Arillas Forum

Welcome to Arillas => Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu => Topic started by: kevin-beverly on October 03, 2018, 09:53:43 AM

Title: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 03, 2018, 09:53:43 AM


My nane is Kevin i have been a horticulturist since 1984 went to capel manor college for three years ang got all city and guilds 1 - 2 - 3. As some members know the last twenty years i work in south kensington london a lovely job and met some famous people. The gardens i worked in we had to be careful with some plants because children are using the garden. We are talking about poisonous plants well most plants are poisonous some very toxic plants and others just give you a rash.

On holiday this year in Arillas i saw a couple holding a Angel's trumpets flower [ Brugmansia were once known as Datura ]
this is a very poisonous plant they were taking photos of the flower head i went over to tell them but they looked at me if i had to much ouzo so i left them to it.
I am not trying to frighten you but be aware be safe and have a good holiday and not sitting in A&E

We all walk around Arillas and see some lovely plants different times of the year

Neil sent me a photo it was a Ecballium Elaterium but it is more commonly referred to as the "exploding cucumber" or "squirting cucumber".the seeds you can eat but the plant is  poisonous

So if the boss lets me i woud like to list plants what are poisonous and to be aware of and other good plants to touch the plants and be safe  all with photos

If you got any questions home or abroad get in touch with photos and good details of the plant


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: TerryW on October 03, 2018, 02:10:26 PM
I can remember seeing  Bev and yourself, in the day time,  at Broulis one day about five years ago. Dimitris gave us both some grapes to try, and he did warn us to wash them first. As we walked back to the sea front I stopped to talk to Theo, he saw the grapes and also said wash them before eating them. But, I was dying to try them as I thought that a little bit of dirt won't hurt me, so I put one in my mouth. I wished I hadn't as I thought my mouth was on fire with a mouthful of "mustard". It was the spray on them that was the problem not any dust or dirt. So, the moral is, when walking around the village "listen to what people tell you". Did you wash yours Kev? :-)
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 03, 2018, 02:17:19 PM

HI Terry

well i am still here i can not rember i have had to many ouzos since then haha its the ouzo saved me

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 04, 2018, 09:24:37 AM



We start with A

Scientific name: Aconitum variegatum
Higher classification: Wolf's bane - European monkshood

Aconitum ( known as monkshood or wolfsbane) is a perennial herb often grown as an ornamental plant due to its attractive blue to dark purple flowers. All parts of the plant, especially the roots, contain toxins. Aconitine is the most dangerous of these toxins. It is most noted as a heart poison but is also a potent nerve poison. Raw aconite plants are very poisonous.They are used as herbs only after processing by boiling or steaming to reduce their toxicity.

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Poisioning from the aconitum plant can occur if it is ingested or handled without gloves. ... Aconitum is also known as monkshood and devil's helmet due to its resemblance to a drawn hood, and is known by some as wolfsbane, because its poison is so toxic that it was once used to kill wolves Marked symptoms may appear almost immediately, usually not later than one hour, and "with large doses death is almost instantaneous". Death usually occurs within two to six hours in fatal poisoning (20 to 40 ml of tincture may prove fatal). The initial signs are gastrointestinal, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. This is followed by a sensation of burning, tingling, and numbness in the mouth and face, and of burning in the abdomen ALL WAYS GET MEDICAL ADVICE
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 04, 2018, 09:59:12 AM


Greece has much to offer besides its stunning history and breathtaking coastal areas. Greece has over 900 different species of wildlife and over 5,000 species of flora within its borders. Over Greece's glamorous history, many plants have been introduced to Greece and have become a recognized part of Greece's landscape. Many plants are rooted deep in Greek mythology. Greece also hosts some of Europe's largest and scariest animals--both on land and in the sea.

Land Animals
In the Findus Mountains, located in western Greece, brown bears roam. These bears are the largest carnivorous mammal in mainland Europe. The Eurasian lynx and the western roe deer call Greece's mountainous regions home. In the south, the wild boar and brown hare can still be found. The golden jackal and the western European hedgehog also live in the south.

Large Aquatic Animals
Greece is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and has thousands of islands within its borders. The Monk Seal and the Mediterranean sea turtle are listed on Greece's endangered species list. A number of sharks also live in Greece's coastal waters. These species include the Hammerhead shark, Blue Shark, and the Great White Shark.

The Minvera owl is considered a symbol of Athena, who had the city of Athens dedicated to her. This bird is depicted on the 1 Euro coin. The Pilgrim Falcon and the Upupa Epops birds inhabit the mountainous and forested areas. The pelican, stork, and the egretta birds love the copious amounts of coastal and lake areas.

Greece has had many trees imported and established over the time it has been involved in world trade and conquest. The olive and carob trees are established in Greece now, but were originally from Africa and the Middle East. The pomegranate and laurel trees have a presence in Greek mythology and sporting tradition. The mastic tree was used as a glue, embalming material, and even to fill cavities.

Many of the flowers that grow in Greece's countryside are connected to Greek folklore and history. The hyacinth flower, which clings to Greece's rockier areas, was created by the blood of Hyacinthus, a lover of Apollo, a Greek god. Daffodils--which thrive in rocky, arid areas--were seen as symbols of death and reputedly covered Hades, the god of the underworld. Orchids, cliff roses, and Christ's thorn are all flowers that thrive in Greece's rocky and dry areas.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 04, 2018, 01:40:53 PM


Bougainvillea Family: Nyctaginaceae

bougainvillea do not have flowers they are In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale. Bracts are often (but not always) different from foliage leaves.

The sap of the bougainvillea plant is only mildly toxic, but if ingested in large enough quantities, it can lead to illness. Bougainvillea's leaves are not toxic, but a prick from the plant's sharp thorns can lead to dermatitis, a skin rash typically caused by an allergic reaction.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 04, 2018, 01:51:45 PM



Carpobrotus, commonly known as pigface, ice plant, sour fig, and Hottentot fig, is a genus of ground-creeping plants with succulent leaves and large daisy-like flowers. The name refers to the edible fruits. It comes from the Ancient Greek karpos "fruit" and brotos "edible"
The genus includes some 12 to 20 accepted species. Most are endemic to South Africa, but there are at least four Australian species and one South American.

Carpobrotus chiefly inhabits sandy coastal habitats in mild Mediterranean climates, and can be also found inland in sandy to marshy places. In general, they prefer open sandy spaces where their wiry, long roots with shorter side branches form dense underground network, which extends much further than above-ground prostrate branches. Plants thrive well in gardens, but can easily escape to other suitable places. They easily form wide-area ground covers over a sandy soil, which easily suppresses indigenous sand dune vegetation when Carpobrotus is introduced to a non-native area.

Medicinal and nutritional value
Carpobrotus leaf juice can be used as a mild astringent. Applied to the skin, it is a popular emergency treatment for jellyfish and similar stings.When mixed with water it can be used to treat diarrhea and stomach cramps. It can also be used as a gargle for sore throat, laryngitis, and mild bacterial infections of the mouth. It can also be used externally, much like aloe vera, for wounds, mosquito bites and sunburn. It is also used to treat skin conditions. It was a remedy for tuberculosis mixed with honey and olive oil. The fruit has been used as a laxative.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 05, 2018, 09:02:25 AM


Callistemon bottlebrushes

Scientific name: Callistemon
Family: Myrtaceae

Callistemon species have commonly been referred to as bottlebrushes because of their cylindrical, brush like flowers resembling a traditional bottle brush. They are mostly found in the more temperate regions of Australia, especially along the east coast and typically favour moist conditions so when planted in gardens thrive on regular watering. However, two species are found in Tasmania and several others in the south-west of Western Australia. At least some species are drought-resistant and some are used in ornamental landscaping elsewhere in the world.

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A safe plant for humans Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Cats,Horses 

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 06, 2018, 11:16:36 AM


ACANTHUS Bear's breeches sea dock, bearsfoot or oyster plant

Acanthus is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to tropical and warm temperate regions, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean Basin and Asia. This flowering plant is nectar producing and is susceptible to predation by butterflies, such as Anartia fatima, and other nectar feeding organisms. Common names include Acanthus and Bear's breeches. The generic name derives from the Greek term ἄκανθος (akanthos) for Acanthus mollis, a plant that was commonly imitated in Corinthian capitals.[2][3]

The genus comprises herbaceous perennial plants, rarely subshrubs, with spiny leaves and flower spikes bearing white or purplish flowers. Size varies from 0.4 to 2 m (1.3 to 6.6 ft) in height.




Acanthus leaves were the aesthetic basis for capitals in the Corinthian order of architecture; see acanthus (ornament). Several species, especially A. balcanicus, A. spinosus and A. mollis, are grown as ornamental plants.

Acanthus leaves also have many medicinal uses. Acanthus ilicifolius, whose chemical composition has been heavily researched, is widely used in ethnopharmaceutical applications, including in Indian and Chinese traditional medicine.Various parts of Acanthus ilicifolius have been used to treat asthma, diabetes, leprosy, hepatitis, snake bites, and rheumatoid arthritis. The leaves of Acanthus ebracteatus, noted for their antioxidant properties, are used for making Thai herbal tea in Thailand and Indonesia.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 07, 2018, 11:04:27 AM

I have done a few plants the ones in red  are TOXIC PLANTS and the ones in green are used for culinary, medical
Some pepole have a allergic reaction on a good safe plant scientist say it is in the make up of your body

I bet a few of us have walked around Arillas, Afionas, San Steff or up past the the brewery and back down by the Galini also  to the Akrotiri Cafe and looked at the scenery that includes wild life plants trees even people. How many of us have looked at a plant fruits and said thats nice i know i have and also what the heck is it is it safe to eat the fruitis it safe to touch the flower.
You might not think abut eating the fruit but a flower you see is so dainty you go over to hold it in your palm to take photos none of us think a pretty little flower could be danger.
So i am doing this article so you can walk around and be safe and know what plants do what and the names
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 08, 2018, 09:06:22 AM


ACHILLEA millefolium /HERB

Achillea millefolium, commonly known as yarrow or common yarrow, is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. It is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Asia, Europe, and North America. It has been introduced as a feed for livestock in places like New Zealand and Australia, where it is a common herb of both wet and dry areas, such as roadsides, meadows, fields and coastal places.

In New Mexico and southern Colorado, it is called plumajillo (Spanish for 'little feather') from its leaf shape and texture. In antiquity, yarrow was known as herbal militaris, for its use in stanching the flow of blood from wounds. Other common names for this species include gordaldo, nosebleed plant, old man's pepper, devil's nettle, sanguinary, milfoil, soldier's woundwort, thousand-leaf, and thousand-seal.

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Yarrow poisoning is rare, the tannins in the plant give it a bitter taste that tends to dissuade animals from over consumption. ... In pregnant animals yarrow may cause miscarriage and it is not recommended that pets be allowed to nurse from an animal that may have recently ingested Yarrow.

Is Yarrow poisonous to humans?
Dangers. In rare cases, yarrow can cause severe allergic skin rashes; prolonged use can increase the skin's photosensitivity. ... According to the ASPCA, yarrow is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses, causing vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, and hypersalivation.

Is Yarrow safe?
Yarrow is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food. However, yarrow products that contain a chemical called thujone might not be safe. Yarrow is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts.

Its essential oil contains chemicals called proazulenes. The dark blue essential oil kills the larvae of the mosquito Aedes albopictus.

Opopanax, also known as opobalsam, refers to a number of gum resins, including the one from A. millefolium. It is traditionally considered to have medicinal properties.

Some pick-up sticks are made of yarrow.
uses. Yarrow has been used to induce sweating and to stop wound bleeding. It also has been reported to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding and pain. It has been used to relieve GI ailments, for cerebral and coronary thromboses, to lower high blood pressure, to improve circulation, and to tone varicose veins

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 08, 2018, 02:44:32 PM


Aloe vera

Aloe vera
Aloe vera  is a succulent plant species of the genus Aloe. An evergreen perennial, it originates from the Arabian Peninsula but grows wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses. The species is also used for decorative purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant.
It is found in many consumer products including beverages, skin lotion, cosmetics, or ointments for minor burns and sunburns. There is little scientific evidence of the effectiveness or safety of Aloe vera extracts for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes. Studies finding positive evidence are frequently contradicted by other studies.


Oral ingestion of aloe vera, however, is potentially toxic, and may cause abdominal cramps and diarrhea which in turn can decrease the absorption of drugs. IARC studies have found ingested non-decolorized liquid aloe vera is a possible carcinogen when eaten or ingested by humans.

Traditional medicine
Aloe vera is used in traditional medicine as a skin treatment. In Ayurvedic medicine it is called kathalai, as are extracts from agave.:196 for aloe:117 for agave Early records of Aloe vera use appear in the Ebers Papyrus from the 16th century BC,and in Dioscorides' De Materia Medica and Pliny the Elder's Natural History – both written in the mid-first century AD. It is also written of in the Juliana Anicia Codex of 512 AD.

Aloe vera is used on facial tissues where it is promoted as a moisturizer and anti-irritant to reduce chafing of the nose. Cosmetic companies commonly add sap or other derivatives from Aloe vera to products such as makeup, tissues, moisturizers, soaps, sunscreens, incense, shaving cream, or shampoos. A review of academic literature notes that its inclusion in many hygiene products is due to its "moisturizing emollient effect".

Other potential uses for extracts of Aloe vera include the dilution of semen for the artificial fertilization of sheep, as a fresh food preservative, or for water conservation in small farms. It has also been suggested that biofuels could be obtained from Aloe vera seeds

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 09, 2018, 08:28:20 AM


Tagetes Marigold

Scientific name: Tagetes
Family: Asteraceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Higher classification: Daisy family
Did you know: Marigold is usually yellow, orange, red and maroon in color

Tagetes species vary in size from 0.1 to 2.2 m tall. Most species have pinnate green leaves. Blooms naturally occur in golden, orange, yellow, and white colors, often with maroon highlights. Floral heads are typically  to 4–6 cm diameter, generally with both ray florets and disc florets. In horticulture, they tend to be planted as annuals, although the perennial species are gaining popularity. They have fibrous roots

Depending on the species, Tagetes species grow well in almost any sort of soil. Most horticultural selections grow best in soil with good drainage, even though some cultivars are known to have good tolerance to drought.[5]

Shores, ponds, springs, quiet waters in streams, ditches, wetlands, wet meadows, waterside swamps and meadows which are prone to flooding, damp hollows in broad-leaved forests, snow-bed sites, sometimes underwater.

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Marigold has been used in treating various skin conditions because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It is said to help in treating dermatitis, acne and diaper rash. Aids in wound healing. This herb is also used to promote wound healing through its direct effect on slow-healing wounds Edible Marigolds. ... However, the blooms are edible not only for livestock, but for humans, too! Dried and crumbled petals can pinch-hit for oh-so-expensive saffron in casseroles, breads, and omelets, adding a unique, subtle flavor to these dishes. 

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 10, 2018, 08:38:34 AM


If anyone has got a questions just ask i do my best


The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion
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Hundreds of cultivars of the olive tree are known. An olive's cultivar has a significant impact on its colour, size, shape, and growth characteristics, as well as the qualities of olive oil. Olive cultivars may be used primarily for oil, eating, or both. Olives cultivated for consumption are generally referred to as table olives.
Since many olive cultivars are self-sterile or nearly so, they are generally planted in pairs with a single primary cultivar and a secondary cultivar selected for its ability to fertilize the primary one. In recent times, efforts have been directed at producing hybrid cultivars with qualities useful to farmers, such as resistance to disease, quick growth, and larger or more consistent crops.

What are the benefits of olive leaf?
The antioxidant nutrients in black olives impede this oxidation of cholesterol, thereby helping to prevent heart disease. Olives do contain fat, but it's the healthy monounsaturated kind, which has been found to shrink the risk of atherosclerosis and increase good cholesterol.
In traditional medicine, the olive tree leaves are used against high blood pressure, gout, arteriosclerosis and rheumatism. The oleuropein contained in the leaves and the resulting Oleacein of the drying process are responsible for the blood pressure lowering properties.
Olive leaf extract fights harmful microbes and boosts the immune system. ... As a natural antimicrobial, olive leaf extract offers benefits over pharmaceutical antimicrobials because it does not kill beneficial bacteria, which can lead to an overpopulation of harmful bacteria. Nor does it exert any harmful side effects

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 11, 2018, 08:39:00 AM


Urtica Dioica Common Nettle

Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. It is native to Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and North America, and introduced elsewhere. The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria"). The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies.
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Formic acid is present and responsible for the initial pain but the longer term effects are caused by histamine, acetylcholine and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Brushing the plant produces a stinging on the skin of varying intensity. There is almost no-one who has not been stung by the nettle.

General Uses
Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. Today, many people use it to treat urinary problems during the early stages of an enlarged prostate (called benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). It is also used for urinary tract infections, hay fever (allergic rhinitis), or in compresses or creams for treating joint pain, sprains and strains, tendonitis, and insect bites. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. Competitive eating
In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles Textiles and fibre

Nettle fibre, stem, yarn, textile, jewellery with glass and nettle yarn
Nettle stems contain a bast fibre that has been traditionally used for the same purposes as linen and is produced by a similar retting process. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. The fibres are coarser

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 11, 2018, 02:00:35 PM

Buddleia davidii

Buddleja davidii, also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation.
Habitat of Butterfly Bush: Found in rocky riverside habitats 1300 - 2600 metres in China. Waste places, often on brick walls in Britain.
Other uses of the herb: Black or green dyes can be obtained from the flowers, leaves and stems combined. An orange-gold to brown dye can be obtained from the flowers.

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The “Buddleia Officinalis” Toxicity Questions. Plants of the Buddleia genus are considered nontoxic if accidentally ingested by humans, according to California Poison Control's website. ... Given these mixed messages, it's best to play it safe and avoid ingesting butterfly bush roots, leaves, flowers and seeds. is one of the species of the Buddleia family and its flower buds and flowers are believed to help with cramps and spasms caused due to issues with the intestines, bladder or stomach by traditional Korean medicine practitioners. It is also prescribed in case someone is suffering from a health condition called the “irritable bowel syndrome”. Like in Chinese medicine, its flowers and flower buds are believed to aid in diseases of the eyes in traditional Korean medicine. Besides the flower buds, the leaves of the Buddleia Officinalis are believed to aid in the treatment of all the following health conditions: Gonorrhea, Hepatitis and Hernia. It is believed to work like Vitamin P that helps in reducing the fragility of skin and small intestine’s blood vessel.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: momo on October 12, 2018, 01:17:33 PM
Well I've just read all your fab plant info and I enjoyed it hugely.  I'm a florist handling monkshood almost daily so will wash my hands afterwards now! Keep them coming Kev and Bev  and thanks x
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 12, 2018, 02:19:33 PM

Hi mo
Thanks for your comments I hope you enjoy the rest of your holiday it was good fun playing darts at the rainbow
You could wear surgical gloves you can get in boots

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 12, 2018, 04:29:55 PM



Gazania, also known as the African daisy, and treasure flower. is a perennial flower native to South Africa. In America, it is sometimes grown as an annual, as it often does not survive harsh winters throughout much of the country. It is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to Southern Africa.
They produce large, daisy-like composite flowerheads in brilliant shades of yellow and orange, over a long period in summer. They are often planted as drought-tolerant groundcover.

This plant is on the sea front near the Kaloudis

I have found gazania on lists of non-toxic plants, there don't seem to be any recorded medicinal uses. It is a popular garden plant. it is one of the parent plants for the numerous Gazania hybrids that are offered in many nurseries today.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 13, 2018, 10:59:32 AM


Malus pumila Apple

Apple trees are large if grown from seed. Generally apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which control the size of the resulting tree  Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, eating raw and cider production.An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila). Apple trees are cultivated worldwide, and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse, Greek and European Christian traditions. 

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Toxicity of Apple Seeds. Apple seeds do contain a small amount of cyanide, which is a lethal poison, but you are protected from the toxin by the hard seed coating. If you eat whole apple seeds, they pass through your digestive system relatively untouched.

Apples are used to control diarrhea or constipation; and for the softening, passage, and collection of gallstones. They are also used to prevent cancer, especially lung cancer. Other uses include treating cancer, diabetes, dysentery, fever, heart problems, warts, and a vitamin C-deficiency condition called scurvy.

Manchineel Not a Apple it looks like one
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The manchineel tree is an endangered species. It's also very dangerous, dubbed 'little apple of death' by conquistadors. The manchineel tree may be endangered, but so is anyone who messes with it. That's because this rare tropical plant, which offers deceptively sweet fruit, is one of the most poisonous trees on Earth

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 14, 2018, 10:09:09 AM

MARABILIS  THE Four o'clocks   

Mirabilis is a genus of plants in the family Nyctaginaceae known as the four-o'clocks or umbrellaworts. The best known species may be Mirabilis jalapa, the plant most commonly called four o'clock.

There are several dozen species in the genus, of herbaceous plants, mostly found in the Americas. Some form tuberous roots that enable them to perennate through dry and cool seasons. They have small, deep-throated flowers, often very fragrant. You get cross pollination on one plant hence the stripes or different colours on one plant
Although best known as ornamental plants, at least one species, mauka (M. expansa), is grown for food.
Mirabilis expansa (mauka or chago) is a species of flowering plant cultivated as a root vegetable in the Andes, at cold, windy altitudes between 2,200 m (7,200 ft) and 3,500 m (11,500 ft). The above-ground portion dies back with frost, but the root is quite hardy. The roots can reach the size of a man's forearm, and yields can reach 50,000 kg/ha (45,000 lb/acre) given two years maturation time.

It is considered to be an underutilized crop, and has received interest for its ability to grow in conditions that do not favor other root crops. The Andean region is considered one of the most important places for crop development and diversification.

This one is near the ranibow
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As with many of the nightshades, all parts of Four O'Clocks are poisonous if ingested, causing nausea and vomiting, so this is not a plant to be cultivated near the swing set out back. There have also been reports of skin irritation after handling Four O'Clock tubers.

the juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion, diarrhea, fevers and to treat scabies and muscular swellings. More importantly, a decoction is used to treat abscesses. Leaf juice may be used to treat wounds and dropsy (accumulation of excess water).

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 14, 2018, 10:36:24 AM


OLEANDER nerium plant

Nerium  Oleander is a shrub or small tree in the  family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as nerium or oleander,  for the flower Oleander is one of the most poisonous commonly grown garden plants.You see these plants all over Arillas

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All Parts Are Toxic  Oleanders contain two extremely toxic cardiac glycosides, oleandroside and nerioside. These toxic components exist in all parts of the plant, from the leaves to the branches, seeds, flowers and even the flower nectar. Toxins are effective whether the plant is fresh or dry, and honey made from the flowers is also poisonous.   Toxic. Be careful if you ever need to burn oleander; its smoke is also toxic and can cause intoxication. When the plant is cut and burned, it releases poisons that can affect any living creature breathing the fumes.

Oleander is a plant. Its use as a poison is well known. ... Despite the danger, oleander seeds and leaves are used to make medicine. Oleander is used for heart conditions, asthma, epilepsy, cancer, painful menstrual periods, leprosy, malaria, ringworm, indigestion, and venereal disease; and to cause abortions.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: momo on October 15, 2018, 12:20:06 AM
The oleander info is quite shocking. Don’t think I’ll bother planting this beauty. X
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 15, 2018, 08:21:50 AM

Hi all

you are completely safe i use to prune loades of them with out gloves i am still around i think
just be aware the plants you handel you will all be ok
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 15, 2018, 08:36:22 AM


What is a weed
A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place". Examples commonly are plants unwanted in human-controlled settings, such as farm fields, gardens, lawns, and parks.
A few examples of broadleaf weeds are clover, dandelion, and purslane. Some examples of grassy type weeds are nutsedge, pampas grass, and bermuda grass. Weeds can be further divided into annuals, biennials, and perennials.  Common examples are dandelions, plantains, and chicory.


A dandelion is a flower. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America as well as other continents and are an invasive species in some areas.

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In general, dandelion is not toxic when taken in therapeutic amounts. ... However, we should consider that dandelion leaves, which can be eaten as a vegetable, are rich in oxalates so, taken in large quantity, can cause damage to the body. Poisoning have also been reported in children from eating dandelion stems.

If raw dandelion leaves don't appeal to you, they can also be steamed or added to a stir-fry or soup, which can make them taste less bitter. The flowers are sweet and crunchy, and can be eaten raw, or breaded and fried, or even used to make dandelion wine. Dandelion is used for loss of appetite, upset stomach, intestinal gas, gallstones, joint pain, muscle aches, eczema, and bruises. Dandelion is also used to increase urine production and as a laxative to increase bowel movements. It is also used as skin toner, blood tonic, and digestive tonic. Here are  potential health benefits of dandelion, and what science has to say about them.
Highly Nutritious. ...
Contain Potent Antioxidants. ...
May Help Fight Inflammation. ...
May Aid Blood Sugar Control. ...
May Reduce Cholesterol. ...
May Lower Blood Pressure. ...
May Promote a Healthy Liver. ...
May Aid Weight Loss.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 15, 2018, 01:23:02 PM

Convolvulus   Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis ( bindweed) is a species of bindweed in the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), native to Europe and Asia. It is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial plant growing to 0.5–2 m high
On Corfu you will see the blue flower as well as white
Native to the Mediterranean region, Convolvulus sabatius ( Ground Morning Glory) is a luscious, trailing, woody-based perennial noted for its endless production of widely funnel-shaped, lavender-blue flowers, 1-2 in.

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The alkaloids are present in all parts of the plant. The seeds are especially toxic. Bindweed is an extremely persistent, invasive, perennial, noxious weed. ... Tropane alkaloids and toxicity of convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed) There is no specific treatment for bindweed poisoning..

Medicinal use of Field Bindweed: The root, and also a resin made from the root, is cholagogue, diuretic, laxative and strongly purgative. ... A tea made from the flowers is laxative and is also used in the treatment of fevers and wounds.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 15, 2018, 01:50:03 PM

Tropaeolum Nasturtium

Tropaeolum commonly known as nasturtium   The most common flower in cultivation is a hybrid of T. majus, T. minus and T. peltophorum, and is commonly known as the nasturtium (and occasionally anglicized as nasturtian). It is mostly grown from seed as a half-hardy annual and both single and double varieties are available. It comes in a range of forms and colours including cream, yellow, orange and red, solid in colour or striped and often with a dark blotch at the base of the petals. It is vigorous and easily grown and does well in sun. It thrives in poor soil and dry conditions, whereas in rich soil it tends to produce much leafy growth and few flowers. Some varieties adopt a bush form while others scramble over and through other plants and are useful for planting in awkward spots or for covering fences and trellises.
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Although the rest of the plant is safe to eat, nasturtium seeds can be toxic.]

In Latin nasturtium literally means "nose twist." While most edible flowers have a subtle flavor, nasturtiums knock your socks off with their peppery taste. Plus, it's not just the flowers and buds that are packed with a zippy flavor; the young leaves are tender and edible as well. Can be used in sal Cut the garlic in half and rub over the surface of small bowl. Whisk in the mustard and vinegar. Drizzle the oil into the vinegar whisking constantly, until smooth. Place half the dressing in the base of a salad bowl and add the lettuce leaves, nasturtium and watercress.
 for urinary tract infections (UTIs), swollen airways, cough, and bronchitis. Nasturtium is sometimes applied directly to the skin in combination with other herbs for mild muscular pain.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 16, 2018, 08:53:59 AM


Lantana camara

Lantana camara, also known as big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), tickberry (South Africa), and West Indian lantana is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to the American tropics.   it was brought back to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading into Asia and Oceania, where it established itself as a notorious weed
You can find this plant just past the Rainbow towards the bakery it comes in different colors very vibrant

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Are Lantana poisonous to humans?
A tropical shrub with variously colored flowers, Lantana camara is also known as West Indian Lantana or just Lantana. It is toxic to cattle, which might end up downing a lot of it when grazing. Its effects on humans haven't been studied, but one 1964 report on 17 children suggested it could be harmful for us, too The edibility of Lantana berries is contested. Some experts claim Lantana berries are edible when ripe though like many fruit are mildly poisonous if eaten while still green.

Studies conducted in India have found that Lantana leaves can display antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties. L. camara has also been used in traditional herbal medicines for treating a variety of ailments, including cancer, skin itches, leprosy, rabies, chicken pox, measles, asthma and ulcers.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 16, 2018, 09:26:50 AM



Capsicum, the peppers, is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. Following the Columbian Exchange, it has become cultivated worldwide, and it has also become a key element in many cuisines.You can see these plants around Arillas back roads growing for the restaurants and for themself
Capsicum comes in different sizes colours and strength The Scoville scale is a measurement of the pungency (spiciness/heat) of chili peppers and other spicy foods, as recorded in Scoville Heat Units (SHU) based on the concentration of capsaicin  Capsicum, also known as red pepper or chili pepper, is an herb. The fruit of the capsicum plant is used to make medicine 

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Painful exposures to capsaicin-containing peppers are among the most common plant-related exposures presented to poison centers. They cause burning or stinging pain to the skin and, if ingested in large amounts by adults or small amounts by children, can produce nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and burning diarrhea.

Capsicum is used for various problems with digestion including upset stomach, intestinal gas, stomach pain, diarrhea, and cramps. It is also used for conditions of the heart and blood vessels including poor circulation, excessive blood clotting, high cholesterol, and preventing heart disease. Is capsicum good for health?
Capsicum, be it the green, red or yellow, not only tastes great but is equally healthy and nutritious. It is known to be laden with a wide range of essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytochemicals, fiber. From heart to skin, the health benefits of capsicum will leave you with a mouth open in awe.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 17, 2018, 08:47:30 AM



Papaver common name Poppy is a genus of 70–100 species of frost-tolerant annuals, biennials, and perennials native to temperate and cold regions of Eurasia, Africa and North America. It is the type genus of the poppy family, Papaveraceae. Papaveraceae. This poppy is notable as an agricultural weed and after World War I as a symbol of dead soldiers. Before the advent of herbicides, P. rhoeas sometimes was abundant in agricultural fields  Papaver somniferum, commonly known as the opium poppy, or breadseed poppy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae. It is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are derived and is a valuable ornamental plant, grown in gardens
It grows in fields, beside roads and grasslands

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The leaves and latex have an acrid taste and are mildly poisonous to grazing animals. A sterile hybrid with Papaver dubium is known, P. x hungaricum, that is intermediate in all characters with P. rhoeas.

It is used as a medicinal plant. Papaver rhoeas is found in Iran and other countries of the world. It is used for treating diarrhea, cough, and sleep disorders and for analgesia-sedation purposes. It is also used for reducing opioid abstinence symptoms

Opium poppy  (
Papaver somniferum, commonly known as the opium poppy, or breadseed poppy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae. It is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are derived and is a valuable ornamental plant, grown in gardens.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 17, 2018, 10:56:11 AM



A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles

Hybrid tea is an informal horticultural classification for a group of garden roses. They were created by cross-breeding two types of roses, initially by hybridising hybrid perpetuals with tea roses. It is the oldest group classified as a modern garden rose

A standard rose (Rosa spp.) or tree rose is created by grafting a long stem onto hardy rootstock then grafting a rose bush on top of the stem. Any type of rose bush can be used but they are especially popular with Old English and David Austin hybrid roses.

Floribunda is a modern group of garden roses that was developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses, the latter being derived from crosses between Rosa chinensis and Rosa multiflora.

 Miniature roses stop growing when they reach about 15 inches in height. Blooming: Miniature roses bloom in the spring and their blooms last for weeks. Planting Miniature Roses Outside

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recognized as non-toxic. Roses are among those. It is possible that one's feces might take on a more agreeable odor by consuming rose petals, but that is uncertain.

Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas. In France, there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. ... Rose flowers are used as food, also usually as flavouring or to add their scent to food.
The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine.    Other uses rose hip wine

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 18, 2018, 08:55:51 AM

SALVIA  sage

Salvia is herb and the largest genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with nearly 1000 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals Within the Lamiaceae, Salvia is part of the tribe Mentheae within the subfamily Nepetoideae. It is one of several genera commonly referred to as sage, it includes the widely produced herb used in cooking, Salvia officinalis (common sage, or just "sage").
It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae and native to the Mediterranean region, though it has naturalized in many places throughout the world.
salvia is a ornamental plant annual or perennial
The genus is distributed throughout the Old World and the Americas, with three distinct regions of diversity: Central and South America (approx. 500 species); Central Asia and Mediterranean (250 species); Eastern Asia (90 species).

You see these plants around Arillas you might not see them but smell them

SAGE                                                                         ANNUAL                                                        PERENIAL
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Is Sage poisonous to humans?
However, sage is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in high doses or for a long time. Some species of sage, such as common sage (Salvia officinalis), contain a chemical called thujone. Thujone can be poisonous if you get enough. This chemical can cause seizures and damage to the liver and nervous systems.

The leaf is used to make medicine. Sage is used for digestive problems, including loss of appetite, gas (flatulence), stomach pain (gastritis), diarrhea, bloating, and heartburn. It is also used for reducing overproduction of perspiration and saliva; and for depression, memory loss, and Alzheimer's disease.
Is all Salvia edible?
Edible and useful salvias. Salvias are found in many different countries and often have strongly scented leaves, so it is inevitable that they would be used in many different cultures. ... Other edible and useful sages include: White sage or bee sage

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 19, 2018, 08:59:03 AM



Chamomile common name daisy plants of the family Asteraceae. is a traditional medicinal herb native to western Europe, India, and western Asia. It has become abundant in the United States, where it has escaped cultivation to grow freely in pastures, cornfields, roadsides, and other sunny, well-drained areas. you can see this plant all around Arillas in fields and roadsides classed as a weed.
It is grown not only for decorative purposes, but this type of chamomile is used for its herbal, medicinal qualities. If you wish to grow chamomile as a lawn alternative, you will need the English variety, Chamaemelum nobile. These chamomile lawn plants provide a low growing, creeping habit.

                                                                                                                                     chamomile lawn                                                                                                                                         
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chamomile has been known to cause uterine contractions that can invoke miscarriage, pregnant and nursing mothers are advised to not consume  Chamomile is not a toxic plant. However, prolonged or excessive consumption of their infusions or essential oils can cause gastrointestinal irritation with vomiting sensation. People who are allergic to ragweed (also in the daisy family) may be allergic to chamomile due to cross-reactivity. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses

Known since Roman times for its medicinal properties, chamomile has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative in folk treatment of digestive and rheumatic disorders. Chamomile tea has been used to treat parasitic worm infections and as hair color and conditioner. A mouth rinse with chamomile might relieve mouth sores caused by cancer treatments. Some research suggests that chamomile could help with other conditions, like diarrhea in children, hemorrhoids, anxiety, and insomnia. When used on the skin, chamomile might help with skin irritation and wound healing  Chamomile is a hardy annual with feathery leaves and small, white, daisy-like, sweet aromatic flowers. Chamomile is commonly known for its use as a herbal tea, said to reduce stress, soothe the stomach and aid sleep. Both the leaves and flowers are edible. A pretty, easy-to-grow herb to add to any garden Yes, chamomile leaves and flowers are both perfectly safe to eat, with a couple of caveats
Use chamomile with care if you're allergic to ragweed, as chamomile may trigger allergic reactions in some individuals.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 19, 2018, 09:38:50 AM


All these plants you can see around - The Mediterranean - Arillas - San steff - Afionas - Akrotiri and on the Arillas trail i am doing this to help you to Plant Identification so you can enjoy your walks and the understanding of each Individual plant for their uses
If you got any questions just ask me

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 19, 2018, 11:46:34 AM
Info now wasted , Kevin. - I see you have gone over 1000 views now. (and they are not all me!!!!)
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 19, 2018, 09:57:05 PM
Should be info NOT wasted. - Many people view it , hence over the 1000.
Sorry Kev
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Jo Wissett on October 20, 2018, 11:15:47 AM
There were some stunning purple velvet like flowers at the entrance to Ammos sunbed section in pots would love to know what they are called.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 20, 2018, 11:17:34 AM


Punica granatum

Pomegranate is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 10 m tall. The fruit is typically in season in the Northern Hemisphere from September to February, and in the Southern Hemisphere from March to May Today it is widely cultivated throughout the Middle East and Caucasus region, north and tropical Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, the drier parts of southeast Asia, and parts of the Mediterranean Basin. It is also cultivated in parts of Arizona and California. In the 20th and 21st centuries, it has become more common in the shops and markets of Europe and the

FIRST STAGE                                                                            SECOND STAGE
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     THIRD STAGE                                                                       FOURTH STAGE
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Most people do not experience side effects. Some people can have allergic reactions to pomegranate fruit. ... Pomegranate is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when the root, stem, or peel are taken by mouth in large amounts. The root, stem, and peel contain poisons.

Pomegranate is an extremely healthy fruit. Many people pop them open, scoop out the seeds and eat them whole. Yet others suck the juice off each seed before spitting the white fibrous middle out. It's the latter group who may be missing out on some of the pomegranate's health benefits
Medicinal Uses Of Punica Granatum And Its Health Benefits. ... Pomegranates as a Treatment for Cancer, Osteoarthritis and Other Diseases. The pomegranate has been used in natural and holistic medicine to treat sore throats, coughs, urinary infections, digestive disorders, skin disorders, arthritis, and to expel tapeworms.
Pomegranate Juice May Help Treat Erectile Dysfunction. Oxidative damage can impair blood flow in all areas of the body, including erectile tissue. Pomegranate juice has been shown to help increase blood flow and erectile response in rabbits
 Pomegranate juice contains higher levels of antioxidants than most other fruit juices. It also has three times more antioxidants than red wine and green tea. The antioxidants in pomegranate juice can help remove free radicals, protect cells from damage, and reduce inflammation

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Jo Wissett on October 20, 2018, 11:38:08 AM

Not sure if this will work
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 20, 2018, 11:46:53 AM

Hi jo
Yes it is  Celosia Red Cockscomb look them they brill

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 20, 2018, 12:16:50 PM



Celosia is a small genus of edible and ornamental plants in the amaranth family, Amaranthaceae. The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek word κήλεος, meaning "burning," and refers to the flame-like flower heads.
Celosias are one of the most eye-catching annuals to grow in the garden. Technically speaking, however, they are tender annuals, as they are perennial

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unknown poison not

As food
Although celosia is primarily grown as an ornamental plant in the U.S. it is a commonly grown vegetable throughout Africa. The leaves, tender stems and even young flowers are combined with other vegetables in soups and stews. Celosia leaves can be boiled or steamed and eaten as a side dish as well.
Celosia argentea var. argentea or Lagos spinach (a.k.a. quail grass, Soko, Celosia, feather cockscomb) is a broadleaf annual leaf vegetable. It grows widespread across Mexico, where it is known as "Velvet flower", northern South America, tropical Africa, the West Indies, South, East and Southeast Asia where it is grown as a native or naturalized wildflower, and is cultivated as a nutritious leafy green vegetable. It is traditional fare in the countries of Central and West Africa, and is one of the leading leafy green vegetables in Nigeria, where it is known as ‘soko yokoto’, meaning "make husbands fat and happy".[5] In Spain it is known as "Rooster comb" because of its appearance.
As a grain, Cockscomb is a pseudo-cereal, not a true cereal.
These leaves, young stems and young inflorescences are used for stew, as they soften up readily in cooking. The leaves also have a soft texture and a mild spinach-like taste. They are also pepped up with such things as hot pepper, garlic, fresh lime, and red palm oil and eaten as a side dish.

This impressive botanical is also used to treat uterine bleeding, bloody stool and bleeding hemorrhoids. Indeed, every part of the celosia plant occupies a valued niche in the world of natural healing. The flowers bring diarrhea under control while the leaves are used as dressings for boils and

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 21, 2018, 10:33:45 AM

Fennel Bulbs

Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family.  fennel is associated with a licorice or anise-like taste,    It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks

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Fennel is SAFE
Many species in the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae are superficially similar to fennel, and some, such as poison hemlock, are toxic, so it is unwise, and potentially extremely dangerous, to use any part of any of these plants as an herb or vegetable unless it can be positively identified as being edible.

The white bulb and bright green fronds have a gentle, slightly sweet anise flavor. The stalks of fennel are tough and usually not eaten. In many areas, fennel is available year-round; however, its peak season is October through April. Look for crisp
Fennel can be used from the bulb to the seeds to the leaves to the stalks. Typically, fennel is associated with a licorice or anise-like taste, which is true, but this is really only the fronds (or the leafy part which kind of resembles dill but does not taste like dill

Fennel's dried ripe seeds and oil are used to make medicine. Fennel is used by mouth for various digestive problems including heartburn, intestinal gas, bloating, loss of appetite, and colic in infants among othes.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 21, 2018, 10:49:22 AM



Dill is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae. It is the only species in the genus Anethum. Dill is widely grown in Eurasia where its leaves and seeds are used as a herb or spice for flavouring food.
Dill grows up to 40–60 cm (16–24 in), with slender hollow stems and alternate, finely divided, softly delicate leaves
In Greece, dill is known as 'άνηθος' (anithos). In antiquity it was used as an add-in in wines, which they were called "anithites oinos" (wine with anithos-dill). In modern days, dill is used in salads, soups, sauces, and fish and vegetable dishes.

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As far as we know, most herbs—your rosemary, thyme, basil and dill—are safe for cats and dogs, but there is one that frequently colors a person's garden that can cause a sometimes severe—and definitely strange— illness. ... As for fruits and vegetables, tomatoes (particularly the leaves) can be toxic to dogs and cats.

Dill also boasts significant amounts of manganese, folate, iron, riboflavin, calcium, vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium and antioxidants that help remove free radicals from your body. Be sure to choose the brightest green dill as it's the most nutritious
It is often used in cooking and baking, and you can use the fresh leaves, dried leaves (called dill weed), and the dried seeds in foods. Dill is commonly paired with certain foods, such as potatoes and fish, but you can use it in a great number of dishes, including baked goods, soups, sauces, salads, and more.

Other uses for dill include treatment of fever and colds, cough, bronchitis, hemorrhoids, infections, spasms, nerve pain, genital ulcers, menstrual cramps, and sleep disorders. Dill seed is sometimes applied to the mouth and throat for pain and swelling (inflammation).
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 22, 2018, 08:50:00 AM

  ocimum basilicum  Basil No fawlty towers

Basil, also called great basil or Saint-Joseph's-wort, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae. Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia. It is a tender plant, and is used in cuisines worldwide
There are many varieties of Ocimum basilicum, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. The type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil (or Genovese basil), as opposed to Thai basil (O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora), lemon basil (O. × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, including holy basil and a cultivar known as "African blue basil".

BASIL AS WE KNOW IT                                                                                  AFRICAN BLUE BASIL                                    PURPLE TULSI   

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As far as we know, most herbs—your rosemary, thyme, basil and dill—are safe for cats and dogs, but there is one that frequently colors a person's garden that can cause a sometimes severe—and definitely strange— illness. ... As for fruits and vegetables, tomatoes (particularly the leaves) can be toxic to dogs and cats.

General Cooking– Dried basil can be easily added to practically any dish. Basil is used around the world in many different cuisines with good reason. It adds a depth and flavor that is not rivaled by other herbs. ... They chew fresh leaves to calm coughing or make a calming tea of dried basil to help sooth illness

Basil is an herb. The parts of the plant that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Basil is commonly used orally for stomach problems such as spasms, loss of appetite, intestinal gas, diarrhea, and constipation. But there is limited scientific research to support these and other medicinal uses of basil.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 22, 2018, 09:05:36 AM


Thymus vulgaris  thyme

Thyme is an aromatic perennial evergreen herb with culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses. The most common variety is Thymus vulgaris. Thyme is of the genus Thymus of the mint family, and a relative of the oregano genus Origanum
The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage. The spread of thyme throughout Europe was thought to be due to the Romans,

Common thyme (T. vulgaris) Lemon thyme (T. x. citriodorus) Creeping thyme (T. praecox)

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Herbs with Woody Stems. Thyme, rosemary, oregano, tarragon, and marjoram are all herbs with fairly small leaves and tough, woody stems — which actually makes stripping off the leaves much easier! ... If the stems are so tender that they snap, they're usually tender enough to eat

Thyme is a Mediterranean herb with dietary, medicinal, and ornamental uses. The flowers, leaves, and oil of thyme have been used to treat a range of symptoms and complaints. These include diarrhea, stomach ache, arthritis, and sore throat. The most common variety is Thymus vulgaris

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 23, 2018, 08:32:03 AM

Rosmarinus officinalis

commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrub with leaves similar to hemlock needles. It is native to the Mediterranean and Asia, but is reasonably hardy in cool climates. It can withstand droughts, surviving a severe lack of water for lengthy periods. Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m (5 ft) tall, rarely 2 m (6 ft 7 in). The leaves are evergreen, 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with dense, short, woolly hair. The plant flowers in spring and summer in temperate climates, but the plants can be in constant bloom in warm climates; flowers are white, pink, purple or deep blue. Rosemary also has a tendency to flower outside its normal flowering season; it has been known to flower as late as early December, and as early as mid-February (in the northern hemisphere).In some parts of the world, it is considered an invasive species

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In the right amounts, rosemary is not a toxic plant. However, ingestion of rosemary preparations or skin use of high amounts of rosemary essential oil can be toxic

Common rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is desirable for its beautiful spring blooms, hardy nature and versatility. Rosemary has been hybridized to produce a number of cultivars. Because common rosemary is edible, all varieties are edible, but they do slightly vary in flavor and in their growth habits

The herb has been hailed since ancient times for its medicinal properties. Rosemary was traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth
There is a vast array of data supporting rosemary’s effectiveness against varieties of cancers including Leukemia
Both rosmarinic acid and rosemary extracts decreased heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which are cancer-causing molecules found in meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and fish

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 23, 2018, 09:06:09 AM


Lavender 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to the Old World and is found from Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia, China to southeast India  lavender (the color of the flower of the lavender plant) remains the standard for lavender, just as there are many shades of pink (light red, light rose, and light magenta colors), there are many shades of lavender (some light magenta, some light purple, [mostly] light violet

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Lavender oil is generally not poisonous in adults when breathed in during aromatherapy or swallowed in smaller amounts. It may cause a reaction in children who swallow small amounts. The major effects are due to allergic reactions of the skin

Lavender-flavored cupcakes
Culinary lavender is usually English lavender, the most commonly used species in cooking (L. angustifolia 'Munstead' ). As an aromatic, it has a sweet fragrance with a taste of lemon or citrus notes. It is used as a spice or condiment in pastas, salads and dressings, and desserts.Their buds and greens are used in teas, and their buds, processed by bees, are the essential ingredient of monofloral honey  Queen Elizabeth prized a lavender conserve (jam) at her table, so lavender was produced as a jam at that time, as well as used in teas both medicinally and for its taste.

Lavender oil is believed to have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to heal minor burns and bug bites. Research suggests that it may be useful for treating anxiety, insomnia, depression, and restlessness Lavender oil is a great scent for both women and men. You can either try adding pure oil directly to your skin
Lavender essential oil has very powerful antiseptic properties. Applying it to wounds can not only increase cell growth causing the wound to heal faster, but it also decreases the appearance of scars. The oils anti-microbial action protects scrapes and wounds from infection, while allowing them heal.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 23, 2018, 01:37:06 PM



Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. The first, Fuchsia triphylla, was discovered on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola about 1696–1697 by the French Minim monk and botanist Fuchsia Flowers – Annual Or Perennial Fuchsia Plants. ... You can grow fuchsias as annuals but they are actually tender perennials,
Can Fuchsias survive winter?
The plant will look dead, but it will just be sleeping for the winter. ... Continuing fuchsia winter care is basically watering the plant about once every three to four weeks. The soil should be moist but not soaked. The last step to overwintering fuchsias is to bring it out of dormancy
Fuchsia gall mite
Aculops fuchsiae, commonly known as fuchsia gall mite, is a species of mite in the family Eriophyidae. It feeds on Fuchsia plants, causing distortion of growing shoots and flowers. It is regarded as a horticultural pest. Control
Non-chemical control Gall mites in general are relatively tolerant of pesticides and home garden products will be ineffective  the fuchsia gall mite, is native to South America. It was first found in California, USA in 1981 where it has spread rapidly, around the world killing the plant or being dug up and burnt

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                                                           fuchsia with gall mite
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In fact, all fuchsia fruit are edible and you can eat the flowers too. ... Since we have established there is no fuchsia plant toxicity, it is safe to gather some berries and/or flowers and try them out.

