environments, as the thin rhizomes become entangled among the roots of shrubs and perennials, and each severed piece of rhizome can develop into a new plant. It may be possible to loosen the earth around the plant, and carefully pull out the complete rhizome. This is best done in the spring, when disturbed plants can recover. Another method is to dig deep into the ground in order to remove as much of the grass as possible. The area should then be covered with a thick layer of woodchips. To further prevent re-growth, cardboard can be placed underneath the woodchips. The long, white rhizomes will, however, dry out and die if left on the surface. Many herbicides will also control it.

The newer cultivars of couch can be used to make a great lawn in warmer climates. However, it is still generally regarded as a weed to many gardeners because of its creeping and spreading growth habit. It produces long creeping stolons (overground runners) and rhizomes (underground runners) that are highly invasive.

Couch grass is a variety of grass that is great at handling high amounts of wear. It can also handle drought and high levels of salt, making it a versatile lawn for those looking for a low-maintenance yard. This type of grass is also popular for sporting fields, due to its ability to tolerate a lot of hard play.  is used at golf courses, sporting facilities, and on council grounds within the country.

There are three different types of couch grass each with their own features and uses.
Couch Grass Types

Santa Ana Couch Grass - One of the couch turf types is the Santa Ana Couch Grass lawn. Australia loves this grass as it is a warm-season grass that thrives on sun and heat. Santa Ana couch grass has a fine leaf giving it a beautiful finish when mown short. This grass is able to tolerate considerable traffic.

Wintergreen Couch Grass - The wintergreen type of couch grass has a light to mid-green colour and requires a great deal of sun. This turf is best in high levels of sun and minimal shade. It is considered one of the best all-round lawns on the market.

Greenleas Park Couch Grass - Greenleas Park is a hard-wearing, dark bottle green turf. The leaf is not as fine on this couch grass, however, it still has a soft leafy feel.
Watering - Couch grass requires frequent watering after being laid. However, once the grass has been well established it becomes drought tolerate and watering at medium levels is enough to maintain its green healthy appearance.






NONE


Lawns,pastures. While it does not produce much bulk, its feeding value is high and it grows fast
Is it okay for a dog to eat grass? Many people believe dogs get sick from eating grass, as it is commonly eaten by horses and cows, but it is actually safe for dogs, too. Dogs need roughage in their diets and grass provides a good source of fibre.
This grass is also noted for its usage as forage, with all sorts of grazing animals using it for food. Grassland birds, like finches, eat couch grass seeds and caterpillars also use it for food. Sports fields
The foliage is an important forage grass for many grazing mammals. The seeds are eaten by several species of grassland birds, particularly buntings and finches. The caterpillars of some Lepidoptera use it as a foodplant, e.g. the Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola).


Couch grass root is taken by mouth for constipation, cough, bladder swelling (inflammation), fever, high blood pressure, or kidney stones. It is also used for water retention. Couch grass roots or leaves are applied to treat fevers.

Liver Health
Couch Grass rhizome contains inositol – a compound that prevents the accumulation of fat and cholesterol in the liver. Studies have found that inositol can help to prevent fatty liver disease, especially if used in conjunction with choline.


Digestive Health
When animals seek out grasses to ease digestive problems, their top choice is always Couch Grass. The rich mucilage content of the rhizome provides digestive benefits to humans too. Most mucilage is not broken down by the human digestive system, it absorbs toxins from the bowel and gives bulk to stools, which in turn can lower bowel transit time.
Mucilage also protects against ingested toxins and bacteria, helps to regulate intestinal flora, relaxes and soothes via the endodermal lining of the gut and protects against gastric acidity.

Respiratory Health
Couch Grass is an expectorant herb that helps to alleviate irritating coughs, bronchitis and laryngitis. Its soothing effect on the mucosa in the chest make it effective in clearing catarrhal congestion. It can also be used as a gargle to provide relief from sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis.
The rich silica content has a healing effect on the lungs, making this herb useful after chest infections.

Bladder Health
Couch Grass is powerfully diuretic and has a soothing, anti-inflammatory healing effect on the lining of the bladder. It is rich in mucilage, volatile oils and polysaccharides which are considered the active ingredients of this herb. The sugar compounds which are released on contact with water in the body soothe the mucosa throughout the body – especially in the urinary tract.
One of these compounds is triticin, a polysaccharide related to inulin which makes up around 8 percent of the herb. It is this compound that makes it a good remedy for mild cystitis. When certain sugar compounds are released into the urinary tract, the bacteria that cause cystitis are attracted to these compounds, causing them to release their hold in the urethra. As long as lots of water is drunk alongside the herb, this can help to flush the disease-causing bacteria out of the urinary tract.
As a diuretic, Couch Grass assists the kidneys in clearing out waste, salt and excess water by increasing urine production. This also inhibits microbial growth in the urinary system.