Fuchsia hybrdia's blossoms and berries are edible. Often used in salads, these blooms are attractive but acidic, so use in small quantities. Fertilize in spring to promote flower growth with organic fertilizer when growing for culinary uses.

Diuretic, febrifuge, and refrigerant; one half to one ounce. Its medicinal use is secured from the bark employed as a febrifuge. It has been much employed in Italy and on the Continent as a febrifuge. It is sometimes given as a febrifuge, and as a remedy for cold in the head.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 24, 2018, 08:46:46 AM


The origin of the lemon is unknown, though lemons are thought to have first grown in Assam (a region in northeast India), northern Burma or China. A genomic study of the lemon indicated it was a hybrid between bitter orange (sour orange) and citron
Lemons entered Europe near southern Italy no later than the second century AD
It was distributed widely throughout the Arab world and the Mediterranean region between 1000 and 1150
you can grow lemon trees in the uk a sunny spot i have grow two in london with fruit

FIRST STAGE                                                 SECOND STAGE                                     FINAL STAGE
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Lemon trees (Citrus limon), with their fragrant blossoms, attractive foliage and edible fruit, offer year-round appeal for home gardeners. ... Humans can eat lemons, but man's best friend should stay away from lemon trees: They contain essential oils that are toxic to dogs.
As well as lime, orange and other citrus fruits are known to contain aromatic oils and compounds of Psoralen which is toxic to dogs, cats, and some animals. The acid is found all over the entire plant. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, depression and photosensitivity.

Are citrus leaves edible?
Cooking with lemon leaves. ... But before having my own lemon tree I had never thought of using also its leaves. Much like kaffir lime leaves, while you may not want to eat them, lemon leaves can be used to impart a wonderful lemon essence to your cooking, particularly when wrapped around your chosen food and grilled.The leaves of the lemon tree are used to make a tea and for preparing cooked meats and seafoods.

Lemon is a plant. The fruit, juice, and peel are used to make medicine. Lemon is used to treat scurvy, a condition caused by not having enough vitamin C.The disease you and your fellow sailors were suffering from is scurvy. Scurvy is a disease caused by a vitamin C deficiency. When the sailors began their voyage they had fresh fruits and vegetables on their ship. Fruits and vegetables are hard to keep fresh, so the sailors had to eat them right away.
 Lemon is also used for the common cold and flu, H1N1 (swine) flu, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), Meniere's disease, and kidney stones.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 25, 2018, 09:01:59 AM



MR Eggy Neil has got this plant in his garden

Ecballium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cucurbitaceae containing a single species, Ecballium elaterium, also called the squirting cucumber or exploding cucumber It is native to Europe, northern Africa, and temperate areas of Asia  It gets its unusual name from the fact that, when ripe, it squirts a stream of mucilaginous liquid containing its seeds, which can be seen with the naked eye. It is thus considered to have rapid plant movement.

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This plant, and especially its fruit, is poisonous, containing cucurbitacins.
The human serious adverse reactions of the folkloric plant, Ecballium elaterium (EE), are well documented in the literature. This report is presenting the medical literature of 74 cases, which experienced severe adverse reactions or deaths that resulted from the administration of the plant juice. The survey of these human cases exhibits several adverse effects such as: acute rhinitis, uvular edema, soft palate, upper airway edema. In conclusion, the use of EE juice in folk medicine can cause severe adverse reactions that should not be ignored but it should be medically treated

Squirting cucumber contains poisonous cucurbitacins, and all parts of the plant can be fatal if ingested. The hairy, rough, thick-stemmed plant may spread out to about 60 cm (about 24 inches) and has yellow bell-shaped flowers. The long-stalked bluish green fruits are about 4–5 cm (1.6–2 inches) long.

The squirting cucumber has been used as a medicinal plant for over 2,000 years
The juice of the fruit is antirheumatic, cardiac and purgative
It is used internally in the treatment of oedema associated with kidney complaints, heart problems, rheumatism, paralysis and shingles. Externally, it has been used to treat sinusitis and painful joints. It should be used with great caution and only under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. Excessive doses have caused gastro-enteritis and even death. It should not be used by pregnant women since it can cause an abortion. The fully grown but unripe fruits are harvested during the summer, they are left in containers until the contents are expelled and the juice is then dried for later use. The root contains an analgesic principle.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 25, 2018, 09:13:44 AM
Only a few pop up , now an again , Kevin.  - I catch them early. - Careful if you pull them up as they do tend to squirt at you.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 25, 2018, 10:09:36 AM

HI Neil
I Don't wish to know about your squriting cucumber what goes on in your garden stays there hahaha

 don't pull to hard

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 26, 2018, 08:51:57 AM

Ficus elastica

Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida
It has broad shiny oval leaves 10–35 centimetres (3.9–13.8 in) long and 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) broad; leaf size is largest on young plants (occasionally to 45 centimetres or 18 inches long), much smaller on old trees (typically 10 centimetres or 3.9 inches long). The leaves develop inside a sheath at the apical meristem, which grows larger as the new leaf develops. When it is mature, it unfurls and the sheath drops off the plant. Inside the new leaf, another immature leaf is waiting to develop
It is a large tree in the banyan group of figs, growing to 30–40 metres (98–131 ft) (rarely up to 60 metres or 200 feet) tall, with a stout trunk up to 2 metres (6.6 ft) in diameter. The trunk develops aerial and buttressing roots to anchor it in the soil and help support heavy branches.

A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. a plant that grows ... The leaves of the banyan tree are large, leathery, glossy, green, and elliptical. Like most figs, the leaf bud is covered by two large scales

                                                   A BANYAN TREE WITH AERIAL ROOTS MATURITY             
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Rubber plant's (Ficus elastica) common name does not imply that it is pliable. Its milky white sap contains latex, which was originally used to make rubber. Because this sap is poisonous to people and pets, rubber plant is best put out of reach of children

Vulcanized rubber has many more applications. Resistance to abrasion makes softer kinds of rubber valuable for the treads of vehicle tires and conveyor belts, and makes hard rubber valuable for pump housings and piping used in the handling of abrasive sludge.

Medicinal Uses. Packed full of vitamins and rich in sugar the fruit of the ficus elastica contains a substance called mucilage which is also present in Aloe Vera plant and some cactus. It is very helpful with a host of stomach problems such nausea, general pain or digestive problems.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 27, 2018, 11:48:57 AM



You will see this plant early spring.
Crocus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms. Many are cultivated for their flowers appearing in autumn, winter, or spring. The spice saffron is obtained from the stigmas of Crocus sativus, an autumn-blooming species.
The crocus flower (Crocus flavus) is a member of the iris family and blossoms in an array of colors such as white, yellow, orange, red and purple. With the flower petals spanning 8 cm when in full bloom, this beautiful perennial flourishes in early to mid-spring or early autumn and can be found most often in dry, barren ground. In addition, crocuses are protected from frost by a waxy cuticle, which allows them to bloom even during unseasonable cold spells. In Greek mythology, Zeus allegedly used a crocus to lure Phoenician princess Europa while she was flower-picking so he could carry her away with him.

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These ingestions can cause general gastrointestinal upset including drooling, vomiting and diarrhea. These should not be mistaken for Autumn Crocus, part of the Liliaceae family, which contains a toxic alkaloid called colchicine. All parts of the Autumn Crocus are poisonous.

what is the difference between autumn crocus and spring crocus
Crocus that flower from September to November amaze me. These 'autumn flowering crocus' are unlike spring crocus – bigger, bolder flowers, often without leaves around them, and such a welcome shot of colour in the late sun of autumn. Crocus speciosus is probably the most often planted autumn crocus.

Crocuses can be grown both outdoors in gardens and indoors in containers. The corms of crocuses aren't toxic. It's still a good idea to keep them out of the way of children and pets, though. If pets eat the corms they may experience gastrointestinal upset
Grow your own saffron - saffron crocus bulbs. Grow your own saffron (the most expensive spice in the world), with this beautiful crocus. It produces large sterile, rich lilac flowers with distinctive purple veins in October and November.

Autumn crocus is a plant. The seed, bulb, and flower are used to make medicine. Despite serious safety concerns, autumn crocus is used for arthritis, gout, and an inherited disease called familial Mediterranean fever.
Saffron was also used as a nervine sedative, emmenogogue, in treatment of fever, melancholia and enlargement of the liver. It is also used as analgesic, diuretic, immune stimulant, interferon inducer, and for inhibiting the thrombin formation.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 28, 2018, 12:19:13 PM


Yucca - Cordyline 

What is the difference between a yucca and a Cordyline?

Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers. They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.

Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae. The subfamily has previously been treated as a separate family Laxmanniaceae, or Lomandraceae. Other authors have placed the genus in the Agavaceae.

The difference

The leaves and stems of Cordyline and Yucca do look very similar, hence gardeners tend to use yucca as an informal name for both. ... Flowers of the various species of Yucca are typically quite large and are adapted to pollination by a very specialised group of moths which lay their eggs within the flowers

See this Yucca near the bakery                                  Torbay Palm Cordyline australis
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Nontoxic (Safe, not poisonous) Both plants. Only poisonus to cats and dogs

While people may eat cooked parts of it, the plant is classified as toxic to dogs by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Ifyour dog nibbles on this tropical plant, he could experience vomiting, drooling, depression and a lack of appetite. The plant contains toxins called saponins which cause these mild poisoning symptoms. If your pooch has eaten any plants, get him to the vet, who can provide him with supportive care like intravenous fluids and medication to treat his symptoms until he fully recovers

Traditional/Ethnobotanical uses. For centuries, yucca plants have served American Indians for a variety of uses including fiber for rope, sandals and cloth; the roots have been used in soap. The Indians and early Californian settlers used the green pods for food.

The Māori used various parts of Cordyline australis to treat injuries and illnesses, either boiled up into a drink or pounded into a paste. The kōata, the growing tip of the plant, was eaten raw as a blood tonic or cleanser. Juice from the leaves was used for cuts, cracks and sores.
Also known as cassava, yucca is a dense, starchy food that's rich in carbohydrates. It's a good source of fiber, folate, vitamin C, and potassium. Yucca offers numerous health benefits, and is often used medicinally.
Yucca  is a medicinal plant native to Mexico. According to folk medicine, yucca extracts have anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory effects. The plant contains several physiologically active phytochemicals. It is a rich source of steroidal saponins, and is used commercially as a saponin source

please don't go munching through Arills countryside
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 29, 2018, 08:42:03 AM



Allium ursinum – known as ramsons, buckrams, wild garlic, broad-leaved garlic, wood garlic, bear leek, or bear's garlic is a bulbous perennial flowering plant in the lily family Amaryllidaceae. It is a wild relative of onion, native to Europe and Asia, where it grows in moist woodland
A. ursinum is widespread across most of Europe. It grows in deciduous woodlands with moist soils, preferring slightly acidic conditions. In the British Isles, colonies are frequently associated with bluebells (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), especially in ancient woodland. It is considered to be an ancient woodland indicator species
 Allium ursinum or wild garlic. Wild garlic also known as ramsons or bear leek, is a wild relative of chives and is native to Zagori. The Latin name is due to the brown bear's taste for the bulbs and its habit of digging up the ground to get at them; they are also a favourite of wild boar

         broadleaf                                                                  thin leaves
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wild garlic                                                                      garlic as we know it
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Wild garlic can be raised from seed or, more easily, grown from bulbs. ... One word of warning, whether you are foraging wild garlic or growing it. While wild garlic is entirely edible, it can be growing in with leaves of plants that are quite poisonous, as most of the spring bulbs are

Health benefits of wild garlic. Garlic is widely known for its antibacterial, antibiotic and possibly antiviral properties, and contains vitamins A and C, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sodium and copper. Studies have also shown that it may help reduce blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of stroke and heart disease

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 29, 2018, 09:06:06 AM



Allium sativum
Garlic is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran, and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. It was known to ancient Egyptians, and has been used both as a food flavoring and as a traditional medicine.China produces some 80% of the world supply of garlic.
Garlic is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion.

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Garlic has been used safely in research for up to 7 years. When taken by mouth, garlic can cause bad breath, a burning sensation in the mouth or stomach, heartburn, gas, nausea, vomiting, body odor, and diarrhea. These side effects are often worse with raw garlic

It is used to flavor many foods, such as salad dressings, vinaigrettes, marinades, sauces, vegetables, meats, soups, and stews. It is often used to make garlic butter and garlic toast. Garlic powder can be substituted if necessary - 1/8 teaspoon of garlic powder is equal to one medium fresh clove of common garlic.

Figs are excellent sources of amino acids that increase libido. They can also improve sexual stamina. While you don't want to be stinking of garlic during a passionate lip lock, garlic contains allicin, an ingredient that increases blood flow to the sexual organs
Garlic is used for many conditions related to the heart and blood system. These conditions include high blood pressure, low blood pressure, high cholesterol, inherited high cholesterol, coronary heart disease, heart attack, reduced blood flow due to narrowed arteries, and "hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis).
Garlic Is Highly Nutritious But Has Very Few Calories
 Garlic Can Combat Sickness, Including the Common Cold
Garlic Improves Cholesterol Levels, Which May Lower the Risk of Heart Disease
Garlic Contains Antioxidants That May Help Prevent Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia
Athletic Performance Might Be Improved With Garlic Supplements
 Eating Garlic May Help Detoxify Heavy Metals in the Body
Garlic May Improve Bone Health

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 29, 2018, 04:48:01 PM



Thistle is the common name Cirsium is a genus of perennial and biennial flowering plants in the Asteraceae, one of several genera known commonly as thistles.
Thistles are known for their effusive flower heads, usually purple, rose or pink, also yellow or white.  (Cirsium arvense) is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas of North America, and more than 10 species of sow thistle (Sonchus) are widespread throughout Europe.  there are about 200 species of thistle found worldwide--in North America, Asia, Europe and northern Africa. Thistles bear spiny leaves and distinctive upright flowers. You can find many species of thistle in North America.

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Will donkeys eat thistles?
 goats or donkeys will take care of them, especially the biannual bull thistles.donkeys love to eat thistle buds.

Milk thistle is the prickly one depicted in the photos above. It may look dangerous but it is not poisonous, and, in fact, has an edible stem
The German government endorses the use of milk thistle as a supportive treatment for inflammatory liver conditions such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, and fatty infiltration caused by alcohol or other toxins. It also recognizes that silymarin possesses the ability to help prevent liver damage if taken before toxin exposure.
Milk thistle is sometimes used as a natural treatment for liver problems. These liver problems include cirrhosis, jaundice, hepatitis, and gallbladder disorders.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 30, 2018, 08:47:54 AM



Xylella (Xylella fastidiosa) Xylella fastidiosa is a bacterium which causes disease in a wide range of woody commercial plants such as grapevine, citrus and olive plants, several species of broadleaf trees widely grown in the UK, and many herbaceous plants
One can only imagine what a disaster an outburst of Xylella fastidiosa in the area would mean. ... Italy was the first major olive oil-making country in Europe hit by Xylella in the region of Puglia in 2013 and later in other areas where olive trees are being felled and burned in an attempt to contain the bacterium.
Greece remains unaffected by the disease and recently, the deputy minister of Rural Development and Food, Vassilis Kokkalis, assessed the case of pathogenic agents in plants and Xylella fastidiosa particularly. ... But apart from Greece, Xylella fastidiosa is a top priority for the European Union as a whole.

Xylella fastidiosa treatment yet to find a cure

( The EU is trying this BUT doing millions of Olive trees will come at a big cost

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 30, 2018, 09:20:48 AM


Have you ever wondered why is there different size leaves
A leaf could be a different shape because a leaf must get sunlight and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. ... The way a leaf gets food, water and energy from the environment impacts the final shape of the leaf. Smaller trees have rounder flat edges while taller plants have narrower leaves.
Its main functions are photosynthesis and gas exchange. A leaf is often flat, so it absorbs the most light,  so that the sunlight can get to the chloroplasts in the cells. Most leaves have stomata, which open and close. They regulate carbon dioxide, oxygen, and water vapour exchange with the atmosphere

The plant needs more sunlight like in the rainforest

Thin leaves
The plant dose not need much sunlight like in the Desert

A yucca thin Leaf


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 01, 2018, 09:15:37 AM

Sorry not here yesterday Bev had a accident having trouble walking seen doc got pain killers


The main growth time is in the spring, and Greek Spiny Spurge brightens up the landscape with its bright cushions from March onwards. This plant belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae, and it is found in Greece and Turkey.
The 'chicken wire' effect produced by last year's spines.
Euphorbia acanthothamnos is a Greek and Aegean endemic plant growing from sea level to over 2000m. A spiny cushion-like shrub which flowers from March to June. It grows mainly in limestone areas. Its name means "thorny bush" in Greek which is a very accurate description
The botanical name Euphorbia derives from Euphorbos, the Greek physician of king Juba ...

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All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling
The milky sap or latex of Euphorbia plant is highly toxic and an irritant to the skin and eye. ... Three patients presented with accidental ocular exposure to the milky sap of Euphorbia species of recent onset. The initial symptoms in all cases were severe burning sensation with blurring of vision.

Unknown uses

The parts of the plant that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Euphorbia is used for breathing disorders including asthma, bronchitis, and chest congestion. It is also used for mucus in the nose and throat, throat spasms, hay fever, and tumors. Some people use it to cause vomiting.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 01, 2018, 01:51:01 PM



The origin of the word Bamboo comes from the Malay word "Mambu". Malay is the national language of Malaysia and Indonesia. In the late 16th century (1590-1600) the Dutch named it "Bamboes" after which it got its Neo-Latin name "Bambusa".Some claim that the original Malayan word was "Bambu", resembling the sound it makes when bamboo explodes in open fire. When bamboo is heated, the air in the sealed hollow internode chambers will expand and cause an explosive bam-boom sound.
In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. The size of bamboo varies from small annuals to giant timber bamboo. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. and the root can go through concrete wall
Bamboo belongs to the Bambusoideae subfamily of the perennial evergreen grass family Poaceae (Gramineae). It was German Botanist, Charles Kunth, that first published his taxonomic findings in 1815.
Bamboo was used in China about 7000 years ago
Thomas Edison used bamboo filaments in his first LIGHT BULBS, and one of those bulbs is STILL burning today at the Smithsonian in Washington
: Bamboo has a TENSILE STRENGTH of 28,000 per square inch, vs. 23,000 for steel
 Bamboo produces the MOST OXYGEN of all the plants! And it CONSUMES MORE CARBON DIOXIDE than any other plant
Fastest Growing Plant on the Planet: New shoots of some species have been clocked growing up to 3 FEET PER DAY in their shooting season

Near kaloudis village apartments

These tender young shoots are the only part of the bamboo plant that can be made edible to humans. ... Pandas and golden lemurs have evolved ways to process cyanide and can ingest enough bamboo to kill several men each day, but even young shoots are too toxic for human consumption.
Although Dracaena sanderiana is considered non-toxic to humans, ingestion of the plant may cause mild stomach upset.

Bamboo is used to make
musical instruments
is used to make beer!
to make toys.
to make furniture.
for scaffolding
feed people and animals.
 build houses and schools
 building roads.
Bamboo is being used in road reinforcements in Orissa, India. Bamboo bridges have also been built in China, capable of supporting trucks that weigh as much as 16 tons.

medicinal purposes.
In China, ingredients from the black bamboo shoot help treat kidney diseases. Roots and leaves have also been used to treat venereal diseases and cancer. According to reports in a small village in Indonesia, water from the culm (the side branches) is used to treat diseases of the bone effectively.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 02, 2018, 10:01:49 AM


Genista [genist]
Ulex [gorse]
Cytisus [broom]

I have put these plants all together they all look the same you can see these plants walking to the Akrotiri

Genista is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae, native to open habitats such as moorland and pasture in Europe and western Asia. They include species commonly called broom, though the term may also refer to other genera, including Cytisus and Chamaecytisus.

Ulex is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia

Cytisus is a genus of about 50 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, native to open sites in Europe, western Asia and North Africa. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae, and is one of several genera in the tribe Genisteae which are commonly called brooms[/size


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GENISTAThis plant contains small amounts of a toxin called quinolizidine alkaloids. This is found in all parts of the plant. Ingestion results in vomiting, abdominal discomfort, weakness, incoordination and possible increased heart rate.


CYTISUS - The Poison Plant Patch. Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius) makes its escape along roadsides in various counties in Nova Scotia. ... Because of its alkaloid toxins, Scotch broom is now taken internally only under strict medical supervision.

GENISTAThe whole plant is used to make medicine. Despite safety concerns, people take dyer's broom for digestion problems, gout, and bladder stones. It is also used to increase heart rate, strengthen blood vessels, and stimulate blood flow to the kidneys.

ULEXMedicinal use of Gorse: Gorse has never played much of a role in herbal medicine, though its flowers have been used in the treatment of jaundice and as a treatment for scarlet fever in children. The seed is said to be astringent and has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea and stones.

CYTISUSMedicinal uses. Broom contains scoparin, which is a diuretic, and is useful as a cathartic and as a cardiac stimulant due to the presence of sparteine. A decoction or infusion of broom can be used to treat dropsy due to its diuretic action. An ointment can be made from the flowers to treat gout.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 04, 2018, 10:24:55 AM



Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the Amaryllidaceae family. Various common names including daffodil, daffadowndilly, narcissus and jonquil are used to describe all or some members of the genus  There are 26 to 60 different species of wild daffodils. They are native to Europe, northern parts of Africa and western parts of Asia and Mediterranean.jonquil, is a type of flowering plant that belongs to the Amaryllis family.
Narcissus jonquilla  bears heads of up to five scented yellow or white flowers. It is a parent of numerous varieties

Jonquil                                                 Narcissus
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All parts of the daffodil are toxic. When swallowed, it can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Eating the bulb can cause severe irritation of the mouth and stomach upset. These symptoms are usually not life threatening and resolve within a few hours.

narcissus essential oil  Narcissus is a figure from Greek mythology who fell in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water – even the lovely nymph Echo could not manage to tempt him from his self-absorption! Today,   

Daffodil dementia drug hailed. A drug derived from daffodils has been found effective in halting the progress of different types of dementia. The drug, Reminyl (galantamine) is already recommended by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence in the treatment of Alzheimer's
Medicinal use of Wild Daffodil: The bulbs, leaves and flowers are astringent and powerfully emetic. The bulb, especially, is narcotic and depresses the nervous system. It has been used in the treatment of hysterical affections and even epilepsy with some effect.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 05, 2018, 08:50:32 AM


Rock soapwort

Saponaria ocymoides (rock soapwort or tumbling Ted) you can see this plant on walls in and around Arillas is a species of semi-evergreen perennial flowering plant belonging to the family Caryophyllaceae, native to south western and southern central Europe
Reaching a height of 10–40 centimetres
quite hairy and very branched. The leaves are ovate to lanceolate, sessile and hairy, 1–3 cm long
 The flowering period extends from May to August in the Northern Hemisphere. The fruit is an ovoid capsule, up to 9 mm long.
This species ranges from the mountains of Spain to Corsica, Sardinia and Slovenia, from the Apennines to the Alps. It grows in rocky and stony places, dry slopes and forests (especially pine forests). It prefers calcareous (alkaline) soils, at an altitude of up to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), rarely up to 2,400 metres (7,900 ft).

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Although toxic, these substances are very poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass through without causing harm. They are also broken down by thorough cooking. Saponins are found in many plants, including several that are often used for food, such as certain beans. It is advisable not to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish

When using Saponaria. ocymoides as a large scale groundcover (lawn substitute), it can be deadheaded using a lawn mower set on high to keep the foliage
All parts of the plant are rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute. The saponins are extracted by simmering the plant in water. Plants can be dried for later use. A gentle and effective cleane

Medicinal use of Tumbling Ted: None known

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 05, 2018, 09:29:05 AM


Strawberry tree

Arbutus unedo, the strawberry tree, is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the family Ericaceae, native to the Mediterranean region and on Corfu and western Europe north to western France and Ireland
The Two Tailed Pasha butterfly uses the Arbutus Strawberry tree as a host for its eggs and caterpillars. An occasional sight on the island. It is easily recognisable by its long leaves and peeling pastel coloured rust and cream bark.
You can grow this tree in the uk

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strawberry tree poisonous to humans none found

I have eaten this frurit When blossoming, the Strawberry tree is a heavily resourced plant by bees for honey production and in addition to being a foraged edible, the fruits serve as food for birds. The bark of the tree is used as a dye and for working leather because it contains high levels of tannins
 used mostly for jam, marmalades, yogurt
The wood is quite hard and well suited for a various uses such as fire wood and to make pipes. Since it doesn't usually grow straight, it is not well suited for construction or similar uses.
The fruit of the Strawberry tree is distinguished by its globular shape and rough-textured skin that is candy apple red and about 3/4 inch in diameter when ripe. ... The Strawberry fruit replicates flavors reminiscent of apricots and guavas with subtle woody undertones, a characteristic evident of many wild shrub fruits.

Medicinal use of Strawberry Tree: The strawberry tree is little used in herbalism, though it does deserve modern investigation. All parts of the plant contain ethyl gallate, a substance that possesses strong antibiotic activity against the Mycobacterium bacteria. The leaves, bark and root are astringent and diuretic

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 06, 2018, 02:48:27 PM


Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #60 on: November 01, 2018, 09:15:37 AM »
Sorry not here yesterday Bev had a accident having trouble walking seen doc got pain killers

Had to take Bev to hospital yesterday had X-ray got a fractured femur can not do anything just rest doctors says it will be twelve weeks to mend

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: soniaP on November 06, 2018, 06:19:29 PM
Sorry to hear that. Hope Bev is back on her feet again soon.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 07, 2018, 09:35:18 AM

Thanks Sonia



Ranunculus common name Buttercup is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Members of the genus include the buttercups, spearworts and water crowfoots
The name Ranunculus is Late Latin for "little frog", the diminutive of rana. This probably refers to many species being found near water, like frogs. The name buttercup may derive from a false belief that the plants give butter its characteristic yellow hue (in fact it is poisonous to cows and other livestock). you can see this plant all around Arillas

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All parts of a buttercup are poisonous for cattle and humans. Signs of intoxication appear immediately after ingestion of the plant. They include bloody diarrhea, excessive salivation, colic and blistering of the intestines. ... This belief is false since cows avoid buttercups due to high toxicity of these plants.


People dry the parts that grow above the ground and use them for medicine. Fresh preparations are very irritating and should not be used. Despite safety concerns, buttercup is used for arthritis, nerve pain, blisters, ongoing (chronic) skin problems, and bronchitis.
Buttercup contains toxins that are very irritating to the skin and the lining of the mouth, stomach, and intestines. There is not enough information to know how buttercup might work for medicinal uses.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on November 07, 2018, 05:51:18 PM
Just going back to the strawbery tree , kev.
We have one , far too high to pick , but they are dropping of the tree as I type. - Very tasty but , obviously should not eat too many.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 07, 2018, 06:28:19 PM

Hi Neil

They be the answer for you to play better darts 🎯 opps sorry 😂

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 08, 2018, 10:50:22 AM


Lily of the Nile

Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. The name is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη, άνθος (anthos – "flower"). Some species of Agapanthus are commonly known as lily of the Nile but not a lily  They are cultivated throughout warm areas of the world.
Agapanthus is a genus of herbaceous perennials that mostly bloom in summer. The leaves are basal, curved, and linear, growing up to 60 cm (24 in) long. The inflorescence is a pseudo-umbel subtended by two large bracts at the apex of a long, erect scape, up to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall. They have funnel-shaped or tubular flowers, in hues of blue to purple, shading to white.

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Agapanthus bulbs are especially poisonous and causes kidney failures (ie death) in cats and dogs. In fact, they are also poisonous to humans, just the sap is known to cause rash and skin irritation on people.

unknown uses

The Zulu use agapanthus to treat heart disease, paralysis, coughs, colds, chest pains and tightness. It is also used with other plants in various medicines taken during pregnancy to ensure healthy children, or to augment or induce labour.Agapanthus is considered an aphrodisiac

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 09, 2018, 10:36:48 AM



Cercis siliquastrum Family Caesalpiniaceae, commonly known as the Judas tree or Judas-tree, is a small deciduous tree from Southern Europe and Western Asia which is noted  with heart-shaped leaves and clusters of bright pink pea-flowers opening before or with the leaves, followed by flattened, deep purple pods
when this tree is in flower easter and spring is here
Judas was the name of a disciple in the Bible who betrayed Jesus Christ with a kiss. To call someone a "Judas" is to mark them as a traitor or backstabber. Fittingly, the Judas tree is used to poison and betray people, and in this case administered with a kiss.
There is a long-standing myth that Judas Iscariot hanged himself from a tree of this species. This belief is related to the common name "Judas tree", which is possibly a corrupted derivation from the French common name, Arbre de Judée, meaning tree of Judea, referring to the hilly regions of that country where the tree used to be common. Another possible source for the vernacular name is the fact that the flowers and seedpods can dangle direct from the trunk in a way reminiscent of Judas's possible method of suicide.

                                                                                                                                After flowering
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Edible uses  A sweetish-acid taste, they are a nice addition to the salad bowl 
The flower buds are pickled and used as a condiment
 Material uses Wood - very hard, beautifully grained, takes a very fine polish. Used for veneers 

Medicinal use: None known
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: soniaP on November 09, 2018, 01:18:34 PM
I would love a Judas tree planted in our garden. Despite the name, I think they are very beautiful. I know the time of year to plant them is September when it is my birthday. I keep hinting but so far no tree.... Might buy and plant one myself.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 09, 2018, 02:50:13 PM

Hi Sonia

Yes a nice small tree nice in flower

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on November 09, 2018, 04:23:56 PM
I would love a Judas tree planted in our garden.

Don't have one . We did and he betrayed us to the taxman!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 09, 2018, 05:08:59 PM



Myrtus communis, the common myrtle, is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It is an evergreen shrub native to southern Europe, north Africa, western Asia, Macaronesia, and the Indian Subcontinent, and also cultivated
Myrtle has a well-developed root, to grow on hostile limestone rocks
The flowers are very fragrant and aromatic leaves followed by bluish-black oblong berries when ripe, which are edible.There is also a form that produces creamy coloured berries but these are much less common.

Did you know: The Ancient Greeks used crowns made from myrtle leaves and fruits to adorn the winners' heads during the Olympic Games

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Myrtus communis is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant for use as a shrub in gardens and parks. It is often used as a hedge plant, with its small leaves shearing cleanly.
This plant has been used for centuries for its culinary and medicinal properties, to extract essential oils for use in soaps and perfumery and, as an aromatic flavouring in cooking.

In parts of southern Spain the leaves are used to help alleviate colds and bronchitis. Myrtle is also regarded as a symbol of love and is still used in bridal wreaths.
Myrtle berries can be eaten raw or cooked and are sometimes used to flavour savoury dishes. ... Since ancient times, myrtle has also been used as a medicinal plant. The Romans employed it for urinary and respiratory ailments and the Egyptians for nervous afflictions.
anti-inflammatory treatment of many respiratory ailments and skin issues
levels of salicylic acid (a compound related to aspirin)
The leaves and branches are used to make medicine. People take myrtle for treating lung infections including bronchitis, whooping cough, and tuberculosis. They also take it for bladder conditions, diarrhea, and worms.
Myrtle might help fight against fungus and bacteria.
The leaves are aromatic, balsamic, haemostatic and tonic. Recent research has revealed a substance in the plant that has an antibiotic action. The active ingredients in myrtle are rapidly absorbed and give a violet-like scent to the urine within 15 minutes. The plant is taken internally in the treatment of urinary infections, digestive problems, vaginal discharge, bronchial congestion, sinusitis and dry coughs. In India it is considered to be useful in the treatment of cerebral affections, especially epilepsy. Externally, it is used in the treatment of acne (the essential oil is normally used here), wounds, gum infections and haemorrhoids. The leaves are picked as required and used fresh or dried. An essential oil obtained from the plant is antiseptic. It contains the substance myrtol - this is used as a remedy for gingivitis. The oil is used as a local application in the treatment of rheumatism. The fruit is carminative. It is used in the treatment of dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, internal ulceration and rheumatism.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 10, 2018, 11:15:50 AM


Japanese laurel

Aucuba japonica, commonly called spotted laurel, Japanese laurel, Japanese aucuba or gold dust plant,not to be confused with bay laurel is a shrub native to rich forest soils of moist valleys, thickets, by streams and near shaded moist rocks in China, Korea, and Japan. This is the species of Aucuba commonly seen in gardens - often in variegated form
This plant is valued for its ability to thrive in the most difficult of garden environments, dry shade the mediterranean . It also copes with pollution and salt-laden coastal winds. It is often seen as an informal hedge, but may also be grown indoors as a houseplant

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All parts of the plant are mildly poisonous. The berries are also poisonous although they are very, very bitter and unlikely to be eaten by young or older humans.
 All parts of Spotted Laurel are poisonous to humans and livestock.

Evergreen hedging
Edible parts of Spotted Laurel: Leaves - cooked. An emergency food. It would have to be quite an emergency to convince me to eat them.
The greeks used to use the leaves as wreath in the olympics as well as the MYRTLE

The leaves are pounded and applied to burns, swellings, chilblains etc

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 10, 2018, 11:56:07 AM


Bay laurel

Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is used as bay leaf for seasoning in cooking.
The laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree, variable in size and sometimes reaching 7–18 m
The bay laurel is dioecious (unisexual), with male and female flowers on separate plants
 Its common names include bay laurel, sweet bay, bay (esp. United Kingdom), true laurel, Grecian laurel, laurel tree or simply laurel. Laurus nobilis figures prominently in classical Greco-Roman culture.

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Laurus nobilis are not toxic bay leaves may be eaten without toxic effect. However, they remain unpleasantly stiff even after thorough cooking, and if swallowed whole or in large pieces, they may pose a risk of harming the digestive tract or causing choking.

The Greeks made it famous by crowning their heroes with wreathes made out of sweet bay leaves. In addition to decorative use, the leaves and oil are used to make medicine.
Bay leaves were used for flavouring by the ancient Greeks. They are a fixture in the cooking of many European cuisines (particularly those of the Mediterranean), as well as in the Americas. They are used in soups, stews, meat, seafood, vegetable dishes, and sauces. The leaves also flavour many classic French dishes.

Sweet bay is used to treat cancer and gas; stimulate bile flow; and cause sweating.
Nutrient Packed: Bay leaves offer us a healthy dose of vitamins A, C, magnesium, calcium, manganese, potassium, and iron. Bay leaves soothe body aches. Make a decoction of 4-5 bay leaves in 1 litre of water and add to bathwater to relieve sore muscles and rejuvenate the body. Ease joint pain from arthritis.
Bay leaf has anti bacterial and anti fungal properties which helps to kill the infection on the scalp. ... A rinse with bay leaf water can help to treat dandruff over hair. Bay leaf water acts like a tonic to hair which helps to treat the dandruff and also eradicate the dandruff built over scalp.
Add the bay leaves and water to a pot, cover, and bring to a boil over high heat. Let boil for 3 minutes then remove the pot from the heat and let the tea steep for 4 minutes. Strain and drink or sweeten to suit your taste. If using milk, only use a small splash, as too much milk will dilute the flavor of the tea

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: soniaP on November 10, 2018, 04:57:25 PM
I would love a Judas tree planted in our garden.

Don't have one . We did and he betrayed us to the taxman!!

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 10, 2018, 07:40:45 PM

Sonia don’t encourage Neil he’s bad enough ha

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 11, 2018, 11:02:43 AM


London plane tree

Platanus × acerifolia, the London plane, London planetree, or hybrid plane, is a tree in the genus Platanus. It is often known by the synonym Platanus × hispanica. It is usually thought to be a hybrid of Platanus orientalis and Platanus occidentalis. Some authorities think that it may be a cultivar of P. orientalis
The London plane is a large deciduous tree growing over 40 m
The London Plane is one of the most efficient trees in removing small particulate pollutants in urban areas
The London plane was once very much the street tree of choice, its benefits to London are immense and cannot be underestimated and although under threat itself from Massaria, this fast growing tree is still a very hardy specimen which is able to resist most pests and diseases.
We had a big branch come down on a Mercedes what a mess
another disease killing Europe's plane trees is Ceratocystis platani, fungus for which there is no apparent cure.
The leaves take over two year to compost down the leaves have got like a plastic coating

                                                  TREES WITH  MASSARIA

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                                                A HEALTHY TREE AND THE FRUITS

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In hot dry climates the hairs of the fruits and leaves are believed to cause itching an effect similar to hay fever. we all had this when worked in london in the gardens

When quarter-sawn the timber has a distinctive and highly decorative appearance of dark reddish-brown flecks against a lighter background and is known as lacewood.
The principal use of these trees is as ornamental trees, especially in urban areas and by roadsides. The London plane is particularly popular for this purpose. The American plane is cultivated sometimes for timber and investigations have been made into its use as a biomass crop.

Medicinal use of Oriental Plane: The leaves are astringent and vulnerary. The fresh leaves are bruised and applied to the eyes in the treatment of ophthalmia. A decoction is used to treat dysentery and a cream made from the leaves is used to heal wounds and chilblains.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 12, 2018, 10:53:54 AM


Common fig

Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig. It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially.
 and is now widely grown throughout the world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant.
 growing to a height of 7–10 metres (23–33 ft), with smooth white bark. Its fragrant leaves are 12–25 centimetres (4.7–9.8 in) long and 10–18 centimetres (3.9–7.1 in) across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes.
The common fig tree has been cultivated since ancient times and grows wild in dry and sunny areas, with deep and fresh soil; also in rocky areas, from sea level to 1,700 metres

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Fig LEAF is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth for up to one month as a medicine. However, in high doses, fig LATEX, the sap from the tree, might cause bleeding in the digestive tract in some people. Applying fig leaf to the skin is POSSIBLY UNSAFE. It can cause skin to become extra sensitive to the sun.

fig chutney   In a saucepan, melt sugar with vinegar. Add the figs, apple, onion, raisins, salt and spices (ginger, clove and nutmeg). Bring to a boil, then reduce to low heat and cook for about an hour, stirring frequently. Put the chutney into a jar and store it in a dry place

Fig jam is a perfect way to preserve a surfeit of this seductive fruit. The added touch here, beyond the fruit, sugar and lemon juice, is the small amount of balsamic vinegar, which intensifies the sometimes elusive flavor of the figs.

Figs are highly beneficial as seen above and are must-haves for an expecting mother. Although good for health, it is advisable to consume this anjeer dry fruit in pregnancy in a proportionate amount. ... Figs prove beneficial for treating skin pigmentation caused during pregnancy.
The fruit is commonly eaten. The fruit and leaves are used to make medicine. Fig FRUIT is used as a laxative to relieve constipation. Fig LEAF is used for diabetes, high cholesterol, and skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and vitiligo.
One ounce of dried figs has 3 grams of fiber. Fiber may help alleviate constipation and keep you feeling full longer. It may also help lower cholesterol and control blood sugar levels. Figs are a good source of calcium, which can ward off osteoporosis as well as other health issues.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 13, 2018, 10:17:39 AM



geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. They are easy to grow, thrive in shade and flower for months. ... They're often vigorous plants, which can freely seed themselves around the garden.
Blooming from late spring to late summer, the almost fluorescent blossoms rise above a foliage of finely dissected, dark green leaves, that turns bronzy-red in Autumn. This hardy Geranium is more or less evergreen in mild winter climates. Easy to grow, Geranium 'Elke' provides long-lasting color in the garden.

Pelargonium (geranium) Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large, diverse group of mostly evergreen and tender plants used as bedding or houseplants. Although pelargoniums are often called geraniums, this is not correct, as the true geraniums are hardy herbaceous plants.

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Geraniums are not poisonous to humans or pets, and they have a variety of uses.

Uses of Geranium Oil
How to Make Geranium Tea:
teaYou can make a tea from dried or fresh geranium leaves. For dried leaves, use 2 teaspoons, for fresh use /14 cup. Pour 1 cup of boiling water over the leaves and let sit for 5 minutes. Strain the leaves out and drink.

geranium oil is used to help treat acne, sore throats, anxiety, depression and insomnia. It is popular among women due to its rosy smell and its beneficial effect on menstruation and menopause. ... Geranium oil also functions to assist in pain reduction and inflammation.
Wrinkle Reducer. Rose geranium oil is known for its dermatological use for the treatment of aging, wrinkled and/or dry skin. ...
Muscle Helper. ...
Infection Fighter. ...
Urination Increaser. ...
Natural Deodorant. ...
Possible Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia Preventer. ...
Skin Enhancer. ...
Respiratory Infection Killer.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 13, 2018, 01:29:41 PM


Geraniums as we know this plant

Pelargonium is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 200 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums. Confusingly, Geranium is the botanical name of a separate genus of related plants often called cranesbills. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae
Pelargonium species are evergreen perennials indigenous to temperate and tropical regions of the world, with many species in southern Africa. They are drought and heat tolerant, but can tolerate only minor frosts. Some species are extremely popular garden plants, grown as houseplants and bedding plants in temperate regions. They have a long flowering period, with flowers mostly in purple, red and orange, or white.
pelargonium ivy - ivy geranium
In the family Geraniaceae, Pelargonium peltatum is commonly known as ivy leaf, trailing, or cascading geranium. An herbaceous perennial native to South Africa, P. peltatum was introduced to the cool climates of Holland and England by 1704. ... Pelargonium comes from the Greek word pelargos or stork.
Ivy geraniums typically have blooms in the red-purple family, including shades of red, pink, white, burgundy, lavender and deep purple-black. Petals may display whiskers in a contrasting hue or have a ruffled appearance. Ivy geranium plants flower continuously all season long.

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Geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) are one such plant that is mildly harmful to both dogs and cats. Cats, being the curious creatures they are, may nibble on or even swallow parts of a geranium.
 not poisonous to humans or pets, and they have a variety of uses.

pelargonium scented leaves

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Some geranium leaves are scented:    These are planted in raised beds for disabled and blind people.  When they brush past the scent is released so they can smell the plants.
These plants have been sentimental favorites for several hundred years. Over 140 varieties of scented leaf pelargoniums are available. The range of detectable scents is remarkable, and includes rose, lime, ginger, peach, lemon, peppermint, nutmeg, oak, strawberry, balsam, apricot, coconut, apple, and many others. Although many scented leaf pelargoniums grow to a large size in the ground, their size can be controlled by keeping them in pots, and by pruning the tips during the growing season. Most are frost tender, and need to be protected during the winter from temperatures in the low 30's (F) and below, and from excessive moisture when they are not in growth. Cuttings root easily in potting soil, and new cuttings can be made for the following year. Plants should be placed where they can be easily touched.

Kaloba Pelargonium Cough & Cold Relief Tablets is a traditional herbal medicinal product used to relieve the symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold, based on traditional use only. ... Contains 20mg of Pelargonium sidoides root extract. Also can help treat bronchitis and inflammation of the sinuses.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 14, 2018, 10:38:53 AM

Well the last two posts was bit confusing a Geraniums is Pelargonium and a Geraniums is a Geranium

 You thought that was confusing all these plants can be seen in arillas and around

Flowering Cherry

Prunus  is a genus of trees and shrubs, which includes the plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, apricots, and almonds. [I DID SAY CONFUSING] Native to the northern temperate regions, there are 430 different species classified under Prunus. Many members of the genus are widely cultivated for their fruit and for decorative purposes.
Many members of the genus are widely cultivated for their fruit and for decorative purposes. Prunus fruit are defined as drupes, or stone fruits, because the fleshy mesocarp surrounding the endocarp pit or stone is edible. Most Prunus fruit and seeds are commonly used in processing, such as jam production, canning, drying or roasting
street trees, gardens, decorative bark on the  branches

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Some PRUNUS TREES are toxic to humans the leaves and berries, because they contain hydrogen cyanide, a substance which is toxic to us; birds, however, are unaffected by the toxin simply because their physiology is different. BE SAFE DO NOT EAT THE BERRYS UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT IT IS

uses jam, chutney, and in cooking  The wood is used for furniture, carving, chopping blocks, floors, wagons, utensils,

uses of the plant include traditional remedy for diseases and conditions such as fever, malaria, wounds, stomach ache, kidney diseases, and, gonorrhea, and as appetite booster. Pygeum fruits can be eaten raw.
 The bark is used as medicine. Pygeum is used for treating symptoms of enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH) and prostate cancer. It is also used for pain caused by inflammation, kidney disease, urinary problems, malaria, stomachache, fever, and to increase sexual desire.
 Almonds have a high oxygen radical absorbing capacity which is another indicator of being rich in antioxidants.
Apricots are high in carotenoids, which play a key role in light absorption during development. Carotenoids
Similar to the plum, peaches and nectarines also have higher TAC in the skin than in the flesh.They also contain moderate levels of carotenoids and ascorbic acid

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 15, 2018, 10:07:26 AM


Anagallis arvensis

commonly known as Scarlet pimpernel, blue-scarlet pimpernel,red pimpernel, red chickweed, poorman's barometer, poor man's weather-glass, shepherd's weather glass or shepherd's clock,
 is a low-growing annual plant. The native range of the species is Europe and Western Asia and North Africa.
Family:Primulaceae The primrose about 20 species hight 4-8 inch flowers june - september
The flower is most widely known as the emblem of the fictional hero the Scarlet Pimpernel.
you will see this plant by the edge of grass verges and scrubland

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Anagallis arvensis. Toxic effect of Anagallis arvensis on humans has not yet been reported. Detail toxicity studies and clinical studies are not being carried out.


The whole herb is antitussive, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, nervine, purgative, stimulant and vulnerary. It can be taken internally or applied externally as a poultice. An infusion is used in the treatment of dropsy, skin infections and disorders of the liver and gall bladder

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 16, 2018, 10:26:48 AM



canna lily, But not a true lily  is a genus of 10 species You can see this plant all around Arillas Plants have large foliage and horticulturists have turned it into a large-flowered garden plant. It is also used in agriculture as a rich source of starch for human and animal consumption  It adapts equally well to damp soil or water up to 12 inches deep. ... Uses for water canna: Water canna, with its tropical appearance, makes a striking accent or background plant for the water garden. Cannas grow wild and are capable of growing in full sun, part sun, or even shade. They can be grown in pretty much any type of soil. Cannas commonly die back during cold months, only to leaf out and bloom during warmer months. hight from 18'' to 72''inches

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Canna Lilies are a favourite of gardeners everywhere because of their good nature and reliable show. They are also safe around pets and children since they are not poisonous at all. ... Cannas are fast growing plants and can reach 6 feet. They are usually grown by planting a rhizome.

The rhizomes of cannas are rich in starch, and it has many uses in agriculture. All of the plant has commercial value, rhizomes for starch (consumption by humans and livestock), stems and foliage for animal fodder, young shoots as a vegetable, and young seeds as an addition to tortillas.
The seeds are used as beads in jewelry
In more remote regions of India, cannas are fermented to produce alcohol
The plant yields a fibre from the stem, which is used as a jute substitute
A fibre obtained from the leaves is used for making paper  The leaves are harvested in late summer after the plant has flowered, they are scraped to remove the outer skin, and are then soaked in water for two hours prior to cooking. The fibres are cooked for 24 hours with lye and then beaten in a blender. They make a light tan brown paper
A purple dye is obtained from the seed
Cannas are used to extract many undesirable pollutants in a wetland environment as they have a high tolerance to contaminants
Cannas attract hummingbirds and so can be part of a pollinator and wildlife habitat strategy.

Benefits and Kana Flowers for Health Benefits:
Bulbs /  rhizomes in use for the manufacture of flour, because the sweet taste of its rhizomes and in use as conditioning.
Relief of fever,
Laxative urine,
Lowering blood pressure.
Menstrual or vaginal discharge
Hepatitis drug
Natural food coloring
Natural preservative
As protection from damage caused by UV radiation

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 17, 2018, 12:31:47 PM

This tree i did not know it,s like a lemon  i thought the lemons was deformed but not it has so much history with Corfu


This tree is all over Arillas
Etrog (Hebrew: אֶתְרוֹג‬, plural: etrogim) is the yellow citron or Citrus medica used by Jewish people during the week-long holiday of Sukkot, as one of the four species. Together with a lulav, hadass and aravah, the etrog is to be taken in each hand.
The variety was initially cultivated on the Ionian Islands, of which Corfu is the most prominent, and that is why Jews sometimes call this the Corfu etrog.
While citron trees are still found on Corfu, and in Naxos, the citron is no longer exported from Greece for the ritual purpose. The Crete citron growers sell it for the candied peel, which is called succade, and in Naxos it is distilled into a special aromatic liqueur called kitron

The citron (Citrus medica) is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind. It is one of the original citrus fruits from which all other citrus types developed through natural hybrid speciation or artificial hybridization.[1] Though citron cultivars take on a wide variety of physical forms, they are all closely related genetically. It is used widely in Asian cuisine, and also in traditional medicines, perfume, and for religious rituals and offerings. Hybrids of citrons with other citrus are commercially prominent, notably lemons and many limes.

A lemon as we know with smooth skin Etrog with bumpy skin
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                                                                                            The Buddha’s hand variety of etrog.
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NONE AS FAR AS I CAN FIND  i have tasted one in Arillas a bit sharp

etrog marmalade
 in Jewish rituals during the festival of Sukkot is to be taken in each hand.

In India, the peel is eaten to cure dysentery and halitosis, while the distilled juice is given as a sedative. In China, the peel is made into a tonic and used as a stimulant and expectorant. In West Tropical Africa, the etrog is used only as a medicine, most often against rheumatism

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 18, 2018, 10:42:46 AM


voodoo lily

Dracunculus vulgaris is a species of aroid in the genus Dracunculus and is known variously as the common dracunculus, dragon lily, dragon arum
. In Greece, part of its native range, the plant is called drakondia, the long spadix being viewed as a small dragon hiding in the spathe.
It is endemic to the Balkans, extending as far as Greece, Crete, and the Aegean Islands, and also to the south-western parts of Anatolia
The species is characterized by a large purple spathe and spadix, which has a very unpleasant smell reminiscent of rotting meat to attract flies (Lucilia and others) as pollinators. The large palmate leaves have occasional cream flecks along the veins.
(http://I have grown this plant)
height about 1m and will multiple

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Not a great deal is known about this plant but it is thought to contain fatty acid methyl esters. The root is toxic and a skin irritant. It produces berries like the Arum maculatum but the taste discourages ingestion.

sometimes grown in gardens for ornamental purposes. But smells bad


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 19, 2018, 09:22:09 AM


Panama Orange

Kumquats or cumquats  are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. They were previously classified as forming the now historical genus Fortunella,
They are slow-growing evergreen shrubs or short trees that stand 2.5 to 4.5 meters (8 to 15 ft) tall, with dense branches, sometimes bearing small thorns. The leaves are dark glossy green, and the flowers are white, similar to other citrus flowers, and can be borne singly or clustered within the leaf-axils. Depending on size, the kumquat tree can produce hundreds or even thousands of fruits each year
 Corfu produces about 140 tones kumquat every year. Kumquat is protected by the European Union as a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) product (Kumquat Kerkyras).
Kumquat was brought on Corfu by the British botanist Sidney Merlin. He brought kumquats in Corfu in 1860 and cultivated them in a field, which was named after his name, near the Corfiot village Dasia. Kumquat flourished in Corfu and Corfiot people took advantage of it. Since 1924 kumquat has been widely cultivated on the island providing the local market with a variety of products ranging from spoon sweets to perfumes and cosmetics.

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The fortunella group is not toxic to eat for humans or dogs. But the fruit has a relatively high level of magnesium and ingesting a large quantity can have a laxative effect.

Kumquats – are the smallest and weirdest of the common citrus fruit. In contrast to other fruit from this group, the skin and zest are sweet, while the juicy insides are tart with a hint of bitterness. A winter treat, kumquats can be eaten whole, just as they are  or cooked with sugar, spices or spirits to make sweet compôtes and aromatic chutneys. used to make marmalades, jellies, and other spreads
kumquat liqueur
kumquat vodka cocktail
kumquat gin
Kumquat Liqueur. Peel the kumquats, and place the rind in a large glass jar or container then cover with the alcohol. Seal with a lid leave in a cool, dark place for 10 days. At the end of 10 days, strain the alcohol and discard the rinds.

Kumquat has aromatic and nutritional properties, is rich in vitamin C, A, B and 11 other vitamins, nourishes and moisturizes the epidermis. It contains folic acid, vitamin B2 and thiamin. It is rich in flavonoids, which act against hypertonia, and contains antioxidants. Last but not least, it is rich in limonene, an essential oil with anticancer properties.
Some of the fruit's flavonoids have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These may help protect against heart disease and cancer (5, 6, 7). The phytosterols in kumquats have a chemical structure similar to cholesterol, meaning that they can help block the absorption of cholesterol in your body.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: vivian on November 19, 2018, 09:12:35 PM
Hi Kev, Have sent you a pm. Im so happy the puzzle about the bulb I showed you years ago has now been solved' love Viv
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 20, 2018, 09:15:17 AM



This plant was shown to me a few years ago by Vivian i was stumped here it is.
Drimia maritima can be seen in Arillas (syn. Urginea maritima) is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae (formerly the family Hyacinthaceae).[2] This species is known by several common names, including squill, sea squill, sea onion,[3] and maritime squill.[4] It may also be called red squill, particularly a form which produces red-tinged flowers instead of white.[4] It is native to southern Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa
This plant grows from a large bulb which can be up to 20 cm (7.9 in) wide and weigh 1 kg (2.2 lb). Several bulbs may grow in a clump and are usually just beneath the surface of the soil. In the spring, each bulb produces a rosette of about ten leaves each up to a meter long. They are dark green in color and leathery in texture. They die away by fall, when the bulb produces a tall, narrow raceme of flowers. This inflorescence can reach 1.5–2 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) in height.[4][5] The flower is about 1.5 cm (0.59 in) wide and has six tepals each with a dark stripe down the middle. The tepals are white, with the exception of those on the red-flowered form. The fruit is a capsule up to 1.2 cm (0.47 in) long

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The plant has also been used as a poison. It is very bitter, so most animals avoid it. Rats, however, eat it readily, and then succumb to the toxic scilliroside. This has made the plant a popular rodenticide for nearly as long as it has been in use as a medicine. The bulbs are dried and cut into chips, which can then be powdered and mixed with rat bait. The plant was introduced as an experimental agricultural crop in the 20th century primarily to develop high-toxicity varieties for use as rat poison. Interest continued to develop as rats became resistant to coumarin-based poisons.
Because rodents are unable to vomit, the selective toxicity of red squill is due to its quick and potent emetic action in humans and most nontarget animals that can regurgitate any ingested material.
It has also been tested as an insecticide against pests such as the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum


This species has been used as a medicinal plant since ancient times. It is noted in the Ebers Papyrus of the 16th century BC, one of the oldest medical texts of ancient Egypt.Pythagoras wrote about it in the 6th century BC.Hippocrates used it to treat jaundice, convulsions, and asthma. Theophrastus was also familiar with it. Its primary medicinal use was as a treatment for edema, then called dropsy, because of the diuretic properties of the cardiac glycosides. A solution of sea squill and vinegar was a common remedy for centuries. The plant is also used as a laxative and an expectorant.
The bulb has been widely used by herbalists, mainly for its effect upon the heart and for its stimulating, expectorant and diuretic properties

Just to say a big thank you to vivian

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 21, 2018, 09:06:05 AM

Hyacinth No not MRS Bucket Oops Bouquet

Hyacinthus is a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae. These are commonly called hyacinths. The genus is native to the eastern Mediterranean.
Hyacinthus grows from bulbs, each producing around four to six linear leaves and one to three spikes or racemes of flowers. In the wild species, the flowers are widely spaced with as few as two per raceme in H. litwinovii and typically six to eight in H. orientalis, which grows to a height of 15–20 cm (6–8 in). Cultivars of H. orientalis have much denser flower spikes and are generally more robust

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Toxicity. Hyacinth bulbs are poisonous; they contain oxalic acid. Handling hyacinth bulbs can cause mild skin irritation.
Some members of the Scilloideae sub-family of plants are commonly called hyacinths but are not members of the Hyacinthus genus and are edible; one example is the tassel hyacinth, which forms part of the cuisine of some Mediterranean countries

Composting, fermentation and other processes. Composting is one of the most widely used processing techniques to prepare water hyacinth for use as a fertilizer or fish feed. A large quantity of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus accumulates in the roots, which makes it suitable as a compost or inorganic fertilizer.
Hyacinth bean plants are also planted as ornamental plants in some areas. The beans of this plant are used for cooking curries, adding flavor to rice dishes, especially used for preparing breakfast dishes such as Akki Rotti in Karnataka, India.

Works to Treat SDIs:
Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, can be treated with the help of infusions prepared with the leaves of the hyacinth plant.

Treats Snake Bites:
A poultice, prepared with the extracts of the hyacinth bean leaves, can be used to treat snake bites.

Heals Sore Throat:
The juice extracted from the pods of the hyacinth plant can be used to heal an inflamed throat as well as ears.

Works as an Anti-inflammatory:
In the Philipines, the combination of lemon juice and hyacinth juice is to treat abscesses. It is applied topically to heal the inflammation.

 Controls Cholestrol:
The hypocholesterolemic properties of hyacinth beans control cholesterol levels in the body.

 For Healthier Digestion:
Stir fried hyacinth beans can really make digestion smooth! Traditional Chinese Medicine uses the beans to keep the spleen healthy. The herb is also known to treat diarhea, nausea, distended stomach, intestinal, worms and flatulence.

Treats Cholera:
The stem of this plant can be used to treat cholera. Symptoms like nausea and vomitting can be reduced with the help of stir fried hyacinth beans.

 Offer Great Fragrance to the Hair:
Though Hyacinth is not known for its hair care benefits but it provides the shampoos and conditioners that amazing fragrance to of a fresh flower.

 Makes Skin Healthy:
Many skin care products contain hyacinth. The use of Hyacinth and its antimicrobial, antifungal and antibacteria properties make it the perfect choice for treating many skin disorders.

Treats Eczema:
The leaf extracts of this plant can be mixed with rice flour and turmeric to treat skin problems like eczema.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 21, 2018, 02:51:41 PM


Hyacinthoides is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, known as bluebells.
Hyacinthoides non-scripta (formerly Endymion non-scriptus or Scilla non-scripta) is a bulbous perennial plant, found in Atlantic areas from north-western Spain to the British Isles, and also frequently used as a garden plant. It is known in English as the common bluebell or simply bluebell
 non-scripta is particularly associated with ancient woodland where it may dominate the understorey to produce carpets of violet–blue flowers in "bluebell woods", but also occurs in more open habitats in western regions. It is protected under UK law,
The blue bell is the same Family:   Asparagaceae as the Hyacinth
In Corfu Pathways and clearings in the olive groves come alive with wild Tulips, Iris, Bluebells, Poppies and a variety of flowering plants found in Northern Europe but here their flowers colours appear more vivid, scent more intense and foliage even more 

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Are bluebells poisonous? All parts of the bluebell plant contain toxic glycosides that are poisonous to humans and animals including dogs, horses and cattle. Ingestion of any parts of the plant such as flowers, leaves or bulbs causes a lowering of the pulse rate, nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting.

Bluebells are widely planted as garden plants, either among trees or in herbaceous borders
The bulbs of bluebells  sap can be used as an adhesive

Bluebells synthesise a wide range of chemicals with potential medicinal properties. They contain at least 15 biologically active compounds that may provide them with protection against insects and animals. Certain extracts – water-soluble alkaloids – are similar to compounds tested for use in combating HIV and cancer. The bulbs of bluebells are used in folk medicine as a remedy for leucorrhoea, and as a diuretic or styptic,

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 22, 2018, 07:49:17 AM

corn daisy.

Glebionis segetum (syn. Chrysanthemum segetum) is a species of the genus Glebionis, probably native only to the eastern Mediterranean region but now naturalized in western and northern Europe as well as China and parts of North America. Common names include corn marigold and corn daisy.
The corn daisy appears to have been a serious weed during the 13th century in Scotland, as suggested by a law of Alexander II which states that if a farmer allows so much as a single plant to produce seed in amongst his crops, then he will be fined a sheep
This short to medium height annual is unmistakeable in flower (June to October) with its large bright yellow daisy-like compound flower head. The leaves are slightly fleshy, lobed, hairless and covered with a waxy layer that gives them a greenish blue colour.
Can be seen in meadows and wastland and fields

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One report suggests that the plant contains coumarin[179]. If this is true it would be unwise to eat the leaves, especially if they are dried, since coumarin can prevent the blood from co-aggulating when there is a cut.

Greece, the leaves and the tender shoots of a variety called neromantilida (νερομαντηλίδα) are eaten raw in salads or browned in hot olive oil by the locals

Medicinal use of Corn Marigold: None known

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 23, 2018, 10:41:24 AM

purple viper's-bugloss

Echium plantagineum, commonly known as purple viper's-bugloss or Paterson's curse, is a species of Echium native to western and southern Europe (from southern England south to Iberia and east to the Crimea), northern Africa, and southwestern Asia (east to Georgia). It has also been introduced to Australia, South Africa and United States, where it is an invasive weed. Due to a high concentration of pyrrolizidine alkaloids, it is poisonous to grazing livestock, especially those with simple digestive systems, like horses.
Family:   Boraginaceae
The Latin genus name comes from the Greek word 'ekhis' which means viper  Some sources say that this is due to the seeds resembling a viper's head. Others claim that the forking at the end of the thin flower style resembles a viper's tongue. It is also claimed that the plant roots when eaten with wine could provide a folk cure for a snake bite. The Latin specific epithet plantagineum then refers to the leaves of the plant which are similar to those of a plantain
Height: 1m. - E. pininana (syn. E. pinnifolium) is the incredible Tree echium that can produce spikes up to 4m high of blue flowers. It is a half-hardy biennial.
You can grow this plant in the uk i have grown the blue on bottom row 4m I hope you get a charnce to see this plant and the size

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These ones grow  from 1.5m to 4m

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Toxicity. Echium plantagineum contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids and is poisonous. When eaten in large quantities, it causes reduced livestock weight and death, in severe cases, due to liver damage. Paterson's curse can also kill horses, and irritate the udders of dairy cows and the skin of humans.

Because the alkaloids can also be found in the nectar of Paterson's curse, the honey made from it should be blended with other honeys to dilute the toxins.
Flowers can be added to salad, crystallised or made into a cordial.
The leaves are somewhat hairy, but when chopped up finely they are acceptable - young leaves taste mild and mucilaginous, can be eaten raw in a mixed salad/ or cooked and used as a spinach substitute.
The flowering tops are gathered in late summer and can be dried for later use.
Do not handle without gloves, as the hairs on the leaves and stems can cause dermatitis.
Not suitable for internal use by pregnant women.

Echium oil is a powerful source of omega 3, 6 and 9 essential fatty acids, or EFA's, (sometimes called vitamin F) for the skin.
Contains a high proportion of a unique EFA called stearidonic acid, not found in the other commonly used EFA source plants.
Stearidonic acid is a powerful anti-inflammatory substance, which also acts to help protect the skin from environmental damage (such as UV radiation).
The juice of the plant is an effective emollient for reddened and delicate skins.
A poultice can also be made from freshly chopped leaves and flowering stems held in place with a bandage - or by thickening a standard infusion whilst still hot with cornflour to make a paste and spread onto a bandage - treat wounds, boils, carbuncles, whitlows and other skin eruptions.
Is related to Borage, Borago officinalis and has similar actions - is sweat-inducing and has diuretic effects if taken internally.
The leaves and flowering stems are antitussive, aphrodisiac, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, pectoral and vulnerary - relieve fevers, headaches, lung disorders, chest conditions, colds and nervous complaints.
The best leaves to use are the ones growing from the root and lying on the ground.
Decoct seeds in wine - relieves inflammatory pains, comforts the heart, and drives away melancholy.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 24, 2018, 11:25:42 AM



Other names used for this plant include garden valerian to distinguish it from other Valeriana species, garden heliotrope although not related to Heliotropium), setwall and all-heal which is also used for plants in the genus Stachys
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant native to Europe and Asia. In the summer when the mature plant may have a height of 1.5 metres (5 ft), it bears sweetly scented pink or white flowers that attract many fly species, especially hoverflies of the genus Eristalis. It is consumed as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera butterfly and moth species, including the grey pug.
Crude extract of valerian root may have sedative and anxiolytic effects, and is commonly sold in dietary supplement capsules to promote sleep

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There have been many clinical studies done to evaluate the effectiveness of valerian as a treatment for insomnia and anxiety. Overall, the evidence from these studies is inconclusive. Valerian is generally considered fairly safe with few adverse effects reported.

Use it topically on the bottoms of feet.
Use Valerian as part of your nighttime routine by diffusing it with Clary Sage next to your bed.
Massage it into the skin with V-6 Vegetable Oil Complex to create a calming environment.

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Valerian has a sedative action useful against insomnia, anxiety, and stress. It is also used to treat gastrointestinal pain and irritable bowel
To relax your pain, try using valerian root. This herb has been used for centuries and supported human beings in reducing anxiety, stress, tension, irritability, and insomnia. You can use valerian tea daily to relieve knee pain
Memory Improvement

The dried valerian root tincture can improve the memory performance and some problem-solving skills in children and adults. According to a research in aged mice, the valerenic acid present in this herb has powerful effects on the memory function.
Valerian Root Benefits – Treat Hyperthyroidism Disease
 Valerian Root Benefits On Health- Reduce Epilepsy

Valerian root helps to decrease the frequency of seizures occurring in epileptic patients because it contains sedative effects on your nervous system. Using it as an antiepileptic treatment has been supported in several animal studies.
Relieve Migraine & Headaches
Valerian Root Benefits On Health – Lowers Blood Pressure
 Treat Lower Back Pain
Treat Menstrual Cramps & Premenstrual Syndrome
For Digestive Problems
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 25, 2018, 11:10:35 AM


The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family from all over the world
Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants. The Orchidaceae have about 28,000 currently accepted species, distributed in about 763 genera
The family encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). It also includes Vanilla–the genus of the vanilla plant, the type genus Orchis, and many commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.
Wild plants and their habitats around the world are threatened. Remember to follow the principles of this code when visiting other countries. Make sure that you are familiar with the nature protection laws of your host country.
Orchids are legally protected so you could be breaking the law by taking the away

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Are Orchid edible?
Answer: The blooms of all orchids are considered safe for consumption, but some species can irritate the stomach. The vanilla bean or pod is considered the world's only edible fruit-bearing orchid. ... In Europe, many chefs garnish cakes and desserts with beautiful orchid petals.
Orchids are not poisonous to humans, dogs, cats or horses. The orchid is officially known as the Phalaenopsis orchid and also goes by the names of moth orchid and moon orchid. While orchids are considered a safe and nontoxic plant, it is possible for reactions to still occur if a person is particularly sensitive.

In Turkey, orchids are used for making a traditional beverage called Salep. Salep is a type of flour that is produced by grinding tubers of orchis militaris, orchis mascula, and other kinds of orchids with ovoid tubers. This beverage is also consumed in Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Iran, and it was popular during the time of the Ottoman Empire. It is said to be effective in curing sore throat, digestive problems, diarrhea, and gum disease.
Orchid oil is said to help repair damaged hair, prevent moisture loss and promote health, manageability, and volume, as well as soothing the scalp.
These also work as free-radical scavenging agents and antioxidants, improving the healthy tone of your skin and boosting skin immunity.

Dried dendrobium is believed to possess medicinal properties that can help treat cancer, strengthen the immune system, and improve eyesight.
It is used to treat allergies and relieve headache and fatigue. Many herbal formulas for treating hypertension, convulsions, migraine, wind and cramps include this preparation. Interestingly, the plant contains gastrodin, which has anticonvulsant effects
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 26, 2018, 10:08:24 AM

Prickly pear

Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear You see this plant all around Arillas
 The genus is named for the Ancient Greek city of Opus, where, according to Theophrastus, an edible plant grew and could be propagated by rooting its leaves  grow to 5–7 metres (16–23 ft) with a crown of possibly 3 metres (9.8 ft) in diameter and a trunk diameter of 1 metre
Next time out in Arillas pick a ripe one and try it be careful of the thorns

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Is Prickly Pear poisonous?   Prickly pear cactus – Surprise! All parts of this plant are edible! The Prickly Pear (or Paddle) cactus has flat, padlike stems that are green. The Prickly Pear has two kinds of spines – hard, fixed spines and small, hairlike prickles that easily penetrate the skin and detach from the plant

It contains skin-softening vitamins E and K. It also contains a good amount of skin hydrating and nourishing fatty acids. These prevent the formation of wrinkles and fine lines, thus making prickly pear oil a good anti-aging agent
The fruit of prickly pears, commonly called cactus fruit, cactus fig, Indian fig, nopales or tuna in Spanish, is edible, although it must be peeled carefully to remove the small spines on the outer skin before consumption. ... The young stem segments, usually called nopales, are also edible in most species of Opuntia.
At once gentle, healing, and protecting, this oil has been used for centuries to treat everything from burns to illnesses. Extremely Rich in vitamin E and brimming with antioxidants, prickly pear seed oil is one of the most powerful, luxurious skin care ingredients on the market.
Prickly pear simple syrup. This syrup is made by simmering boiled, mashed, and strained prickly pear fruit in sugar. Lemon is added for tartness. Use this syrup on pancakes, on top of other fruit, or in any dessert recipe that calls for syrup  Prickly pear is widely cultivated and commercially used in juices, jellies, candies, teas, and alcoholic drinks. 

Prickly pear cactus is also used for medicine. Prickly pear cactus is used for type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, alcohol hangover, colitis, diarrhea, and benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). It is also used to fight viral infections. In foods, the prickly pear juice is used in jellies and candies.
Helps Lower Cholesterol
Source Of Essential Micronutrients
Fights Cancer Cells
 Prevents Ulcers
Promotes Digestive Health
Strengthens Bones And Teeth
Alleviates Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Reduces Frequency Of Migraine Headaches
 Stroke Prevention
Osteoporosis Protection
High Blood Pressure
Protects Against Heart Disease
Reduces Risk Of Colon Cancer
Immune System Booster
Protects The Liver
Soothes The Stomach
Nopal Cactus Cleans The Colon
Blood Sugar Regulation
Anti-Aging Properties
 Anti-Inflammatory Agent
Brightens The Skin Tone
Heals Cuts, Wounds, And Blemishes
Dark circles under the eyes
Nourishes Hair
Makes Your Hair Shiny
Natural Hair Conditioner

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 27, 2018, 09:41:23 AM


Trumpet vines

Campsis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to woodland in China and North America. It consists of two species, both of which are vigorous deciduous perennial climbers, clinging by aerial roots, and producing large trumpet-shaped flowers in the summer  They are hardy but require the shelter of a warm wall in full sun
You can see this plant all around Arillas most of all is at the Armourada Taverna a lovely red

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The trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans), also referred to as chalice vine, is prized for its magnificent red blooms that grow in a trumpet shape. ... The fruit, foliage, flowers and sap are toxic and can cause mild to severe skin rashes and irritation if handled,

campsis  uses none

The flowers and the whole plant are blood tonic, carminative, depurative diuretic and febrifuge. They are used in the treatment of women's complaints. A decoction of the flowers is used to correct menstrual disorders, rheumatoid pains, traumatic injuries, difficult urination, pruritis and oozing dermaphytoses.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 28, 2018, 10:39:37 AM

I just to say thank you to Patrick for the name of this plant i did not know in a-z Corfu

This plant can be seen on the Beach front of Arillas The genus Tamarix is composed of about 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier areas of Eurasia and Africa. The generic name originated in Latin and may refer to the Tamaris River in Hispania Tarraconensis.
Tamarisk (also known as salt cedar) is a deciduous shrub or small tree from Eurasia. Tamarisk can grow as high as 25 feet tall. The bark on saplings and young branches is purplish or reddish-brown. Leaves are scale-like, alternate, with salt-secreting glands.
Description. They are evergreen or deciduous shrubs or trees growing to 1–18 m in height and forming dense thickets. The largest, Tamarix aphylla, is an evergreen tree that can grow to 18 m tall.
Tamarisk, (genus Tamarix), any of 54 species of shrubs and low trees (family Tamaricaceae) that, with false tamarisks (Myricaria, 10 species), grow in salt deserts, by seashores, in mountainous areas, and in other semiarid localities from the Mediterranean region to central Asia and northern China.
Two plants are mentioned in Genesis 21. The first is the shrub under which Hagar placed Ishmael (verse 15). The second is the tamarisk planted by Abraham (verse 33). The shrub could also easily be a tamarisk as this is one of the most common shrubs and trees in the vicinity of Beersheba or it could be the white broom.
In addition to improving habitat, environmentalists cited soil salinity as a good reason for eliminating salt cedar trees. True to its name, salt cedar draws up salt from the soil through its complex web of roots, storing it in leaves.

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tamarisk poisonous to humans unknown

The tamarisk is used as an ornamental shrub, a windbreak, and a shade tree. The wood may be used for carpentry or firewood. It is a possible agroforestry species. Plans are being made for the tamarisk to play a role in antidesertification programs in China  shade tree in the deserts

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Medicinal use of Chinese Tamarisk: The leaves are analgesic, antipyretic, antivinous, carminative, depurative, diuretic, febrifuge. Aids measles rash surfacing. The wood is used in the treatment of anthrax-like sores A manna from the plant is vulnerary.
The manna, galls from the trees and the wood have all been used in medicine in a variety of countries.
The Tuareg In Niger use the manna to sweeten water. it has been used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery, to staunch the flow of blood from wounds and speed up the healing process, and as a laxative.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 29, 2018, 02:16:16 PM



This tree looks like a runner bean tree i have see this tree on Corfu If you see this tree you won't forget it

Ceratonia siliqua known as the carob locust bean, locust-tree, or carob bush it has been cultivated for at least 4000 years. is a flowering evergreen tree or shrub in the pea family, Fabaceae. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens. The ripe, dried, and sometimes toasted pod is often ground into carob powder, which is used to replace cocoa powder. Carob bars, an alternative to chocolate bars, as well as carob treats, are often available in health food stores. Carob pods are naturally sweet, not bitter, and contain no theobromine or caffeine.
The carob tree is native to the Mediterranean region, including Southern Europe, Northern Africa, the larger Mediterranean islands, the Levant and Middle-East of Western Asia into Iran; and the Canary Islands and Macaronesia.[4][5] The carat, a unit of mass for gemstones, and a measurement of purity for gold, takes its name from the Greek word for a carob seed, keration, via the Arabic word, qīrāṭ
The common Greek name is χαρουπιά (translit. charoupia), or ξυλοκερατιά (translit. ksilokeratia, meaning "wooden horn")

                                                    Carob candy that looks like chocolate
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Is ceratonia siliqua poisonous UNKNOWN

Syrup and drinks and maltese carob liqueur and others liqueurs also a substitute for chocolate
In some areas of Greece  carob wood is largely used as a fuelwood, being sold at fuelwood yards. It's a very good fuel and sometimes preferred over oak and olive wood. Because the much fluted stem usually shows heart rot it is rarely used for construction timber. However, it is sought for ornamental work sometimes and, since the natural shape of the fluted stem lends itself to it, specifically for furniture design. Given the sometimes extremely wavy grain of the wood that gives it very good resistance to splitting, sections of Carob bole are suitable for chopping blocks for splitting wood.
A flour made from the seedpods is used in the cosmetic industry to make face-packs. Tannin is obtained from the bark. Wood - hard, lustrous. Highly valued by turners, it is also used for marquetry and walking sticks.
Seedpods - raw or ground into a powder. The seedpods are filled with a saccharine pulp and can be eaten both green or dried. They are very sweet but fibrous, the pulp can be used as a chocolate substitute in cakes, drinks etc. It is rich in sugars and protein. The pods contain about 55% sugars, 10% protein and 6% fat. Seed - rich in protein. A flour is made from them which is 60% protein, it is free from sugar and starch and is suitable for baking. It can be used as a chocolate substitute. An edible gum is extracted from the seed, a substitute for Gum Tragacanth (see Astragalus species). A stabilizer and thickening agent, it is also used as an egg substitute. The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.

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Carob chip carob cookies with carob powder instead of cocoa powder and carob chips instead of chocolate chips

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seedpods of carob is very nutritious and, due to its high sugar content, sweet-tasting and mildly laxative. However, the pulp in the pods is also astringent and, used in a decoction, will treat diarrhoea and gently help to cleanse and also relieve irritation within the gut. Whilst these appear to be contradictory effects, carob is an example of how the body responds to herbal medicines in different ways, according to how the herb is prepared and according to the specific medical problem. The seedpods are also used in the treatment of coughs. A flour made from the ripe seedpods is demulcent and emollient. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea. The seed husks are astringent and purgative. The bark is strongly astringent. A decoction is used in the treatment of diarrhoea.
Naturally low-fat. Carob powder contains virtually no fat. ...
Low in sodium. According to the Mayo Clinic, the average American gets 3,400 mg of sodium daily. ...
Contains calcium, but no oxalates. Calcium is a mineral. ...
High in fiber. ...
Gluten-free. ...
Helps relieves diarrhea. ...
Caffeine-free. ...
Good source of antioxidants.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 30, 2018, 09:18:38 AM


The kermes oak

Quercus coccifera, the kermes oak, Family:   Fagaceae Genus:Quercus
Genus:Quercus is an oak tree in the Quercus section Cerris. It is native to the Mediterranean region and Northern African Maghreb, south to north from Morocco to France and west to east from Portugal to Cyprus and Turkey, crossing Spain, Italy, Libya, Balkans, and Greece, including Crete
The Kermes Oak was historically important as the food plant of the Kermes scale insect, from which a red dye called crimson was obtained. The etymology of the specific name coccifera is related to the production of red cochineal (crimson) dye and derived from Latin coccum which was from Greek κόκκος, the kermes insect. The Latin -fera means 'beare
Quercus coccifera is usually a shrub less than 2 metres  rarely a small tree, reaching 1–6 metres  It is evergreen, with spiny-serrated coriaceous leaves 1.5–4 cm long and 1–3 cm broad
Kermes oak species grow in dry, sunny slopes. Quercus coccifera supports either drought summers and semi-desert climate with rainfall between 400 and 600mm, with a maximum in the fall and spring. In its habitat summers are hot and winters are cold with the dry summer season with more than 35 °C, occasionally reaching over 40 °C. In winter the temperatures often drop below 0 °C. It lives in areas with moisture produced by condensation fogs, many Ground frost on clear nights and sporadic snowfalls.
It is indifferent to chemistry of soils, living on calcareous, pebbly, stony and poor soils. A lover of warm weather, it starts to fail from 1000 metres above sea level. It is capable of supporting the continental Mediterranean climate with extreme temperatures and low rainfall, replacing Quercus ilex (holm oak) in drier areas where it excels in drought resistance. It also grows on sea cliffs and in windy areas where other species of Quercus or Pinus cannot resist the harsh weather conditions.

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Quercus coccifera poisonous to humans UNKNOWN

Dye;  Repellent;  Tannin; A mulch of the leaves repels slugs, grubs etc, though fresh leaves should not be used as these can inhibit plant growth
The bark is rich in tannin. A black dye can be obtained from the bark and also from the seeds
and wood work

Medicinal use of Kermes Oak: Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery  hemorrhoids

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 30, 2018, 04:21:02 PM


Holm oak

,Quercus ilex  the evergreen oak,holly oak or holm oak,Family:Fagaceae Genus: Quercus is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. It takes its name from holm, an ancient name for holly. It is a member of the Cerris section of the genus, with acorns that mature in a single summer.
An evergreen tree of large size, attaining in favourable places a height of 21–28 m, and developing in open situations a huge head of densely leafy branches as much across,
The resemblance of the foliage to that of the common European holly, Ilex aquifolium, has led to its common and botanic names. The name ilex was originally the classical Latin name for the holm oak, but later adopted as a botanical genus name for the hollies.

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Ingestion of over 20 berries may be fatal to children. Holly leaves, if eaten, might cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach and intestinal problems.
Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation, as well as asthma-like symptoms.

timber is very hard and strong and it is reputed to have been used by the Romans for the wheels of carriages and for agricultural tools
Holm oak were used to tell the future and they were also used to make crowns to honour people
Tools, cabinetry, furniture, wine barrels, turned objects, and firewood.
 Seed - raw or cooked. The seed of this variety is normally sweet. The seed is up to 3cm long, it can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread.

MADE FROM OVER 200 YEAR OLD WOOD                         ( (

Medicinal use of Holm Oak: Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 02, 2018, 12:59:13 PM


Banana plants

Musa and Ensete  plants Common name Banana  botanically a berry large, red or dark green elegant leaves
 The world's largest producers of bananas in 2016 were India and China, which together accounted for 28% of total production.
Hardier species, such as Musa basjoo, can grow in the uk and be left in situ over winter, and it is generally recommended to wrap plants to protect from cold weather I have grown this plant

    In Arillas plant
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Banana plants are in the Musaceae family. These plants produce beautiful blooms often used in edible decorations and on cakes. Banana plants and its blooms are not considered toxic to humans or animals.

Treat Damaged Hair
 Whiten Teeth. Dying for some pearly whites?  Rub banana peel on your teeth for about two minutes every time you brush and you’ll be well on your way to that perfect smile.
Prevent Wrinkles. Cream
Skin moisturizer. Rich in potassium and moisture, it will hydrate and moisturizes dry skin, making it soft and supple. ...
Oil control. If you've got oily greasy skin, use a simple banana face mask with lemon juice and honey. ...
Anti-aging effects. ...
Treats acne. ...
Lightens dark spots.

Bananas also contain high amounts of rutin, a compound that complements the activity of vitamin C, and helps to maintain strong, flexible blood vessels. Rutin also possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. As much as bananas are protective, they are also very significant mood food.
High Fibre Content. Banana is loaded with fibre, both soluble and insoluble. ...
Heart Health. ...
Ease in Digestion. ...
Powerhouse of Nutrients. ...
High Source Of Potassium. ...
Blood Pressure. ...
Helps Fight Anaemia.
Heart Health
Ease in Digestion
High Fibre Content
Wounds - Heal wounds faster with banana peel, especially knee injuries. Rub directly on affected area or tape the peel to the wound overnight, washing with warm water in the morning. Repeat daily. Splinter removal - Tape on the affected area.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 03, 2018, 11:39:02 AM


Curry plant

Have you ever walked along a foot path in Arillas then smelt curry i know i have and you look around and find nothing well problem solved I have this plant in my garden
Helichrysum italicum is a flowering plant of the daisy family Asteraceae. It is sometimes called the curry plant because of the strong smell of its leaves. Other common names include Italian strawflower and immortelle. It grows on dry, rocky or sandy ground around the Mediterranean.The clusters of yellow flowers are produced in summer and can reach 60 centimetres (24 in) or more in height.
This plant is sometimes used as a spice. Although called "curry plant" and smelling like curry powder, it is not related with this mixture of spices, nor with the curry tree (Murraya koenigii), and is not used as masala for curry dishes either. Rather, it has a resinous, somewhat bitter aroma reminiscent of sage or wormwood and its young shoots and leaves are often used stewed in Mediterranean meat, fish or vegetable dishes until they have imparted their flavour, and removed before serving.

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The plant looks like these two
Santolinas you can tell by the strong smell of its leaves.
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Poisonous to humans none

Essential Oil, cooking herb garden. And in raised beds for disability people such as blind  and wheelchair users so they can smell the fragrance

In traditional Mediterranean medicine practices that have been using helichrysum oil for centuries, its flowers and leaves are the most useful parts of the plant. They are prepared in different ways to treat conditions, including:

Skin inflammation
Wound healing
Indigestion and acid reflux
Liver diseases
Gallbladder disorders
Inflammation of the muscles and joints

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 04, 2018, 10:34:26 AM



Valeriana officinalis Family:Caprifoliaceae  is a perennial flowering plant native to Europe and Asia
 height of 1.5 metres (5 ft), it bears sweetly scented pink or white flowers that attract many fly species, especially hoverflies It is consumed as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species, including the grey pug. Valerian has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome
 In medieval Sweden, it was sometimes placed in the wedding clothes of the groom to ward off the "envy" of the elves. In the 16th century,
The name of the herb is derived from the personal name Valeria and the Latin verb valere (to be strong, healthy)
Coastal Grassland, Edge, Open Disturbed Area, Roadside, Vacant Lot, Yard or Garden. This plant can grow in a variety of different habitats ranging from grasslands to wooded areas. It can tolerate both dry and moist soils. It is often abundant near the coast.

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  Is valerian poisonous to humans   is generally considered fairly safe   

No other uses

Medicine is made from the root. Valerian is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). Valerian is also used orally for anxiety and psychological stress, but there is limited scientific research to support these uses.
Researchers aren't sure how valerian root works to ease insomnia and anxiety. They think it subtly increases the levels of a chemical known as gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA contributes to a calming effect in the body.
Anxiety. The aforementioned GABA also helps to calm anxiety with its regulation of nerve cells. ...
Pain Relief. Valerian appears to work directly on the nervous system as a natural pain reliever. ...
Muscle Relaxant. ...
Heart Health.
Treat Fibromyalgia
Treat Restless Leg Syndrome
Lowers Blood Pressure
Relieve Knee Pain
Treat Lower Back Pain
Great For Digestive Problems
Stress Management
Migraine & Headaches
Treat Shin Splints
For Vertigo
Stop Hand Tremors
Menopausal Symptoms
Memory Improvement ?
Hyperthyroidism Disease
Reduce Epilepsy
Treat Sciatica
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 05, 2018, 02:02:48 PM

Bermuda buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae Common name Bermuda buttercup, African wood-sorrel English weed You can see this plant in Arillas  This species is most commonly found in temperate regions, but occasionally also inhabits semi-arid and cooler sub-tropical environments. It is a weed of gardens, parks, lawns, waterways, roadsides, disturbed sites, waste areas, pastures, grasslands, open woodlands, crops and orchards. it is very  invasive
This flowering plant in the wood sorrel family Oxalidaceae
 The genus name Oxalis is derived from Greek meaning sour, referring to the sour-tasting oxalic acid present throughout the plant.
Oxalis is a large genus of flowering plants in the wood-sorrel family Oxalidaceae comprising about 570 species. The genus occurs throughout most of the world, except for the polar areas; species diversity is particularly rich in tropical Brazil, Mexico and South Africa.
Some are weeds A pest and some are grown for ornamental plants in gardens ect
Oxalis can be grown indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in the garden. They from the garden center are generally available in the fall or early spring.

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The Shamrock, Sorrel or Oxalis plant has a very bitter taste, which often deters dogs and cats from consuming large quantities. ... However, when ingested in large enough quantities in small animals, it can result in poisoning in dogs, cats, and even humans

Wood sorrel, or oxalis, is a medium-sized wild edible weed that thrives in most areas  Distinguishing Features: The leaves of this wild edible plant slightly resemble a shamrock
Wood sorrel (a type of oxalis) is an edible wild plant that has been consumed by humans around the world for millennia
Kiowa Indian tribe chewed wood sorrel to alleviate thirst on long trips
 Indians cooked it with sugar to make a dessert, the Algonquin Indians considered it an aphrodisiac, the Cherokee ate wood sorrel to alleviate mouth sores and a sore throat, and the Iroquois ate wood sorrel to help with cramps, fever and nausea.
Added to salads
The leaves contain oxalic acid, which gives them their sharp flavour. Perfectly all right in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since oxalic acid can bind up the body's supply of calcium leading to nutritional deficiency. The quantity of oxalic acid will be reduced if the leaves are cooked. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.  A slimy substance collects in the mouth when the leaves are chewed, this is used by magicians to protect the mouth when they eat glass. Yellow, orange and red to brown dyes are obtained from the flowers. The boiled whole plant yields a yellow dye.

The whole plant is anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, astringent, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, lithontripic, stomachic and styptic. It is used in the treatment of influenza, fever, urinary tract infections, enteritis, diarrhoea, traumatic injuries, sprains and poisonous snake bites. The juice of the plant, mixed with butter, is applied to muscular swellings, boils and pimples. An infusion can be used as a wash to rid children of hookworms. The plant is a good source of vitamin C and is used as an antiscorbutic in the treatment of scurvy. The leaves are used as an antidote to poisoning by the seeds of Datura spp, arsenic and mercury. The leaf juice is applied to insect bites, burns and skin eruptions. It has an antibacterial activity.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 06, 2018, 02:06:47 PM



Wisteria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae Leguminosae
Wisterias climb by twining their stems either clockwise or counterclockwise around any available support. W. floribunda (Japanese wisteria) twines clockwise when viewed from above, while W. sinensis twines counterclockwise when viewed from above. This is an aid in identifying the two most common species of wisteria. They can climb as high as 20 m (66 ft.) above the ground and spread out 10 m (33 ft.)
The flowers of some species are fragrant, most notably W. sinensis. Wisteria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail The brown-tail moth is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is native to Europe
The seeds are produced in pods similar to those of Laburnum

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The seeds are produced in pods similar to those of Laburnum, and, like the seeds of that genus, are poisonous. All parts of the plant contain a saponin called wisterin, which is toxic if ingested, and may cause dizziness, confusion, speech problems, nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, diarrhea and collapse  The flowers are edible in moderation

fibre from the stems can be used to make paper, the fibre is about 1.3 - 3.7mm long. Stems are harvested in the summer, the leaves removed and the stems steamed until the fibre can be stripped. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then put in a ball mill for 3 hours. The paper is a buff colour   Wisteria Fragrance Oil  Use Wisteria Fragrance Oil in Bath and Body Recipes Wisteria Incense sticks

Medicinal use of Chinese Wisteria: The seed is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of heart ailments

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 07, 2018, 11:45:39 AM


Taxus baccata is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. It is the tree originally known as yew, though with other related trees becoming known, it may now be known as common yew, English yew, or European yew Baccata is Latin for bearing red berries
The common yew was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus. It is one of around 30 conifer species in seven genera in the family Taxaceae, which is placed in the order Pinales.
Yew (Taxus baccata) is a characteristic tree of churchyards, where some are estimated to be well over 1,000 years old. ... As early Christians often built their churches on these consecrated sites, the association of yew trees with churchyards was perpetuated.
probably planted around 1,000 BC by Druids. ... Poisonous yew trees were planted in churchyards so that farmers made sure that their animals didn't stray into them. Yew wood is distinctly red and white, especially when the trunk is freshly cut.
It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, growing 10–20 metres (33–66 ft) (exceptionally up to 28 metres (92 ft)) tall, with a trunk up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) (exceptionally 4 metres (13 ft)) in diameter. The bark is thin, scaly brown, coming off in small flakes aligned with the stem.

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Toxicity. All parts of a yew plant are toxic to humans, due to taxine alkaloids, with the exception of the yew berries (however, their seeds are toxic).Chewing on Taxus species branches has caused death in dogs. And yew plants are potentially toxic to pet chinchillas and companion birds such as budgerigars and canaries, although macaws appear to be resistant. ... Taxus baccata are long-lived; some English yews are more than 2,000 years old.

Wood work furniture   and longbows One of the simpler longbow designs is known as the self bow, by definition made from a single piece of wood. Traditional English longbows are self bows made from yew wood. ... Yew sapwood is good only in tension, while the heartwood is good in compression
 Musical instruments

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Women use it for starting menstruation and causing abortions. Pharmaceutical companies make paclitaxel (Taxol), a prescription drug for the treatment of breast and ovarian cancer, from the bark of the yew tree. They extract paclitaxel, leaving the poisonous chemicals in yew behind.
Yew is a tree. People use the bark, branch tips, and needles to make medicine. ... Pharmaceutical companies make paclitaxel (Taxol), a prescription drug for the treatment of breast and ovarian cancer, from the bark of the yew tree. They extract paclitaxel, leaving the poisonous chemicals in yew behind.
These chemicals help to stop new cancer cells forming. Known as taxanes, they do this by disrupting the function of microtubules in our bodies, key players in the process of cell division

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 08, 2018, 11:31:16 AM


common name 'Tickseed' which derives from the Greek 'koris'  meaning bed-bug and “opsis” Coreopsis means to be always cheerful,
Family:   Asteraceae These plants range from 46–120 cm (18–47 in) in height. Very bright yellow
(http://You can see this plant opposite side of the Rainbow and around the back road)
The species is known to specifically provide food to caterpillars
 habitats In the wild they can be found growing along roadsides and open fields
You can grow this plant in the uk no problem i have a few fowers all though summer

You all know this house the waste ground next door

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and around the bach road

: Coreopsis spp. Family: Compositae.Note: In general, plants considered poisonous to humans are considered poisonous to animals. ... Exposure to these plants is not expected to cause any symptoms. 
The plant and flowers are edible, but fairly bitter. The flowers are attractive added to green salads. ... The seed can also be sprouted and added to salads. NOTE: It is not the same variety as the herb commonly called Rocket, which is used as a green in salads.
Toxicity: Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Cats, ...

- Coreopsis can grow also in a garden as a border plant or in a containers
Remove spent flowers so that the plant does not become weedy . Use Food: Flowers boiled in water makes a red liquid used as a beverage.

Use Medicinal: Amerindians used root tea for diarrhea and as an emetic. Dried tops in a tea to strengthen blood.
 An infusion of the whole plant without the root has been used by women desiring a female baby.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 09, 2018, 10:48:38 AM


Wild Foxglove

The foxglove, Digitalis purpurea, Family: Scrophulariaceae is one of the most familiar of our wild flowers and certainly the most distinctive. Its association with man is long and complex. Digitalin, which is extracted from it, is a powerful poison and an important drugs in the treatment of heart complaints.
Foxglove grows best in hot dry sites, accepts a wide variety of soils and tolerates a lot of sun but partial shade is preferred. It spreads solely by seed. The flower spike will re-sprout when cut
native to Europe, particularly Greece, and North Africa) that has become naturalized in a number of areas. Most Digitalis lanata are biennial but some can be perennial if the growing season is longer. In the plants first year it forms a basal rosette and in second and subsequent years sends up an unbranched flowering stem that can reach 2 to 5 feet in height and have purplish coloration or blotches.
Habitat: roadside verges, woodland edges, heaths, gardens and along hedgerows.
Foxgloves are adapted to be pollinated by bees, especially long-tongued bees such as the common carder bee. The plant’s brightly coloured flowers and dark spotted lip attracts the bees, and the lower lip of the flower means that the insect is able to land before climbing up the tube. During this process the bee will dislodge pollen and then transfer it to another plant.