Couch Grass is an expectorant herb that helps to alleviate irritating coughs, bronchitis and laryngitis. Its soothing effect on the mucosa in the chest make it effective in clearing catarrhal congestion. It can also be used as a gargle to provide relief from sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis.
Couch grass is of considerable value as a herbal medicine, the roots being very useful in the treatment of a wide range of kidney, liver and urinary disorders. They have a gentle remedial effect which is well-tolerated by the body and has no side-effects. This plant is also a favourite medicine of domestic cats and dogs, who will often eat quite large quantities of the leaves. The roots are antiphlogistic, aperient, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, lithontripic and tonic. They are harvested in the spring and can be dried for later use. A tea made from the roots is used in cases of urinary incompetence and as a worm expellent. It is also an effective treatment for urinary tract infections such as cystitis and urethritis. It both protects the urinary tubules against infections and irritants, and increases the volume of urine thereby diluting it. Externally it is applied as a wash to swollen limbs.








Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #595 on: January 05, 2022, 12:25:48 PM »


HI

I know some of the forum members like to walk around landscaped gardens well Corfu have some of the most Beautiful in the whole of Greece.
You do not have to travel to far from Arillas to see some of Corfu gardens.
I will list gardens The Likeks
Corfu is indeed one of the most garden-friendly of the Greek islands – the greenest of those in the Aegean and with a higher annual rainfall than London. And because of its varied past, British, French, Venetian and Greek influences in architecture, agriculture and gardening are all clear to see.
Many native plants as well as those adapted to tolerate the hotter dry summers.
Along a remote stretch of Corfu's north-eastern coast, high summer traditionally attracts the immensely rich and powerful.
The likes of
Prince Charles and Camilla staying at Rothschild Villa
George Osborne  staying at Rothschild Villa
David Cameron also stayed on the Rothschild
Peter Mandelson stayed on the Rothschild

You can get a tour but hard to get

Another Garden Estate is in Kassiopi is The Kassiopi Estate

The Kasiopia Estate’s stunningly beautiful grounds incorporate woodland areas, beautiful rock formations and a host of indigenous trees, low shrubs, herbs, flora and fauna. A network of pathways and steps offers guests a magical tour of the estate, incorporating tranquil wooded areas, spectacular views and a number of perfectly placed seating areas along the way from which guests can relax and take in the scenery.
Rainwater harvest contributes to summer irrigation for those plants that need it, but the emphasis is on deep infrequent watering to encourage strong root development and plant independence. As the garden matures, self-seeding becomes a natural way for the garden to continuously renew itself, with the gardener on hand to facilitate its progression.



You can visit this garden by tour or appointment

Achilleion The beautiful Achilleion(Achillion) Palace sits 10 km south of the city of Corfu and three km north of the village of Benitses on the edge of Gastouri village.
It was built in 1890 by Empress Elizabeth of Austria in a property originally owned by the philosopher and diplomat Petros Vrailas Armenis and replaced the former “Villa Vraila”.
Queen Elizabeth became known as the sad queen Sisi.
The decoration of Achilleion was supervised by Elizabeth herself and reflects her admiration and love for Classical Greece, both interior and exterior are decorated with statues of ancient philosophers, heroes, and mythical ancient gods.



I have been around this palace well worth a visit
You can book a tour with most tour operators in Arillas, San Steff, or Sidari

A nice Garden in Arillas is Mon Amour Apartments
Well looked after a array of plants and colours



You can go around the back road and go in have a look every year i go in and look around and take photos the gardner is nice old boy

This is just some of the gardens on Corfu



Rachel Weaving is an author, garden maker, and adviser on garden design who divides her time between Washington, DC and Corfu. She has an RHS certificate in Horticulture and studied at the Oxford College of Garden Design. She began creating her current garden twelve years ago on a Corfiot hillside. The challenge of doing so led her to study the island’s gardening conditions and traditions and their roots in its culture, history, and natural environment.