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Foxglove, while very beautiful with its trumpet like blossoms, are very poisonous to dogs, cats, and even humans! Foxglove contains naturally-occurring poisons that affect the heart, specifically cardenolides or bufadienolides.
This plant was used to poison X loved ones by crushing the seeds and put in a drink to make it look like a heart attack

Only growing in gardens, woodlands,

Digitalis Medicines. Digitalis is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) and heart rhythm problems (atrial arrhythmias). Digitalis can increase blood flow throughout your body and reduce swelling in your hands and ankles.
Although the parts of the plant that grow above the ground can be used for medicine, foxglove is unsafe for self-medication. All parts of the plant are poisonous. Chemicals taken from foxglove are used to make a prescription drug called digoxin. Digitalis lanata is the major source of digoxin in the US
Calcium and the mechanism of action of digitalis. A critical review is made of the mechanism by which digitalis increases the force of contraction of heart muscle.
Ultimately, digitalis increases cardiac output (Cardiac Output=Stroke Volume x Heart Rate). ... Digitalis also has a vagal effect on the parasympathetic nervous system, and as such is used in re-entrant cardiac arrhythmias and to slow the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation.
There is also evidence that digoxin increases vagal activity, thereby decreasing heart rate by slowing depolarization of pacemaker cells in the AV node. This negative chronotropic effect would therefore be synergistic with the direct effect on cardiac pacemaker cells. ... Slight vasodilation is seen in heart failure.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 10, 2018, 02:03:09 PM



Ballota- known as False Dittany or False Divinity is a genus of flowering evergreen perennial plants and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae. native to temperate regions. The Mediterranean region has the highest diversity in the genus, with more isolated locations in South Africa, Central Asia, northern Europe, and the islands of the eastern North Atlantic
Distribution and habitat. Ballota nigra is a nitrophilous plant; it grows in ruins, fallows and hedges, up to 1300 m. It prefers loose, calcareous (alkaline) soils. It tolerates temperatures as low as -5°/-10 °C.
An extremely drought-tolerant perennial, forming a shrubby evergreen mound.
 thrives in poor soils. A good candidate for a raised bed or rock garden. If plants become leggy over time, just prune them back hard in the spring. Possibly deer and/or rabbit resistant.
The leaves are very hairy and soft, giving a velvety silver-grey appearance and catching drops of rain or dew in a delightful way
Height 30-60 cm  12-24 inches  Blooming Time  Late Spring Mid Summer

At first  it looks like a Sting Nettle
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None known

Antianxiety;  Antiemetic;  Antispasmodic;  Stimulant;  Vermifuge.
 history of herbal use, though is not widely employed in modern herbalism because of its unpleasant flavour. Nonetheless, it does have a range of medicinal virtues, being especially effective in its action as an antiemetic. In the past it was often used for treating problems connected with the respiratory system, convulsions, low spirits and the menopause, but present-day authorities differ over whether it was effective in these applications. The whole plant is antiemetic, antispasmodic, expectorant, stimulant and vermifuge. It is taken internally in the treatment of nervous dyspepsia, travelling sickness, morning sickness in pregnancy, arthritis, gout, menstrual disorders and bronchial complaints. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use. It should not be stored for longer than a year. The fresh herb is sometimes used to make a syrup.
Restful and help with insomnia
Restore mental balance at nervous tension
Mild gastrointestinal cramps

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 11, 2018, 10:39:39 AM



The genus Coronilla contains about 20 species of flowering plants native to Europe and North Africa. Family: Fabaceae Sweetly scented, lemon yellow flowers
Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres
Coronilla can be annuals, herbaceous perennials or deciduous or evergreen shrubs, with pinnate leaves and often scented, pea-like flowers in compact umbels in the leaf axils Flowers well in poor soil, so does not need extra feed.
Habitat  Hedgerow-fields-gardensas a shrub-roadsides
I have grown this plant very nice

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Coronilla varia can be poisonous to single-stomached animals if ingested in large quantities because of the presence of nitroglycosides. If consumed in large amounts, it can cause slow growth, paralysis, or even death. A hillside with Coronilla varia
POISON TO HUMANS  The whole plant contains a toxic glycoside called coronillin is - a poisonous yellow glucoside from seeds of plants of the genus Coronilla that affects the heart like digitalis.


Coronilla varia. The whole plant has cardiotonic and emetic properties. Also, it is used for the treatment of rheumatism and the muscle cramps. The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea from the dried root and leave.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 12, 2018, 10:38:18 AM


A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet edible, fleshy fruit
Bambino watermelon Golden honeydew Sharlyn melon Persian melon Casaba melon Santa Claus melon Orange-flesh honeydew Juan Canary melon The word "melon" can refer to either the plant or specifically to the fruit. Botanically, a melon is a kind of berry,
 The word melon derives from Latin melopepo, which is the latinization of the Greek μηλοπέπων (mēlopepōn), meaning "melon", itself a compound of μῆλον (mēlon), "apple, treefruit (of any kind)" and πέπων (pepōn), amongst others "a kind of gourd or melon". Many different cultivars have been produced, particularly of cantaloupes. popular summer fruit in all parts of the world

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Definitely don't share honeydew melon if your dog is diabetic. You also don't want to give your dog too much dietary fiber—this can be hard on your dog's digestive system. Be sure to remove the rind and seeds and only offer a few bites of honeydew melon periodically.
Cantaloupe. Believe it or not, melons, and cantaloupes in particular, are a common source of food poisoning, because they're usually not washed before being eaten.

Cantaloupe Jam Watermelon konfyt

An anticoagulant called adenosine present in melon fruit can stop the clotting of blood cells which causes stroke or heart disease. Melons lower the risk of heart disease by smoothing the blood in the body. Besides, the high content of water in melon provides a soothing effect which helps relieve heartburn.
Anti- Cancer Properties:
Heart Health:
Cures Kidney Disease:
Digestive Health:
Energy Booster:
Weight Loss:
Maintains Healthy Skin
Anti- Aging Benefits:
Good Moisturizer:
Promotes Hair Growth:
Prevents Hair Loss:
These juicy fruits are packed with health benefiting nutrients comprising of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 12, 2018, 04:19:23 PM

. Believe it or not, melons, and cantaloupes in particular, are a common source of food poisoning, because they're usually not washed before being eaten.[/b][/color][/size]

So there ya go , guys. - Never forget to wash yer melons!!

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 12, 2018, 05:33:08 PM


NEIL Behave your self I was very tempted to say about the Melons I do like Melons nice Melons

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 12, 2018, 11:56:26 PM
I am so desperate not to go off the topic it should be , Kevin...,............
.............. but , after a darts night and late return home, I cannot resist this one.
What do you get if you cross a melon with a cauliflower???
Many congrats , by the way. Nearly 4000 viewings on this topic. Many green fingers out there!!
Green fingers? - Wash yer melons> - I won't go there , on this occassion.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 13, 2018, 10:50:07 AM

Eucalyptus trees

Eucalyptus common name the gum tree  because they exude copious kino from any break in the bark (e.g., scribbly gum). The generic name is derived from the Greek words ευ (eu) "well" and καλύπτω (kalýpto) "to cover", referring to the operculum on the calyx that initially conceals the flower.Family:   Myrtaceae
There are more than 700 species of eucalyptus and most are native to Australia; a very small number are found in adjacent areas of New Guinea and Indonesia. One species, Eucalyptus deglupta, ranges as far north as the Philippines. Of the 15 species found outside Australia, just nine are exclusively non-Australian. Species of eucalyptus are cultivated widely in the tropical and temperate world, including the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East, China, and the Indian subcontinent. However, the range over which many eucalypts can be planted in the temperate zone is constrained by their limited cold tolerance.


the research on the effects of eucalyptus on people had involved eucalyptus oil. North Carolina State University has found that consuming large amounts of of eucalyptus oil was “extremely toxic” and could cause “nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and coma
If consumed internally at low dosage as a flavouring component or in pharmaceutical products at the recommended rate, cineole-based 'oil of eucalyptus' is safe for adults. However, systemic toxicity can result from ingestion or topical application at higher than recommended doses.

Eucalyptus Oil Hardwood Garden Furniture Although teak is more expensive than most woods used for outdoor furniture, it remains popular because of its longevity, immunity to weather, and very few care requirements. Eucalyptus: Eucalyptus is also a good alternative and can last almost as long as teak if treated annually with a water-based acrylic sealant.

Eucalyptus is a tree. The dried leaves and oil are used to make medicine. People use eucalyptus for many conditions including asthma, bronchitis, plaque and gingivitis, head lice, toe nail fungus, and many others, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.Other documented medicinal and healthy uses for eucalyptus include: Treatment of respiratory illnesses – Coughs, colds, sore throats, asthma, and congestion appear to respond to medicines containing eucalyptus. Relieve congestion and cough by rubbing eucalyptus oil or ointment into the chest.
Eucalyptus and dental care
Insect repellent
Pain relief
Stimulating immune system
Arthritis - potentially due to its anti-inflammatory properties
A blocked nose
Wounds and burns
Cold sores - perhaps due to its anti-inflammatory properties
Bladder diseases
Diabetes - eucalyptus might help lower blood sugar

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 14, 2018, 01:17:04 PM


Persian silk tree 

Europeans in particular refer to cut flowers of the yellow-blooming acacia or wattle trees as mimosa. ... The pink or silky mimosa, Albizia julibrissin, bears much larger flowers that are white and pink. The botanical genera Acacia and Albizia are very closely related within the large legume family.

Albizia julibrissin (Persian silk tree, pink silk tree) is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae, native to southwestern and eastern Asia
The genus is named after the Italian nobleman Filippo degli Albizzi, who introduced it to Europe in the mid-18th century, A. julibrissin is a small deciduous tree growing to 5–16 m (16–52 ft) tall The bark is dark greenish grey in colour and striped vertically as it gets older  the leaflets are oblong
 The flowers are produced throughout the summer in dense inflorescences, the individual flowers with small calyx and corolla (except the central ones), and a tight cluster of stamens 2–3 cm long, white or pink with a white base, looking like silky threads. They have been observed to be attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. The fruit is a flat brown pod 10–20 cm A. julibrissin is widely planted as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens, grown for its fine leaf texture
In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands. It has become an invasive species
 it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

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The seeds are poisonous
Toxic Seed Pods. Because mimosa trees can pop up quickly and spread easily, they are a common species in pastures and on the range where livestock graze. ... Unfortunately, the toxicity associated with consuming excessive amounts of the seed pods can be fatal.

sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies

The flowers and stem bark are used to make medicine. Albizia is taken by mouth for anxiety, cancer, depression, sleep problems (insomnia), and sore throat; to improve mood; and to reduce swelling associated with trauma.
Reduces Anxiety and Stress
Sleep Aid
Respiratory Distress
Chronic Conditions
Keeping the Skin Healthy
Aids in Digestion
Regulates Cholesterol Levels
Arthritis and Gout

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 15, 2018, 11:13:08 AM

Acacia dealbata

(known as silver wattle, blue wattle or mimosa) Family:Fabaceae is a species of Acacia, native to southeastern Australia
and widely introduced in Mediterranean, warm temperate, and highland tropical landscapes.
I have not seen this tree around Arillas but i have been reading this tree is aroud and you can see in flower in spring very fragrant
It is a fast-growing evergreen tree or shrub growing up to 30 m tall, typically a pioneer species after fire. The leaves are bipinnate, glaucous blue-green to silvery grey, 1–12 cm The flowers are produced in large racemose inflorescences made up of numerous smaller globose bright yellow flowerheads The fruit is a flattened pod The Latin specific epithet dealbata also means "covered in a white powder"
Acacia dealbata is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in warm temperate regions of the world  and is naturalised in some areas, including  the Mediterranean region from Portugal to Greece and Morocco to Israel, Yalta Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy Habitats   In many habitats by streams, gullies and alpine ridges[154, 184]. Dry forests[260].

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The leaves of acacia trees protect from being eaten by producing a cyanogenic poison.
While some acacia seeds are edible, and wattle bark has its uses too, there are one or two that are toxic.
Acacia georginea is one. It contains a compound that releases fluoroacetate when digested. Fluoroacetate is better known as 1080, a highly toxic metabolic poison used to kill wild dogs and pest species. There is no cure, so if you eat enough of these pods, or animals that died from eating these pods, you will die, even if you get to hospital.

It is also used in making bridges, wheels and furniture. In North America, the Mimosa tree is largely ornamental. The high tannin levels protect the tree from microorganisms and pest infestation, and infusions made from the wood are used as pest repellents.
Acacia dealbata is grown in southern Europe where it is known as 'mimosa' and is used commercially in the cut flower trade. In France, the flowers are used as a fixative in high grade perfume production
Flowers - cooked. Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters. A gum that exudes naturally from the trunk is edible and is used as a substitute for Gum Arabic. It is very soluble in water and viscous, but is of low quality. Larger quantities can be obtained by tapping the trunk. Some species produce a gum that is dark and is liable to be astringent and distasteful, but others produce a light gum and this is sweet and pleasant. It can be sucked like candy or soaked in water to make a jelly. The gum can be warmed when it becomes soft and chewable

Soothes coughs and sore throats. Because it's known to relieve irritation and inflammation, acacia gum can also help control coughs. The properties of acacia gum allow it to be used in solutions to coat your throat and protect the mucus in your throat from irritation.
Acacia is often used in topical treatments to help wounds heal
Acacia gum has a naturally sticky texture. Materials with this property are often used to reduce irritation and inflammation.
The extract of a species of acacia known as Acacia catechu, sometimes called black khair, can be used in dental products like mouthwash to prevent gingivitis
Acacia gum contains water-soluble dietary fibers (WSDF) that are not only good fiber for your diet but also helpful in keeping your cholesterol under control.
Acacia gum has the potential to keep your weight in a healthy range while also reducing your overall body fat
The Acacia greggii plant, found in the United States and Mexico, can be used to help stop blood flow in gashes, wounds, and other surface cuts.
 Acacia gum is already used in many types of foods and can usually be safely used in cooking,

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 15, 2018, 11:36:42 AM


I can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Everyone's make up is Different and Acts in Different ways it may be alright for you but not for someone else
Please Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally or picking the flowers. If you think you have been Affected go and seek  medical advice right away

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 16, 2018, 12:32:43 PM



Hibiscus common name is Rosemallows is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus is quite large, comprising several hundred species that are native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world
You can see this plant all over Arillas in all colours some with stripes
The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. The generic name is derived from the Greek name ἰβίσκος (hibiskos) which Pedanius Dioscorides gave to Althaea officinalis
A tea made from hibiscus flowers is known by many names around the world and is served both hot and cold. The beverage is known for its red colour, tart flavour, and vitamin C content.
The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, often with a toothed or lobed margin. The flowers are large, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped, with five or more petals, colour from white to pink, red, orange, peach, yellow or purple,and from 4–18 cm broad. Flower colour in certain species, such as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, changes with age. The fruit is a dry five-lobed capsule, containing several seeds in each lobe, which are released when the capsule dehisces (splits open) at maturity. It is of red and white colours. It is an example of complete flowers.
Some perennial varieties of hibiscus grow between 3 and 7 feet tall. Scarlet rose mallow (H. coccineus) grows 3 to 6 feet tall and spreads 2 to 3 feet wide in USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9. It has deep red flowers 3 to 5 inches wide all summer.

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Are Hibiscus Plants Poisonous to People? According to the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, hibiscus plants are considered "toxicity category 4." This means that the plant and its blossoms are considered nontoxic to humans. They are not only nontoxic, they are also considered to have have health benefits.

Hibiscus plants are known for their large, colorful flowers. These blossoms can make a decorative addition to a home or garden, One species of Hibiscus, known as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), is extensively used in paper-making. The inner bark of the sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), also called 'hau', is used in Polynesia for making rope, and the wood for making canoe floats
 hibiscus juice

Egyptians used hibiscus tea to lower body temperature, treat heart and nerve diseases, and as a diuretic to increase urine production. In Africa, tea was used to treat constipation, cancer, liver disease, and cold symptoms. Pulp made from the leaves was applied to the skin to heal wounds.
upset stomach
high blood pressure
bacterial infections
Researchers found that a phytochemical (plant-derived compound) from the leaves of Sthalpadma or land-lotus (scientifically known as Hibiscus mutabilis and commonly called Confederate rose) restored insulin sensitivity of cells and thereby helped in lowering blood sugar levels in diabetic rats
Weight Loss
Lowers Cholesterol
Protects Liver
Packed With Antioxidants. Share on Pinterest. ...
May Help Lower Blood Pressure. ...
May Help Lower Blood Fat Levels. ...
May Boost Liver Health. ...
Could Promote Weight Loss. ...
Contains Compounds That May Help Prevent Cancer. ...
Could Help Fight Bacteria. ...
Flavorful and Easy to Make.
Anti-cancer Properties
Anti-inflammatory & Antibacterial Agent
Acts as Antidepressant Agent
Improves Digestion
Satiates Thirst
Summer & Winter Drink
You can drink hibiscus tea either as a hot tea or an iced tea. If you want to keep yourself warm in the winter, brew it and drink it straight away. It takes only a few minutes to make. In case you do not want to drink it hot, perhaps in the summer, you have the option to drink hibiscus iced tea by steeping organic hibiscus flowers in water. It takes about 20 minutes for preparation, and then you can cool yourself off in a healthy, refreshing way.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 17, 2018, 10:29:28 AM

Mexican orange

Choisya is a small genus of aromatic evergreen shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Members of the genus are commonly known as Mexican orange due to the similarity of their flowers with those of the closely related orange, both in shape and scent
Choisya species are popular ornamental plants in areas with mild winters, grown primarily for their abundant and fragrant flowers
 In its generic name Humboldt and Bonpland honoured Swiss botanist Jacques Denis Choisy
The species grow to 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, leathery, glossy, palmately compound with 3-13 leaflets, each leaflet 3–8 cm (1.2–3.1 in) long and 0.5–3.5 cm (0.20–1.38 in) broad. C. ternata has three broad leaflets, while C. dumosa has up to 13 very narrow leaflets. The flowers are star-shaped, 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in) diameter, with 4-7 white petals, 8-15 stamens and a green stigma; they are produced throughout the late spring and summer. The fruit is a leathery two to six sectioned capsule.
 The foliage is also aromatic, smelling of rue when bruised or cut. The most commonly found cultivars in the horticultural trade are the species, C. ternata,[4] the golden-leaved C. ternata Sundance ('Lich'),[5] and the inter-specific hybrid C. 'Aztec Pearl'
 In north-west Europe the main pest is snails, which eat the bark of even mature specimens, resulting in minor die-back of branches where ring-barking has occurred.

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UNKNOWN  poisons and toxins


Using oil extracts of plants for medical purposes has been around for centuries. How else do you think people get medication in the years before factories started to manufacture western medicine by the masses?
Pest repellent
Sleep enhancer
Respiratory stimulator

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 18, 2018, 11:03:43 AM



I have grown this tree in london in my prize winning garden i love the fruit

The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)  is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae,
It can also be found in European countries such as Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Italy, Spain and Portugal; and several Middle Eastern countries like Israel, Lebanon and Turkey.
It is a large evergreen shrub or tree, grown commercially for its yellow fruit, and also cultivated as an ornamental plant.
Eriobotrya japonica is a large evergreen shrub or small tree, with a rounded crown, short trunk and woolly new twigs. The tree can grow to 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) tall, but is often smaller, about 3–4 metres (10–13 ft). The fruit begins to ripen during Spring to Summer depending on the temperature in the area. The leaves are alternate, simple, 10–25 centimetres (4–10 in) long, dark green, tough and leathery in texture, with a serrated margin, and densely velvety-hairy below with thick yellow-brown pubescence; the young leaves are also densely pubescent above, but this soon rubs off
Loquats are unusual among fruit trees in that the flowers appear in the autumn or early winter, and the fruits are ripe at any time from early spring to early summer. The flowers are 2 cm (1 in) in diameter, white, with five petals, and produced in stiff panicles of three to ten flowers. The flowers have a sweet, heady aroma that can be smelled from a distance
Loquat fruits, growing in clusters, are oval, rounded or pear-shaped, 3–5 centimetres (1–2 in) long, with a smooth or downy, yellow or orange, sometimes red-blushed skin. The succulent, tangy flesh is white, yellow or orange and sweet to subacid or acid, depending on the cultivar.
The fruits are the sweetest when soft and orange. The flavour is a mixture of peach, citrus and mild mango.

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Are loquats poisonous?
Like most related plants, the seeds (pips) and young leaves of the plant are slightly poisonous, containing small amounts of cyanogenic glycosides (including amygdalin) which release cyanide when digested, though the low concentration and bitter flavour normally prevent enough being eaten to cause harm.

Fruit - raw, cooked or preserved. A slightly acid, sweet aromatic flavour, they can be eaten out of hand or cooked in pies, sauces, jellies  The roasted seed is a coffee substitute Wood - hard, close grained. Used for rulers etc   The fruits are also commonly used to make jam, jelly and chutney, and are often served poached in light syrup. 

Liver Support
Promotes Normal Blood Sugar
Encourages Respiratory Health
Soothes Skin and Gums
Supports Brain Health
For Diabetes
Analgesic;  Antibacterial;  Antiemetic;  Antitussive;  Antiviral;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Expectorant; 
Medicinal. Loquat syrup is used in Chinese medicine for soothing the throat and is a popular ingredient for cough drops. ... Biwa cha is held to beautify skin and heal inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema and to heal chronic respiratory conditions such as bronchitis.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 19, 2018, 02:25:48 PM


Syringa vulgaris (lilac or common lilac) is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the Balkan Peninsula, where it grows on rocky hills
Standard common lilacs can grow to about 15 feet tall. The shrubs have a spread of 6 to 12 feet.
This species is widely cultivated as an ornamental and has been naturalized in other parts of Europe (including the United Kingdom,western and northern Europe, France, Germany, and Italy), as well as much of North America. It is not regarded as an aggressive species, found in the wild in widely scattered sites, usually in the vicinity of past or present human habitations.
Syringa vulgaris is a large deciduous shrub
The flowers are very scented have a tubular base to the corolla 6–10 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 5–8 mm across, usually lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in dense, terminal panicles 8–18 cm (3–7 in) long. The fruit is a dry, smooth, brown capsule, 1–2 cm long, splitting in two to release the two-winged seeds.

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Lilac bushes (Syringa spp.) are a feast for the eyes and nose, with their large clusters of showy, fragrant flowers. If your pets want to sample a taste of the bush as well, never fear -- the plants are not poisonous to animals and are not toxic to humans at all.

Lilac Lemon Fizz Mocktail:
Lilac Jelly
Lilac Cupcake
Lilac Honey
Lilac Cookies
Blackberry and Lilac Pavlova
Lilac Cake

Lilac essential oil is an effective vermifuge, which means that it helps purge your body of intestinal worms. ...
Antifungal: ...
Astringent: ...
Febrifuge: ...
Eases Anxiety: ...
Treats Skin Problems: ...
Possible Psychic Effects: ...
Today, modern herbalists still use the essential oil of lilac to treat rashes, sunburn, minor cuts and scrapes and other skin ailments. ... Lilac oil is a valuable addition to beauty products like lotions, soaps, shampoos and conditioners for its fragrance and calming effects
Long since fresh leaves used at malaria, feverish states. Tea from florets was given to patients at whooping cough, cold, flu, cold, tuberculosis, stones in kidneys. External means (mainly from white brushes) recommended at furuncles, erysipelatous inflammations, rheumatism, neuralgia, gout. The infusion made on the basis of white flowers is accepted for disposal of noise in the head, at short wind, stomach ulcer.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 20, 2018, 11:13:33 AM


St John's wort

Scientific name: Hypericum - Hypericum species are quite variable in habit, occurring as trees, shrubs, annuals, and perennials you can see the shrubs around Arillas
WE are going to talk about the perennials Hypericum empetrifolium Numerous hybrids and cultivars have been developed for use in horticulture Worldwide there are about 350 species of Hypericum including 25 species in North America. It reproduces by both seeds and runners. A single plant may generate 15,000 to 30,000 seeds per year. Seeds remain viable in the soil for up to 10 years

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Poisoning. In large doses, St John's wort is poisonous to grazing livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, horses). Behavioural signs of poisoning are general restlessness and skin irritation.
 the berries are toxic and should most definitely not be consumed as a food stuff


The use of this species as an herbal remedy to treat a variety of internal and external ailments dates back to the time of the ancient Greeks
 St. Johnswort was prescribed for 20 million people in Germany--accounting for more than half of the prescriptions for mild to moderate depression
Its most common use in the United States is to relieve depression and anxiety. Although the fruit, flowers, and leaves of the herb may have medicinal properties, most benefits are attributed to the compounds hypericin and pseudohypericin, found in the plant's flowers and leaves

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 22, 2018, 11:01:10 AM


Aubrieta commonly known as Aubretia is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. The genus is named after Claude Aubriet, a French flower-painter. It originates from southern Europe east to central Asia but is now a common garden escape throughout Europe. It is a low, spreading plant, hardy, evergreen and perennial, with small violet, pink or white flowers, and inhabits rocks and banks. It prefers light, well-drained soil, is tolerant of a wide pH range, and can grow in partial shade or full sun Height – 6 to 8 inches
Aubrieta is a cute little perennial ground cover. Its blooming sets on early in the season, with its first flowers blooming in April.
This cute ground cover plant produces roundish bushy balls with purple blue flowers.

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Aubrieta 'Purple Cascade' has no toxic effects reported

It is aubrieta, a plant that used to be very popular on rockeries but, like them, has fallen from favour Aubrieta groundcover is remarkably drought tolerant once established and can handle the harsh heat of a full sunAubrieta 'Purple Cascade' has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 23, 2018, 09:02:15 AM



I have read that this plant grows on Corfu [keep eggy away]

The name mistletoe originally referred to the species Viscum album (European mistletoe, of the family Santalaceae in the order Santalales); it is the only species native to the British Isles and much of Europe.
Mistletoe is a plant that grows on range of trees including willow, apple and oak trees. The tradition of hanging it in the house goes back to the times of the ancient Druids. It is supposed to possess mystical powers which bring good luck to the household and wards off evil spirits.
Mistletoe is the English common name for most obligate hemiparasitic plants in the order Santalales. They are attached to their host tree or shrub by a structure called the haustorium, through which they extract water and nutrients from the host plant. Their parasitic lifestyle have led to some dramatic changes in their metabolism.
Overjoyed, Frigg blessed the mistletoe plant and promised a kiss to all who passed beneath it. ... For example, in ancient times, visitors would kiss the hand of a host under the mistletoe when they arrived. Since then, traditions have grown a bit more personal.
Mistletoe species grow on a wide range of host trees, some of which experience side effects including reduced growth, stunting, and loss of infested outer branches. A heavy infestation may also kill the host plant.
 Ancient Greeks referred to mistletoe as "oak sperm." Also in Ancient Greek mythology mistletoe was used by the hero Aeneas to access the underworld.

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Mistletoe IS poisonous, although it is doubtful as to whether it will actually cause death. All parts of the plant are toxic (that's berries, stem and leaves). The Mistletoe plant contains Phoratoxin and Viscotoxin, which are both poisonous proteins when ingested.Less commonly they cause cardiac problems

Uses just kissing

European mistletoe is also used for heart and blood vessel conditions including high blood pressure, "hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis), internal bleeding, and hemorrhoids; epilepsy and infantile convulsions; gout; psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety; sleep disorders; headache absence of menstrual periods; symptoms of menopause; and for "blood purifying."
European mistletoe injections are used for cancer and for failing joints.
Some people use European mistletoe for treating mental and physical exhaustion; to reduce side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy; as a tranquilizer; and for treating whooping cough, asthma, dizziness, diarrhea, chorea, and liver and gallbladder conditions.
Soothes Respiratory Distress
Boosts Immune System
Prevents Diabetes
Nervous System
Eases Menstrual Distress
Eliminates Inflammation
Reduces Snoring

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 24, 2018, 09:45:17 AM

Common holly

Ilex aquifolium, is a species of holly native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. It is regarded as the type species of the genus Ilex, which by association is also called "holly  It is an evergreen tree or shrub found, Ilex aquifolium can exceed 10 m in height,  It grows slowly and does not usually fully mature due to cutting or fire. It can live 500 years, but usually does not reach 100.
Ilex aquifolium is the species of holly long associated with Christmas, and previously the Roman festival of Saturnalia.
Why is Ilex aquifolium uses at christmas=In pagan ritual, holly symbolised the male god carrying life through the winter in its evergreen leaves. ... There are some claims that its use at Christmas relates to the leaves looking like Christ's crown of thorns and the berries looking like blood but these, probably, are just to justify adoption of a pagan ritual.
Numerous shrubs produce berries, many of which using both male and females flowers on the same plant. However, some shrubs — like holly — are dioecious, meaning they require separate male and female plants in order for pollination to occur has to be planted near by closer the better more berries

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Holly leaves, branches and berries are beautiful holiday decorations, but the berries are poisonous to people and pets. Swallowing holly berries can cause vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and drowsiness. ... Holly leaves might also cause symptoms if eaten but, because they are prickly, children usually leave them alone.

Holly wood is the whitest of all woods, and is heavy, hard and fine grained. It can be stained and polished and is used to make furniture or in engraving work. It is commonly used to make walking sticks. Holly wood also makes good firewood and burns with a strong heat.   christmas wreath christmas decorations  Landscape Uses:Border, Screen, Standard, Specimen.

The berries are violently emetic and purgative. They have been used in the treatment of dropsy and as a powder they have been used as an astringent to check bleeding. The berries are toxic, especially to children, and should not be used medicinally except under professional supervision.
More recently, preparations of holly leaf have been used for coughs, digestive disorders, water retention, and yellowed skin (jaundice). Ilex aquifolium leaves are used for treating fevers that come and go, joint pain (rheumatism), swelling, water retention, and chest congestion.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 24, 2018, 06:40:16 PM
Misletoe ?? - Holly ?? - WATISDIS ? - Xmas?
Yer not wrong with the mistletoe stuff and I don't try that anymore.
Last Xmas eve , around 2pm, I stood under a bush and the only offer I got was a goat with lips bigger that Mick Jagger - WOTSALLTHATABOUT??
But I percy-vered and stuck it out. - Diddly and just about made it for midnight mass. - Shouda settled for the goat!!!

and Holly?? - Remind me of this little ditty.....

""Adam and Eve in the garden dwelt
Leading a life so jolly
But can you imaging how they would have felt
If those fig leaves had been holly? ""

And .... I have a mushroom pic to put on for you , very soon. Something to get yer teeth into.... or maybe not if it's poisonous.

Now..............get that xmas dinner cooked for Bev - Don't hang about

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 25, 2018, 11:48:11 AM

Hi Kevin
Here's one for you. Springing up all over the garden. About 7cm across and 4 cm tall. Browny / beige colour.
What say you "Proffessor K" ??
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 25, 2018, 01:10:22 PM


Neil can you take a sharper pic

It looks like I have to many ouzo’s

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 25, 2018, 04:41:19 PM
I can try , but tomorrow now as the sun, we enjoyed today,  is on it's merry way  Hope your day is still good.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 26, 2018, 08:50:17 AM

Pine Trees

A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus of the family Pinaceae The modern English name "pine" derives from Latin pinus Before the 19th century, pines were often referred to as firs Pine trees are evergreen, coniferous
The longest-lived is the Great Basin bristlecone pine, Pinus longaeva. One individual of this species, dubbed "Methuselah", is one of the world's oldest living organisms at around 4,600 years old. This tree can be found in the White Mountains of California. An older tree, now cut down, was dated at 4,900 years old. It was discovered in a grove beneath Wheeler Peak and it is now known as "Prometheus" after the Greek immortal.
Pines are among the most commercially important tree species valued for their timber and wood pulp throughout the world they are fast-growing
Many pine species make attractive ornamental plantings for parks and larger gardens with a variety of dwarf cultivars being suitable for smaller spaces. Pines are also commercially grown and harvested for Christmas trees.

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Retsina (Greek: Ρετσίνα) is a Greek white (or rosé) resinated wine, which has been made for at least 2,000 years. Its unique flavor is said to have originated from the practice of sealing wine vessels, particularly amphorae, with Aleppo Pine resin in ancient times. Before the invention of impermeable glass bottles, oxygen caused many wines to spoil within the year. Pine resin helped keep air out, while infusing the wine with resin aroma. The Romans began to use barrels in the 3rd century AD, removing any oenological necessity for resin, but the flavor itself was so popular that the style is still widespread today.

This is a Aleppo pine


The needles of many pine trees are toxic and may be dangerous, particularly to cattle and other livestock.

Commercial pines are grown in plantations for timber that is denser and therefore more durable than spruce (Picea). Pine wood is widely used in high-value carpentry items such as furniture, window frames, panelling, floors, and roofing, and the resin of some species is an important source of turpentine  Pine nuts, also called piñón (Spanish: [piˈɲon]) or pinoli (Italian: [piˈnɔːli]), are the edible seeds of pines (family Pinaceae, genus Pinus). About 20 species of pine produce seeds large enough to be worth harvesting; in other pines the seeds are also edible, but are too small to be of notable value as a human food.  Many species of the genus Pinus have needles that can be used to make tea. Pine needle tea is rich in vitamins A and C; it’s a good decongestant; and you can also use it as an antiseptic wash. The flavor improves with a dash of lemon juice and/or honey, if they’re available.

The only species of Pinus that’s said to be poisonous is Pinus ponderosa. It causes abortions in cattle and other livestock that eat it. I don’t know what it would do to a human, but it’s not recommended that you consume any of it.   Needle Essential Oil

Medicine. Pine needle tea has the following medicinal properties: antiseptic, astringent, inflammatory, antioxidant, expectorant, high in Vitamin C for colds – flu – coughs, congestion, and even scurvy.
Boosts Immunity
Skin & Hair Care
Protects against Pathogen
Improves Circulation
Maintains Respiratory Health
Prevents Infections
Relieves Pain
Detoxifies the Body
Improves Respiratory Function
Increases Metabolism
Eliminates Body Odor

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 26, 2018, 11:47:22 AM

A tad of frost, this morning , Kevin and those mushrooms are dying off. Try the enhanced pic above but may not be any good.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 26, 2018, 12:16:56 PM


I can not tell the photo not sharp i think it is a species of Lepiota but not sure

Chlorophyllum molybdites False parasol lepiota

Chlorophyllum molybdites is the poisonous mushroom most frequently eaten in North America. The symptoms are predominantly gastrointestinal in nature, with vomiting, diarrhea and colic, often severe, occurring 1–3 hours after consumption. Although these poisonings can be severe, none has yet resulted in death


have a look
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 28, 2018, 11:24:57 AM


Cypress Tree

You will see this tree in Arillas and all over Corfu
Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus, the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kyparissos).The family includes 27–30 genera (17 monotypic), which include the junipers and redwoods, with about 130–140 species in total. They are monoecious, subdioecious or (rarely) dioecious trees and shrubs up to 116 m (381 ft) tall. The bark of mature trees is commonly orange- to red- brown and of stringy texture, often flaking or peeling in vertical strips, but smooth, scaly or hard and square-cracked in some species.
The family is notable for including the largest, tallest, and stoutest individual trees in the world, and also the second longest lived species in the world
In classical antiquity, the cypress was a symbol of mourning and in the modern era it remains the principal cemetery tree in both the Muslim world and Europe. In the classical tradition, the cypress was associated with death and the underworld because it failed to regenerate when cut back too severely.

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At the same time, no cypresses are listed as toxic to humans by California Poison Control. It's worth noting, however, that the Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) has been reported at least once as poisonous, according to the online wild foods database Plants For A Future (PFAF).
None of the trees that have "cypress" in their common names are considered edible
Leyland Cypress Toxicity. ... Despite its popularity, all parts of the Leyland cypress are potentially toxic. The Leyland cypress is a fast-growing evergreen tree.

The Monterey cypress is used for boats, roofing shingles, doors and wood joints. Cypress trees have been used as siding for buildings over centuries especially in coastal areas because it is resistant to damage from moisture. Other uses include bridges, porches, shingles, barns and greenhouses
cypress wood rates as moderately hard, strong, and stable, with straight, close grain. Although fairly light, the wood holds nails and screws well. ... You can use bald cypress successfully for both indoor and outdoor projects. It works for furniture, paneling, cabinets, doors, windows, siding, decking, and trim.
Two trees that don't bear the name "cypress" in their common name -- but are considered part of the Cypress, or Cupressaceae, family -- are considered edible. One-seed juniper (Juniperus monosperma) has berries that you can eat raw or cooked, or ground as flour. The inner bark has also been eaten raw or cooked.
In Australia the Redwood  in the cypress family was used as a holding cell for prisoners with bars on the front of the tree.  We went to see them at Albany


Cypress is a plant. The branch, cone, and oil are used for medicine. People use cypress as an ointment for head colds, cough, and bronchitis.
Because cypress oil is a diuretic, it helps the body remove excess water and salt that can lead to fluid retention. It also stimulates circulation by increasing blood flow. Use cypress oil topically to treat varicose veins, cellulite and any other condition that is caused by poor circulation, such as hemorrhoids.
Heals Wounds and Infections heal cuts fast,
Treats Cramps and Muscle Pulls
natural treatment for carpal tunnel
increases blood circulation and eases chronic pain.
Aids Toxin Removal
helps the body flush out toxins that exist internally.
prevents acne
lower cholesterol
cleanses the liver
levels naturally
Promotes Blood Clotting
endometriosis remedy
Eliminates Respiratory Conditions
conditions like asthma
Natural Deodorant
Relieves Anxiety
treat restlessness or symptoms of insomnia.
Treats Varicose Veins and Cellulite
reduce the appearance of cellulite
weak collagen structure
treat arthritis
hair and skin care
shampoo, conditioner or Homemade Face Wash.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on December 28, 2018, 01:02:37 PM
Reckon you got it right on the mushroom , Kevin.
(Weggs currently removing them , from the Turkey and Mushroom pie , as I type !!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 28, 2018, 04:20:36 PM


Why did the fungi leave the party

There wasn’t mushroom

What do you call a mushroom buying all the drinks

A fungi

Sorry Neil

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: soniaP on December 28, 2018, 06:11:16 PM
You been reading the jokes inside the Christmas crackers again Kev?
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 28, 2018, 06:15:13 PM

Don’t tell Neil
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 29, 2018, 11:40:21 AM


mushroom or toadstool

All known as FUNGI what is a Fungi= member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, fungi, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals.
There's no real, scientifically accepted difference between a mushroom and a toadstool, and the terms can sometimes be used interchangeably to refer to the same types of fungus. However, in common, non-scientific usage, the term “toadstool” is more often given to those fungi that are poisonous or otherwise inedible.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
 The discipline of biology devoted to the study of fungi is known as mycology (from the Greek μύκης mykes, mushroom).
Fungal habitats include soil, water, and organisms that may harbor large numbers of understudied fungi, estimated to outnumber plants by at least 6 to 1. More recent estimates based on high-throughput sequencing methods suggest that as many as 5.1 million fungal species exist. Around 120,000 species of fungi have been described by taxonomists A characteristic that places fungi in a different kingdom from plants, bacteria, and some protists is chitin in their cell walls. ... In the past, mycology was regarded as a branch of botany, although it is now known fungi are genetically more closely related to animals than to plants. More than 2,000 species of edible mushrooms exist on the planet.
Mushrooms grow throughout the year but are most plentiful in fall. While cultivated mushrooms may be available anytime, most wild mushrooms only appear in autumn. One exception is the morel, which only grows in spring.


Here is a link of Corfu Fungi


Although many people have a fear of mushroom poisoning by "toadstools", only a small number of the many macroscopic fruiting bodies commonly known as mushrooms and toadstools have proven fatal to humans. This list is not exhaustive and does not contain many fungi that, although not deadly, are still harmful.
– Fungi that are harmless to invertebrates can still be toxic to humans; the death cap, for instance, is often infested by insect larvae. "Poisonous mushrooms blacken silver." ... "Poisonous mushrooms have a pointed cap. Edible ones have a flat, rounded cap."
10 of the UK's most deadly mushrooms
Ivory Funnel (Clitocybe blanchi)
Satan's Bolete (Boletus satanas)
Fool's Webcap (Cortinarius orellanus)
Deadly Webcap (Cortinarius rubellus)
Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria)
Panther Cap (Amanita pantherina)
Destroying Angel (Amanita virosa)
Death Cap (Amanita phalloide

Yeasts have been used for thousands of years in the production of beer, wine, and bread. Fungi not only directly produce substances that humans use as medicine, but they are also versatile tools in the vast field of medical research. Some fungi attack insects and, therefore, can be used as natural pesticides.
Fungi can be good to eat, like some mushrooms or foods made from yeast, like bread or soy sauce. ... Scientists use fungi to make antibiotics, which doctors sometimes use to treat bacterial infections. Fungi also help to decompose lots of different organic material, from leaves to insects!

Medicinal fungi are those fungi which produce medically significant metabolites or can be induced to produce such metabolites using biotechnology. The range of medically active compounds that have been identified include antibiotics, anti-cancer drugs, cholesterol inhibitors, psychotropic drugs, immunosuppressants and even fungicides. Although initial discoveries centred on simple moulds of the type that cause spoilage of food, later work identified useful compounds across a wide range of fungi.
All mushrooms contain beta glucans, which have been found to help fight inflammation and aid the immune system.
 some of the more common medicinal mushrooms:

Chaga (Inonotus obliquus) “strong antioxidant activity for scavenging free radicals.

Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) has been shown to boost the production of many components of the immune system, including natural killer cells, which detect and destroy cancer cells and cells infected with viruses.

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor, Coriolus versicolor)

Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) Cancer Detection and Prevention  helps to improve the quality of life and extend survival.

Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus) ) known as “nerve growth factor” or NGF. NGF is necessary for the growth, maintenance, and survival of the neurons in your brain.
 help prevent the breakdown of spatial short-term and visual recognition memory and delay the onset of cognitive dysfunction.

Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis)  helps to neutralize harmful free radicals, it also enhances the activity of your body’s innate antioxidant systems.
 help you live better — and stronger. improve stamina in athletic performance.
 the main artery in your body that supplies oxygenated blood to your entire circulatory system — by up to 40%, thereby increasing blood flow and greatly enhancing endurance.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 30, 2018, 11:47:49 AM

Silver birch

Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch,  is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe it is only found at higher altitudes. Also known as  warty birch, European white birch
The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that owes its common name to the white peeling bark on the trunk The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seed get widely scattered by the wind
 It is planted decoratively in parks and gardens and is used for forest products such as joinery timber, firewood, tanning, racecourse jumps and brooms. Various parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine and the bark contains triterpenes which have been shown to have medicinal properties.
 The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. Many species of birds and animals are found in birch woodland, the tree supports a wide range of insects and the light shade it casts allows shrubby and other plants to grow beneath its canopy.
The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree, typically reaching 15 to 25 m  tall (exceptionally up to 31 metres ), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm diameter
There is no consensus at all on species limits in Betula, with different authors differing wildly in what species they accept, from under 30 species, to over 60.

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This is a Betula pendula 'Purpurea'

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Birch toxicity. - The essential oil is not externally or internally used because it contains methyl salicylate, a toxic component that can be fatal in doses of 10ml. - Birch sap must be diluted before internal use. The slightly diluted or undiluted sap can have toxic effects

Silver birch wood is pale in colour with no distinct heartwood and is used in making furniture, plywood, veneers, parquet blocks, skis, kitchen utensils and in turnery. It makes a good firewood that produces a good heat when burnt but is quickly consumed by the flames.
 Birch plywood is a preferred material for making cabinets, benches and tables.
. Birch wood has a beautiful appearance; it is fine grained and has a pale color giving it an elegant look to clean line furniture designs.
Birch Beer is a non-alcoholic, carbonated beverage made from birch bark and birch sap. It's brewed, like (real) root beer is, and has a head on it when poured, so some think it's just a type of root beer, but in fact both are a type of “small beer.”
The yellow birch is the most commonly used in flooring and is only slightly less strong than red oak, while the sweet birch is slightly harder than hard maple. These ratings indicate that birch flooring made from either of these species is suitable for hardwood floors that will receive moderate to heavy foot traffic.
In particular, the bark of the birch tree has been used to make canoes, bowls and housing because it is light, flexible and waterproof. The wood of all birch species is closely grained with a satiny texture and will take on a fine polish. The bark is used to make drinking vessels,

The silver birch was revered by pagans as a holy tree. It has long found use in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments, including inflammatory conditions, urinary tract disorders, psoriasis and eczema.
Anti-inflammatory, cholagogue, diaphoretic
 treatment of various skin afflictions,
Birch is a tree. The leaves of the tree, which contain lots of vitamin C, are used to make medicine. Birch is used for infections of the urinary tract that affect the kidney, bladder, ureters, and urethra. It is also used as a diuretic to increase urine output.
Some people take birch along with lots of fluids for “irrigation therapy” to flush out the urinary tract. Other uses include treating arthritis, achy joints (rheumatism), loss of hair, and skin rashes.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 30, 2018, 02:13:11 PM



Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on December 31, 2018, 10:56:21 AM



Aethusa cynapium fool's parsley, fool's cicely, or poison parsley  native to Europe, western Asia, and northwest Africa. It is the only member of the genus Aethusa. It is related to Hemlock and Water-dropwort, and like them it is poisonous,[1] though less so than hemlock. It has been introduced into many other parts of the world and is a common weed in cultivated ground.  is an annual (rarely biennial) herb in the plant family Apiaceae,
stems growing to about 80 cm (31 in) high, with much divided (ternately pinnate) smooth leaves with an unpleasant smell, and small compound umbels of small irregular white flowers.
Aethusa (Ancient Greek: Αἵθουσα) was in Greek mythology a daughter of Poseidon and Alcyone, who was loved by Apollo, and bore to him Eleuther
Habitat: Waysides, heaps of earth, waste lands, gardens, flower beds, vegetable patches.
Flowering time: July–August.
You will see this plant on your walks around Arillas off the beaten track one might find fool’s parsley, which looks deceptively like edible parsley (Petroselinum crispum). But fool’s parsley is fatally poisonous.

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It is related to Hemlock and Water-dropwort, but is poisonous. This plant can be mistaken for parsley, coriander or sweet cicely. The roots look like young turnips or radishes. Fools parsley contains poisonous alkaloids, as do some other stem plants generally known to be poisonous.


Fool's parsley is an herb. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. The herb is sedative and stomachic. It has been used in the treatment of gastro-intestinal problems, especially in children, and also to treat convulsions and summer diarrhoea

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 01, 2019, 10:32:00 AM


True Parsley

Parsley or garden parsley Petroselinum crispum is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the central Mediterranean region (southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and widely cultivated as a herb, a spice, and a vegetable.
Parsley is widely used in European The two main groups of parsley used as herbs are French, or curly leaf (P. crispum crispum group; syn. P. crispum var. crispum); and, Italian, or flat leaf (P. crispum neapolitanum group; syn. P. crispum var. neapolitanum).
 Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. In central Europe, eastern Europe, and southern Europe, as well as in western Asia, many dishes are served with fresh green chopped parsley sprinkled on top. Root parsley is very common in central, eastern, and southern European cuisines, where it is used as a snack or a vegetable in many soups, stews, and casseroles.
Germination is slow, taking four to six weeks
Another type of parsley is grown as a root vegetable, the Hamburg root parsley (P. crispum radicosum group, syn. P. crispum var. tuberosum). This type of parsley produces much thicker roots than types cultivated for their leaves.
The word "parsley" is a merger of the Old English petersilie which is identical to the contemporary German word for parsley: Petersilie and the Old French peresil, both derived from Medieval Latin petrosilium, from Latin petroselinum, which is the latinization of the Greek πετροσέλινον (petroselinon), "rock-celery", from πέτρα (petra), "rock, stone" σέλινον (selinon), "celery"Mycenaean Greek se-ri-no, in Linear B, is the earliest attested form of the word selinon
TYPE: Annual, Herb
HEIGHT: From 6 inches to 3 feet
WIDTH: 8-24 inches wide
SPECIAL FEATURES: Good for Containers

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Parsley roots may look the same as parsnips, but that's where the similarity ends. Parsley is Petroselinum crispum and parsnips are Pastinaca sativa. There is a "turnip-rooted parsley called Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum.
Parsley root has a crisp, yet tender texture when raw and a smooth and creamy texture once cooked. The taste of Parsley root is likened to a combination of celeriac, parsley and carrot. The tuber is very aromatic and is sometimes used as an herb. The entire Parsley plant, roots and greens, is edible.



Parsley is widely used in European, Middle Eastern, and American cooking. Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. ... Root parsley is very common in central, eastern, and southern European cuisines, where it is used as a snack or a vegetable in many soups, stews, and casseroles.

Parsley is an herb. The leaf, seed, and root are used to make medicine.
urinary tract infections
kidney stones
high blood pressure
As a Vitamin Source
Natural Detox Aid
Reduces Allergy Symptoms
a Diuretic
Preventing Cancer
Natural Weight Loss Aid
starting menstrual flow
spleen conditions
intestinal gas
prostate conditions

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 02, 2019, 09:24:37 AM



Willows, also called sallows and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 species  Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called osier, and some broader-leaved species are referred to as sallow (from Old English sealh, related to the Latin word salix, willow). Some willows (particularly arctic and alpine species) are low-growing or creeping shrubs; for example, the dwarf willow (Salix herbacea) rarely exceeds 6 cm (2.4 in) in height, though it spreads widely across the ground.
Salix viminalis, the basket willow, common osier or osier, is a species of willow native to Europe, Western Asia, and the Himalayas
Willows are very cross-compatible, and numerous hybrids occur, both naturally and in cultivation. A well-known ornamental example is the weeping willow (Salix × sepulcralis), which is a hybrid of Peking willow (Salix babylonica) from China and white willow (Salix alba) from Europe. The exact native range is uncertain due to extensive historical cultivation
 deciduous trees and shrubs, found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

these two Weeping willow Salix babylonica is a species of willow native to dry areas
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This is a Osiers, Salix viminalis you will see in the countryside of Arillas more inland


I think you can see this Salix in Arillas back road about 1m Ht

Not to humans  -    Willow trees aren't usually a source of cat and dog poisoning, but medicines derived from their bark -- aspirin, most notably -- can be quite toxic. Cats, who lack the ability to process the salicylic acid found in willow tree bark and aspirin, are particularly prone to toxic exposure.

All willows are edible, but some are not palatable. The leaves are high in vitamin C – 7 to 10 times higher than oranges! The inner bark was traditionally eaten by many Native People, although it is so labor intensive that I do not know of anyone doing it today.
Willow wood can be used as firewood but is rated as fair to poor in quality as it produces less heat and more creosote than many other types of wood.
The bark tannin was used in the past for tanning leather. The wood is used to make cricket bats. S. alba wood has a low density and a lower transverse compressive strength. This allows the wood to bend, which is why it can be used to make baskets.
Charcoal made from the wood was important for gunpowder manufacture
Charcoal used for  drawing

The bark is used to make medicine. Willow bark acts a lot like aspirin, so it is used for pain, including headache, muscle pain, menstrual cramps, rheumatoid arthritis , osteoarthritis, gout, and a disease of the spine called ankylosing spondylitis.
Menstrual cramps
Willow Bark Extract contains salicylic acid, a BHA that is a natural exfoliant and is used in many acne treatments because of its ability to help skin shed dead cells and clear pores; it can also stimulate new cell formation.
Make willow tea by boiling two teaspoons of willow bark for every eight ounces of water. Allow it to simmer on the stove for 10 minutes then remove from heat. Let it steep for another 30 minutes. Strain out the bark from the liquid using a natural coffee filter or fine mesh strainer.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 03, 2019, 09:05:56 AM


Tall Rockcress

Arabidopsis arenosa Name also: Sand Rock-cress Family: Mustard Family – Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)
commonly known as the mustards, the crucifers, or the cabbage family.
Growing form: Annual or biennial herb, occasionally perennia
Flower: Corolla regular (actinomorphic), white–reddish sometimes later turning purple, Height: 15–30 cm
Tall rockcress is native to dry hillside meadows and banks in central Europe.
The fruit is a long, slender capsule containing 10-20 or more seeds.
Arabis, with primarily Old World species
Arabidopsis, with primarily European species
Boechera, with primarily North American species
Description of rockcress: Rockcresses are creeping and trailing plants with small and simple leaves covered with tiny hairs. They bear a wealth of 4-petaled flowers, each about 3/4-inch wide and typically in blues, lilacs, and purples. Plant height is between 4 and 6 inches Flowering time: May–July.

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Uses for rockcress: Rockcresses are great for rock gardens, where they form large carpets of bloom. They can also be planted in pockets of stone walls and do well in trough gardens. In addition, they are fine for the edging of borders

Medicinal Uses none
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 04, 2019, 09:38:32 AM


This post is just some interesting facts. Greek History

From Middle English mirre, from Old English myrre, from Latin myrrha, from Ancient Greek μύρρα (múrrha)

. It represented the holy prayers, which aimed to reach God in heaven. Frankincense is ... Names of Ancient Greek Gods. Christening ...

Myrrh  from Aramaic, but see  Etymology is a natural gum or resin extracted from a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora. Myrrh resin has been used throughout history as a perfume, incense, and medicine.
Commiphora, is the most species-rich genus of flowering plants in the frankincense and myrrh family, Burseraceae. The genus contains approximately 190 species of shrubs and trees,
Myrrh is a resin, or sap-like substance, that comes from a tree called Commiphora myrrha, common in Africa and the Middle East. Myrrh is botanically related to frankincense, and is one of the most widely used essential oils in the world.

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Frankincense also known as olibanum, Hebrew:  obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra
The Greek historian Herodotus was familiar with frankincense and knew it was harvested from trees in southern Arabia. He reported that the gum was dangerous to harvest because of venomous snakes that lived in the trees
Boswellia sacra (commonly known as frankincense or olibanum-tree) is a tree in the Burseraceae family. It is the primary tree in the genus Boswellia from which frankincense, a resinous dried sap, is harvested. It is native to the Arabian Peninsula (Oman, Yemen),
This species of Boswellia is a small deciduous tree, which reaches a height of 2 to 8 m  with one or more trunks. Its bark has the texture of paper and can be removed easily.Its tiny flowers, a yellowish white
Individual trees growing on steep slopes tend to develop some buttressing that extends from the roots up into the base of the stem. This forms a sort of cushion that adheres to the rock and ensures a certain stability.
The trees start producing resin when they are about 8 to 10 years

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frankincense Ingesting  essential oil may have toxic effects and isn't recommended. In addition, some individuals may experience irritation or an allergic reaction when applying frankincense essential oil to the skin

Myrrh seems safe for most people when used in small amounts. It can cause some side effects such as skin rash if applied directly to the skin, and diarrhea if taken by mouth. Large doses may be UNSAFE. Amounts greater than 2-4 grams can cause kidney irritation and heart rate changes.

Both frankincense and myrrh are derived from the gummy sap that oozes out of the Boswellia and Commiphora trees, respectively, when their bark is cut. The leaking resin is allowed to harden and scraped off the trunk in tear-shaped droplets; it may then be used in its dried form or steamed to yield essential oils
frankincense and myrrh

Myrrh and Frankincense
Flavoring for food
Treating hay fever
As an antiseptic to clean and treat wounds
As a paste to help stop bleeding
Anti-cancer Benefits
Potent Antioxidant
Antibacterial and Antifungal Benefits
Skin Health
Use as a Cold Compress
Relief for Upper Respiratory Problems
Decrease in Digestive Problems
Helps Prevent Gum Disease and Mouth Infections
Helps Treat Hypothyroidism
May Help Treat Skin Cancer
Treatment for Ulcers and Wounds
Helps Reduce Stress Reactions and Negative Emotions
Helps Boost Immune System Function and Prevents Illness
 May Help Fight Cancer or Deal with Chemotherapy Side Effects
Astringent and Can Kill Harmful Germs and Bacteria
Heals Skin and Prevents Signs of Aging
Improves Memory
Acts as a Sleep Aid
 Decrease Inflammation and Pain
Natural Household Cleaner
Natural Hygiene Product
Anti-Aging and Wrinkle Fighter
Scar, Wound, Stretch Mark or Acne Remedy
Natural Cold or Flu Medicine

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 05, 2019, 11:41:58 AM



Orobanche (broomrape or broom-rape) is a genus of over 200 species of parasitic herbaceous plants in the family Orobanchaceae, mostly native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere
The broomrape plant is small, from 10–60 cm tall depending on species. It is best recognized by its yellow- to straw-coloured stems completely lacking chlorophyll, bearing yellow, white, or blue snapdragon-like flowers.
As they have no chlorophyll, they are totally dependent on other plants for nutrients. Broomrape seeds remain dormant in the soil, often for many years, until stimulated to germinate by certain compounds produced by living plant roots. Broomrape seedlings put out a root-like growth, which attaches to the roots of nearby hosts. Once attached to a host, the broomrape robs its host of water and nutrients.
The scientific name comes from Ancient Greek ὄροβος (orobos, “bitter vetch”)
Common broomrape is one of the most widespread species, and is native to Southern Europe
The plants are attached to their host by means of haustoria, which transfer nutrients from the host to the parasite. Only the hemiparasitic species possess an additional extensive root system. The root system is reduced as its function is mainly anchorage of the plant.
The Broomrape can be seen all over Corfu
Broomrapes are plant-parasitic weeds which constitute one of the most difficult-to-control of all biotic constraints that affect crops in Mediterranean, central and eastern Europe,Use of fungal metabolites for broomrape suicidal germination (Vurro) 27 ... Use of herbicide resistant crops in Greece for control of Orobanche ...

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broomrape poisonous to humans unknown


Medicinal Uses: The root is pectoral. The chewed root has been used as a dressing on wounds and open sores. An infusion of the leaves is used as a wash on sores. Forms of the plant that are parasitic on sweet sage roots have been used as a treatment of cancer. The dried and powdered plant is inserted in the rectum as a specific treatment for haemorrhoids

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 06, 2019, 01:08:22 PM


lion's tail and wild dagga

Leonotis leonurus, also known as lion's tail and wild dagga, is a plant species in the Lamiaceae (mint) family.The shrub grows 3 to 6 ft (1 to 2 m) tall leaves are aromatic when crushed
The plant has tubular orange flowers in tiered whorls, typical to the mint family,
It is found is found in sandy, clayey, loam or stony areas, forest margins or rough grasslands
However the nectar and pollen is also attractive to honey bees and other insects who also visit the flowers.
I have grown this lovely plant  It is moderately drought tolerant, and a nectar source for birds and butterflies in landscape settings . In cooler climates it is used as an annual and winter conservatory plant

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The problem is these plant chemicals that interact with the human body to create a desired effect are also highly toxic. They are equally able to cure or kill depending strictly on how they're administered. One of the big surprises to show up in these stoner ethnobotany sites is lion's tail, Leonotis leonurus

The dried foliage of Leonotis - both Wild Dagga and Klip Dagga - can be used as a legal substitute for marijuana (ganja, cannabis, hemp). Smoking this dried herb gives an euphoric-like effect and exuberance. The flowers are the most potent part and can be smoked or used as a calming tea.

Traditional uses. The infusions made from flowers and seeds, leaves or stems are widely used to treat tuberculosis, jaundice, muscle cramps, high blood pressure, diabetes, viral hepatitis, dysentery, and diarrhoea. The leaves, roots and bark are used as an emetic for snakebites, bee and scorpion stings.The fresh stem juice is used as an infusion drunk for 'blood impurity'
skin rashes

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 06, 2019, 07:08:48 PM

Hi Neil

I don’t want to see pot holes around  Arillas where you have been digging up leonotis for you wild party’s
🤣 😂

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on January 06, 2019, 10:17:18 PM

Hi Neil

I don’t want to see pot holes around  Arillas where you have been digging up leonotis for you wild party’s
🤣 😂


POTholes , Kevin?? - Your play on words is better than mine !!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 07, 2019, 09:41:04 AM


You can see this plant on the back road in Arillas

Ricinus communis, the castor bean or castor oil plant, is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae
Although Ricinus communis is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India, today it is widespread throughout tropical regions. In areas with a suitable climate, castor establishes itself easily where it can become an invasive plant and can often be found on wasteland.
Castor seed is the source of castor oil It is also used extensively as a decorative plant in parks and other public areas, particularly as a "dot plant" in traditional bedding schemes. plant can reach a height of 2–3 metres or more

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Ricin Toxin from Castor Bean Plant, Ricinus communis. Ricin is one of the most poisonous naturally occuring substances known. The seeds from the castor bean plant, Ricinus communis, are poisonous to people, animals and insects. ... The symptoms of human poisoning begin within a few hours of ingestion. Eating just one or two castor beans can easily cause the demise of the eater.
In children 2-3 seeds - Adults 4-8 seeds can be FATAL

The toxicity is dose related and depends on the amount of castor beans ingested. There is no specific treatment and supportive management needs to be started early to reduce the load of the toxin so as to avoid serious complications.

 The first priority in treating a patient with castor or jequirity bean poisoning is to establish that the patient's airway is patent and that breathing and circulation are adequate. Supportive care that is based on clinical symptoms is the primary therapy. Replace GI fluid losses with intravenous fluids.

The seed contains 35 - 55% of an edible oil, used in cooking
 It is used by the food industry to add butter and nut flavours to various foods
The seed is a rich source of phosphorus, 90% of which is in the phytic form
 Some caution should be observed,

The hull contains a deadly poison called ricin. Castor oil has been used as medicine for centuries. Castor seeds without the hull are used for birth control, constipation, leprosy, and syphilis. Castor oil is used as a laxative for constipation, to start labor in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk.
A Powerful Laxative
Reduces Acne
Fights Fungus
Keeps Your Hair and Scalp Healthy
Promotes Wound Healing
A Natural Moisturizer
The anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil (thanks to the ricinoleic acid) help reduce redness and swelling of the eyes. The oil also soothes the skin, and this can help reduce wrinkles and fine lines around the eyes.
Pharmaceutical grade castor oil can be used as a natural remedy to treat cataracts.
Impressive Anti-Inflammatory Effects. Ricinoleic acid, the main fatty acid found in castor oil, has impressive anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that when castor oil is applied topically, it reduces inflammation and relieves pain.
Castor oil has antifungal properties and is rich in Vitamin E
 Helpful In Fighting Rheumatism
Relieves Menstrual Pain
Effective In Birth Control
Stimulate Lactation Process
A Treat For The Skin
Eliminates Stubborn Ringworm
Cures Wounds And Bruises
Antimicrobial Properties
Drains Excess Fluids

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 08, 2019, 09:32:14 AM



Verbena bonariensis common name Purpletop vervain and  Aloysia citrodora common name  lemon verbena
Verbena bonariensis  is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. It can grow to 6 ft  it will develop a woody base. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until first frost.    This plant prefers warm and sunny conditions but will tolerate semi shade A common weed of roadsides, pastures, grasslands, open woodlands, riparian vegetation, crops, orchards, gardens, disturbed sites and waste areas in warmer temperate, sub-tropical and occasionally also tropical environments.

Aloysia citrodora  is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family Verbenaceae Common names include lemon verbena and lemon beebrush  It was brought to Europe by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 17th century and cultivated for its oil. Lemon verbena is a perennial shrub or subshrub growing to 2–3 m high. Sprays of tiny purple or white flowers appear in late spring or early summer  Due to its many culinary uses, it is widely listed and marketed as a plant for the herb garden.
When you brush past this plant  emit a powerful scent reminiscent of lemon when bruised

verbena bonariensis

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Aloysia citrodora can see this pant around Arillas

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Most verbena varieties are safe, but the purple top verbena (Verbena bonariensis) is poisonous to animals ...
Lemon verbena is safe for most people when consumed in amounts found in alcoholic beverages. It also seems to be safe when taken in appropriate amounts as a medicine. It can cause skin irritation (dermatitis) in some people.

Lemon verbena leaves are used to add lemon flavor to vegetable marinades, fish and poultry dishes, salad dressings, puddings, jams, Greek yogurt, and beverages. The plant is also used to make Greek lemon verbena tea wherein the leaves are dried and steeped.

Lemon verbena Benefits. Lemon Verbena is a stomachic and therefore good for relieving indigestion, heartburn, and for tonifying the digestive tract. It is also great for soothing anxiety and as a sedative it is helpful in insomnia. ... Lemon verbena leaves can be made into a delicious and refreshing tea.
Traditional/Ethnobotanical uses. Lemon verbena has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries to stop muscle spasms, as a fever reducer and sedative, for indigestion, and to increase appetite, among other indications. Research regarding its medicinal use is limited.
Verbena is used for sore throats
Whooping cough
Chest pain (angina)
Heart failure
Generalized seizure
Metabolic disorders
Blood” (anemia)
Digestive disorders
Cold symptoms
Joint pain
Sinuses (sinusitis)

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 09, 2019, 09:42:17 AM


Night-Blooming Jasmine

I have seen this beautiful plant in Arillas or near by

Cestrum nocturnum (common names include night-blooming jasmine, night-blooming cestrum is a species of Cestrum in the plant family Solanaceae (the potato family) nightshade family
C. nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla
Cestrum nocturnum is grown in subtropical regions as an ornamental plant for its flowers that are heavily perfumed at night. It grows best in average to moist soil that is light and sandy
Like all other flowering plants, jasmine also produces a flower-inducing hormone in its leaves when exposed to bright sunlight. This hormone is called florigen (flower-generating hormone) and it migrates from the leaves to flowering shoots during the day. ... So due to this jasmine bloom at night .The fruit is a berry 10 millimetres long by 5 mm diameter, either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers.

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All members of the Solanaceae family contain an alkaloid toxin called solanine,
Night blooming jasmine not only produces clusters of fragrant flowers, it also produces attractive clusters of small white berries. As with other members of the nightshade family, these berries are toxic to humans and many animals if ingested
 Do not ingest any part of the plant, and
Though, that the fragrance from the flowers can irritate the airways of asthma sufferers,
Some people, especially those with respiratory sensitivities or asthma, have reported difficulty breathing, irritation of the nose and throat, headache, nausea, or other symptoms when exposed to the blossom's powerful scent
 The smoke from any part of this plant, if burnt, should not be inhaled.

Essential Oil-perfume-shampoo-Essence sticks-soaps-creams
grown as an ornamental hedge as well as a shrub

The medicinal properties of night blooming jasmine include antioxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-convulsant, anti-HIV and larvicidal activities shown to inhibit tumour growth
against Staphylococcus aureus

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 10, 2019, 09:09:27 AM


Monocotyledon Plants and Dicotyledon plants

Monocotyledons commonly referred to as monocots,  are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon. They constitute one of the major groups into which the flowering plants have traditionally been divided, the rest of the flowering plants having two cotyledons and therefore classified as dicotyledons, or dicots.
Do you like to eat onions? The part of the onion plant that we actually eat is a group of compressed leaves. If you look closely at them, you will see that the veins of the leaves all run parallel, demonstrating that the onion is a monocotyledon plant.
Monocotyledons are any plants that have flower parts in multiples of three, leaf veins that run parallel and adventitious roots. Common examples include tulips, onions, garlic and lilies


Bermuda grass.
Lucky bamboo.

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dicotyledons  also known as dicots The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group
 flowering plant with an embryo that bears two cotyledons (seed leaves). Dicotyledons constitute the larger of the two great divisions of flowering plants, and typically have broad stalked leaves



( The leaves of the dicot plants have veins that form a branched pattern, The veins are actually netted or webbed on the whole surface of the leaf.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 10, 2019, 10:11:59 AM



Primula is a genus of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. They include the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, (P. vulgaris). P. auricula They have been extensively cultivated and hybridised - in the case of the primrose, for many hundreds of years. Primula are native to the temperate northern hemisphere, south into tropical mountains in Ethiopia, Indonesia and New Guinea, and in temperate southern South America.europe Almost half of the known species are from the Himalayas.
Primula species have been extensively cultivated and hybridised, mainly derived from P. elatior, P. juliae, P. veris and P. vulgaris. Polyanthus (often called P. polyantha) is one such group of plants, which has produced a large variety of strains in all colours, usually grown as annuals or biennials and available as seeds or young plants
The majority of primula species grow to height of 8 to 12 inches.

Are primulas and primroses the same?

They are known for being similar to primroses, but unlike primroses the flowers stand on a single stalk, proud of the leaves of the plant. Polyanthus plants are known to be a natural hybrid between the cowslip (Primula veris) and the common primrose (Primula vulgaris).

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Primula obconica is the scientific name given to what is commonly known as the Poisonous Primrose. ... However, this plant can also have a negative interaction with humans because it is poisonous. This plant is on Corfu
Primula obconica (German primula) - skin irritant.

Primula Non-poisonous


Use as seasonal bedding plants parks gardens

An ointment has been made from the plant and used for treating skin wounds. It is used mostly today as an expectorant (due to saponins) and tonic to the respiratory & nervous system. It also contains salicylates which are the main ingredient of aspirin and have anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge
supporting its tonic effect on the nervous system
 swollen nose and throat and bronchitis
 trouble sleeping
muscle spasms
heart failure and many other conditions

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 11, 2019, 09:16:06 AM


Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants trees in the family Salicaceae native to most of the Northern Hemisphere
English names variously applied to different species include poplar, aspen, and cottonwood.The bark on young trees is smooth, white to greenish or dark grey
The genus has a large genetic diversity, and can grow from 15–50 m tall, with trunks up to 2.5 m in diameter
Several species of Populus in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe have experienced heavy dieback; this is thought in part to be due to Sesia apiformis The hornet moth or hornet clearwing
You can see this tree on the Arillas trail

below The hornet moth or hornet clearwing

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As the weather gets warmer, cottonwood trees will let their characteristic seeds fly, filling the air with what look like tiny white clouds. The trees are not actually related to cotton plants; instead, they are poplars,

below is a BACK COTTONWOOD   Populus trichocarpa   


Eating small amounts of cottonwood leaves can cause stomach problems, but not everyone would define that as poisoning

Cottonwood Firewood. Cottonwood firewood is a low density hardwood with a low BTU rating. Cottonwood can be tough to split when green and sometimes takes longer to dry than a lot of other tree species. When it is dry it burns fast and produces fast heat but doesn't last long and leaves a lot of ash.
Farmers use the trees around fields as a  windbreaker to protect the crops cottonwood becomes commercial veneer for utility and low-priced furniture, most ends up as fruit and berry baskets or boxes More often sold as carving blocks than lumber, cottonwood costs less than basswood.

Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. A compound called salacin, salicin…which aspirin comes from which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. ... Because cottonwood is high in antioxidants, it is useful for healing the skin, including sunburn.
The Eastern Cottonwood also had a few edible uses. Its inner bark, buds, and capsules are all edible. Its buds and cottony tufts were used as chewing gum. Its sap, which contains some sugar, is drinkable.
A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 12, 2019, 11:20:09 AM


European beech or common beech,

Fagus sylvatica  is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae  reaching heights of up to 50 m though more typically 25–35 m A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m a typical lifespan of 150–200 years, though sometimes up to 300 years. In cultivated forest stands trees are normally harvested at 80–120 years of age Although often regarded as native in southern England, Habitat
Habitat Damp heavy soils of forests, parks, avenues, and hedges.
Recent evidence suggests that F. sylvatica did not arrive in England until about 4000 BC, or 2,000 years after the English Channel formed after the ice ages;
Since the early 19th century there have been numerous cultivars of European beech made by horticultural selection, often repeatedly; they include: Copper Beech or Purple Beech (Fagus sylvatica purpurea) – leaves purple
Golden beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Zlatia') – leaves golden in spring
Dawyck beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck') – fastigiate (columnar) growth – occurs in green, gold and purple forms; named after Dawyck Botanic Garden in the Scottish Borders
dwarf beech (Fagus sylvatica Tortuosa Group) – distinctive twisted trunk and branches

European beech                             Copper Beech or Purple Beech

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. Beech trees flower in the spring, shortly after their new leaves appear, and produce a triangular shaped fruit called beechnuts in the fall. Beechnuts have historically been consumed for food, but they are high in tannins and have a strong bitter taste. In large quantities, they are toxic to both humans and dogs especially when they are green or uncooked.
Beechnuts are often consumed as a food, but unripe or raw nuts are toxic in large quantities

Common Uses: Lumber, veneer, flooring, boatbuilding, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments (piano pinblocks), plywood, and turned objects. Comments: Beech is an important and widely-used hardwood in Europe.
Its wood is strong and wears well making it ideal for a wide range of uses, from furniture boatbuilding
Beech wood is used for the stocks of military rifles when traditionally preferred woods such as walnut are scarce or unavailable or as a lower-cost alternative
oil is obtained from the seed, it is used as a fuel for lighting
 bowls, baskets and kitchen utensils.
As well as for pulp and firewood.
Fagus sylvatica hedge


Medicinal use of Beech: The bark is antacid, antipyretic, antiseptic, antitussive, expectorant, odontalgic. A tar (or creosote), obtained by dry distillation of the branches, is stimulating and antiseptic. It is used internally as a stimulating expectorant and externally as an application to various skin diseases.
boils, piles and other skin complaints
Pure creosote has been used to give relief from toothache

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 14, 2019, 09:17:32 AM



European grapevine = Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region-A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines
The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. vinifera restricted to cultivated forms
The grape is eaten fresh, processed to make wine or juice, or dried to produce raisins
 Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the basis of the majority of wines produced around the world. All of the familiar wine varieties belong to Vitis vinifera, which is cultivated on every continent except for Antarctica, and in all the major wine regions of the world.
Humans are known to have interacted with the Vitis vinifera in the Neolithic period.also known as the "New Stone Age  began about 12,000 years ago
The term Neolithic derives from the Greek νέος néos, "new" and λίθος líthos, "stone", literally meaning "New Stone Age"
Use of grapes is known to date back to Neolithic times, following the discovery in 1996 of 7,000-year-old wine storage jars in present-day northern Iran
There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.
The liana growing to 32 m in length, with flaky bark. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed
[A liana is any of various long-stemmed, woody vines that are rooted in the soil at ground level and use trees, as well as other means of vertical support, to climb up to the canopy to get access to well-lit areas of the forest]

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USES Wine, Jam, Juice, grape seed oil. vinegar, jelly,raisins, Woodwork craft projects

Made fron the vines trunk
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Health Benefits of Eating Grapes
 Vitamins C and K.                                                         
May Protect Against Certain Types of Cancer                     
Alzheimer’s disease:                                                                                                     
Breast cancer:                                                                 
For vision:                                                                     
Indigestion: Blood cholesterol:                                                   
Kidney disorders:                                                           
Antibacterial activity:
Protection against sunburns:
Anti-ageing benefits:
Skin softener:
Rejuvenates the skin:
Cures uneven skin tone:
Treatment of dandruff:
Lightens scars:
Power up Your Weight Loss:
Protect Your Heart:
Mop Up Brain Damaging Plaques:
Cancer radiation:
Immune System:
LDL cholesterol:
Supports Muscle Recovery:
Bone Health: 
Fight Diabetes:
Improve Brain Power:

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 15, 2019, 09:26:19 AM



Asphodelus is a genus of mainly perennial plants  Now placed in the family Asphodelaceae, the genus was formerly included in the lily family (Liliaceae). can be seen flowering up to June. It was used to treat several diseases by the Greeks and Romans. The roots are used to make a glue used by bookmakers and shoemakers.
The plants are hardy herbaceous perennials with narrow tufted radical leaves and an elongated stem bearing a handsome spike of white or yellow flowers. Asphodelus albus and A. fistulosus have white flowers and grow from 1½ to 2 ft. high
 A. ramosus is a larger plant, the large white flowers of which have a reddish-brown line in the middle of each segment.
 The genus is native to temperate Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian Subcontinent, and now naturalized in other places (New Zealand, Australia, Mexico, southwestern United States,

In Greek legend the asphodel is one of the most famous of the plants connected with the dead and the underworld. Homer
describes it as covering the great meadow the haunt of the dead  It was planted on graves
 Its general connection with death is due no doubt to the greyish colour of its leaves and its yellowish flowers, which suggest the gloom of the underworld and the pallor of death.
The asphodel was also supposed to be a remedy for poisonous snake-bites
 Habitats, Dry sandy or rocky places in fields, track-sides and uncultivated ...
The Asphodel Meadows is a section of the ancient Greek underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
According to Victorian Flower Language, asphodel is a type of lily meaning 'My regrets follow you to the grave' and wormwood means 'absence' and also typically symbolized bitter sorrow. If you combined that, it meant 'I bitterly regret Lily's death'.

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UNKNOWN  Only the The root is poisonous.

An alcohol can be obtained from the fermented roots.
Asphodel was planted amongst the tombs

The tubers are antidermatosic, detergent, emollient and vulnerary. They are mainly used externally in the treatment of skin conditions and for lightening freckles. They have also been employed internally as a cough remedy.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 16, 2019, 09:19:53 AM


 At your command Mr Eggy have a read


Ziziphus jujuba (from Greek ζίζυφον, zízyphon), commonly called jujube (/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/; sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date,is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.
It is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching a height of 5–12 metres usually with thorny branches The flowers are small, 5 mm yellowish-green petals
This plant has been introduced in Madagascar and grows as an invasive species in the western part of the island
In Arabic-speaking regions the jujube and alternatively the species Z. lotus are closely related to the lote-trees (sing. "sidrah", pl. "sidr") which are mentioned in the Quran
This enables the jujube to grow in mountain or desert habitats, provided there is access to underground water throughout the summer. The jujube, Z. jujuba grows in cooler regions of Asia. Five or more other species of Ziziphus are widely distributed in milder climates to hot deserts of Asia and Africa.
The fruit is an edible oval drupe The mango, olive, apricot, cherry, nectarine, peach, and plum are all examples of drupes.
In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside

The Jujube has been cultivated for over 4,000 years for its edible fruit, and over 400 cultivars have been selected.
The tree tolerates a wide range of temperatures and rainfall, though it requires hot summers and sufficient water for acceptable fruiting. Unlike most of the other species in the genus, it tolerates fairly cold winters, surviving temperatures down to about -15°C. This enables the jujube to grow in desert habitats, provided there is access to underground water through the summer. Virtually no temperature seems to be too high in summertime.

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China and Korea produce a sweetened tea syrup In China, a wine made from jujube fruit is called hong zao jiu
Sometimes pieces of jujube fruit are preserved by storing them in a jar filled with baijiu (Chinese liquor), which allows them to be kept fresh for a long time, especially through the winter. Such jujubes are called jiu zao
 Its hard, oily wood was, along with pear, used for woodcuts to print the world's first books, starting in the 8th century and continuing through the 19th in China and neighboring countries. As many as 2000 copies could be produced from one jujube woodcut
jujube candy
Italy has an alcoholic syrup called brodo di giuggiole
 use it to make jam.
pickle with oil and spices
jujube vinegar
Both China and Korea produce a sweetened tea syrup containing jujube fruit in glass jars, and canned jujube tea or jujube tea in the form of teabags
In traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, jujube and walnut were often placed in the newly weds' bedroom as a sign of fertility.
In Korea, the wood is used to make the body of the taepyeongso, a double-reed wind instrument.

          Taepyeongso                    Made from Jujube wood
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In traditional medicine, the fruit, seeds and bark of jujube have been used to treat anxiety and insomnia, as well as as an appetite stimulant or digestive aid. ... Like dates, jujube fruit is loaded with energy, essential vitamins and minerals, which provide its many health benefits.
Treats Cancer
Improves Sleep And Treats Insomnia
Improves Heart Health And Decreases The Risk Of Heart Disease
Enhances Gastrointestinal Health
Relieves Chronic Constipation
Regulates Circulation
Reduces Inflammation
Reduces Stress and Anxiety
Aids Digestion
Improves Bone Strength
Aids Digestion
Detoxifies Blood
Protects Against Brain Damage
Improves Cognitive Function
Protects Against Seizures
Has Antimicrobial Properties
Benefits Skin Health
Improves Ovarian Health
Removes Breast Milk Toxins
Rich In Vitamin C
Regulates Blood Pressure

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on January 16, 2019, 12:34:01 PM
Well dun , you!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 16, 2019, 02:29:29 PM


If anyone wants any plant identified I will have a go or I can find out
Take good photos and the habitat home or abroad place of the plant and time it flowering also the size

If you can not add photos to the forum get in contact I will send my email the you just add as a attachment
I walk you through if you have trouble

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 17, 2019, 08:57:55 AM


Cyclamen is the most widespread cyclamen species, is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen species are native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin east to Iran,  They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves.
It was traditionally classified in the family Primulaceae, was reclassified in the family Myrsinaceae in 2000, and finally, in 2009 with the introduction of the APG III system, was returned to the subfamily Myrsinoideae within the family Primulaceae
Cyclamens have a tuber, from which the leaves, flowers and roots grow  In most species, leaves come up in autumn, grow through the winter, and then die in spring, then the plant goes dormant through the dry Mediterranean summer. Most cyclamen species originate from the Mediterranean Cyclamen are commonly grown for their flowers, both outdoors and indoors in pots
Habitat - Woods, rocky slopes, alpine meadows
Height - 4-12 inches Spread - 6-12 inches

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Eating large quantities of the thickened roots (Tuber) can be toxic, it contains terpenoid saponins that has a purgative reaction, although ingestion in humans is quite rare due to the plants unpleasant flavour. If it is ingested symptoms can include stomach irritation, which can lead to vomiting and diarrhea.. This plant is more of a concern for pets than humans.

However, its therapeutic uses are no longer as popular today as they were in the past. An essential oil can also be extracted from this plant
 some cyclamen cultivars are favored for their delicate flavor and use in tea.

Cyclamen is a plant. The root and underground stem (rhizome) are used as medicine. Despite serious safety concerns, people take cyclamen for “nervous emotional states” and problems with digestion. Women take it for menstrual disorders.
Dropsy an old term for edema
Intestinal worms
Migraines and headaches
Infected wounds
      Bones, pain in.
      Climacteric sufferings.
      Eyes, affections of.     
      Heel, pain in.
      Menstruation, disorders of.
      Mental derangement.
      Pregnancy, sickness of, disorders of.
      Thirst, absence of.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 18, 2019, 09:30:57 AM



Equisetum common names horsetail, snake grass, puzzlegrass is the only living genus in Equisetaceae, a family of vascular plants that reproduce by spores rather than seeds. very invasive
Equisetum is a "living fossil", the only living genus of the entire class Equisetopsida, which for over 100 million years was much more diverse and dominated the understory of late Paleozoic forests. Some Equisetopsida were large trees reaching to 30 meters tall.The genus Calamites of the family Calamitaceae, for example, is abundant in coal deposits from the Carboniferous period
The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life" is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon. It is the longest of the Phanerozoic eras, lasting from 541 to 251.902 million years ago, and is subdivided into six geologic periods (from oldest to youngest): the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian. The Paleozoic comes after the Neoproterozoic Era of the Proterozoic Eon and is followed by the Mesozoic Era.
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense), often called mare’s tail, is an invasive, deep-rooted perennial weed that will spread quickly to form a dense carpet of foliage, crowding out less vigorous plants in beds and borders.
Areas affected: Beds, borders, lawns, paths and patios wast ground
 stems 20-50cm (10-20in) tall, appear with a cone-like spore producing structure at the end of the stems.
The creeping rhizomes of this pernicious plant may go down as deep as 2m (7ft) below the surface, making them hard to remove by digging out, especially if they invade a border. They often enter gardens by spreading underground from neighbouring properties or land.
deeper roots will require a lot of excavation. Shallow, occasional weeding is not effective and can make the problem worse, as the plant can regrow from any small pieces left behind.
Infestations of horsetail can be weakened with weedkiller.

I do not like this plant i have had a few jobs to get rid of a very strong weed killer
Rosate 360 TF or  Gallup XL Super Strength Professional Glyphosate Weed Killer this is what i use all the time
last year i spayed the weeds at the tria for Helen within a week all weeds died

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The horsetail plant, or Equisetum arvense, is a potentially poisonous plant if eaten in large quantities, and for livestock such as horses and cows, can cause serious damage if consumed at all.The young shoots of the horsetail plant, as well as the pulp that grows within the stems, is actually edible for humans, as long as it is consumed in small quantities

Horsetail is sometimes used in herbal mixes for soups and similar foods, but only in small quantities. As the plant matures, the stems become very stiff and abrasive. Peeling the stem reveals the edible pulp inside. Native Americans and early settlers used the rough exterior of the stems to scrub out cooking pots and pans. If you try this, rinse well to remove traces of the plant, and do not use the plant to clean any utensils used for livestock.
horsetail tea
Holland & Barrett Horsetail 30 Capsules 160mg
Horsetail Extract Oil

horsetail plant helps maintain the strength of hair, nails and even bones
Add horsetail extract to olive oil or coconut oil to help slow hair loss and promote hair growth. It can also prevent split ends and dandruff.
Helps regulate blood flow.
Functions as a diuretic
Aids in maintaining skin and hair health
Assists in easing infections
 soak for foot infections
extract for brittle nails
compress or poultice for boils and sores
boost hair strength.
As tea.
fluid retention
kidney and bladder stones, urinary tract infections
inability to control urination
Fighting cancer
Reducing bleeding and improving wound healing
Stopping or slowing down the growth of bacteria, viruses, and yeast
Increasing the uptake of calcium, remineralizing bones and teeth, and regenerating tissues
 Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Reduces Swelling
Reduces Pain
Treat Diabetes
Relaxation and Sleep
Reduce Seizures
Improve Cognition
Protects the Liver
Treat Ulcers and Hemorrhoids
Treat Herpes and HIV
Treat Heart Disease
Relieve Asthma
Relieve Diarrhea
Improve Skin Health
gum inflammation and bleeding
Treat Gout

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 19, 2019, 11:36:17 AM

Jerusalem sage

Phlomis fruticosa common name Jerusalem sage is a species of flowering plant of the Lamiaceae family, native to Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Turkey,
t is a small evergreen shrub, up to 1 m tall 1.5 m wide. The sage-like, aromatic leaves are oval wrinkled grey-green with white undersides, and covered with fine hairs. Light yellow, tubular flowers,
This is a lovely plant to brighten up any garden summer flowering It is listed as Deer resistant
It is popular as an ornamental plant, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit
Jerusalem sage is a shrub that ranges natively from Turkey to Syria. Despite its name, it is actually a close relative of mint.
 Habitat  dry and stony Meadows. they prefer a position in the sun with excellent drainage. Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Ground Cover;

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Phlomis fruticosa on ... Phlomis fruticosa has no toxic effects reported. No reported toxicity to:Birds. Cats Dogs Horses Livestock People

Phlomis fruticosa is known for attracting bees. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers.
use the leaves once dried use in stews casseroles and potpourri

Medicinal use of Jerusalem Sage: None known
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 19, 2019, 11:51:47 AM

If you use herbs or grow herbs these book are vrey good

The Complete Herb Book is a comprehensive A-Z guide to the fascinating world of herbs, providing practical information on each herb's organic growing requirements, use, mythical properties and historical background.

The A-Z directory features a full details that include:
Natural habitat
Species and related plants
Soil properties
Watering requirements
Weather protection
Container growing
Strategies to eliminate pests
Best harvesting times
Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic and other uses
The how-to section features step-by-step instructions and best practices for herb gardening. Included are sample plans; month-by-month checklists; drying, freezing and storing guides; tips for making oils, vinegars and preserves; and information on propagation.

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 20, 2019, 09:57:48 AM


If you like walking-hiking  though the countryside and looking at some wild flowers and wonder what the plant is
Well this book has been a big help for me.
 If you find a plant and it is just all green open the book to the green section
and look for your plant

What makes this book so startlingly easy to use is that it is organised in sections by colour, to such an extent that the edges of the pages form a rainbow sequence of white, yellow, red, blue, purple, green and brown. For anyone who has tried in vain to identify a tiny yellow flower in a huge book this is an enormous advantage, and may be unique. In addition to this, the illustrations are clear watercolours, making the relevant plant very easy to identify. Colour photographs may be beautiful, but for reference this pictorial technique is far better.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 21, 2019, 10:20:09 AM


You will see this plant around Arillas on wast ground

Field Scabious

Knautia arvensis, commonly known as field scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils
Similar species
Field Scaboius is not likely to be confused with other plants. There are similar looking plants from different genus’ in ornamental situations, Butterfly plant or Pincushion flower (Scabiosa) for example. They are not likely to be as invasive as Field Scabious.

. Another name for this plant is gipsy rose. The genus Knautia is named after a 17th-century German botanist, Christian Knaut.
Scientific name: Knautia arvensis
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Upper leaves pinnately lobed and opposite
Entire plant covered in short, stiff hairs
Pink-blue flowers in dense heads
Habitat Information
A native perennial herb of dry, well drained calcareous and neutral grassland. It can be found on chalk and limestone meadow, rough pasture, hedgerows, verges and grassy waste ground. When in flower it attracts large numbers of bees, butterflies, moths and hoverflies.

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Below is Scabiosa easy to get mixed up

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People take field scabious for cough and sore throat.
Field scabious is sometimes applied directly to the skin for treating skin conditions such as scabies, eczema, rashes, cracked skin around the anus (anal fissures) and anal itching. It is also applied to the skin for treating roundworm infections, bruises, and swelling (inflammation), and for cleansing and healing ulcers.
Species of scabious were used to treat scabies, and many other afflictions of the skin including sores caused by the bubonic plague. The word scabies comes from the Latin word for "scratch" (scabere). Another name for this plant is gipsy rose. The genus Knautia is named after a 17th-century German botanist, Christian Knaut.
The whole plant is astringent and mildly diuretic. An infusion is used internally as a blood purifier and externally for treating cuts, burns and bruises. The fresh or dried flowering plant can be used, with or without the roots. A homeopathic remedy is made from the plant. It is used as a blood purifier and as a treatment for eczema and other skin disorders.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 22, 2019, 09:02:47 AM


Flax-leaved Daphne

Daphne gnidium -commonly known as the flax-leaved daphne Family:   Thymelaeaceae is a poisonous   is a genus of between 70 and 95 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from the Mediterranean region with narrow, dense dark-green foliage and white fragrant flowers.
Daphne gnidium is characterized by upright branches that grow 1.5 to 2 m  tall
leaves are dark green with sticky undersides. It bears white fragrant flowers in late spring or early summer. The fruits are drupes and are round and red,
Daphne gnidium grows well in sandy loam. They are commonly found in fields, woodlands garrigues, and hillsides.
 They are native to the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea
Daphne (/ˈdæfniː/; Greek: Δάφνη, meaning "laurel"

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All parts of daphne contain toxins, but the greatest concentrations occur in the bark, sap, and berries. Mezerein, an acrid resin producing a severe skin irritation; and daphnin, a bitter, poisonous glycoside. These are extremely active toxins.
 Non-fatal doses cause vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain and a burning sensation in the mouth.
 Daphne species are poisonous to humans and animals.
 Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis in some people

ornamental shrub for gardens parks very fragrant flowers
The flowers are very fragrant, they are put in sachets and used for pot-pourri.
They are also used to perfume wate

Medicinal use of Winter Daphne: The flowers and the stems are anodyne, antiphlogistic, antispasmodic, depurative and ophthalmic. A decoction is used in the treatment of backache, myalgia, skin diseases, poor vision etc. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of laryngitis and sore throats.
caked breast is
massaging the breast using a firm movement over the lump towards the nipple may help in rapid relief of blocked duct and release of the milk if there is an associated condition such as white spot on the nipple it can be removed with the use a sterile needle or rubbing with a towel.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 23, 2019, 09:49:51 AM


Blue Plumbago

Plumbago auriculata common names blue plumbago, Cape plumbago or Cape leadwort  in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to South Africa
It is an evergreen shrub, often grown as a climber, ascending rapidly to 6 m tall by 3 m wide in nature,
 It has light blue to blue flowers and also variations with white   flowers. The leaves are a glossy green and grow to 5 cm long. Plumbago grow best in full sun to part shade.
The specific epithet auriculata means "with ears", referring to the shape of the leaves
It is fast growing, drought resistant and rewarding and will grow in any soil, but will perform best if planted with plenty of compost. Plumbago is somewhat frost tender but will quickly re-grow if damaged
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping -Xeriscaping is the process of landscaping or gardening that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation.

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Plumbago auriculta is toxic to animals but on the ASPCA website and it says "Plumbago Larpentiae - Scientific Name: Ceratostigma larpentiae- Family: Plumbaginaceae- Toxicity: Non-Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Horses - Toxic Principles: Non-toxic.

The sap of the roots is grey-blue, and is used for tattoo
 flowers and leaves of Plumbago are used as a dye for textiles

A decoction of the aerial parts or roots is taken to treat blackwater fever
To relieve headache
powdered root is put on warts to make them disappear

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 24, 2019, 09:06:01 AM

Greek peony

Paeonia parnassica, the common name Greek peony, is native to the mountains of south-central Greece. The flowers are produced in late spring with a deep maroon red colouring on 65 cm stems. The blooms are large, up to 12 cm in diameter and bear a boss of rich orange stamens.
Family:   Paeoniaceae the current consensus is 33 known species
Peonies are among the most popular garden plants in temperate regions.
Peanies are Herbaceous plant
there are other species and colours from white to deep red
In Europe, herbaceous peonies are a part of ancient Greek mythology and are highly regarded for their medicinal properties.
You also can get Wild peony
And diffrent Flower types
Six types of flower are generally distinguished in cultivars of herbaceous peonies.

Single: a single or double row of broad petals encircle fertile stamens, carpels visible.
Japanese: a single or double row of broad petals encircle somewhat broadened staminodes, may carry pollen along the edges, carpels visible.
Anemone: a single or double row of broad petals encircle narrow incurved petal-like staminodes; fertile stamens are absent, carpels visible.
Semi-double: a single or double row of broad petals encircles further broad petals intermingled with stamens.
: a single row of broad petals encircles a shorter dense pompon of narrower petals.
Double: the flower consists of many broad petals only, including those which likely are altered stamens and carpels.
Herbaceous Paeonia include:-
Paeonia anomala
Paeonia broteri
Paeonia brownii
Paeonia californica
Paeonia cambessedesii
Paeonia caucasica
Paeonia clusii
Paeonia daurica
Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii
Paeonia emodi
Paeonia japonica
Paeonia kesrouanensis
Paeonia lactiflora
Paeonia macrophylla
Paeonia mairei
Paeonia mascula
Paeonia obovata
Paeonia parnassica
Paeonia peregrina
Paeonia sinjiangensis
Paeonia sterniana
Paeonia steveniana
Paeonia tenuifolia
Paeonia veitchii
Paeonia wittmanniana
But the greek peony Paeonia parnassica is a deep  maroon

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Peonies.  poisonous: The roots, flowers and seeds of peonies are toxic. Symptoms: If peonies are ingested, poisoning may cause nausea, diarrhea, skin irritation, tremors and an accelerated heartbeat.

Uses in parks - garden - Tubs - pots

Women use peony for menstrual cramps, polycystic ovary syndrome, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and for starting menstruation or causing an abortion. It is also used for viral hepatitis, livercirrhosis, upset stomach, muscle cramps, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), and to cause vomiting.
 prized for its medicinal uses and known to the ancient greeks as 'The Queen of all Herbs

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 30, 2019, 10:02:52 AM


Lime Trees or Linden

Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere British Isles they are commonly called lime trees  although they are not closely related to the tree that produces the lime fruit. Other names include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American species The genus occurs in Europe Family:   Malvaceae  Tilia species are mostly large, deciduous trees, reaching typically 20 to 40 metres  Limes are hermaphroditic, having perfect flowers with both male and female parts, pollinated by insects.
Tilia. Think of lime trees and the first thought that pops into most people's heads is "don't park underneath them" because of their unfortunate attractiveness to aphids, which then produce masses of sticky honeydew that drips onto the cars below and is difficult to wash off.