Marianne Majerus is one of Europe’s finest garden photographers; her artistic and sensitive images are sought-after by publishers and private clients. She has won many awards including International Garden Photographer of the Year and Photographer of the Year by the Garden Media Guild. She is a founding member of the Professional Garden Photographers’ Association and an RHS judge. Recent books include Gardens of the Italian Lakes, Great Gardens of London, and Garden Design: A Book of Ideas, for which she was awarded the title of Book Photographer of the Year by the Garden Media Guild. She won the 2018 European Garden Photography Award with an image from this book.


I have just ordered this book not cheap but very good
                                                       







Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #596 on: January 07, 2022, 10:45:01 AM »


HI
If you have been in Arillas to see early spring plants you may have seen this plant

Barbary Nut

Moraea sisyrinchium (syn. Gynandriris sisyrinchium) other common names  European Moraea, Spanish Nut, Barbary Nut Iris, Spanish Nut Iris, Blue Iris  is a bulbous rooted flower with usually a solitary leaf, (sometimes two) often lying-coiled on the ground. Probably it is one of the oldest irises in existence, retaining the archaic features of the stock from which many other irises have descended, and in this respect it is therefore one of the most interesting of all.
 Native of the southern parts of Europe (Portugal, Spain, Balearic islands, Italy, Greece, and Malta), northern of Africa (Libya, Egypt). It also spreads in south-west Asia as far as Packistan and Himalaya.
The genus Moraea can be divided into five groups: Galaxia, Gynandriris, Hexaglottis , Homeria, and Moraea.

Family:   Iridaceae
Genus:   Moraea
Species:   M. sisyrinchium
Binomial name
Moraea sisyrinchium

 flowers mid to late spring. It is known by the common name Barbary nut and the corm has been used as a food source in the past.
 Flowers don't open unless the day is warm and often not until late afternoon and they do not last very long. But each plant produces a number of flowers. Leaves: Only 1-2, long, sub-distichous, deeply channelled and grooved, linear 20-40(-50) cm long 2-8 mm wide, green above, paler below, often lying-coiled on the ground.
Stem: Weak, (4-)10-30(-40) cm long, usually simple a terminal inflorescence, occasionally with 1-3 branches.
 pale or dark bluish, violet or purple (rarely white), spreading-recurved, with a basal white spot and a central yellow signal stripe and speckled or spotted darker. Inner segments (10-)15-28(30) mm long, 20-40(-50) mm wide, erect. The stamens are attached to the branches of the style, the anthers are 4-10 mm long, linear. Ovary pedunculate. Style branches 5-6 mm, petaloid, shortly forked at apex. Fruit: The fruit is a cylindrical-ellipsoid, somewhat trigonous capsule c.2 cm long, 0.5 cm in diameter, with an elongated beak almost concealed by the bracts.

HABITAT
Dry places near the coast 0-1000 metres above sea level.
 Common in poor or dry sandy and rocky places in garigue (open scrubland with evergreen shrubs, low trees, aromatic herbs, and bunch of grasses), rocky valleys, rocky steppe, paths and other open ground (also disturbed). It is used occasionally as an ornamental, cultivated plant It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.
The Barbary nut, which looks very much like any other iris except that it is much lower-growing, occurs close to the coast throughout the Mediterranean

The corms of some species have been used as food, however they are usually small and some species are unpleasant, and some are poisonous.



 


Possibly poisonous

Gardens,Parks,Landscapes
Naturalising your bulbs simply means planting and then leaving them in position after flowering to allow them to self seed and propagate themselves naturally. Choose a spot in the garden with plenty of space, where you're happy for the flowers to return in larger clumps year after year.
The root is edible raw or cooked and is also used as a spice  Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.


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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #597 on: January 08, 2022, 11:57:18 AM »


HI

You most probably see this plant near the sea front or along coastal paths

Mediterranean saltbush,

Atriplex halimus
 Also known as common names sea orache, shrubby orache, silvery orache
Synonyms Atriplex domingensis, Atriplex halimoides, Atriplex kataf, Atriplex serrulata, Chenopodium halimus, Obione domingensis, Obione halimus, Schizotheca halimus  is a plant genus of 250–300 species,  It belongs to the subfamily Chenopodioideae of the family Amaranthaceae s.l.. The genus is quite variable and widely distributed. It includes many desert and seashore plants and halophytes, as well as plants of moist environments.
It is a species of fodder shrub in the family Amaranthaceae, widespread through the Mediterranean Basin, North and East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Africa, Algeria, Angola, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central Africa, Cyprus, East Africa, Egypt, Europe, France, Greece, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mediterranean, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, North Africa, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Siberia, Sinai, South Africa, Southern Africa, Spain, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, West Africa,
 This plant is often cultivated as forage because of its tolerance for severe conditions of drought, and it can grow easily in very alkaline and saline soils. In addition, it is useful to valorize degraded and marginal areas because it will contribute to the improvement of phytomass in this case.
Extracts from the leaves have shown to have significant hypoglycemic effects. It is a dietary staple for the sand rat