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Whilst some lime trees are toxic for bees, others provide a very useful nectar source. Reputedly some lime trees (tilia) are poisonous for some bee species and less toxic for others, or have at least a narcotic effect. ... Dead bumblebees had been found beneath a lime tree with parts of the abdomen missing.UNKNOWN TO HUMANS

The wood is used in marionette- and puppet-making and -carving. Having a fine light grain and being comparatively light in weight, it has been used for centuries for this purpose;

Tilia flowers are used in herbalism for colds, cough, fever, infections, inflammation, high blood pressure, headache (particularly migraine), and as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces smooth muscle spasm along the digestive tract), and sedative.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on January 31, 2019, 11:00:25 AM



Hedera, commonly called ivy  is a genus of 12–15 species of evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants in the family Araliaceae, native to western, central and southern Europe,
 On suitable surfaces for climbing, including trees, natural rock outcrops or man-made structures such as quarry rock faces or built masonry and wooden structures, they can climb to at least 30 m above the ground. Ivies have two leaf types, with palmately lobed juvenile leaves on creeping and climbing stems and unlobed cordate adult leaves on fertile flowering stems exposed to full sun,  usually high in the crowns of trees or the tops of rock faces, from 2 m or more above ground
The flowers are greenish-yellow with five small petals; they are produced in umbels in autumn to early winter and are very rich in nectar. The fruit is a greenish-black, dark purple or (rarely) yellow berry 5–10 mm diameter with one to five seeds, ripening in late winter to mid-spring. The seeds are dispersed by birds which eat the berries.
 For their evergreen foliage attracting wildlife, Several ivy species have become a serious invasive species and classed as a weed
 Climbing ivy if moths are in the ivy up a tree in some areas Tree Preservation Orders and trees in conservation areas you can not cut down because some moths are rare

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Ivy Hedera helix is food for the following moths:
Clepsis consimilana
Lozotaenia forsterana
 Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus
 Double-striped Pug Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
Yellow-barred Brindle Acasis viretata
Swallow-tailed Moth Ourapteryx sambucaria
Willow Beauty Peribatodes rhomboidaria
 Dot Moth Melanchra persicariae
Old Lady Mormo maura

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English ivy (Hedera helix) is an indoor and outdoor ornamental vine. This plant contains saponins, which have caused poisoning in cattle, dogs, sheep, and humans. Two chemicals in the sap can also cause severe contact dermatitis in sensitive humans.
Toxic parts
leaves mature fruit plant juices
 Humans who ingested the berries have shown symptoms, including coma. Dermatitis is rare but can be severe. Weeping lesions and blisters respond slowly to treatment

Hedera helix 'Hibernica', common ivy, is not the 'poison ivy' Toxicodendron radicans

Good for wild life food and habitat

Hederae folium is used for the treatment of respiratory tract diseases with intense mucous formation, respiratory tract infections and in irritating cough which stems from common cold.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

English ivies are one of the top 10 air-purifying plants, according to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). English ivies can remove toxins like:

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 01, 2019, 09:09:39 AM



Amelanchier also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, serviceberry or sarvisberry, or just sarvis, juneberry, saskatoon, sugarplum or wild-plum, and chuckley pear is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous-leaved shrubs and small trees in the Rose family Rosaceae.  Two species also occur in Asia, and one in Europe.
Amelanchier is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere,
Amelanchier lamarckii=  is a large deciduous flowering shrub or small tree in the family Rosaceae. It is widely naturalised in Europe, where it is known as snowy mespilus
The various species of Amelanchier grow to 0.2–20 m tal
The bark is gray or less often brown 1–20 flowers, erect or drooping, either in clusters of one to four flowers
The fruit is a berry-like pome, red to purple to nearly black at maturity, 5–15 mm diameter, insipid to delectably sweet, maturing in summer
Amelanchier plants are valued horticulturally, and their fruits are important to wildlife
Edible berries follow from June until August. The young leaves are an attractive bronze colour when they first emerge, darkening to a lush green in late spring and summer. In the autumn they turning vivid shades or orange/deep-red before falling. Forms a small garden tree.

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The berries of Amelanchier are edible and ripen in mid summer. They taste similar to blueberries and can be eaten many ways. They are delicious raw and even after eating many berries there is no unpleasant aftertaste. They can also be used in pies and jams.
 can be planted in a small, town garden and it provides several seasons of interest, from its masses of white star-shaped flowers in spring to its colourful leaves and ornamental shrubs
The wood is hard and strong and useful for making small tool handles. Amelanchiers can also be used as a dwarfing rootstock for apples and pears.

The fruit is rich in iron and copper. The tree also has medicinal uses - traditionally a tea was made from the root bark (mixed with other unspecified herbs) and used as a tonic in the treatment of excessive menstrual bleeding and also to treat diarrhoea.
 The bark is sometimes used as a flavouring agent in cough syrups.
 The roots and the bark are a blood tonic
 An infusion of the root bark has been used as a wash for burns, old sores and ulcers.
 A decoction of the inner bark has been used as a treatment for laryngitis and stomach aches.
 treat diarrhoea and bloody discharges of the bowels.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 03, 2019, 11:06:58 AM


Fraxinus common name Ash is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.
45–65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous, though a few subtropical species are evergreen
is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America.
 Ash  traces back to the Old English æsc, while the generic name originated in Latin. Both words also mean "spear" in their respective languages.[As a letter of the Old English Latin alphabet, it was called æsc ("ash tree") after the Anglo-Saxon futhorc rune which it transliterated; its traditional name in English is still ash ]
The seeds, popularly known as "keys" or "helicopter seeds
Most Fraxinus species are dioecious, having male and female flowers on separate plants but gender in ash is expressed as a continuum between male and female individuals, dominated by unisexual trees. With age, ash may change their sexual function from predominantly male and hermaphrodite towards femaleness
 Grown as an ornamental and both sexes are present, ashes can cause a considerable litter problem with their seeds. Rowans or mountain ashes have leaves and buds superficially similar to those of true ashes, but belong to the unrelated genus Sorbus in the rose family.
Fraxinus excelsior is the european ash and the one you will most probably see around Arillas or Corfu
It is native throughout mainland Europe It is a large deciduous tree growing to 12–18 m

The Ash tree is the tree of life Mentioned in the Bible that’s why God Cast Adam and Eve out of the Garden Island called the Garden of Eden with hands of the Ash always pointing to Sun it shows Love for Creation under the Sun.

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People have used ash timber for years. It is one of the toughest hardwoods and absorbs shocks without splintering. It is used for making tools and sport handles, including hammers, axes, spades, hockey sticks and oars. An attractive wood, it is also used for furniture.
Ash flooring has a very light natural color that can brighten up almost any home. It has ample character throughout creating a beautiful floor with interest.
Ash wood is used to make various tools, handles, baseball and softball bats and bows. It also makes very good firewood. Ash trees are also perfect material for old fashion shafts for bow and arrows. In Norse Mythology, the world tree Yggdrasil is commonly thought to be an ash tree.
Ash wood was used to make spears
A green dye is obtained from the leaves The bark is a source of tannin

Depending on the species, ash tree chewing gum can taste very sweet. This is because it contains mannose. Moreover, the bark of the ash tree is edible and the leaves which are described as being refreshing are much appreciated.
Ash was once an ancient remedy for snake bites, and was believed to cure many other ailments from obesity to leprosy! Ash was used to treat jaundice, kidney and bladder stones, flatulence, warts, ringworm, and earache.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 04, 2019, 09:16:49 AM


Acer pseudoplatanus, known as the sycamore is a flowering plant species in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. It is a large deciduous, broad-leaved tree, tolerant of wind and coastal exposure. It is native to Central Europe and Western Asia, from France eastwards to Ukraine, northern Turkey and the Caucasus and southwards in the mountains of northern Spain and Italy.
The sycamore establishes itself easily from seed and was introduced to the British Isles by 1500, and is now naturalised there and in other parts of Europe,
The sycamore can grow to a height of about 35 m
 It is sometimes planted in urban areas for its value as an amenity tree and produces a hard-wearing, creamy-white close-grained timber that is used for making musical instruments, furniture, joinery, wood flooring and kitchen utensils. It also makes good firewood. The rising sap in spring has been used to extract sugar and make alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, and honey is made by bees collecting the nectar.
The botanical name of sycamore, Acer pseudoplatanus, means 'like a plane tree'. Although sycamore is an Acer and not closely related to plants in the Platanus genus, the leaves are superficially similar.
Do you remember The paired winged seeds you drop from a height and the seed spin around like a helicopter
Fruits: after pollination by wind and insects, female flowers develop into distinctive winged fruits known as samaras.

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Atypical myopathy (“Sycamore poisoning”) is a frequently fatal disease of horses caused by eating Sycamore seeds (“helicopters”) or seedlings. ... Even with intensive veterinary treatment, severely affected horses may die. However, with prompt, aggressive treatment cases can recover very quickly.

Value to wildlife
Sycamore is attractive to aphids and therefore a variety of their predators, such as ladybirds, hoverflies and birds. The leaves are eaten by caterpillars of a number of moths, including the sycamore moth, plumed prominent and maple prominent. The flowers provide a good source of pollen and nectar to bees and other insects, and the seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals.
It is used to make boxes, crates, yokes, furniture, butcher's blocks, and woodenware. Baskets may also be fashioned from the bark or thin strips of wood. Some trees are grown for timber that may be used for interior trim work, veneer, or pulpwood.
Sycamore timber is hard and strong, pale cream and with a fine grain. It is used for making furniture and kitchenware as the wood does not taint or stain the food. Trees are planted in parks and large gardens for ornamental purposes. And musical instruments
The sap contains sugar and can be used as a drink or be concentrated into a syrup by boiling off the water. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many foods

The bark has mild astringent properties and has been used to make a wash for skin problems and an eyewash for sore eyes
 The inner bark of the tree, containing the sweet sap, can be used as a dressing for wounds

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 05, 2019, 10:25:54 AM


Elms  genus Ulmus in the plant family Ulmaceae.  are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees
 The genus first appeared in the Miocene geological period about 20 million years ago, originating in what is now central Asia
Habitat : Hedgerows, by woods and roads
These trees flourished and spread over most of the Northern Hemisphere, inhabiting the temperate and tropical-montane regions
Elms are components of many kinds of natural forests. Moreover, during the 19th and early 20th centuries many species and cultivars were also planted as ornamental street, garden, and park trees in Europe
There are about 30 to 40 species of Ulmus (elm); the ambiguity in number results from difficulty in delineating species
Botanists who study elms and argue over elm identification and classification are called pteleologists, from the Greek πτελέα
Can  find it in graveyards in ancient Greece
Dutch elm disease  It has killed over 60 million British elms in two epidemics and continues to spread today.
First epidemic caused by fungus Ophiostoma ulmi from the 1920s onwards
Second and ongoing epidemic caused by the highly aggressive and related fungus O. novo-ulmi, first recognised in the 1970s
Elm bark beetles in the genus Scolytus disseminate the fungus
Infects all of Britain’s major elm species
Fungus invades water conducting system of trees
Apart from the trees that remain in Elm Disease Control areas such as
Brighton, Hove and parts of East Sussex, pockets of mature elms, and even some large
individual trees exist around the countryside. Almost invariably when cuttings are taken
from these trees and challenged with the Dutch elm disease pathogen, they turn out to
be susceptible to O. novo-ulmi. These trees, known as ‘escapes’, have probably avoided
infection through lack of exposure to the beetles that spread Dutch elm disease.
Interestingly, the beetles favour certain species of elms when it comes to feeding. Their
favourite is English elm and their least preferred is Wych elm (U. glabra). If a Wych elm
is infected it actually succumbs more readily to the pathogen than English elm, but Wych
elm often avoid infection because the beetles feed on this species less and so it is
considered to have field resistance.
Dutch Elm Disease must be treated proactively before the disease is present in the tree. The disease spreads so quickly that treatment on diseased trees may not be effective. We recommend a trunk injection of Propizol Fungicide as a proactive treatment, or else at the earliest stages of infection.

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The wood of the elm was used for coffins in England, and you could find it in graveyards in ancient Greece.
Elm Tree mythology
Elm. ... In Celtic mythology, too, elm trees were associated with the Underworld. They had a special affinity with elves who were said to guard the burial mounds, their dead and the associated passage into the Underworld. Elm trees in Britain can grow to become some of the tallest and largest native trees.
Common Uses: Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking. Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides.
Elm is one of the tuffer woods to split, makes ok lumber,
A fibre from the inner bark is very tough. It is used for making mats and ropes. Tannin and a dyestuff are obtained from the inner bark. No details of the colour are given. Wood - close-grained, free from knots, very durable under water, fairly hard, elastic, withstands abrasion and salt water, but does not take a high polish. It is used for water pipes, wheels, mallet heads, ships keels etc and is a good firewood.

Medicinal use of English Elm: The dried inner bark is anti-inflammatory, astringent, demulcent, mildly diuretic, resolvent, tonic and vulnerary. It is used both internally and externally in the treatment of diarrhoea, rheumatism, wounds, piles etc and is also used as a mouthwash in the treatment of ulcers.
Gastrointestinal disorders
Sore throat

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 07, 2019, 08:42:10 AM


Petunia is genus of 20 species of flowering plants of South American origin. The popular flower of the same name derived its epithet from the French, which took the word petun, meaning "tobacco," from a Tupi–Guarani language. An annual, most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids
Petunias can tolerate relatively harsh conditions and hot climates as a bedding plants pots, tubs, hanging baskets
A wide range of flower colours, sizes
Petunias are typically treated as annuals. They are planted in the spring, bloom throughout the warm months and then die in the winter when temperatures begin to drop. Petunias, though, are actually perennials. ... Store petunias indoors during the winter to grow them again the next year.
If you dead head the plants they will bloom all summer
You can see this plant in some Arillas restaurants in pots nice and bright

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NONE Poisonous

bedding plants pots, tubs, hanging baskets window boxes. There are a lot of different uses for the petunias. There are some petunias that will work the best for floral arrangements and a lot of flowers are used for that.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 08, 2019, 09:32:11 AM

Espalier training

If you have a small garden or a garden with no room for any more plants and you would like a fruit tree.
Espalier i hear you say Espalier what is that.
Well let me explain
History. The word espalier is French, and it comes from the Italian spalliera, meaning "something to rest the shoulder (spalla) against." ... Espalier as a technique seems to have started with the ancient Romans. In the Middle Ages the Europeans refined it into an art.
Espalier training trees
Training apples and pears as espaliers is a space-saving way of growing fruit on a wall or fence.
Espaliers are often seen as the high-maintenance hedging of the landscape design world. Sure, the time for training and hands-on maintenance is more than your standard tree or shrub, and they are often seen in the most formal and grand of gardens. But really, espaliers can work in almost any garden type: big and small, formal and informal, grand and modest.


Establish a training system against a wall or fence.
Plants should be placed on the south or east-facing side of the home. These should also be planted at least 6 to 8 inches deep or at the same depth of their containers.
Put horizontal wires 15-18in apart between posts, or straining ‘eyes’ on walls or fences.
You can have one tree or as meny trees all down one side Trees should be planted 3-5m apart, according to their vigour.
Train espalier trees while branches are still young and flexible, developing the lower outermost limbs first. Carefully bend branches into the desired design, tying them into place using soft string or pantyhose. Remove all unwanted branches.
For those with dominant shoots, wait until the main shoot has reached the desired height before cutting out the top. For complex patterns, such as cordon, which use lateral growth, cut the terminals at the first cordon—about 15 to 18 inches from the ground. For natural designs, simply tie branches in their natural form without overlapping branches.
Be sure to prune during the proper season for the plant you have chosen. However, touch-up pruning can be done throughout the growing season as needed. Remove any unnecessary branches and loosen the ties as needed for growth. Also, remove flower buds during the initial training period to allow the plant to reach its desired height more quickly. Don’t tip prune branches of a design until it reaches the desired length. Allow side shoots to grow approximately a foot long before pruning.




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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 10, 2019, 10:51:53 AM

Greater quaking-grass

Briza maxima is a species of the grass genus Briza Family: Poaceae. It is native to Northern Africa, and Southern Europe Portugal, Spain, France, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Yugoslavia and western Asia.  and is cultivated or naturalised in the British Isles,
This species has a large number of common names, including big quaking grass, great quaking grass rattlesnake grass,
This short-lived grass annual invades grasslands, grassy woodlands, heathlands, granite outcrops, open forests, riparian habitats and coastal habitats.
It grows to a height of 60 cm.
 self seeds from year to year
 Flowering occurs mainly during spring and summer
Briza maxima has been grown as a garden ornamental and for dried flower arrangements

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Non Poisonous

Dried Flower Arrangements and  ornamental grass in the garden in a mixed Grass bed or on it's own as a dot plant to stand out
Edible Uses: The seeds and leaves are edible. The seeds are crushed and cooked and used in porridge and bread.
The young flowering spikes are eaten raw as a snack. I wouldn't eat it in case a dog has passed though and cocked his leg

No Medical Uses
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 11, 2019, 09:20:31 AM


Begonia unknown common name=Begonia. is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates.
Begonias are some of the most versatile plants around -- there’s a variety for practically everyone, whether you garden indoors or out or have sun or shade.
You can seen these plants in pots or tubs in some restaurants and on the back road near Vavilas
Wax begonias, also called bedding begonias or semperflorens types, are among the easiest -- and common
blooms in shades of red, pink, and white. You can commonly find varieties with bronze-flushed foliage, as well as types with adorable, rose-like double blooms. One of the best things about wax begonias is that they grow well in sun or shade and thrive equally well in landscape beds and borders as they do containers.
Begonia is one of the largest genera of flowering plants  with unisexual male and female flowers occurring separately on the same plant; The leaves, which are often large and variously marked or variegated, are usually asymmetric

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According to the National Capital Poison Center, begonias are not toxic to humans
Edible parts of Begonia picta: Leaves - raw or cooked. An acid flavour. The sour tasting leaf stalks and stems are pickled
Begonias contain insoluble oxalates that can kill dogs and cats. Manifest symptoms that indicate a pet might have begonia poisoning include drooling, vomiting, problems swallowing, burning and visible irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue. Any pet that has chewed or ingested begonias should be treated immediately by a veterinarian or according to the protocol advised by experts at an ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center.

Bedding,Pots,Tubs,Hanging Baskets

Medicinal use of Begonia picta: The juice of the plant is drunk to relieve headaches. The crushed leaves are used as a poultice on sore nipples. The root juice is used as an eyewash to treat conjunctivitis. It is also consumed in the treatment of peptic ulcers.
Begonias are relatively good sources of vitamin C.
Treat other common conditions such as cough,

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 13, 2019, 09:13:38 AM



Plumbago is a genus of 10–20 species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the world. Common names include plumbago and leadwort (names which are also shared by the genus Ceratostigma).
Ceratostigma  or leadwort, plumbago, is a genus of eight species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae,
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides  the hardy blue-flowered leadwort, is a species of flowering plant  native to Western China  where it is usually found in rocky foothills Growing to 50 cm (20 in) tall and broad, it is a mat-forming herbaceous perennial with small ovoid leaves and bright blue flowers in late summer and early autumn. The leaves may turn red or purple before falling.
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides is grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates, valued for its late season colour
 It is hardy down to −10 °C (14 °F), but prefers a sunny, sheltered position in moist, well-drained soil. As it can become invasive, it is particularly suited to growing in a pot, or crevices in a dry stone wall
Other species grow from 10cm to 1m
Ceratostigma is derived from Greek, meaning 'horned stigma’. This is in reference to the ‘shape of the stigmatic surface
The generic name, derived from the Latin words plumbum "lead" and agere ("to resemble"), was first used by Pliny the Elder for a plant known as μολυβδαινα (molybdaina) to Pedanius Dioscorides This may have referred to its lead-blue flower colour[citation needed], the ability of the sap to create lead-colored stains on skin, or Pliny's belief that the plant was a cure for lead poisoning

Pliny the Elder  born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79 was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

Pedanius Dioscorides (Greek: Πεδάνιος Διοσκουρίδης Pedanios Dioskouridēs; c. 40 – 90 AD) was a Greek physician, pharmacologist, botanist, and author of De Materia Medica (Ancient Greek: Περὶ ὕλης ἰατρικῆς, On Medical Material) —a 5-volume Greek encyclopedia about herbal medicine and related medicinal substances (a pharmacopeia), that was widely read for more than 1,500 years. He was employed as a medic in the Roman army.

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NONE  But i just read this so be safe Causes contact dermatitis with vesicles. It is advisable to wear gloves when pruning the plant.
This description claims Plumbago auriculta is toxic to animals but on the ASPCA website and it says "Plumbago Larpentiae - Scientific Name: Ceratostigma larpentiae- Family: Plumbaginaceae- Toxicity: Non-Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Horses - Toxic Principles: Non-toxic.

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides is grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates, valued for its late season colour. sunny rock garden An excellent ground cover between shrubs,

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 15, 2019, 09:26:54 AM


I have not seen this tree on coufu but i have been told it can be seen someone will tell us if you can or not
The BOSS might Know

pistachio Pistacia vera, a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.The tree produces seeds that are widely consumed as food.
Flourishing in hot climates, pistachios spread from the Middle East to the Mediterranean, quickly
becoming a treasured delicacy among royalty, travelers and common folk alike.
There are many Pistacia species in Greece. Pistacia vera is the only nut for human consumpton in Greece
Pistacia vera often is confused with other species in the genus Pistacia that are also known as pistachio. These other species can be distinguished by their geographic distributions in the wild and their seeds which are much smaller and have a soft shell.
Habitat. Pistachio is a desert plant and is highly tolerant of saline soil. ... Pistachio trees are fairly hardy in the right conditions and can survive temperatures ranging between −10 °C in winter and 48 °C (118 °F) in summer. They need a sunny position and well-drained soil.
The tree grows up to 10 m  It has deciduous pinnate leaves  The plants are dioecious, with separate male and female trees. The flowers are apetalous and unisexual and borne in panicles.
The fruit is a drupe, containing an elongated seed, which is the edible portion. The seed, commonly thought of as a nut, is a culinary nut, not a botanical nut.

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Like the cashew, pistachios are a member of the Anacardiaceae family, meaning they, too, naturally contain the chemical urushiol that makes poison ivy and others in the family so irritating. In the pistachio's case, the primary concentration of urushiol is in the pistachio itself.

The kernels are often eaten whole, either fresh or roasted and salted, and are also used in pistachio ice cream, kulfi, spumoni, historically in Neapolitan ice cream,[citation needed] pistachio butter,pistachio paste and confections such as baklava, pistachio chocolate,pistachio halva, pistachio lokum or biscotti and cold cuts such as mortadella. Americans make pistachio salad, which includes fresh pistachios or pistachio pudding, whipped cream, and canned fruit

Pistachio gum has been traditionally used for its anti-inflammatory effect in stomach conditions
High in Antioxidants
Low in Calories Yet High in Protein
Promote Healthy Gut Bacteria
 May help to Lower Cholesterol and Blood Pressure
Benefit Your Blood Vessels
Help Lower Blood Sugar
Help Erectile Dysfunction
Although nuts in general are a healthy food, some, like pistachio nuts are better than others when it comes to being a natural remedy for erectile dysfunction as well as helping to lower cholesterol. Many men enjoy taking advantage of pistachio benefits for men's sexual health

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 17, 2019, 09:50:39 AM


Tuberous Comfrey

Symphytum tuberosum common name Tuberous Comfrey is a species of Symphytum in the Boraginaceae BORAGE FAMILY
Tuberous comfrey is native to Europe and introduced to North America
 flowers from April to June  that is vegetatively, having rhizomes that allow it to spread out from the original site, colonising and competing as it grows into the autumn  the young clonal plants can be seen at this time of year, whilst the parent plants leaves are rotting down. Being very hardy, this plant is well able to survive northern winters. Both the stems and leaves are softly hairy, the leaves have deep veining.
The flowers  are a subtle pale creamy yellow
Habitats, meadows and fields road side wast ground

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Comfrey is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when applied to unbroken skin in small amounts for less than 10 days. ... Comfrey is LIKELY UNSAFE for anyone when taken by mouth. It contains chemicals (pyrrolizidine alkaloids, PAs) that can cause liver damage, lung damage, and cancer.

Comfrey tea is made using the leaves of the Symphytum officinale or common comfrey plant. ... However, in recent years, because of safety concerns, most consumers only use comfrey externally. While you can make comfrey tea at home, health experts do not advise that you drink the tea.
If comfrey has an especially potent skin-healing agent, it is allantoin, which can be found widely in cosmetic preparations, especially those for sensitive skin. It aids wound repair, accelerates skin healing, and possesses anti-inflammatory activity.

Medicinal topical remedies are completely safe and very effective. Make a poultice of comfrey leaves for use on bruises, external wounds, and sores. Take macerated leaf; mix it with hot water or herb tea to make a paste. Place this directly on the affected area and use a warm cloth or bandage to hold it in place.
Comfrey is used as a tea for upset stomach, ulcers, heavy menstrual periods, diarrhea, bloody urine, persistent cough, painful breathing (pleuritis), bronchitis, cancer, and chest pain (angina). It is also used as a gargle for gum disease and sore throat.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 19, 2019, 09:50:48 AM


Mediterranean meadow saffron

Colchicum cupanii is a widespread species common name Mediterranean meadow saffron
Which grows around much of the Mediterranean Basin,Italy, Albania, Greece,  Montenegro, Croatia, Sicily, Algeria, Malta and Tunisia, France, Sardinia,
 Some specimens have flowers that open completely to a star shape, while other specimens remain cup-shaped. The pink to purple, untessellated flowers are small, up to 3 cm (1") in diameter, about 10cm 4'' tall but are produced in abundance in the autumn. The foliage is also produced in the Autumn.
Only two subspecies are recognized=Colchicum cupanii subsp. glossophyllum (Heldr.) Rouy - Greece, Albania, Montenegro
Found mainly in grasslands wast ground meadows woodlands
Crocus and Colchicum What’s the Difference?
 Bulbs: Both true crocus and colchicum grow from corms, not true bulbs. The corms of colchicum tend to be larger than crocus. As such, they have different planting requirements. The larger colchicums are planted at a depth of 4 to 6 inches, with an equal spacing, or about 4 plants per square foot. Crocus corms are planted at only 2 to 3 inches deep and spaced 2 to 3 inches apart,
Foliage: Colchicum flowers appear naked, that is the blooms emerge separate from the foliage leaves appear in spring and are large and floppy,
Autumn blooming crocus has narrow, grass-like foliage that appears either in autumn or in the spring, depending on the species. Spring-blooming varieties flower at the same time foliage emerges.
Flowers: The flowers of colchicum are typically larger than those of crocus and each corm produces 5 to 10 stalks each bearing a single flower.Crocus blooms are daintier with fewer blooms per corm


Species:C. cupanii


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Meadow Saffron or Naked Lady, is highly toxic and can cause severe gastrointestinal signs (e.g., drooling, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, bloody diarrhea, etc.), liver and kidney damage, respiratory failure, central nervous system signs (e.g., seizures), and even death.

Use in pots bedding in the garden

Pharmaceutical uses. The bulb-like corms of Colchicum autumnale contain colchicine, a useful drug with a narrow therapeutic index. Colchicine is approved by the US FDA for the treatment of gout and familial Mediterranean fever. Colchicine is also used in plant breeding to produce polyploid strains.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 21, 2019, 09:05:11 AM


Venus' looking glass

Legousia pentagonia common name=Venus's Looking Glass or large Venus's-looking-glass and
 European Venus' Looking Glass,
It has been speculated that the name Venus's Looking Glass is due to the appearance of the flower resembling a mirror-like pond in which a goddess might see her reflection. Another suggestion is that to the Romans, the seeds resembled a mirror.
 is a genus of flowering plants in the Campanulaceae (bellflower) family.
Violet blue starry flowers with white centers are borne freely It is in flower from May to July .H: 6"-12" W: 4"-6"
It is an annual which is naturalised in arable fields and open places and in gardens full Sun to Partial Shade
native to mediterranean

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Known Hazards   None known

Edible parts of Legousia pentagonia: Tender young shoots - raw.

Medicinal use of Legousia pentagonia: None known
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 23, 2019, 11:48:57 AM

Indian mallow

latin name=Abutilon is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics  Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia Europe
ornamental varieties may be known as room maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple  The genus name is an 18th-century New Latin word that came from the Arabic ’abū-ṭīlūn  the name given by Avicenna to this or a similar genus
There are about 200 species in the genus
Plants of this genus include herbs, shrubs, and trees They range in height from about 0.5 to 3 meters (1.5 to 10 feet).
Flowers are solitary, paired, or borne in small inflorescences in the leaf axils or toward the branch tips. The calyx is bell-shaped with five lobes. The corolla is usually bell-shaped to wheel-shaped, with five petals joined at the bases.
The flowers of wild species are most often yellow or orange,[3] but can be red or pinkish, sometimes with a darker center.
Some abutilons are cultivated as garden plants. Several hybrids and cultivars have been developed.
Habitat Shrubland, Forest,wastground,parks,gardens
you can get all colours sizes and variegated

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In parks and on roudabouts as dot plants,in gardens bedding in pots
All members of this genus have edible flowers - the leaves will also be edible but in our experience although they have a mild flavour

In traditional medicine, A. indicum various parts of the plant are used as a demulcent, aphrodisiac,laxative, diuretic, sedative, astringent, expectorant, tonic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, and analgesic and to treat leprosy, ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea, and bladder infection.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 25, 2019, 08:55:29 AM


itchy bomb tree

It now consists of the single species Lagunaria patersonia  Lagunaria is a monotypic genus in the family Malvaceae. allied to Hibiscus It is an Australian plan commonly known as the pyramid tree  Its seed capsules are filled with irritating hairs giving rise to common names, itchy bomb tree,
 It has been introduced to many parts of the world cross europe
This is an evergreen tree that grows 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide.
 Bloom Time: June to September. Bloom Description: Pink fading to white. Sun: Full sun. Tolerate: Drought

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Open fruits shed stiff very irritating fibres which cause itching and inflammation of the skin for weeks. Fruits should be removed if the tree is close to a swimming pool.



Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on February 27, 2019, 09:27:41 AM


Lamb's Quarters or Pigsweed

Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium.
 Common names include lamb's quarters, pigweed, and fat-hen,
Though cultivated in some regions, the plant is elsewhere considered a weed
Its native range is obscure due to extensive cultivation, but includes most of Europe  Plants native in eastern Asia are included under C. album, but often differ from European specimens
It tends to grow upright at first, reaching heights of 10–150 cm  but typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and varied in appearance.
Habitat=Wastground,Meadow,borders in the gardens, parks,Road sides, Anywhere

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In general, however, all lambsquarter leaves are edible. The wild greens can be used just like spinach. They can be eaten fresh in salads, juiced, and added to any recipes that call for greens.The seeds make a highly nutritious food staple for multiple uses in recipes. They can be harvested in the fall and ground into cereal or used as flour for bread. Similar to quinoa, lambsquarter seeds can be easily sprouted in one to two days. Add the sprouts to any meal to benefit from the rich nutrients.Dye; Soap.

                                                            Oysters Rockefeller with Lambsquarters
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Anthelmintic;  Antiphlogistic;  Antirheumatic;  Contraceptive;  Laxative;  Odontalgic.
The seeds are chewed in the treatment of urinary problems
The juice of the stems is applied to freckles and sunburn
The juice of the root is used in the treatment of bloody dysentery

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 01, 2019, 09:14:39 AM


white laceflower

Orlaya common name white laceflower is a genus of flowering plants from Europe in the parsley family Apiaceae,
Orlaya are umbelliferous annual plants with finely dissected leaves and pink or often white flowers
O.grandiflora is a branching annual, 45-75cm tall with jaggedly divided leaves and white flowers in flattish umbels, the inner flowers small, the outermost with enlarged rays, giving a lacy effect. Floriferous, long flowering and attractive to insects
HABITAT=Drought Resistant Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Gravel Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens Prairie Planting Grow in a sunny open position in well-drained or poor soil

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NONE UNKNOWN Orlaya grandiflora has no toxic effects reported.

Garden Uses, Beds and Borders.

species contained high levels of natural antioxidants
Orlaya grandiflora is known to possess a laxative effect,
Naturally-occurring antioxidants in plants can help humans by preventing oxidative damage in cells, potentially preventing medical conditions such as cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.
 but aside from that its potential medicinal properties had barely been studied.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 03, 2019, 10:14:29 AM

tree tobacco

Nicotiana glauca is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name tree tobacco.
 It resembles Cestrum parqui but differs in the form of leaves and fusion of the outer floral parts. It grows to heights of more than two meters.
Tree tobacco is native to South America but it is now widespread An invader to the Mediterranean.
Family:   Solanaceae
Habitat   It is a common roadside weed waste land
Tree tobacco has been publicized as a safe, hallucinogenic plant on some internet websites. However, smoking or ingesting the plant has lead to death. There is insufficient evidence in humans to support the use of tree tobacco for any indication.

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All parts of the plant are toxic to humans and livestock, especially the green berries.
But the ripe fruit is sometimes a food source for birds and bats.

We present two cases of rare human poisoning in one family following ingestion of cooked leaves from the tobacco tree plant, Nicotiana glauca. The toxic principle of N. glauca, anabasine (C10H14N2), is a small pyridine alkaloid, similar in both structure and effects to nicotine, but appears to be more potent in humans.

All parts of the plant contain nicotine, this has been extracted and used as an insecticide.

A poultice of the leaves can be applied to cuts, bruises, swellings and other wounds. The plant has been used as a poultice for removing the pus from scrofulous sores or boils. A poultice of the leaves has been applied to inflamed throat glands. An infusion of the leaves has been used as a steam bath in the treatment of rheumatism.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 05, 2019, 09:18:06 AM



Verbascum common name mullein  is a genus of about 360 species of flowering plants in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae. They are native to Europe and Asia, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean Greece
They are biennial or perennial plants, rarely annuals or subshrubs, growing to 0.5 to 3 metres The plants first form a dense rosette of leaves at ground level, subsequently sending up a tall flowering stem  Biennial plants form the rosette the first year and the stem the following season The flowers have five symmetrical petals; petal colours in different species include yellow most common, orange, red-brown, purple, blue, or white. The fruit is a capsule containing numerous minute seeds.
HABITAT=It grows best in dry, sandy or gravelly soils, although it can grow in a variety of habitats, including banksides, meadows, roadsides, forest clearings and pastures.parks,gardens,
Since the year 2000, a number of new hybrid cultivars have come out that have increased flower size, shorter heights, and a tendency to be longer-lived plants. A number have new colors for this genus. Many mulleins are raised from seed, including both the short-lived perennial and biennial types.

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Edible parts: Leaves and flowers. Although the leaves and flowers are edible, enjoying a cup of tea made from these parts is generally preferable. Leaves and flowers can be used in a salad.

Mullein tea is a traditional treatment for respiratory problems, such as chest colds, bronchitis and asthma.
Mullein is a soothing lung tonic and is safe for all ages
This is crumbled, dried mullein, which is known as the "base" of most herbal smoking blends. ... While they won't get you high, when blended according to the instructions below, these herbs produce a smooth, tasty smoke and give a gentle, relaxing buzz.
 mullein is used as a flavoring ingredient in alcoholic beverages.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 07, 2019, 10:26:37 AM




The true grasses (Poaceae) are one of the largest plant families  around 12,000 species and roughly 800 genera. The cereal crop species and other plants of economic importance, such as the bamboos, and several important weeds.
we take Grass for granted we walk on it, we play sports on it,most of our gardens, roadsides, fields, meadows, ornamental grasses 
All colours and all sizes and shapes
Grass is not one dose all, There are different mixtures for allsorts of areas Hard wearing grass,drought tolerant, damp areas,sunny,shade tolerant, close cut tolerant, meadows only cut once a year[Autumn]
Football and Rugby etc use very hard wearing grass but i hear you say what about lawn tennis and cricket yes it is hard wearing
Football and rugby pitchs blades of grass are 4-5 inches ht and can not withstand close cutting
Tennis and cricket use blades of grass quarter to half inch ht can not be left to grow long the hard wearing seed will take over
Habitats every place you can think of get the right mix for the area you want to cover it will grow
 Grass covers approximately 20%  earth's surface
Grasses Many of them have been introduced at one time or another, either for fodder or cereal crops or as ornamental plants. ... Grasses are very successful as plants, largely because they grow continuously from the base. This means that they are not destroyed by grazing and mowing – which is why our lawns are made of grass.

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In principle, people can eat grass; it is non-toxic and edible. As a practical food source, however, your lawn leaves a lot to be desired. There are two main problems with a grass diet. The first is that human stomachs have difficulty digesting raw leaves and grasses

Without grass, more soil washes into the water, reducing the amount of sunlight that can penetrate the water. The nutrients and chemicals carried with the soil can cause large algae blooms, which can steal oxygen from the water and kill fish
Maintaining a healthy, thick lawn also benefits the environment. Unlike hard surfaces such as concrete, asphalt, and wood, lawn grass helps clean the air, trap carbon dioxide, reduce erosion from stormwater runoff, improve soil, decrease noise pollution, and reduce temperatures.
Most councils if you got a front lawn and you want to concrete or pave it over you need council approval to go ahead

The leaves and roots are used to make medicine. Couch grass root is taken by mouth for constipation, cough, bladder swelling (inflammation), fever, high blood pressure, or kidney stones. It is also used for water retention. Couch grass roots or leaves are applied to treat fevers.
Wheatgrass provides a concentrated amount of nutrients, including iron, calcium, magnesium, amino acids, chlorophyll, and vitamins A, C and E. Wheatgrass fans say that its rich nutrient content boosts immunity, kills harmful bacteria in the digestive system, and rids the body of wastes.
Conch grass improves breast milk production,
Cynodon dactylon prevents cold:
Cynodon dactylon for diarrhea:
Doob grass for stress management:
Cynodon dactylon as blood purifie
Doob grass stops nose bleeding:
Bermuda grass for eye infection:
Doob grass for phlegm removal:
Bermuda grass for nerves
Skin rashes cure
Bleeding of gums
Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome
controls sugar
grass for acidity:
menstrual problems:

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on March 07, 2019, 12:59:58 PM
Is the rumour true that Bev sent you out, go get a joint for the Sunday roast, and you came home with a cannabis ciggie???
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 07, 2019, 05:04:12 PM


Neil yes it was true

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 10, 2019, 12:06:37 PM


Lawn Daisy

Bellis perennis is the latin name more common names are common daisy, lawn daisy or English daisy
 of the Asteraceae family
Bellis may come from bellus, Latin for "pretty", and perennis is Latin for "everlasting".
The name daisy is considered a corruption of day's eye
This plant is common in europe
The plant  naturalises in many lawns as a weed thay have developed many colours and flower heads
Daisy is used as a girl's name and as a nickname for girls named Margaret, after the French name for the oxeye daisy, marguerite.
Habitat=grow in lawns, churchyards, playing fields and parks - indeed they seem able to thrive almost anywhere that permanent meadows or other kinds of grassland are kept to a short sward either by moderate grazing, frequent mowing, or just the passage of people's feet.
Flowers of Bellis perennis first appear in early spring and the plants continues blooming all through summer and into autumn. In May these robust wildflowers are usually at their very best.

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Daisies pose little to no toxicity risk to humans though it is advisable to get medical attention immediately if any question ever arises. ... The common or English daisy (Bellis perennis) and the poison daisy (Anthemis cotula) are two varieties that are poisonous to dogs, cats and horses.

This daisy may be used as a potherb. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked, noting that the leaves become increasingly astringent with age.[6] Flower buds and petals can be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads.It is also used as a tea and as a vitamin supplement
Can be used in hanging baskets,Tubs,Pots ,bedding in gardens parks Roundabouts ONLY THE CULTIVARs are used
Daisies have traditionally been used for making daisy chains in children's games
The white and yellow Daisies can be found in meadows,fields,Roadside,waste ground,Grassed foot paths

The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicinal tea. People take wild daisy tea for coughs, bronchitis, disorders of the liver and kidneys, and swelling (inflammation). They also use it as a drying agent (astringent) and as a "blood purifier."
commonly used for injuries to deeper tissues such as after surgery and for sprains and bruises.
Daisy Flower Extract is a non-toxic extract of the Daisy Flower often used to brighten skin and prevent hyperpigmentation. ... Daisy Flower Extract is a great alternative for people who can't tolerate Hydroquinone or Kojic Acid or are pregnant and want to effectively treat hyperpigmentation.
 Recent research (1994) has been looking at the possibility of using the plant in HIV therapy.
 chronic and acute bronchitis
Lip diseases,
 lung or breast cancer,
 cerebrovascular attacks
swollen edema,
 slow digestion,
Intestinal gas,
 kidney failure,
Irritations of the skin,
Swollen eyes,
 spots, red eyelids

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 12, 2019, 09:21:48 AM


Catsear, flatweed, hairy cat's ear, false dandelion all known as Hypochaeris radicata-Catsear  Family:   Asteraceae  is a perennial, low-lying edible herb often found in lawns. This plant is native to Europe  but has also been introduced to the Americas,[6][7][8] Japan,[9] Australia[10] and New Zealand where it can be an invasive weed.
Its name is derived from Greek ὑπό (under) and χοῖρος (young pig).
In English, Catsear is derived from the words cat's ear, and refers to the shape and fine hair on the leaves resembling that of the ear of a cat.
The leaves, which may grow up to eight inches tall,are lobed and covered in fine hairs, forming a low-lying rosette around a central taproot. Forked stems carry bright yellow flower heads, and when mature these form seeds attached to windborne "parachutes".

The Dandelion-like weed is confusing to look at
The plant is also known as "false dandelion," as it is commonly mistaken for true dandelions. Both plants carry similar flowers which form windborne seeds. However, catsear flowering stems are forked and solid, whereas dandelions possess unforked stems that are hollow. Both plants have a rosette of leaves and a central taproot. The leaves of dandelions are jagged in appearance, whereas those of catsear are more lobe-shaped and hairy. Both plants have similar uses.
Habitat Information
Catsear is a native perennial that can remain in leaf throughout all but the severest of winters. It is a plant of dry, sandy and slightly acidic soils and can be found on a range of habitats including open meadows, pastures, heaths, sand dunes, roadsides and waste ground. It is very tolerant of drought due to its deep root system and its basal rosette of leaves confers a degree of tolerance to gazing pressure. It tends not to be found on very fertile soils our in places prone to waterlogging.
Cat’s ears that make their home in lawns have adapted over the years to a growing habit that is close to the ground to prevent it from being cut by a lawnmower blade.

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These are other look alike dandelions and can be seen in Arillas

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This species is suspected of causing stringhalt in horses if consumed in excess

All parts of the catsear plant are edible; however, the leaves and roots are those most often harvested. The leaves are bland in taste but can be eaten raw in salads, steamed, or used in stir-fries
Older leaves can become tough and fibrous,
 but younger leaves are suitable for consumption. In contrast to the edible leaves of dandelion, catsear leaves only rarely have some bitterness. In Crete, Greece, the leaves of a variety called παχιές (pachiés) or αγριοράδικα (agriorádika) are eaten boiled or steamed by the locals
The root can be roasted and ground to form a coffee substitute.

Catsear is rich in nutrients and antioxidants – hence its popularity in recipes around the world – and this also means it has long been used for medicinal purposes. Uses include acting as a diuretic for kidney problems, and treating urinary infections, gallstones, rheumatism, constipation and liver infections.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 13, 2019, 09:13:13 AM


Broadleaf Plantain
Is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Other common names are               
broadleaf plantain, white man's foot, or greater plantain
The latin name is=Plantago major  The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia, but has widely naturalised elsewhere in the world.
Plantago major is one of the most abundant and widely distributed medicinal crops in the world.
Plantago major is an herbaceous perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 15–30 cm in diameter
Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5–20 cm long and 4–9 cm broad, rarely up to 30 cm long and 17 cm broad, with an acute apex and a smooth margin; there are five to nine conspicuous veins. The flowers are small, greenish-brown with purple stamens, produced in a dense spike 5–15 cm long on top of a stem 13–15 cm tall (rarely to 70 cm tall)
Plantain is wind-pollinated,
Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of small, inconspicuous plants commonly called plantains or fleaworts. The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain, a kind of banana. Most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall.
They are found in many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs. They can also be found in alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas. The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the side of roads.Parks,Gardens,Meadows,Wasteland,Fields,

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Broadleaf plantain is also a highly nutritious leaf vegetable that is high in calcium and vitamins A, C, and K. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten.
Edible parts: The entire plant. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. They are somewhat bitter and tedious to prepare because it's generally preferable (though not required) to remove the fibrous strands before use

Plantago species have been used since prehistoric The herb is astringent,
Great plantain is used for bladder infections, bronchitis, colds, and irritated or bleeding hemorrhoids. It is also used to kill germs and reduce swelling.
irritable bowel syndrome,
poultice of the leaves is useful for insect bites
poison-ivy rashes, minor sores, and boils
help decrease pain and swelling
Antidote;  Astringent;  Demulcent;  Deobstruent;  Depurative;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Haemostatic; 
Ophthalmic;  Poultice;  Refrigerant;  Vermifuge.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 14, 2019, 09:03:01 AM


chickweed, is an annual flowering plant Stellaria media in the carnation family Caryophyllaceae. It is native to Europe,
 It is used as a cooling herbal remedy, and grown as a vegetable crop and ground cover for both human consumption and poultry budgerigars love it
The plant germinates in autumn or late winter, then forms large mats of foliage.
The plants are annual and with weak slender stems, they reach a length up to 40 cm. Sparsely hairy, with hairs in a line along the stem. The leaves are oval and opposite, the lower ones with stalks. Flowers are white and small with five very deeply lobed petals. The stamens are usually three and the styles three The flowers are followed quickly by the seed pods. This plant flowers and sets seed at the same time.
Very common in lawns, meadows, waste places and open areas roadsides

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It can be added to soups or stews, but in the last five minutes to prevent overcooking. Unlike many wild edibles, the chickweed's stems, leaves, flowers and seeds are all edible. ... Only the Mouse-ear chickweed has to be cooked. The rest can be eaten raw

Chickweed is a plant. The leaf is used to make medicine. People take chickweed for constipation, stomach and bowel problems, blood disorders, asthma and other lung diseases, obesity, a vitamin C deficiency disease called scurvy, a skin condition called psoriasis, rabies, itching, and muscle and joint pain.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 20, 2019, 08:58:47 AM


European searocket

Cakile maritima Family:Brassicaceae is a common plant in the mustard family. It is widespread in Europe
It can now be found in many other areas of the world where it has been introduced.  It has white to light purple flowers and sculpted, segmented, corky brown fruits one to three centimeters long. The fruits float and are water-dispersed It is a glabrous, succulent annual, with a slender or stout taproot. It has a branched stem prostrate or ascending, growing up to 15–45 cm
It grows on the foreshores near large dune systems, and in shingle banks. It is tolerant of salt spray and transient seawater inundation. It is pollinated by a wide range of insects,

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Leaves, stems, flower buds and immature seedpods - raw or cooked. They are rich in vitamin C but have a very bitter taste.
. Used mainly as a flavouring. Very young leaves can be added to salads whilst older leaves can be mixed with milder tasting leaves and used as a potherb.
Root - dried and ground into a powder, then mixed with cereal flours and used to make bread. A famine food, it is only used in times of scarcity.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 23, 2019, 10:49:41 AM


Tree Houseleek

Other common names are tree aeonium or Irish rose  is a succulent, subtropical subshrub in the flowering plant family Crassulaceae the latin name is Aeonium arboreum. This drought-tolerant plant hates water around its roots,
I have seen this plant growing near Afionas.
 It is native to the hillsides of the Canary Islands, where it is known as bejeque arboreo and introduced in the Mediterranean It bears rosettes of leaves and large pyramidal panicles of bright yellow flowers in the spring. In temperate regions it needs to be grown under glass
The succulent leaves are typically arranged on a basal stem, in a dense, spreading rosette. A feature which distinguishes this genus from many of its relatives is the manner in which the flowers bear free petals, and are divided into 6 or 12 sections . Each rosette produces a central inflorescence only once, and then dies back (though it will usually branch or offset to produce
Much hybridising has been done, resulting in several cultivars of mixed or unknown parentage. Of these, the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:-
The genus name comes from the ancient Greek "aionos" (ageless)
habitat: Aeonium arboreum is a subtropical succulent sub-shrub native to the hillsides of the Canary Islands where their natural range includes arid desert regions.
 Aeonium arboreum is a treelike in that its woody stems branch out freely, but it is unlikely to exceed 90cm (3 feet) in height. The 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long leaves of its rosettes are spoon-shaped and shiny green.
Aeonium. Aeonium is a genus of about 35 species of succulent, subtropical plants . Many species are popular in horticulture.

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NONE Aeonium arboreum has no toxic effects reported.

Aeonium arboreum has no particular known value to wildlife.
grow in gardens Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers  parks and wasteland and sand dunes

Iconic succulent plants. Succulent plants possess specialised water-storing tissues that give them a unique ability to maintain photosynthesis and other metabolic processes during droughts. ...
Exploring the natural capital of Aloe
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 27, 2019, 09:16:39 AM


Easter tree

Forsythia  is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae.mostly native to eastern Asia, but one native to southeastern Europe  There are about 11 species. the genus is named after William Forsyth.
William Forsyth (1737 – 25 July 1804) was a Scottish botanist. He was a royal head gardener and a founding member of the Royal Horticultural Society. A genus of flowering plants, Forsythia, is named in his honour.
Forsythia are deciduous shrubs typically growing to a height of 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) and, rarely, up to 6 m (20 ft) with rough grey-brown bark. The leaves are borne oppositely and are usually simple, though sometimes trifoliate with a basal pair of small leaflets; they range between 2 and 10 cm (0.79 and 3.94 in) in length and, rarely, up to 15 cm (5.9 in), with a margin that is serrated or entire (smooth).
The flowers are produced in the early spring before the leaves, bright yellow with a deeply four-lobed flower,
Habitat: Parks and gardens.wasteland.hedgerows
In full sun you get more flower

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Forsythia is said to be nontoxic on lists of poisonous plants for pets and humans,

Garden Beds and Hedging

This herb is employed to treat multiple health conditions, including sore throat, fever, vomiting, bronchiolitis (distension of the small airways in the lungs), swellings/ inflammations, pain, heart disease, tonsillitis, gonorrhea, HIV/ AIDS as well as acute skin rashes those that are caused by erysipelas (a bacterium) and accompanied by fever plus vomiting. Occasionally, forsythia is administered intravenously (by means of an IV) combined with other different herbs to treat bronchiolitis.
treating hemorrhoids
treating breast cancer.
treating fevers, colds, jaundice and even various forms of cancer.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on March 28, 2019, 09:25:21 AM


white hedge-nettle

Prasium, common name white hedge-nettle, is a genus of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family
It contains only one known species, Prasium majus, first described for modern science in 1753. It is native to Madeira, the Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, as far east as Turkey and Israel
Flowering Period:January, February, March, April, May, June
Height: 40cm
HABITAT  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands,grassland, shrub-steppes

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on April 04, 2019, 09:03:49 AM


Thanks to Vivvian asking about this plant

rocktrumpet You can see this plant outside AMMOS

Mandevilla common name is rocktrumpet  is a genus of tropical and subtropical flowering vines belonging to the dogbane family, Apocynaceae.  The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener.
Mandevilla species are native to the Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Many originate from the Serra dos Órgãos forests in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Mandevillas develop spectacular, often fragrant flowers in warm climates.The flowers come in a variety of colours, including white, pink, yellow, and red. Many hybrids have been developed, mainly deriving from M.×amabilis, M. splendens, and M. sanderi As climbers, Mandevillas can be trained against a wall or trellis to provide a leafy green and often flowering picture of beauty.Mature Height x Spread 5 to 10 feet x 1 foot  45 to 50 °F is the minimum temperature that can be tolerated by mandevilla,Outdoors, grow mandevillas in partial shade. They need rich, well-drained, sandy soil with humus added. Provide a frame, trellis or stake for support. Pinch young plants to induce from April until the autumn.

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The mandevilla plant (Mandevilla spp.) is generally considered to be nontoxic, but it can cause mild toxicity if eaten
Like other mildly toxic plants, mandevilla can cause stomach discomfort and, in some cases, vomiting. The plant's milky sap can trigger irritation if it comes into direct contact with skin, according to the University of Florida. That could mean you experience sore skin around the lips and mouth if the mandevilla is ingested. Feelings of nausea can occur if you accidentally eat a large amount of mandevilla.

It may be used in hanging baskets.
In areas that are warm enough to plant it in the ground, mandevilla may be used over arbors and pergolas or to cover a fence.
It will not survive indefinitely indoors, but it is often used as a short-term houseplant.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on April 10, 2019, 09:14:43 AM

Blackberry free wifi with this one

The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae,
Blackberries are perennial plants which typically bear biennial stems ("canes") from the perennial root system
In its first year, a new stem, the primocane, grows vigorously to its full length of 3–6 m (in some cases, up to 9 m),
The flowers are produced in late spring and early summer on short racemes on the tips of the flowering laterals. Each flower is about 2–3 cm in diameter with five white or pale pink petals The drupelets only develop around ovules that are fertilized by the male gamete from a pollen grain.
(http://Blackberries grow wild throughout most of Europe.)
However the plants are also considered a weed, sending down roots from branches that touch the ground, and sending up suckers from the roots.
The usually black fruit is not a berry in the botanical sense of the word. Botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets. It is a widespread and well-known group of over 375 species, many of which are closely related apomictic microspecies native throughout Europe, northwestern Africa, temperate western and central Asia and North and South America
HABITAT - Will grow in most places
Some are thornless blackberry  first developed at the John Innes Centre in Norwich,
Blackberry fruits are red before they are ripe, leading to an old expression that "blackberries are red when they're green

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Cultivated blackberries are notable for their significant contents of dietary fiber, vitamin C, and vitamin K
Blackberries contain numerous large seeds that are not always preferred by consumers. The seeds contain oil rich in omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid) and omega-6 (linoleic acid) fats as well as protein, dietary fiber, carotenoids, ellagitannins, and ellagic acid
The soft fruit is popular for use in desserts, jams, seedless jelly, and sometimes wine. It is often mixed with apples for pies and crumbles. Blackberries are also used to produce candy.

The leaf, root, and fruit (berry) are used to make medicine.
 treating diarrhea,
 fluid retention,
 and pain and swelling (inflammation);
 preventing cancer and heart disease.
It is also used as a mouth rinse for mild mouth and throat irritation.
Prevents Endothelial Dysfunction
Boosts Cognition
Improves Digestion
Boosts Immunity
Weight Management
Healthy Bones
Improves Vision
Skin Care
Normal Blood Clotting
Useful in Pregnancy

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on April 15, 2019, 05:54:46 PM


Veronica is the largest genus in the flowering plant family Plantaginaceae, with about 500 species; it was formerly classified in the family Scrophulariaceae. Common names include speedwell, bird's eye, and gypsyweed.
Taxonomy for this genus is currently being reanalysed, with the genus Hebe and the related Australasian genera Derwentia,
Several Veronica species and cultivars are cultivated for use as ground cover Several species of speedwell are sometimes considered weeds in lawns. Some of the more common of these are Persian speedwell (V. persica), creeping speedwell (V. filiformis), corn speedwell (V. arvensis), germander speedwell (V. chamaedrys), and ivy-leaved speedwell (V. hederifolia). It is often difficult to tell one species from another.
colours range from soft pastel blues and pinks whites and deep blue and reds
World Distribution
Eurosiberian Temperate element, with a continental distribution in W. Europe.
This perennial herb is found in open woods and woodland rides, on banks, in grassland and on heathland. It grows on well-drained, often moderately acidic or leached soils, and in some grasslands is confined to raised ground or anthills. 0-880 m
The Latin name of this pretty little blue flowered plant comes from a story of a woman, later canonized as St. Veronica who is said to have wiped the blood from the face of Jesus on his journey to Calvery.

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Several Veronica species and cultivars are cultivated for use as ground cover
Veronica also be used in parks gardens bedding

Veronica sp. herb has been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (as tea) for treatment of disorders of the nervous system, respiratory tract, cardiovascular system, and metabolism
Veronica is also used as a tonic, to cause sweating, to “purify” blood, and to increase metabolism. Some people gargle with veronica to treat sore mouth and throat. It is sometimes applied directly to the skin to stop foot perspiration, heal wounds, and treat ongoing skin problems and itching.
People take veronica for problems with the lungs (respiratory tract), stomach and intestines (gastrointestinal tract), and bladder and kidneys (urinary tract). They also take it for gout, arthritis, muscle and joint pain (rheumatism), loss of appetite, liver problems, and diseases of the spleen.
Veronica is also used as a tonic, to cause sweating, to “purify” blood, and to increase metabolism.
Veronica may help the stomach lining repair itself.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on April 25, 2019, 08:52:53 AM

Laurustinus Viburnum

Viburnum tinus  is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae, native to the Mediterranean area of Europe and North Africa.
It is a shrub (rarely a small tree) reaching 2–7 m (7–23 ft) tall and 3 m (10 ft) broad, with a dense, rounded crown.
The plant is evergreen and the flowers are small, white or light pink, produced from reddish-pink buds in dense cymes 5–10 cm diameter in the winter. The fragrant flowers are bisexual and pentamerous. The flowering period is from October to June. Pollination is by insects. The fruit is a dark blue-black drupe 5–7 mm long.
It grows mainly in the Mediterranean maquis and in oak forests. It prefers shady, moist areas, at an altitude of 0–800 metres (0–2,625 ft) above sea level Found in the more luxuriant type of macchia vegetation and as undergrowth in woods, usually near the sea.
In south-east Britain Viburnum tinus is the principal host of the viburnum beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni), ( the country's "number one pest species" according to the Royal Horticultural Society
you can get variegated silver green or yellow green

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Best uses for Viburnum tinus hedging. Viburnum tinus hedge plants make a great informal hedge and can be left to grow in mounds or trimmed to shape. Being wind resistant, this Viburnum hedging makes a useful windbreak and reduces unwanted noise pollution.
Viburnum Tinus scented and good for wild life

V. tinus has medicinal properties. The active ingredients are viburnin (a substance or more probably a mixture of compounds) and tannins. Tannins can cause stomach upset. The leaves when infused have antipyretic properties. The fruits have been used as purgatives against constipation. The tincture has been used lately in herbal medicine as a remedy for depression.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on May 21, 2019, 09:23:31 AM


wild black cherry

Prunus serotina commonly called black cherry,mountain black cherry or rum cherry is a deciduous woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. The species is widespread and common in North America and South America Prunus
 Serotina was widely introduced into Western and Central Europe as an ornamental tree in the mid 20th century, where it has become locally naturalized. It has acted as an invasive species there
Prunus serotina is a medium-sized, fast-growing forest tree growing to a height of 50–80 ft (15–24 m)
A mature black cherry tree can easily be identified in a forest by its very broken, dark grey to black bark, which has the appearance of very thick, burnt cornflakes. However, for about the first decade or so of its life, the bark is thin, smooth, and banded, resembling that of a birch. It can also quickly be identified by its long, shiny leaves resembling those of a sourwood, and by an almond-like odor released when a young twig is scratched and held close to the nose
 Some seeds however may remain in the soil bank and not germinate for as long as three years. All Prunus species have hard seeds that benefit from scarification to germinate (which in nature is produced by passing through an animal's digestive tract). and the seeds are widely dispersed by birds who eat the fruit and then excrete them.
HABITAT Formerly a forest tree, now abundant as a weed-tree of roadsides, waste land, and forest-margins

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The plant contains chemicals that can release hydrogen cyanide in animals. All types of animals can be poisoned by ingesting leaves and twigs.
the cherries must be pitted because the pits, in large amounts, can cause cyanide poisoning,

Pies, Jams,Chutney, liquors or syrups, flavoring agent,beverages,
Lumber from black cherry trees has been in high demand by cabinetmakers, fine furniture makers and other woodworkers since Colonial days. The smooth, reddish-brown wood of the black cherry tree is straight-grained, lightweight and durable. Although the wood is relatively hard, it holds screws securely and is easy to saw. The wood is also used for veneers, flooring, wall paneling, interior trim, handles and toys.

The bark and fruit are used to make medicine.
whooping cough, bronchitis (lung inflammation), and other lung problems. It is also used for diarrhea, gout, digestive disorders, pain, and cancer. It is also used in cough syrups because of its sedative (sleepiness), expectorant (clearing mucus), drying, and cough-suppressing effects.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on May 29, 2019, 09:14:28 AM



Crataegus, commonly called- Hawthorn, Quickthorn, Thornapple, May-tree, Whitethorn, or Hawberry
is a genus of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae,
Native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America.
The generic epithet, Crataegus, is derived from the Greek kratos "strength" because of the great strength of the wood and akis "sharp", referring to the thorns of some species. The name haw, originally an Old English term for hedge (from the Anglo-Saxon term haguthorn, "a fence with thorns"), also applies to the fruit
Hawthorns provide food and shelter for many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important for many nectar-feeding insects. Hawthorns are also used as food plants by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species, such as the small eggar moth, E. lanestris. Haws are important for wildlife in winter, particularly thrushes and waxwings; these birds eat the haws and disperse the seeds in their droppings.
Many species and hybrids are used as ornamental and street trees. The common hawthorn is extensively used in Europe as a hedge plant. During the British Agricultural Revolution in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, hawthorn saplings were mass propagated in nurseries to create the new field boundaries required by the Inclosure Acts. Several cultivars of the Midland hawthorn C. laevigata have been selected for their pink or red flowers. Hawthorns are among the trees most recommended for water conservation landscapes
Crataegus species are shrubs or small trees, mostly growing to 5–15 m (16–49 ft) tall, with small pome fruit and (usually) thorny branches.
The "haws" or fruits of the common hawthorn, C. monogyna, are edible, but the flavor has been compared to over-ripe apples. In the United Kingdom, they are sometimes used to make a jelly or homemade wine.[10] The leaves are edible, and if picked in spring when still young, are tender enough to be used in salads.[11] The young leaves and flower buds, which are also edible, are known as "bread and cheese" in rural England.[10] In the southern United States, fruits of three native species are collectively known as mayhaws and are made into jellies which are considered a delicacy. The Kutenai people of northwestern North America used red and black hawthorn fruit for food.
Habitat: Hawthorns often grow in large, dense thickets. Generally they occur on moist, deep, fine-textured soils. They are typically found in woods and are commonly used as hedges. Native to most of Europe,

Mythology and symbolism
In Britain, it was believed that bringing hawthorn blossom into the house would be followed by illness and death, and in Medieval times it was said that hawthorn blossom smelled like the Great Plague. Botanists later learned that the chemical trimethylamine in hawthorn blossom is also one of the first chemicals formed in decaying animal tissue, so it is not surprising that hawthorn flowers are associated with death.

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Not only can a scratch or puncture wound from a thorn cause pain, some people can be allergic to hawthorn thorns. Those who are allergic may have intense pain that lasts for several days and swelling around the injury. Do not eat the hawthorn seeds. They are poisonous. Containing amygdalin

The young leaves, flower buds and young flowers are all edible. ... The developing flower buds are particularly good. The haws can be eaten raw but may cause mild stomach upset. They are most commonly used to make jellies, wines and ketchups.
The strong, close-grained wood was used for carving, and for making tool handles and other small household items. veneers and cabinets, as well as boxes,      Probably its greatest practical use to people has been as hedging.

Hawthorn is used for diseases of the heart and blood vessels such as congestive heart failure (CHF), chest pain, and irregular heartbeat. It is also used to treat both low blood pressure and high blood pressure, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), and high cholesterol.
Some people use hawthorn for digestive system complaints such as indigestion, diarrhea, and stomach pain. It is also used to reduce anxiety, as a sedative, to increase urine output, and for menstrual problems.

Hawthorn is also used to treat tapeworm and other intestinal infections.

Some people apply hawthorn to the skin for boils, sores, and ulcers. Hawthorn preparations are used as a wash for sores, itching, and frostbite.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on May 31, 2019, 09:06:33 AM



Pyracantha is a genus of large, thorny evergreen shrubs in the family Rosaceae, with common name firethorn
Pyracantha ("from Greek pyr fire and akanthos a thorn" hence firethorn
native to an area extending from Southwest Europe east to Southeast Asia. They resemble and are related to Cotoneaster, but have serrated leaf margins and numerous thorns (Cotoneaster is thornless).
The flowers are produced during late spring and early summer; the berries develop from late summer, and mature in late autumn.
The plants reach up to 6 m (20 ft) tall. The seven species have white flowers and either red, orange, or yellow berries
The fruit of Pyracantha are classified as pomes. The pulp is safe for human consumption, but it is insipid, and the seeds are mildly poisonous as they contain cyanogenic glycosides (as do apples, plums, cherries, and almonds). Seeds that are chewed and crushed while raw will release cyanogenic glycosides, and can cause mild gastro-intestinal problems when eaten in large enough quantities. The fruit can be made into jelly
Habitats‎: ‎Woods parks open spaces and hedges Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Vase.
 Pyracantha and the related genus Cotoneaster are valuable sources of nectar when often the bees have little other forage during the June

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Not only can a scratch or puncture wound from a thorn cause pain, some people can be allergic to hawthorn thorns. Those who are allergic may have intense pain that lasts for several days and swelling around the injury.
I have been down to the hospital we use thick gloves

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Espalier, Massing, Seashore. Prefers a good well-drained, moisture retentive loamy soil
Pyracantha as a security. Winter is often when I think of this plant because it has showy fruit until the cedar wax wings and other birds clean them off. Pyracantha is a member of the rose family and, like its cousin, has an abundance of thorns  an excellent security barrier,
Fruit - cooked. Used for making jellies, marmalade and sauces

None known

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 04, 2019, 09:10:53 AM


Mock orange

Philadelphus  (mock-orange) is a genus of about 60 species of shrubs from 3–20 ft (1–6 m) tall, native to North America, Central America, Asia and Europe.
Philadelphus is named after an ancient Greek king of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphus
They are named "mock-orange" in reference to their flowers, which in wild species look somewhat similar to those of oranges and lemons (Citrus) at first glance, and smell of orange flowers and jasmine (Jasminum).
Most are deciduous but a few species from the south of the genus' range are evergreen.
The leaves are opposite, simple, with serrated margins, from 0.5-6 inches (1–14 cm) long. The flowers are white, with four petals and sepals, 0.5-2 inches (1–4 cm) diameter, and commonly (but not in all species) sweetly scented.
Habitat- Parks,Gardens,on the edge of Woodland or grown wild in hedgerows,Gullies, water courses, rocky cliffs, talus slopes and rocky hillsides of sagebrush deserts.
 prefers full sun to partial sun. It is drought-tolerant, will grow in poor soils and is suitable for xeriscaping. It provides a landscape with flashy flowers and a fruity scent.
The best time to prune Philadelphus is after flowering, which will be later in July usually, and cut back to good bud and /or remove about a quarter of the the old growth. Like all shrubs regular pruning of the older growth with promote new growth and better flowering .
You can also can get Variegated Philadelphus
single flower and double flower

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Other uses of Mock Orange: The leaves and flowers are rich in saponins, when crushed and mixed with water they produce a lather that is an effective cleaner, used on the body, clothes
 Massing Screen, in all landscapes
The hard wood was useful for making hunting and fishing tools, snowshoes, pipes, and furniture. The stems can be used in making fine coiled baskets. The leaves and bark, which contain saponins, were mixed in water for use as a mild soap
The flowers attract bees and butterflies, but the bushes tend to get leggy, even scraggly. Cutting them back to the ground can rejuvenate these plants.

The dried powdered leaves, or the powdered wood, has been mixed with pitch or oil and used as a rub on sores and swollen joints. A poultice of the bruised leaves has been used to treat infected breasts. A strained decoction of the branches, sometimes with the flowers, has been used as a soaking solution in the treatment of sore chests, eczema and bleeding haemorrhoids.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 07, 2019, 09:53:38 AM



Cotoneaster is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a strong concentration of diversity in the genus in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalayas. They are related to hawthorns (Crataegus), firethorns (Pyracantha), photinias (Photinia) and rowans (Sorbus).
They come in all shapes and sizes ranging from prostrate ground cover to shrubs and small trees
Cotoneasters are versatile. There are evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous
Habitat summary: Cotoneaster horizontalis, Wall Cotoneaster. Its habitats fall into two distinct lowland categories. In urban areas it is characteristic of disturbed, dry sites. More troublesome is its preference for herb-rich limestone grassland, crags and other important semi-natural habitats.
 The red berries are also highly attractive to blackbirds and other thrushes in the winter

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Cotoneaster Toxicity. The California Poison Control Center lists cotoneasters as Level 4 toxic plants. Ingesting their poisonous parts affects the heart, liver, kidney or brain. Cotoneasters' leaves, berries and flowers all contain cyanogenic glycosides.

Birds use cotoneaster berries as an emergency food source in winter. Because they stay low to the ground, rock cotoneaster plants are often used as ground covers and in rockeries. But others have trained them to grow up against walls.
Cotoneaster can be used as ground cover, rock garden plants, good informal hedges or simply as specimen shrubs or trees for borders and next to walls, with their attractive clusters of flowers and fruit as well as dark-green leaves.
carving  Woodworking. Bowl etc see below

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Several species of Cotoneaster are used to medicinal purposes such as cardiotonic, diuretic, expectorant and antiviral in different countries The medicinal uses of the species range from cures for diabetes mellitus and hemorrhoids, to being used as an expectorant in Anatolia folk medicine

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 08, 2019, 11:43:48 AM

I am going to do this plant i do not know if it is on Corfu i will give you much information as i can

Japanese knotweed

Fallopia japonica and Polygonum cuspidatum,  is a large species of herbaceous perennial plant of the knotweed and buckwheat family Polygonaceae.[1] It is commonly known as Asian knotweed or Japanese knotweed.It is native to East Asia in Japan, China and Korea. In North America and Europe, the species has successfully established itself in numerous habitats and is classified as an invasive species in several countries
The stems may reach a maximum height of 3–4 m (9.8–13.1 ft) each growing season, it can grow at speeds of 10cm [4'']a day. 
This plant dose not set seed it is underground rhizomes and take over a large area
FACTS Japanese Knotweed is an invasive plant species that can cause destruction to building foundations, flood defences, driveways and much more.
The typical plant does not normally have the ability to break through hard substances. Unfortunately, this does not apply to Japanese Knotweed as the plant can grow through concrete, tarmac and drains. Resulting in catastrophic damage to roads, buildings and almost anything else in its path.
Japanese Knotweed is listed as one of the top 100 worst invasive species. This is because it grows incredibly quickly and can break through hard materials such as concrete.
Therefore causing severe problems to property infrastructures and projects which has contributed to costing the British economy £166 million.
As Japanese knotweed is an invasive species of plant governed by various acts and legislation. It is a legal requirement to dispose of knotweed waste correctly. Failure to do so could land you with a large fine or even imprisonment.
Lenders are cautious with properties that are affected by Japanese knotweed, but it's not impossible to get a mortgage. Lenders are concerned that a property with knotweed may not be good security for a mortgage, due to the risk of damage posed by the plant and problems it might cause with reselling.Because it can cause structural damage to property, it may be difficult to get a mortgage for a property with Japanese knotweed
As knotweed has become more common, lenders are trying to apply a more reasoned approach
If you're selling a home with knotweed, you may need to provide proof that you've treated the problem

Japanese knotweed is susceptible to a range of herbicides including glyphosate, the active ingredient in products such as 'Roundup biactive' and 'Glyphos biactive'. ... Glyphosate is a translocated herbicide, which means the plant carries the herbicide down to its rhizome. but you must keep on top of it
In Brixham Devon on the coast path st marys bay part of a nature reserve they have been injecting the stems for a few years now it is slowly going

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Japanese knotweed is not poisonous to humans. In fact, it is edible, but it is not recommended you eat the weed raw, as some reports claim the weed can cause irritation to sensitive skin. ... The risk with Japanese knotweed comes with its ability to grow from even the smallest piece of stem.

It is completely safe to touch and is, in fact, edible. With a taste reminiscent of a lemony rhubarb, Japanese knotweed features in a whole variety of both sweet and savoury recipes, including purees, jams, sauces, fruit compotes, soups, wines and ice creams to name but a few. ... Not only is it edible; it is good for you.
japanese knotweed root tea

The whole flowering plant is used to make medicine. Knotweed is used for bronchitis, cough, gum disease (gingivitis), and sore mouth and throat. It is also used for lung diseases, skin disorders, and fluid retention. Some people use it to reduce sweating associated with tuberculosis and to stop bleeding.
 It might also prevent plaque from building up on care

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 10, 2019, 09:05:01 AM


carnation,pink ,sweet william

Dianthus  is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and one species (D. repens) in arctic North America.         
 Are annual or biennial, mostly herbaceous perennials,  and some are low subshrubs with woody basal stems.
 The flowers have five petals, typically with a frilled or pinked margin, and are (in almost all species) pale to dark pink. One species, D. knappii, has yellow flowers with a purple centre. Some species, particularly the perennial pinks, are noted for their strong spicy fragrance.
The name Dianthus is from the Greek words Διός Dios ("of Zeus") and ἀνθός anthos ("flower"), and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.
Since 1717, dianthus species have been extensively bred and hybridised to produce many thousands of cultivars for garden use and floristry, in all shades of white, pink, yellow and red, with a huge variety of flower shapes and markings. They are often divided into the following main groups

Border carnations – fully hardy, growing to 60 cm (24 in), large blooms
Perpetual flowering carnations – grown under glass, flowering throughout the year, often used for exhibition purposes, growing to 150 cm (59 in)
Malmaison carnations – derived from the variety 'Souvenir de la Malmaison', growing to 70 cm (28 in), grown for their intense "clove" fragrance
Old-fashioned pinks – older varieties; evergreen perennials forming mounds of blue-green foliage with masses of flowers in summer, growing to 45 cm (18 in)
Modern pinks – newer varieties, growing to 45 cm (18 in), often blooming two or three times per year
Alpine pinks – mat-forming perennials, suitable for the rockery or alpine garden, growing to 10 cm (4 in)
Over 100 varieties have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Habitat. Dianthus seguieri grows in dry meadows at an altitude of 100–1,000 metres (330–3,280 ft) above sea level.
A wide variety of habitats including sandy forest margins, dry hillsides and summits, forest and hillside grasslands, scrub on mountain slopes, rocky ravines, meadows and streamsides, parks ,gardens
The one you might see in Arillas or around Corfu is Dianthus superbus i show in pic

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NONE The carnation (Dianthus Carophyllus) is an old-fashioned garden favorite that is cheap to buy and easy to grow, rewarding even negligent gardeners with bushy, brightly colored blooms. Though the plant may cause skin irritation in some individuals, carnations are generally not considered threatening to humans.

Parks,Gardens boarders,Cut Flowers,Ground covers,several species are compact enough for planting in the hanging baskets, offering a profusion of flowers during the summer.Patio pots
 is also often used in cooking.(When using this herb for cooking make sure to remove the petal base – it is quite bitter!)
 An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. It is used in perfumery. 500kg of flowers produce 100g of oil. The flowers are harvested when they are fully open in the morning, preferably after 3 hours exposure to sunlight. The flower heads are dried and used in pot-pourri, scented sachets and cosmetic products. The plant is quite rich in saponins. The leaves can be simmered in water and this water can then be used as a soap for cleaning the skin, clothes etc.

It is used to treat cystitis, urinary stones, constipation, and failure to menstruate. Externally a decoction is used to treat skin inflammations and swellings. The old leaves can be crushed and used to clear the eyesight.
flowers are an aromatic, stimulant herb that has been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers, though this use is now obsolete. It is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders. The flowers are considered to be alexiteric, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, diaphoretic and nervine. The plant has been used as a vermifuge
Dianthus contains a variety of chemical compounds, including anthochanin and several types of saponins. Research has shown that dianthus chinensis can act as a short-term diuretic. Extracts of dianthus can stimulate uterine contractions, and the effect is dose-dependent; that is, the more dianthus a person receives, the longer and more intense the uterine contractions will be. In traditional Chinese medicine, dianthus is considered bitter and cold, and is associated with the Bladder, Heart and Small Intestine meridians. It promotes urination, drains damp heat from the bladder, and dispels blood stasis.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 13, 2019, 09:03:15 AM



Hepatica  liverleaf or liverwort is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the buttercup family,The plant is found mainly in Europe.central and northern Europe, Asia and eastern North America. Some botanists include Hepatica within a wider interpretation of Anemone.
The word hepatica derives from the Greek ἡπατικός hēpatikós, from ἧπαρ hêpar 'liver', because the three-lobed leaf was thought to resemble the human liver
The leaves are basal, leathery, and usually three-lobed, remaining over winter.Height: 10–15 cm (4–6 in.).
Hepatica cultivation has been popular in Japan since the 18th century, where flowers with doubled petals and a range of colour patterns have been developed
Habitats include upland deciduous woodlands, rocky bluffs, the slopes of bluffs, and limestone cliffs (where some shade occurs). Sharp-Lobed Hepatica occurs in high quality wooded areas where the original flora is largely intact.
In landscaping gardens,parks
Noted for its tolerance of alkaline limestone-derived soils, Hepatica may grow in a wide range of conditions; it can be found either in deeply shaded deciduous (especially beech) woodland and scrub or grassland in full sun. Hepatica will also grow in both sandy and clay-rich substrates, being associated with limestone. Moist soil and winter snowfall is a requirement; Hepatica is tolerant of winter snow cover, but less so of dry frost
Bisexual flowers with pink, purple, blue, or white sepals and three green bracts appear singly on hairy stems from late winter to spring. Butterflies, moths, bees, flies and beetles are known pollinators.
The known hepatica species can be divided into two series with respect to the leaf shape. The leaves of the series Triloba Ulbr. Tamura: are three-lobed with an smooth leaf edge. The series Angulosa (Ulbr.) Tamura are three- to five-lobed and leaf margin is mostly serrated. Between one and ten species of Hepatica are recognised, with some of the taxa more often treated as varieties:

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NONE UKNOWN  Although poisonous in large doses, the leaves and flowers may be used as an astringent, as a demulcent for slow-healing injuries, and as a diuretic.

Beneficial  Butterflies, moths, bees, flies and beetles are known pollinators.
Landscape,parks,gardens borders

Extracts or decoctions made from the leaves have been used in herbal medicine for the treatment of liver ailments, gallbladder ailments and digestive disorders, and to treat coughing and bronchitis. The herb can be used as a gargle for inflammation of the gums and chronic irritation of the neck and throat.
Relieves Stomach Discomfort
Stimulates Appetites
Helps Regulating Bowel Function
Stimulates Pancreas
Might Help in Reducing Cholesterol
Stimulates Blood Circulations
Soothing to the Nerves

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 14, 2019, 09:17:42 AM



Anemone is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, native to temperate zones. The genus is closely related to Pulsatilla ('Pasque flower') and Hepatica; some botanists even include both of these genera within Anemone.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Greek anemōnē means "daughter of the wind", from ánemos the wind god + feminine patronymic suffix -ōnē (i.e. daughter). The Metamorphoses of Ovid tells that the plant was created by the goddess Venus when she sprinkled nectar on the blood of her dead lover Adonis. The name "windflower" is used for the whole genus as well as the wood anemone A. nemorosa.
Many of the species are popular garden plants, providing colour throughout the season from early Spring into Autumn.
spring-flowering species found in woodland and alpine meadows, often tuberous or rhizomatous;
spring- and summer-flowering species from hot dry areas, with tuberous roots,
summer- and autumn-flowering species with fibrous roots, which thrive in moist dappled shade;
Of the late spring bulbs, Anemone blanda is one of the species grown in larger-scale commercial cultivation. It is most commonly available with a somewhat pale violet flower. A white-flowered form is the second-most common type.
Height= 10 to 125cm = 4''- 48'' inches
These plants thrive best in shady areas and under protection of larger plants, and in all but the hottest and the driest conditions in the United States. They are especially sensitive to drought or overwatering. They can be invasive or weedy in some areas, throwing out suckers from the fibrous rootstock, to rapidly colonise an area. Once established they can be extremely difficult to eradicate. On the other hand, they can take some time to become established. A. hupehensis is one of a handful of species that are autumn flowering.
 windflowers, are a diverse group, with various species blooming in spring and autumn. Some have fibrous roots and are found in the perennials section of nurseries and garden centers. Others grow from bulbs and tubers that are sold and planted in the Autumn along with spring-flowering bulbs like tulips and Daffs.
Habitat woodland,alpine,forest,hedgerows,gardens,parks,wasteland,

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The anemone is a flower from late spring (May — June), and there are many different species. ... All anemones are toxic to dogs, animals, and humans, because of the anemonin. Symptoms: it irritates the mucous membranes and causes blistering. It can also cause tremors and even seizures
Eating anemones may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting and diarrhea. The juice, sap or hairs of the plants can also cause dermatitis, or skin irritation. ... If you suspect someone has eaten the leaves, flowers or tubers of an anemone, or if symptoms appear, contact your doctor or the Poison Control Center.

Hybrida anemone are used for Landscaping

Some Anemone compounds and extracts display immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities. More than 50 species have ethnopharmacological uses, which provide clues for modern drug discovery. Anemone compounds exert anticancer and other bioactivities via multiple pathways
 help in reducing cramps

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 17, 2019, 08:47:14 AM


Stinking willie

Jacobaea vulgaris, syn. Senecio jacobaea, is a very common wild flower in the family Asteraceae that is native to northern Eurasia,[Eurasia  is the largest continent on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia usually in dry, open places, and has also been widely distributed as a weed elsewhere.]
Common names include ragwort, common ragwort, stinking willie, tansy ragwort, benweed, St. James-wort, stinking nanny/ninny/willy, staggerwort, dog standard, cankerwort, stammerwort. In the western United States it is generally known as tansy ragwort, or tansy, though its resemblance to the true tansy is superficial.
Although the plant is often unwanted by landowners because it is considered a weed by many, it provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year)
The plant is generally considered to be biennial but it has the tendency to exhibit perennial properties under certain cultural conditions (such as when subjected to repeated grazing or mowing). height of 0.3–2.0 metres
 the florets are bright yellow. It has a long flowering period lasting from June to November
Pollination is by a wide range of bees, flies and moths and butterflies. Over a season, one plant may produce 2,000 to 2,500 yellow flowers in 20- to 60-headed, flat-topped corymbs The number of seeds produced may be as large as 75,000 to 120,000, although in its native range in Eurasia very few of these would grow into new plants and research has shown that most seeds do not travel a great distance from the parent plant
Habitat Ragwort is abundant in waste land, waysides and grazing pastures.[11] It can be found along road sides, and grows in all cool and high rainfall areas.
 In Europe it is widely spread, from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean. In Britain and Ireland it is listed as a weed.
In the United Kingdom, where the plant is native, ragwort provides a home and food source to at least 77 insect species. Thirty of these species of invertebrate use ragwort exclusively as their food source and there are another 22 species where ragwort forms a significant part of their diet.

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Ragwort is a highly poisonous plant if eaten. Ragwort is toxic to cattle, horses, deer, goats, pigs and chickens. ... The poisonous substances in ragwort are toxic alkaloids (Jacobine, Jacodine and Jaconine). These cause the liver to accumulate copper, causing ill heath and death.
Ragwort contains many different alkaloids, making it poisonous to certain animals.
Ragwort is of concern to people who keep horses and cattle. In areas of the world where ragwort is a native plant, such as Britain and continental Europe, documented cases of proven poisoning are rare.[22] Horses do not normally eat fresh ragwort due to its bitter taste. The result, if sufficient quantity is consumed, can be irreversible cirrhosis of the liver of a form identified as megalocytosis where cells are abnormally enlarged. Signs that a horse has been poisoned include yellow mucous membranes, depression, and lack of coordination.

Ragwort is best known as the food of caterpillars of the cinnabar moth Tyria jacobaeae. They absorb alkaloids from the plant and become distasteful to predators, a fact advertised by the black and yellow warning colours. The red and black, day-flying adult moth is also distasteful to many potential predators. The moth is used as a control for ragwort in countries in which it has been introduced and become a problem, where the plant is native, ragwort provides a home and food source to insects
A good green dye is obtained from the leaves, though it is not very permanent. A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers when alum is used as a mordant. Brown and orange can also be obtained.

Jacobaea vulgaris, is nutrient dense herb support for ulcers, eye inflammations, coughs and colds and internal bruises
Despite serious safety concerns, people take golden ragwort to treat diabetes, high blood pressure, water retention, bleeding, chest congestion, and spasms.
Some people put golden ragwort on the gums to stop bleeding after removal of a tooth.
Women use golden ragwort for treating irregular or painful menstrual periods and symptoms of menopause. They also use it to reduce pain and ease childbirth.
 The juice of the plant is cooling and astringent, it is used as a wash in burns, sores, cancerous ulcers and eye inflammations. It makes a good gargle for ulcerated mouths and throats and is also said to take away the pain of a bee sting.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 18, 2019, 09:08:25 AM


pincushion flowers.

Scabiosa  is a genus in the honeysuckle family  Many of the species in this genus have common names that include the word scabious; however some plants commonly known as scabious are currently classified in related genera such as Knautia and Succisa; at least some of these were formerly placed in Scabiosa. Another common name for members of this genus is pincushion flowers.
The common name 'scabious' comes from the herb's traditional usage as a folk medicine to treat scabies, an illness that causes a severe itching sensation
 Native to Africa, Europe and Asia. Some species of Scabiosa, notably small scabious (S. columbaria) and Mediterranean sweet scabious (S. atropurpurea) have been developed into cultivars for gardeners.
Scabious flowers are nectar rich and attractive to many insects including butterflies and moths such as the six-spot burnet.
Some species of Scabiosa are annuals, others perennials. Some are herbaceous plants; others have woody rootstocks.
After the flowers have dropped, the calyces together with the bracts form a spiky ball that may be the reason for the "pincushion" common name.
Habitat Information
Small scabious is a winter green perennial of dry, relatively infertile, calcareous soils. Habitats include meadows and pastures (particularly sheep grazed down land), embankments and slopes, verges and, more rarely, chalk pits and limestone quarries. It is found in sites where the sward is short and open either as a result of drought stress or disturbance (light gazing, cutting or burning for example). It continues growing further into summer than many species as its deep tap root allows it to exploit ground water unavailable to them. However, because of its relatively low stature and limited ability to spread by vegetative means it cannot survive in tall or productive grassland.
Small scabious is pollinated by a wide range of insects especially bumblebees or butterflies.
Height: 2ft (60cm), spread: 2ft (60cm).

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After blooming, the character of the leaves changes and becomes less appealing, but the flowers can be eaten. They may be white to lavender, but they look stunning when sprinkled over pasta. Thai basil is sometimes allowed to flower before whole stems, with leaves attached, are harvested. The whole flower is edible. The tender young shoots are sometimes added to spring salads
The thick, glossy leaves were once used to dye wool green.
In borders gardens parks
Good for in insects

Devil's bit scabious was used as a medicinal herb well into the 1900s, but it is rarely used in modern-day herbal medicine. Some herbalist still use a decoction made from the rootstock to treat coughs, sore throat,bronchitis, fever and internal inflammation
The herb is anthelmintic, demulcent, depurative, slightly diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, mildly expectorant, febrifuge and stomachic. It makes a useful tea for the treatment of coughs, fevers and internal inflammations and is also a popular application externally to eczema and other cutaneous eruptions. A tincture of the plant is a gentle but reliable treatment for bruises, aiding quick re-absorption of the blood pigment. The whole herb is collected in early autumn and dried for later use. Good results have been achieved by using a distilled water from the plant as an eye lotion to treat conjunctivitis.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 19, 2019, 09:34:33 AM



Vicia is a genus of about 140 species of flowering plants that are part of the legume family (Fabaceae), and which are commonly known as vetches.  are native to Europe, North America, South America, Asia and Africa.
 subfamily Faboideae also have names containing "vetch", for example the vetchlings (Lathyrus)
Bitter vetch (V. ervilia) was one of the first domesticated crops.
Lathyrus (commonly known as peavines or vetchlings)
They are native to temperate areas, with a breakdown of 52 species in Europe, 30 species in North America, 78 in Asia, 24 in tropical East Africa, and 24 in temperate South America. There are annual and perennial species which may be climbing or bushy.
Many species are cultivated as garden plants. The genus includes the garden sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) and the perennial everlasting pea (Lathyrus latifolius). Flowers on these cultivated species may be rose, red, maroon, pink, white, yellow, purple or blue, and some are bicolored. They are also grown for their fragrance. Cultivated species are susceptible to fungal infections including downy and powdery mildew.Other species are grown for food, including the Indian pea (L. sativus)
The tuberous pea (L. tuberosus) is grown as a root vegetable for its starchy edible tuber. The seeds of some Lathyrus species contain the toxic amino acid oxalyldiaminopropionic acid and if eaten in large quantities can cause lathyrism, a serious disease.
vetch, t is grown extensively for forage and fodder,
The vetches grown as forage are generally toxic to non-ruminants (such as humans), at least if eaten in quantity. Cattle and horses have been poisoned by V. villosa and V. benghalensis, two species that contain canavanine in their seeds.
Lathyrus can be mixed with bitter peas without violating the Jewish law of Kilayim.are the prohibitions in Jewish law about planting certain mixtures of seeds, grafting, mixtures of plants in vineyards, crossbreeding animals, working a team of different kinds of animals together, and mixing wool and linen in garments.
 Woodland, forest margins, plantations and clearings.wasteland,road verge,Landscape,gardens,coastal front

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The vetches grown as forage are generally toxic to non-ruminants (such as humans), at least if eaten in quantity. Cattle and horses have been poisoned by V. villosa and V. benghalensis, two species that contain canavanine in their seeds. ... In common vetch,
The seeds of hairy vetch when eaten in quantity by cattle and horses cause nervous signs and death. The seeds of Vicia sativa have been reported to contain cyanide. An annual with stems 4-6 feet in length, with hairy stems and leaves. ... Lymphocytosis and hyperproteinemia are common features of hairy vetch poisoning.

Sweet Pea Lathyrus Toxicity. The seeds of sweet peas are mildly poisonous containing lathyrogens that, if ingested, in large quantities can cause a condition called Lathyrus. ... This is generally seen to occur after famines where the seed is often the only source of nutrition for extended periods of time.
With the growing interest in edible flowers, it is very important to be specific with the name. Although garden peas, (Pisum sativum) such as English peas, edible podded peas and snow peas are edible, sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) are poisonous - especially the flowers and seeds.

used as animal fodder throughout the world. The flowers of sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) are grown for their color and fragrance.
Vetch. Traditionally, the common vetch has been used as food for livestock, and was also used in medicine to treat eczema and other skin irritations, and as an antiseptic.
Many species are cultivated as garden plants.
Farmers perceive vetches as a reliable, versatile legume for pasture, green manure, hay/silage and grain. Vetches in crop rotations can be used to manage cereal diseases, grass weeds, improve soil fertility and contribute to increased yield and protein content in following crops.

No animal or clinical data are available regarding the use of Lathyrus for any clinical condition.
Vicia medicinal uses Unknown

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 21, 2019, 08:50:20 AM


French parsley

Chervil Anthriscus cerefolium common name called French parsley or garden chervil  related to parsley. It is commonly used to season mild-flavoured dishes and is a constituent of the French herb mixture fines herbes.A member of the Apiaceae, chervil is native to the Caucasus but was spread by the Romans through most of Europe,Mediterranean where it is now naturalised
The plants grow to 40–70 cm (16–28 in), with tripinnate leaves that may be curly. The small white flowers form small umbels, 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) across. The fruit is about 1 cm long, oblong-ovoid with a slender, ridged beak
Chervil is used, particularly in France, to season poultry, seafood, young spring vegetables
Wild chervil can be found in ditches, along roadsides, fencelines, stream banks and moist woods, and competes with pasture and hay crops—reducing forage and production. ... Chemical control is often precluded due the wet habitat wild chervil prefers. Cut and bag any flowering plants for burning or deep burial.

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Chervil is one of the herbs used to make fines herbes (the others are parsley, tarragon, and chives), a delicate herb blend used extensively in French cooking. Chervil is particularly delicious with eggs—either added to an omelet or sprinkled on scrambled eggs.
The flavor of chervil leaves reminds some people of anise and licorice or licorice and tarragon, still others of anise and parsley. The flowers are edible. Chervil plants sometimes grow as tall as 2 feet, but about 1 foot is more likely in the average garden.
Edible leaves - raw in salads or used as a flavouring in cooked foods such as soups and stews. A mild aromatic flavour that is suggestive of aniseed. The leaves are often used as a flavouring, they form the basis of the seasoning "fines herbes" and are an essential ingredient of "bouquet garni". The leaves should always be used fresh because the delicate flavour does not withstand drying or prolonged cooking. The leaves are ready for harvesting in about 8 weeks from sowing, the plant responds well to cut and come again harvesting. The flowers are used as a seasoning. The root is said to be edible.
Other uses of the herb: The growing plant is said to repel slugs.

Medicinal use of Chervil: Chervil is not widely used as a medicinal herb, though it is sometimes employed as a "spring tonic" for cleansing the liver and kidneys, is a good remedy for settling the digestion and is said to be of value in treating poor memory and mental depression. The fresh plant, harvested just before flowering, is digestive, diuretic, expectorant, poultice and stimulant. The juice is used in the treatment of dropsy, arthritis and chronic skin ailments. The bruised leaves are used as a poultice for slow-healing wounds and a warm poultice is applied to painful joints. An infusion of the fresh leaves is also used as an eyewash to treat sore or inflamed eyes.
People use the leaves and dried flowering parts, as well as the juice, to make medicine. Chervil is used for fluid retention, cough, digestion problems, and high blood pressure. Juice from fresh chervil is used for gout, pockets of infection (abscesses), and a skin condition called eczema.
The juice is used in the treatment of dropsy, arthritis and chronic skin ailments. The bruised leaves are used as a poultice for slow-healing wounds and a warm poultice is applied to painful joints. An infusion of the fresh leaves is also used as an eyewash to treat sore or inflamed eyes.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 23, 2019, 01:40:42 PM



Eucryphia  is a small genus of trees and large shrubs native to the south temperate regions of South America and coastal eastern Australia, Europe,Mediterranean
The generic name is derived from the Greek for "well hidden".  There are seven species, two in South America and five in Australia, and several named hybrids. They are mostly evergreen though one species (E. glutinosa) is usually deciduous.
Ranging from 2–10 metres (6–30 feet) in height, it can sometimes grow to 25 metres (80 feet) in favourable conditions. The small dark green glossy leaves are elliptical in shape and 2–4 cm (1-1.5 in) long. Appearing in spring and summer, the 2.5 – 4 cm diameter white flowers have four petals and resemble small single roses and have a strong fragrance,
[Ihave grown this plant in my winning london garden the scent is lovely]
Habitats woodland,parks gardens as a specimen shrub or small tree,along river banks, at low altitudes
from Horticulture Week. ... Their native habitats are temperate rainforest but they grow well in the UK and are fully hardy slow growing
 Dry Area Trees, Flowering Evergreens, Hedging Plants, Small Garden Tree, White Flower
This may not be a very popular plant; I fear the name may put off some, but it should be far better known. Not only is it an evergreen with attractive foliage all year round but every late summer it disappears under a mass of white flowers.

 individually they are borne in such numbers as to make this one of the best

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in the UK it is more usually a large bush or sometimes small tree. There it is known as Ulmo and the flowers are highly valued by beekeepers that produce Ulmo honey. Its heavy and hard timber is used in construction and the production of good quality charcoal. furniture and lumber, Wildlife- Bee friendly
Butterfly friendly


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 26, 2019, 09:01:48 AM


Trumpet vines

You can see this plant around Arillas and all over Greece

Campsis common names trumpet creeper, trumpet vine is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to woodland in China and North America. It consists of two species, both of which are vigorous deciduous perennial climbers, clinging by aerial roots, and producing large trumpet-shaped flowers in the summer. They are reasonably hardy and do well with the support of a wall, preferring full sun
Height and spread: 10m by 10m (30ft by 30ft)
Hardiness: Hardy to frost hardy
This extremely floriferous trumpet vine is heat,cold and drought tolerant you can grow this plant south and south west of england
This vigorous vine is at home in open woods, savannas, thickets, riverbanks, disturbed fence rows, roadsides or neglected fields.  Plants are very tolerant of disturbance and are often found in urban situations growing from sidewalk cracks and scrambling up telephone poles or clambering up trees in lawns or other mown areas.
LANDSCAPE USES:  This is a good choice for a Naturalized Area or Wildlife Garden.  Campsis radicans has Showy Blooms and can be used in Deer Resistant Plantings, Roadsides or Restoration Projects.
 Campsis radicans blooms best in sun but will tolerate shaded exposure and almost any soil.
In natural areas this is a resilient vine that is closely associated with the ruby throated hummingbird.
In confined garden spaces plants need sturdy support and a plan of action to curb the rampant growth.  Plants seed aggressively and produce many runners.
This vine is sometimes known as Cow Itch because some animals and people experience an allergic reaction after contact.