Family:   Amaranthaceae
Genus:   Atriplex
Species:   A. halimus
Binomial name
Atriplex halimus

HABITAT
Atriplex halimus originated from Europe The saltbush is found on alkaline plains and occasionally rocky or gravelly slopes in desert or grassland. . in the Dead Sea area, Israel  The name saltbush derives from the fact that the plants retain salt in their leaves; they are able to grow in areas affected by soil salination. tolerance for severe conditions of drought,  environments with salty soils.

The species has potential use in agriculture. A study allowed sheep and goats to voluntarily feed on A. halimus and aimed to determine if the saltbush was palatable, and if so, did it provide enough nutrients to supplement the diet of these animals. In this study they determined when goats and sheep are given as much A. halimus as they like, they do obtain enough nutrients to supplement their diet – unless the animal requirements are higher during pregnancy and milk production.

Shrub or woody herb, much branched, 0.5–3 m. high, densely mealy all over so that the whole plant is whitish to pale grey-green. Leaves evergreen ovate to oblong or elliptic, mostly 1–4 cm. long, 0.4–2.5 (–3) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, broadly or narrowly cuneate at base, entire or sometimes with a projecting lateral lobe on each side in lower part.
Height at Maturity: 0.5 to 1 m
Spread at Maturity: 0.5 to 1 meter
Time to Ultimate Height: 2 to 5 Years

HISTORY
It is only mentioned once in the Old Testament. It is used when Job spoke of his bitterness of being ill-treated for no reason.
The saltbush is an important plant for both people and camels. The leaves raw are too salty to eat, but once cooked they are much better. In the Scripture, these disrespectful and uncaring younger men instead of offering comfort, metaphorically offered salty leaves to the spiritually hungry and needy Job.
The Greek comic poet Antiphanes seemingly calls it halimon and refers to foraging for it in dry torrent beds.
The genera name from Ancient Greek ἀτράφαξυς (atraphaxys), "orach", itself a Pre-Greek substrate loanword. The species name from Latin; 'salt-soil'.
Its seed has been found among apparent evidence of cereal preparation and cooking at Late Iron Age villages in Britain.
 have been gathered and eaten by the poor people who returned out of Babylonian exile (c. 352 BCE) to build the Second Temple. Other classical Hebrew sources put the Mishnaic name of this edible plant as faʻfōʻīn, a plant that is explained to mean qaqūlei in Aramaic, said to be the al-qāqlah in Arabic





NONE   No member of this genus contains any toxins, all have more or less edible leaves. However, if grown with artificial fertilizers, they may concentrate harmful amounts of nitrates in their leaves.

Saltbush is mainly used for forage and land reclamation. Saltbush leaves are edible and can be eaten raw like salad or cooked like spinach in various preparations for example in North Africa countries or in France
livestock feed and soil protection
The ash from the burnt plant is used as the alkali in making soap. The plant makes a superb wind-resistant low-growing hedge that can be allowed to grow ..



In Algeria, a number of medicinal plants have been studied for the treatment of diabetes such as Atriplex halimus


Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #598 on: January 09, 2022, 11:37:55 AM »


HI

Monty Don's Adriatic Gardens
Episode 3
Monty Don's Adriatic GardensSeries 1 Episode 3 of 3

Monty begins the last leg of his journey in Corfu, a Greek island with strong Venetian links, including olive trees planted by them that are still grown today. Here, Monty visits a spectacular garden made by an Englishman with Greek connections, as well as meeting up with the widow of the English writer Gerald Durrell, who takes him up into the mountains on a wildflower trail.

Next, Monty travels to Greece’s capital, Athens, and the place where the study of botany first began. As well as the Royal Gardens, which act as a green lung through the city and provide much needed shade from the Mediterranean summers, Monty visits a reforestation project on Mount Hymettus and two modern gardens in and around the city.

Finally, he rolls up his sleeves and gets to work on a garden he has helped to create on another Greek island.

Fri 21 Jan 2022
19:00
BBC TWO



Offline Erja

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  • Royal Ionian Gold...amber nectar, only better ;)
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #599 on: January 09, 2022, 07:47:59 PM »
Cheers for the tip! Just watching the first episode on iPlayer :)
Life is good ;)


 

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