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The fruit, foliage, flowers and sap are toxic and can cause mild to severe skin rashes and irritation if handled Skin irritation with redness and swelling

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  The flowers are attractive to hummingbirds which are the principle pollinator of this plant.  White-tailed deer and rabbits eat the foilage.
LANDSCAPE USES:  This is a good choice for a Naturalized Area or Wildlife Garden.
For screening trellises,walls,fences,arbors

They are used in the treatment of women's complaints. A decoction of the flowers is used to correct menstrual disorders, rheumatoid pains, traumatic injuries, difficult urination, pruritis and oozing dermaphytoses.
The root is diaphoretic and vulnerary
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on June 27, 2019, 09:18:05 AM



The tomato is the edible, often red, berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
The Nahuatl Aztec language word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato derived.
species originated in western South America
The Spanish encountered the tomato from their contact with the Aztec during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and brought it to Europe. From there, the tomato was introduced to other parts of the European-colonized world during the 16th century
Tomatoes are a significant source of umami flavor savory taste is one of the five basic tastes (together with sweetness, sourness, bitterness, and saltiness)
Numerous varieties of the tomato plant are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing for the production of tomatoes throughout all seasons of the year. Tomato plants typically grow to 1–3 meters Tomato plants are vines
 plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. The size of the tomato varies according to the cultivar, with a range of 0.5–4 inches
Botanically, a tomato is a fruit—a berry, consisting of the ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. However, the tomato is considered a "culinary vegetable" because it has a much lower sugar content than culinary fruits; it is typically served as part of a salad or main course of a meal, rather than as a dessert.
Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles                     
The colour tomato from

Red, Commonly, red tomatoes have the rich tomato flavor that we are accustomed to.

Yellow, These tomato plant varieties are normally low acid and have a less tangy flavor than the tomatoes most people are use to.

Pink, The flavors of these tomatoes are similar to red tomatoes

Orange, These tomatoes tend to be sweeter, almost fruit like in flavor

White, The flavor of white tomatoes tends to be bland, but they have the lowest acid of any of the tomato varieties.

Green, tomato variety is typically strong but lower in acid than reds

Purple, Purple or black tomatoes have a strong, robust, smoky flavor.

Also you can get stripe tomatoes and hanging baskets tomatoes

Rich in dietary fibre, vitamin A and C, tomato seeds are harder to digest and are usually consumed after drying them, in powdered form! ... While earlier, it was thought that eating tomato seeds can give you appendicitis. Due to these misconceptions, people tend to doubt about eating them.
some sewage treatment plant you can see tomatoes growing

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Wariness about tomato leaves stems, in large part, from the plant's status as part of the nightshade family. While this family plays host to a variety of toxic, “deadly” plants, the tomato is not one of them, despite containing the alkaloids tomatine and solanine.
The fruit isn't, but the leaves, roots, and stem (and, in limited doses, even some unripe fruit) are rich in tomatine, an alkaloid that's mildly toxic to humans. It won't kill you, unless you chow down pounds and pounds of it, but it is likely to cause you some gastrointestinal distress.

Making wine with red or green tomatoes
Sauces, salsas, chutney,
Tomato Jam.
Tomato Purée
Slow-Roasted Tomatoes.
Raw, Fresh
This is just some uses

Tomato is used for preventing cancer of the breast, bladder, cervix, colon and rectum, stomach, lung, ovaries, pancreas, and prostate. It is also used to prevent diabetes, diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease), cataracts, and asthma.
Antioxidant Agent
Rich Source of Vitamins and Minerals
Counter the Effect of Smoking Cigarette
Improve Vision
Aid in Digestion
Lower Hypertension
Skin Care
Prevent Gallstones

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 05, 2019, 09:07:39 AM


Spindle tree

You can see this plant past the Bardis hotel towards Vavilas fish restaurant it is in the front garden

Euonymus  is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.
 Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus. It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, small trees and lianas. The name "Spindle Tree" comes from the light, yet hard wood being ideal for making wool spinning spindles. It can also be used for knitting needles and certain musical instruments.  They are mostly native to East Asia, extending to the Himalayas, and they are also distributed in Europe, Australasia, North America, and Madagascar. 50 species are endemic to China.
The inconspicuous flowers occur in small groups, and can be green, yellow, pink or maroon in color depending on species
The leaves are opposite (rarely alternate) and simple ovoid, typically 2–15 cm long, and usually with a finely serrated margin. The fruit is a pink or white four- or five-valved pod-like berry, which splits open to reveal the fleshy-coated orange or red seeds.
The seeds are eaten by frugivorous birds, which digest the fleshy seed coat and disperse the seeds in their droppings. Many species are used for medicinal use, and parts of the plants can be poisonous to humans
Euonymus are popular garden shrubs, grown for their foliage,Green,Yellow,Silver,white/silver,Green/yellow,Red, the deciduous species often exhibiting very bright red autumnal colours, and also for the decorative berries.
Euonymus are popular garden shrubs, grown for their foliage, the deciduous species often exhibiting very bright red autumnal colours, and also for the decorative berries.
The wood of some species was traditionally used for the making of spindles for spinning wool;[6] this use is the origin of the British English name of the shrubs.
HABITAT It is native to much of Europe and can be found most commonly on the edges of forests and in hedges, scrub and hedgerows.gardens,parks,in large landscapes shopping mall

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The poisonous components have not been fully defined. The effects suggest the presence of glycosides. ... Though the poison is present throughout the plant it is the berries which, most often*, cause harm. Symptoms appear up to 12 hours after ingestion and involve diarrhoea, vomiting and stimulation of the heart.

Hedging,Roots and stems yield up to 7% gutta-percha, a non elastic rubber used as an electrical insulator and in making plastics etc
The name "Spindle Tree" comes from the light, yet hard wood being ideal for making wool spinning spindles. It can also be used for knitting needles and certain musical instruments.

The stem bark is antirheumatic, diuretic and tonic
A tea made from the roots is used in cases of uterine prolapse, vomiting of blood, painful urination and stomach aches. The bark is diuretic, expectorant, laxative and tonic. It was used as a tea in the treatment of malaria, liver congestion, constipation
The seed is strongly laxative.
 It was used as a tea in the treatment of malaria, liver congestion, constipation etc. The powdered bark, applied to the scalp, was believed to eliminate dandruff

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 07, 2019, 11:08:38 AM



Cumin  comes from the Cuminum cyminum  is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae,  and is a member of the parsley family. It was originally cultivated in the Mediterranean and grows throughout Greece. Cumin spice comes from the seeds of the plant, and it is sold in Greece in markets either ground or unground.
 native to a territory including the Middle East and stretching east to India. Its seeds – each one contained within a fruit, which is dried – are used in the cuisines of many cultures in both whole and ground form. Although cumin is thought to have uses in traditional medicine,
Cumin is sometimes used as substitute for black pepper, especially since cumin is more widely available, depending on the region of Greece. Note that cumin is often confused with caraway seeds because they look similar. However, it isn’t the same plant. It also shouldn’t be confused with the the spice known as “black cumin” that comes from other parts of the world.
In cumin seeds, there are present antioxidants such as phenolic acids
Habitat and cultivation Cumin is indigenous to Egypt, and is cultivated in the Mediterranean, India, China, Morocco, southern Russia, and other countries. It grows well on fertile, sandy loam soil free of weeds.

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Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma
 Cumin can be an ingredient in chili powder
Cumin can be found in some cheeses, such as Leyden cheese, and in some traditional breads from France.
 and is used to flavor numerous commercial food products.
Cumin can be used ground or as whole seeds.It imparts an earthy, warming and aromatic character to food, making it a staple in certain stews and soups, as well as spiced gravies such as curry and chili. It is also used as an ingredient in some pickles and pastries

Cumin has many evidence-based health benefits. Some of these have been known since ancient times, while others are only just being discovered. Using cumin as a spice increases antioxidant intake, promotes digestion, provides iron, may improve blood sugar control and may reduce food-borne illnesses.
In fact, modern research has confirmed cumin may help rev up normal digestion
Cumin seeds are naturally rich in iron One teaspoon of ground cumin contains 1.4 mg of iron
Cumin contains lots of plant compounds that are linked with potential health benefits, including terpenes, phenols, flavonoids and alkaloids
Some of cumin's components have shown promise helping to treat diabetes.
Cumin has also improved blood cholesterol in clinical studies.
Concentrated cumin supplements have helped promote weight loss in a few clinical studies.
One of cumin's traditional roles in seasoning may have been for food safety.
Many seasonings, including cumin, appear to have antimicrobial properties that may reduce the risk of food-borne infections
Narcotic dependence is a growing concern internationally.
Opioid narcotics create addiction by hijacking the normal sense of craving and reward in the brain. This leads to continued or increased use.
Studies in mice have shown that cumin components reduce addictive behavior and withdrawal symptoms
Test-tube studies have shown cumin extracts inhibit inflammation
There are several components of cumin that may have anti-inflammatory effects, but researchers don't yet know which are most important

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 09, 2019, 09:33:20 AM



Sideritis (Gr: σιδηρίτις), also known as ironwort,mountain tea and shepherd's tea, Family:Lamiaceae
 Is a genus of flowering plants well known for their use as herbal medicine, commonly as an herbal tea. They are abundant in Mediterranean regions, the Balkans, the Iberian Peninsula and Macaronesia, but can also be found in Central Europe and temperate Asia
HABITAT  annual or perennial, that grows at high altitudes (usually over 1000 m) with little or no soil, often on the surface of rocks
In Greek "sideritis" can be literally translated as 'he who is made of iron'. The plant was known to ancient Greeks, specifically Pedanius Dioscorides and Theophrastus. Although Dioscorides describes three species, only one (probably S. scordioides) is thought to belong to Sideritis. In ancient times "sideritis" was a generic reference for plants capable of healing wounds caused by iron weapons during battles. However, others hold that the name stems from the shape of the sepal, which resembles the tip of a spear.
This plant looks like Jerusalem SAGE PLOLMIS and Stachys byzantina the leaves called White-colored hairs or spines on cactuses reflect sunlight and help keep the plant cool. ... Aphids are just one type of insect that likes to eat plants. Some plant hairs have tiny hooks that catch the invaders. Sometimes the hair makes it hard for the insects to feed on the leaves

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Tea,OIL, Cleansing Cream

Sideritis is a good herbal remedy for countering Respiratory troubles namely Flu and Cold. It is advantageous for treating Hypertension i.e. High Blood Pressure. Antioxidant properties of Sideritis may prevent from Cancer.
Prevent Cancer

Sideritus species, the plant found in the Greek mountain tea, has been broadly researched on. An animal study in Turkey examined the antioxidant effects of this species and found out that it has protective chemical properties that fight off the cell injury that might induce cancer.

 Reduce blood pressure

Certain dose of Sideritis extract from the Greek mountain tea is assumed to have a relaxing effect on the arterial blood pressure.  This finding was published by a 2012 publication from an animal study. The Sideritis juice seemed to widen blood vessels systemically; as a result, it reduces the work load of the heart and lowers the blood pressure.

Bacteria Killer

Sideritis has proved to be very effective against common and deadly strains of bacteria and fungus, such as E. coli, Staphylococcus, and Candida. Consuming regular amounts of this tea could help the body to fight bacterial infections and also act in preventative manner, although more research needs to be conducted before the benefits can be truly understood and exploited.

Help with Cold and Flu

We know that nothing cures the common cold, not matter how many years a particular culture has believed otherwise. With sideritis, however, there is some genuine promise. It doesn’t cure the cold outright, of course, but research has proven that this powerful tea can help to eradicate the symptoms and potentially to speed up the recovery.

Cure stomach problems

Due to the thriving antioxidant compounds in the Greek mountain tea, it also seems to provide favorable benefits to the gastrointestinal health. The research in Turkey also found that oral dose of Greek mountain tea had an effect on the gastrointestinal tract, by scaling down the process of inflammation and toxicity.

Relieve anxiety and depression

Drinking Mountain tea is related to depression and anxiety ever since Hippocrates era. Today, scientific research has confirmed this fact, which revealed that the natural antioxidant found in Greek mountain tea, namely flavonoids, are supposed to be able to impede a specific receptor in the human brain. Activation of this brain receptor is claimed to be related with several conditions such as anxiety, depression, mood disorders and Parkinson’s disease.

Reduce Inflammation and Pain

For thousands of years the Greeks have turned to sideritis in order to help with inflammation and inflammatory diseases, including arthritis. Tea when given to mice helps to reduce their body’s response to chemical pain stimuli and while mild, the results were very positive when combined with the anti-inflammation.


When consumed with fresh, organic honey, a cup of Greek mountain tea could be one of the most potent anti-microbial compounds in your diet. The honey provides an additional boost and is a natural anti-bacterial compound that humans have been consuming for centuries, but the sideritis delivers the powerful knock-out blow to these harmful microbes.

 Boosts libido

Sipping Greek mountain tea is probably worth trying if you are facing a sexual issue in your relationship life. According to the classic belief and resources, the routine consumption of Greek mountain tea may help raise a person’s lust and physical desire. Decreased libido may be observed as one of the signs of depression, and since Greek mountain tea has healing effect on depression, it is debatably logical to conclude that it will have the same effect on decreased libido.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 10, 2019, 08:49:59 AM



Satureja is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. It is native to North Africa, southern and southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. A few New World species were formerly included in Satureja, but they have all been moved to other genera. Several species are cultivated as culinary herbs called savory, and they have become established in the wild in a few places.
Satureja species may be annual or perennial. They are low-growing herbs and subshrubs, reaching heights of 15–50 cm
Both summer savory (Satureja hortensis) and winter savory (Satureja montana) are used to flavor food.
The former is preferred by cooks but as an annual is only available in summer; winter savory is an evergreen perennial.
 It is also used to season the traditional Acadian stew known as fricot. Savory is also a key ingredient in sarmale, a stuffed cabbage dish in traditional Romanian cuisine. The modern spice mixture Herbes de Provence has savory as one of the principal ingredients.
habitat is that of calcareous, rocky, arid lands, at the edge of mountain roads, up to 1300 m of altitude.

What is the difference between winter savory and summer savory?
Summer savory is often an ingredient in herb mixes, where it is usually dried and not ground. Both summer and winter savory are much stronger in ground form than in fresh or dried form, so cooks use about three times as much dried savory as they would use ground savory to achieve the same flavor.

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In Azerbaijan, savory is often incorporated as a flavoring in black tea.

Winter savory is an herb. The leaves and stems are used to make medicine. People take winter savory for intestinal disorders including cramps, indigestion, diarrhea, nausea, and intestinal gas. They also take it to treat cough and sore throat, reduce sex drive, and as a tonic.
Winter savory has been purported to have antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, and digestive benefits. It has also been used as an expectorant and in the treatment of bee stings, or insect bites, by the use of a poultice of the leaves. The plant has a stronger action than the closely related summer savory.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 11, 2019, 09:02:06 AM


Savanna daisy

Euryops is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family. Part of the great Asteraceae family.
Height – 40 inches (1 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary, drained
they are tolerant of salt air
Euryops comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, from dwarf shrubs to small trees.
 They are native mostly to rocky sites in southern Africa,Spreed to Europe. In Greece the Greeks put this plant in pots tubs, it will be hard to find this plant in the groud in greece unless wild frequently found on roadsides
 They produce daisy-like flowerheads from fern-like foliage. The name Euryops is probably a contraction of the Greek words ευρυς (eurys) meaning 'wide,' and ὄψις (opsis) meaning 'eye,' possibly referring to the large flowerheads compared to the narrow leaves.
Euryops, yellow bush daisy, It is a tough plant that survives all but the most extreme warm weather conditions including moderate drought. 
Pests problems with Euryops are pretty much non-existent.  The only real problem you might encounter is rot if you don't take care to plant in well-drained soil.  Euryops will not tolerate soggy roots so prepare your soil well.
You can turn this plant into a standard
Euryops  is frequently found on roadsides, urban open spaces and other disturbed areas.

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Euryops pectinatus is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, butterflies​/​moths and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers.
patio Tubs,parks,gardens
Cut Flowers  flowers do not close overnight or indoors and last well in small arrangements.
It was used as a substitute gum, and to preserve leather, like boots and saddles.

Euryops species are rich in resin, which sometimes appears as blobs on the stems and twigs. This resin was greatly esteemed at one time, by both the Khoi and the colonists, for its alleged medicinal properties

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 12, 2019, 09:04:30 AM



Mahleb or Mahalepi is an aromatic spice made from the seeds of a species of cherry, Prunus mahaleb
 The cherry stones are cracked to extract the seed kernel, which is about 5 mm diameter, soft and chewy on extraction. The seed kernel is ground to a powder before use. Its flavour is similar to a combination of bitter almond and cherry, and similar also to marzipan.
Mahleb is used in small quantities to sharpen sweet foods and cakes,and is used in production of tresse cheese.
 In recent decades, it has been slowly entering mainstream cookbooks in English
In Greek cuisine, mahlep is sometimes added to different types of holiday tsoureki breads, including Christmas bread, the New Year's vasilopita and the braided Easter bread called cheoreg in Armenian and paskalya çöreği in Turkish.
Prunus mahaleb  the mahaleb cherry or St Lucie cherry, is a species of cherry tree. The tree is cultivated for a spice obtained from the seeds inside the cherry stones. The seeds have a fragrant smell
The tree is native in the Mediterranean region, Iran and parts of central Asia, Greece It is adjudged to be native in northwestern Europe or at least it is naturalized there. It is a deciduous tree or large shrub, growing to 2–10 m (rarely up to 12 m) tall with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter.
Prunus mahaleb occurs in thickets and open woodland on dry slopes; in central Europe at altitudes up to 1,700 m, and in highlands at 1,200-2,000 m in southern Europe. It has become naturalised in some temperate areas, including Europe north of its native range (north to Great Britain and Sweden), and locally in Australia and the United States
A scientific study discovered an ecological dependence between the plant and four species of frugivorous birds in southeastern Spain; blackbirds and blackcaps proved to be the most important seed dispersers. When Prunus mahaleb is fruiting, these birds consume the fruit almost exclusively, and disperse the seeds to the locations favourable for the tree's growth. The way in which some birds consume the fruits and the habitats those birds use may act as a selective force in determining which genetic variations of the cherry flourish

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In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Good for The flower pollination is mainly by bees.
The plant is cultivated for a spice obtained from the seeds inside the cherry stones
 grown as an ornamental tree for its strongly fragrant flowers
Without mahleb, a uniquely sweet spice, Greek Easter bread just wouldn’t taste the same. If you live outside of Greece, it’s worth tracking down just for that one dish!
used in cooking
Known for its strong roots, it is used in horticulture as a frost resistant rootstock for sweet cherry (Prunus avium) and sour cherry (Prunus cerasus). The wood is hard, heavy, with a pleasant odour, used for carving small objects; e.g. tobacco pipes, canes, cigarette holders.

New studies show potential in using Prunus mahaleb seeds as a new edible oil source, since its seed oil contains a high level of poly-unsaturated fatty acids, especially the α-eleostearic acid, a conjugated fatty acid rarely found in vegetable oils, with beneficial effects on human health.

The seed is tonic. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, all members of the genus contain amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to form hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). In small amounts this exceedingly poisonous compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and gives a sense of well-being.

Urine and it is expectorant.
It is useful against shortness of breath and malaria.
It is pain cutter.
It gives strength to the body and increases sexual desire.
It is good for diabetics and those with prostate complaints.
When mahlep is defeated fresh, it is known that when it is defeated freshly, it causes stomachache, when the liquor is made and drink it causes pain in the abdominal region, when it is dried and defeated it prevents dizziness and when the dried inner core is defeated, it relieves heart aches.
For children with inadequate bone development; In this case, three to four tea spoon mahleps will be added to the formula of your babies, into the pudding, and the custard.
It is good for kidney and abdominal pain.
There is a healing effect against inflammation in the intestines.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 15, 2019, 12:40:12 PM



Diplotaxis tenuifolia  is a species of flowering plant in the mustard family known by the common name perennial wall-rocket. This plant is native to Europe and Western Asia. within Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, ... It can be found throughout much of the temperate world where it has naturalized.
This is an erect mustard-like plant with branching stems that may exceed half a meter in height
 The foliage is aromatic when crushed. Atop the branches of the stem are bright yellow flowers with four rounded petals each about a centimeter long. The fruit is a straight, flat silique up to five centimeters long.
This is an erect mustard-like plant with branching stems that may exceed half a meter in height. It grows in clumps on the ground in a variety of habitats and is a common weed of roadsides and disturbed areas. It has long leaves which may be lobed or not
Perennial wall rocket, wild rocket, sand rocket, Lincoln weed, white rocket; seeds sometimes marketed as "wild Italian arugula" or "sylvetta arugula".

Is rocket the same as arugula?
Rocket salad's botanical name is Eruca sativa or E. vesicaria. Rocket salad's common names are “arugula”, rocket arugula, rocket, rucola, rucoli, rugula, and roquette. ... Eruca sativa is a relative of wild arugula. Arugula has a weaker peppery flavor than wild arugula.

Family:   Brassicaceae
Genus:   Eruca
Species:   E. sativa

Family:   Brassicaceae
Genus:   Diplotaxis
Species:   D. tenuifolia

Name: Arugula
Greek Name: Roka
Pronounced: ROE-kah
Name in Greek: ρόκα

Grown as an edible herb in the Mediterranean area since Roman times, it was mentioned by various classical authors as an aphrodisiac, most famously in a poem long ascribed to Virgil, Moretum, which contains the line: "et Venerem revocans eruca morantem" ("and the rocket, which revives drowsy Venus [sexual desire]"). Some writers assert that for this reason during the Middle Ages it was forbidden to grow rocket in monasteries.

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Arugula is most commonly used as a salad green, but it also acts as a flavor ingredient in sandwiches, salads, and other dishes, especially those with chicken, tuna, pasta, eggs, or tomatoes.
Baby leaf rocket is cultivated worldwide as a salad leaf. In addition to D. tenuifolia, the annual Eruca sativa is grown and marketed under the same common names.

Wild rocket is high in ascorbic acid, carotenoids, polyphenols and glucosinolates (above all glucosativin and glucoerucin, which are the cause of the pungent flavour). When the leaves are chewed glucosinolates, through the enzyme myrosinase, are metabolized in isothyocyanates and indoles.
D. tenuifolia inhibited the growth of HT-29 colorectal cancer cells with a marked cytotoxicity. Isothiocyanates and indoles have, in fact, been linked to anticarcinogenicity in mammals.
Wild Rocket, or Diplotaxis tenufolia, has a history of traditional medicine use, especially in the Mediterranean region where it enjoys popularity as cuisine. There are many health benefits to consuming Wild Rocket since it contains Vitamins A, C, and K, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper and other nutrients. It has been used medicinally for different purposes throughout its history and contains glucosinolates, phytochemicals such as carotenoids, and polyphenols. Specific actions include astringent, diuretic, emollient, tonic, laxative, and stimulant.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 16, 2019, 09:07:18 AM


common purslane
Portulaca oleracea (common purslane, also known as verdolaga, red root, or pursley)                                                                                                                                                                                                                     is an annual succulent in the family Portulacaceae, which may reach 40 cm (16 in) in height.
It has an extensive distribution, assumed to be mostly anthropogenic, extending from North Africa and Southern Europe through the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent to Malesia and Australasia. The species status in the Americas is uncertain. In general, it is often considered an exotic weed,
Purslane (Portulaca oleracea, gr. glistrida, antrakla, adrahni) is a plant with fleshly leaves, growing wild all over Greece and also cultivated for use in horiatiki salad or eaten by its own with olive oil and vinegar.
Widely used in Mediterranean countries,
Australian Aborigines use the seeds of purslane to make seedcakes. Greeks, who call it andrákla (αντράκλα) or glistrída (γλιστρίδα), use the leaves and the stems with feta cheese, tomato, onion, garlic, oregano, and olive oil. They add it in salads, boil it, or add it to casseroled chicken.
In Turkey, besides being used in salads and in baked pastries, it is cooked as a vegetable similar to spinach, or is mixed with yogurt to form a Tzatziki variant.
Habitat. It grows well in orchards, vineyards, crop fields, landscaped areas, gardens, roadsides, and other disturbed sites.
Family:   Portulacaceae
Genus:   Portulaca
Species:   P. oleracea

Archaeobotanical researches have retrieved purslane seeds from a protogeometric layer in Kastanas and the Samian Heraion (7th century BC). Ancient doctors and herbalists found purslane helpful in treating inflammation in the urinary system (Hippokrates), mouth (Galen), digestive tract (Dioskourides) etc. Dioskourides thought that it could reduce the sexual desire, an opinion that was widely accepted until 17th century. The 17th century monk Agapius Landus from Crete suggested a fresh green salad made with purslane, basil, rocket, cress, and garlic to those suffering «the common cold». Modern researchers found that purslane is one of the very few plants that contain alpha linolenic acid, a type of omega-3 fatty acid normally found in fish and some algae. It is an explosion of vitamin C, also contains some vitamin B and carotenoids, as well as minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, potassium and iron. Two types of its betalain alkaloid pigments, the reddish betacyanins and the yellow betaxanthins have been found to have antimutagenic properties in laboratory studies.

Although purslane is widely eaten raw or pickled in vinegar by Greeks, is rarely consumed cooked. Two Cretan recipes of lamb or chicken cooked with purslane could have been introduced by the Greek refugees from Asia Minor, since in Turkish cuisine purslane is used just like spinach. A salad with yogurt and purslane also reminds of the Turkish Yogurtlu Semizotu Salatas. However, in that case it could be a coincidence, one of those that happen to cuisines based on similar sources.

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Purslane contains soluble calcium oxalates, which are poisonous to cats, dogs and horses, according to the ASPCA. Cats who ingest part of the plant may drool, vomit, or show other signs of digestive stress such as diarrhea or bloody urine.

The leaves, stems, flowers, and seeds of the purslane plant are all edible
Culinary uses This wonderful green leafy vegetable is very low in calories (just 16 kcal/100g) and fats; nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Fresh leaves contain surprisingly more omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) than any other leafy vegetable plant.
Purslane Soup
purslane pickles
In addition to its anti-aging properties, purslane strengthens the immune system. ... When consumed fresh or even as an infusion, purslane may function as a diuretic and depurative. For skincare, it can be useful in the treatment of eczema, acne-prone skin and insect bites, in the form of a compress made from fresh leaves.

Use. Purslane has been used as a vegetable source of omega-3 fatty acids and is high in vitamins and minerals. It possesses marked antioxidant activity. Roles in abnormal uterine bleeding, asthma, type 2 diabetes,
Purslane is used in various parts of the world to treat burns, headaches, stomach, intestinal and liver ailments, cough, shortness of breath and arthritis. Purslane herb has also been used as a purgative, cardiac tonic, emollient, muscle relaxant, and in anti-inflammatory and diuretic treatments.
 also help to lower elevated blood fat values and hence reduce the risk of heart attacks and blood clots. The fact that purslane contains a lot of magnesium is also important in this context.
For people suffering from high blood pressure (hypertension), it has been recommended to eat plenty of vegetables that contain magnesium such as purslane, spinach, and green beans.
Magnesium deficiency has become very prevalent, and now there is no doubt within the medical community that magnesium plays a role when it comes to many heart diseases.

It has been suggested that the daily intake of a total of 400 mg of magnesium should be sufficient for therapeutic reasons. For those suffering from frequent headaches, many diet experts have recommended a higher dose of 600 mg of magnesium a day.
Food containing high levels of magnesium and potassium have been shown to have an anti-depressant effect as well.
Purslane, which is abundant in both of these minerals also contain other substances like calcium, folic acid, and lithium that can have a positive effect against mild to moderate depression.
The herb has diuretic properties and can be used to cleanse the body of toxins and as a cooling and fever-lowering agent. Also, it may be helpful as an herbal remedy for ailments related to the urinary tract.

The fresh squeezed sap may be used to counteract cough. Due to the plant’s high content of mucilage, it has soothing properties that can be used for gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, dysentery, acute enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine) and appendicitis.

The herb has also been used to treat mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland), hemorrhoids and bleeding after childbirth. The seeds have been used against intestinal worms.

In Chinese herbal medicine, purslane is used as a remedy for diarrhea, bacterial dysentery, fever and urinary tract infections, and sometimes for appendicitis.

The Chinese also use the plant as an antidote for wasp stings and snake bites.
External Uses
The leaves of purslane are full of sap that can be applied fresh to the skin in order to relieve inflammation, insect bites, burns and other wounds. It is also thought to be helpful as a relief for skin problems such as boils and eczema.

The plant contains many valuable antioxidants, including carotenoids and may be used as a face mask to cleanse, refresh and tighten the skin.

In addition, the freshly crushed leaves can be used in the form of a poultice for headaches, sore eyes, and gout.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 17, 2019, 09:29:59 AM


The Greek climate is ideal for growing herbs, which are to be found in abundance, flourishing on mountain sides, and green meadows, where they grow naturally.

When walking through the beautiful countryside of Greece, it’s difficult not to crush the wild carpet of herbs underfoot; they grow so profusely, giving the air an aura unique to Greece.

The herbs found in Greece today, are the same herbs gathered thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece, and their uses have remained unchanged, not only to flavour delicious Greek cuisine, but also for medicinal purposes.


Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek μίνθα míntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family)
There are more than 600 varieties of mint, each having a range of flavor. Some are quite similar and can be used interchangeable in cooking
Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Spearmint (Mentha spicata)
Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) - Mat-forming groundcover with very small leaves; this plant has toxic properties and should not be consumed;
'Chocolate Mint' is a type of peppermint with a hint of chocolate flavor
'Apple Mint' has fuzzy, light green leaves and emits a green apple aroma
Variegata' has splashes of white and yellow
Curly Mint' is a type of spearmint with crinkly foliage
Pineapple' has a tropical fragrance and variegated foliage
Growth Habit
Most mints grow as an eight to 12 inch groundcover, extending another six inches or so when they are in bloom, though some form a creeping mat less than three inches tall. They spread by runners along the surface of the soil and can quickly expand to cover large areas where growing conditions are ideal.
HEIGHT 30cm 12''
SPREAD 15cm-2m+
Habitat & Adaptation. Peppermint can be found over much of the world; indigenous to Europe and Asia, it has been naturalized in North America. In the United States Mentha x piperita can be found practically everywhere, however; it is commonly found near streams and other wet areas.
You will see herbs growing in pots outside the restaurants in Arillas and allover Greece
Pick mint in the morning after the dew has evaporated for best flavor and aroma and use only the upper leaves that are fresh and green. It's best to harvest it early in the season before it goes to flower.

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NONE ONLY  [Mentha pulegium]

You can easily add mint to green salads, desserts, smoothies and even water.COOKING Peppermint tea is another popular way to incorporate it into your diet.

Mint is thought to increase bile secretion and encourage bile flow, which helps to speed and ease digestion (and which may also support healthy cholesterol levels). Peppermint is also thought to relieve pain and discomfort from gas and bloating. Peppermint tea is a common home remedy for flatulence.
Soothes Upset Stomach
Improves Digestion
Treats Bad Breath
Combats the Common Cold and Flu
 Reduces Fever
Improves Mental Awareness and Focus
Prevents Nausea
Reduces Stress
Promotes Healthy Skin and Hair
Like oral products, peppermint is used in a variety of skin care treatments at salons to promote a healthy scalp. Peppermint can help treat dandruff by reducing itchiness and soothing dry scalps. For best results, wash hair using peppermint tea and let sit for 5 to 10 minutes before rinsing.

The anti-inflammatory properties in peppermint can help reduce redness caused by acne and antiseptic properties help prevent build up of bacteria that can clog pores. The soothing effects of peppermint are useful for treating skin rashes and itchy bug bites.

As with many teas, pregnant women can drink mint tea, but should limit consumption since teas have been linked to higher rates of miscarriage. If you have a history of miscarriages, it is recommended to avoid drinking peppermint tea. Women should also avoid drinking peppermint tea when breastfeeding since peppermint oils can cause breathing problems in infants and children.

Drug Interactions
As with most teas, it's important to talk with your doctor before using tea to treat ailments or in combination with any medications. Peppermint tea can interact with medications designed to treat heartburn and acid reflux along with those for blood pressure and diabetes.

People with Acid Reflux
If you suffer from acid reflux disease or a similar ailment such as GERD, you should not consume peppermint tea. This is because peppermint tea can relax the muscles in the esophagus that prevent stomach acid and bile flow into the esophagus. By drinking peppermint tea, you can actually increase your symptoms of heartburn and indigestion.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 18, 2019, 09:20:47 AM



Hyssopus officinalis  is a herbaceous plant of the genus Hyssopus (belonging to the Lamiaceae, or mint family), native to  Europe, the Middle East, and the region surrounding the Caspian Sea. Due to its properties as an antiseptic, cough reliever, and expectorant, it is commonly used as a medicinal plant.

Family:   Lamiaceae
Tribe:   Mentheae
Genus:   Hyssopus
Species:   H. officials

Hyssop is a brightly coloured shrub or subshrub that ranges from 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) in height. The stem is woody at the base, from which grow a number of straight branches. Its leaves are lanceolate, dark green in colour, and from 2 to 2.5 cm (0.79 to 0.98 in) long.
During the summer, the plant produces bunches of pink, blue, or, more rarely, white fragrant flowers. These give rise to small oblong achenes.
A plant called hyssop has been in use since classical antiquity. Its name is a direct adaptation from the Greek ὕσσωπος (hyssopos).  and the Greek word ὕσσωπος probably share a common (but unknown) origin.[4] The name hyssop appears as a translation of ezov in some translations of the Bible, notably in verse 7 of Psalm 51: "Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean" (King James Bible), but researchers have suggested that the Biblical accounts refer not to the plant currently known as hyssop but rather to one of a number of different herbs, including Origanum syriacum (Syrian oregano, commonly referred to as "bible hyssop").
HABITAT The species as a whole is resistant to drought, and tolerant of chalky, sandy soils. It thrives in full sun and warm climates. Cultivars include 'Blue Flower'.
Under optimal weather conditions, herb hyssop is harvested twice yearly, once at the end of spring and once more at the beginning of the fall. The plants are preferably harvested when flowering in order to collect the flowering tips.

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you can use them like other fresh delicate herbs in salads, pastas, and summer soups.
 Za'atar is a famous Middle Eastern herbal mixture, some versions of which include dried Hyssop leaves.
 It's sometimes combined with fresh cheeses, baked into pita bread, or added to a glaze for vegetables like carrots.
The plant is commonly used by beekeepers to produce a rich and aromatic honey.
 The herb is also used to flavor liqueur,
essential oil
 in sweets. You can infuse it into custards for puddings or ice cream, pulverize it with sugar to make jam or candies, cook it with fruit for syrups or sauces,
 take advantage of its delicacy for sponge cakes.
Dried hyssop has one inconvenience: Its slender leaves, when dried, turn into brittle needles, unpleasant to eat. They do rehydrate, but with the texture of tea leaves. You can grind them in a spice grinder to a powder,
Look for hyssop essential oil that is 100 percent pure, organic and therapeutic grade, especially if you're looking to use it internally. Hyssop oil is not recommended for use in people who have a history of seizures or high blood pressure, or who are pregnant or nursing.

Hyssop is used for digestive and intestinal problems including liver and gallbladder conditions, intestinal pain, intestinal gas, colic, and loss of appetite. It is also used for respiratory problems including coughs, the common cold, respiratory infections, sore throat, and asthma.
Hyssop essential oil can be used both aromatically and topically to remedy symptoms of respiratory conditions, relieve muscle pain, and support a healthy immune system
The most popular use of Hyssop is a spiritual bath. The hyssop bath is usually considered to be a personal ritual to remove sin and negativity in life. It is used in conjunction with psalm 51 (...purge me with hyssop and I shall be clean...), which is a psalm of repentance and contrition for sins committed.
The latter effect is used to naturally treat infections of the upper respiratory tract by inhaling vapors from hyssop decoctions. ... Since hyssop works as a diuretic (increase the urine output) it can help flush out excess sodium from the body and therefore lower the blood pressure.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 19, 2019, 09:47:25 AM



Amaranthus known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweed. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Approximately 60 species are recognized, with inflorescences and foliage ranging from purple, through red and green to gold. Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia.known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweed. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Approximately 60 species are recognized, with inflorescences and foliage ranging from purple, through red and green to gold. Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia.

 purple Amaranth Blitum  or Guernsey pigweed, It is native to the Mediterranean region, but it has been naturalized in other parts of the world, including eastern North America.    Although weedy, it is eaten in many parts of the world.
“Amaranth” derives from Greek ἀμάραντος (amárantos), “unfading”, with the Greek word for “flower”, ἄνθος (ánthos),
HABITAT Dry waste ground, Roadside
 It grows between 10 and 80 cm tall, sometimes reaching 90 cm.

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Amaranth can be used as an exceptional thickener for sauces, soups, stews, and even jellies. Eaten as a snack, amaranth can have a light, nutty, or peppery-crunchy texture and flavor. Best of all, amaranth is even more nutritious than its true-grain counterparts.
 The plant is edible from tender stems through leaves, flowers and seeds. The cooked leaves can be used variously as simple green side dishes, in quiches, green Mediterranean-style pies, bruschetta toppings, pestos, soups, and saags.
Some varieties are cultivated for their seeds and the flour produced makes a more nutritious alternative than regular flour.

The leaves are used as a febrifuge and poultice to treat inflammations, boils and abscesses.
can improve the immune system.
greens have strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties regulate blood pressure, prevent osteoporosis and heart disease.
They are an excellent dietary source of phytosterols, which reduce blood pressure and prevent heart disease and stroke.
good food for those who want to maintain or reduce their weight, but also for those who have problems with constipation.
 reduce LDL-bad cholesterol levels in the blood due to tocotrienol, a subgroup of vitamin E, as well as due to the fiber they contain.
They cover 90% of our daily needs in vitamin C and 73% of vitamin A, 57% of manganese and 19% of folic acid. It is also a source of calcium, iron, fiber, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium.
 people with anemia because they are rich in iron.
contain lysine (an essential amino acid)
 gluten free diet
 28 only calories per 100 gr. and a low glycemic index, they are ideal for those on a diet!
amaranth leaves do contain moderate levels of oxalates. For this reason,  those who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, gouty (uric) arthritis or from kidney stones or gallstones, amaranth could exacerbate these conditions and should be avoided.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Erja on July 19, 2019, 01:18:39 PM


Trumpet vines

You can see this plant around Arillas and all over Greece

Thank you for this Kevin-Beverley as I have always wondered what these flowers were as often Vasilis has decorated my table with them in Armourada :)
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 19, 2019, 05:03:51 PM

Hi Erja

That’s good someone is reading the articles I put on
No problem Erja it’s good to identify the plants of Arillas
See you by the marina pool as usual with a drink haha 😂 see you soon
Is your suitcase ready mine is nearly it’s by the front door haha

See you soon

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 21, 2019, 11:46:23 AM



Phoenix dactylifera and Phoenix canariensis

You can see this Palm in Arillas BUT are slowly DYING and losing them

This tree can be grown in the UK  Phoenix canariensis is a species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, native to the Canary Islands. It is a relative of Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm. It is the natural symbol of the Canary Islands, together with the canary Serinus canaria. Mature P. canariensis are often used in ornamental landscaping and are collected and transplanted to their new planting location. A Canary Island Date Palm with 10 m (30 ft) of trunk is approximately 60 years of age.
P canariensis is one of the most grown palm trees throughout the world. It tolerates cold and warmth, drought and floods, shade and sun, and salt spray as well as mountain climate.\" In urban environments where P canariensis is often introduced as an ornamental, this species can thrives in a variety of habitats and soil types  P. canariensis grows on a wide variety of soils, all of volcanic origin and usually fertile. P canariensis has an extensive root system, which allows these palms to explore the surrounding earth to find subterranean water even at long distances. P canariensis even grow in subxeric areas because they are resistant to temporary swamping of the soil caused by sudden rains.

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation,
Date trees typically reach about 21–23 metres (69–75 ft) in height,
Date fruits (dates) are oval-cylindrical, 3 to 7 centimetres (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, and about 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) in diameter, ranging from bright red to bright yellow in colour, depending on variety.
Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Arabia from the 6th millennium BCE. The total annual world production of dates amounts to 8.5 million metric tons, countries of the Middle East and North Africa being the largest producers
The species name dactylifera "date-bearing" comes from the Greek words daktylos (δάκτυλος), which means "date" (also "finger")
Fossil records show that the date palm has existed for at least 50 million years
Dates are an important traditional crop in Iraq, Iran, Arabia, and north Africa west to Morocco. Dates (especially Medjool and Deglet Noor) are also cultivated in America in southern California, Arizona and southern Florida in the United States and in Sonora and Baja California in Mexico.

The Red Palm Weevil (RPW) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is one of two species of snout beetle known as the red palm weevil,   is a harmful insect that is not native to Europe and can attack a wide range of palm trees, such as date palms, coconut and areca palms and many other palm species.The Red Palm Weevil is a threat for palm trees all around the world.
A fully grown Weevil can be as large as five centimeters and lay as many as 250 eggs at a time. The nature of their reproduction cycle requires them to lay their eggs into palm trees, where larvae’s grow and fully destroy the structure of the palms.

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phoenix palm. ... “It still has those poisonous spikes on it and in fact they're more reachable in a pot than a very tall palm.
We had these in London i got stabed in the arm my arm ballooned very sore

In the Canary Islands, the sap of this date palm is used to make palm syrup. La Gomera is where most of the sap is produced in the Canary Islands.
Dry or soft dates are eaten out-of-hand, or may be pitted and stuffed with fillings such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, candied orange and lemon peel, tahini, marzipan or cream cheese. Pitted dates are also referred to as stoned dates. Partially dried pitted dates may be glazed with glucose syrup for use as a snack food. Dates can also be chopped and used in a range of sweet and savory dishes, from tajines (tagines) in Morocco to puddings, ka'ak (types of Arab cookies) and other dessert items. Date nut bread, a type of cake, is very popular in the United States, especially around holidays. Dates are also processed into cubes, paste called 'ajwa, spread, date syrup or "honey" called "dibs" or rub in Libya, powder (date sugar), vinegar or alcohol. Vinegar made from dates is a traditional product of the Middle East.[30][31] Recent innovations include chocolate-covered dates and products such as sparkling date juice, used in some Islamic countries as a non-alcoholic version of champagne, for special occasions and religious times such as Ramadan. When Muslims break fast in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first.

Reflecting the maritime trading heritage of Britain, imported chopped dates are added to, or form the main basis of a variety of traditional dessert recipes including sticky toffee pudding, Christmas pudding and date and walnut loaf. They are particularly available to eat whole at Christmas time. Dates are one of the ingredients of HP Sauce, a popular British condiment.

Dates can also be dehydrated, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed.

In Southeast Spain (where a large date plantation exists including UNESCO-protected Palmeral of Elche) dates (usually pitted with fried almond) are served wrapped in bacon and shallow fried, served with ranch dressing.

In Israel date syrup, termed silan, is used while cooking chicken and also for sweet and desserts, and as a honey substitute.

Dates are one of the ingredients of jallab, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup.

In Pakistan, a viscous, thick syrup made from the ripe fruits is used as a coating for leather bags and pipes to prevent leaking.
Date seeds are soaked and ground up for animal feed. Their oil is suitable for use in soap and cosmetics.
And  used in ornamental landscaping

Its gum (exudes from wounds) is used for the treatment of diarrhoea, it can counteract alcoholic intoxication, and its roots are used against tooth ache and pollen supply estrogens. A special variety known as Ajwah is the most medicinal date fruit in all the date palm varieties.
Therapeutic effects of date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera) in the prevention of diseases via modulation of anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-tumour activity

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 22, 2019, 01:57:20 PM



Myrrhis odorata  common names cicely, sweet cicely, myrrh, garden myrrh, and sweet chervil,is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the celery family Apiaceae. It is one of two accepted species in the genus Myrrhis.
Sweet cicely is also called myrrh, but this herb has nothing to do with the myrrh tree, as mentioned in the Bible.
Myrrhis derives from the Greek word myrrhis [μυρρίς], an aromatic oil from Asia. The Latin species name odorata means scented.
Native to mountains  of southern and central Europe It has been introduced and naturalized elsewhere in cultivated areas, woodland margins, roadside verges, river banks and grassland. In the British Isles it is most abundant in northern England and eastern Scotland
Its leaves are sometimes used as a herb, either raw or cooked, with a rather strong taste reminiscent of anise.
 The roots and seeds also are edible. Additionally,
Myrrhis odorata is a tall herbaceous perennial plant growing to 2 m [6 ft 6 in] tall, depending on circumstances. The leaves are fern-like, 2-4-pinnate, finely divided, feathery, up to 50 cm long, with whitish patches near the rachis. The plant is softly hairy and smells strongly of aniseed when crushed. The flowers are creamy-white, about 2–4 mm across, produced in large umbels. The flowering period extends from May to June. The fruits are slender, dark brown, 15–25 mm long and 3–4 mm broad

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beekeepers traditionally rubbed sweet cicely inside bee hives to attract new colonies.
Both the leaves, stems, flowers and roots of sweet cicely are edible. They young leaves can be eaten raw in salads, steamed, boiled or added to stir fry’s. The seeds, which taste like licorice candy, are used to sweeten and flavor desserts and baked items. The roots are cooked and served like turnips or parsnips. They are roasted, or added to stews and soups. Sweet cicely root is used to make wine and the seeds are to used to flavor liquors.
Sweet cicely, especially the root, has traditionally been used to replace, or as an addition to sugar in cooking. Research is being done to determine whether the herb can be used by diabetics and hypoglycemics. Therefore, sweet cicely could potentially be used in the same way that sugar substitutes, such as stevia, are used today.
sweet cicely as a tea

People take sweet cicely as a tea or tonic for asthma and other breathing problems, cough, digestion problems, chest and throat complaints, and urinary tract disorders. It is also used as a “blood purifier.”
Digestion problems.
Urinary tract conditions.
Gout, when applied to the skin.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of sweet cicely during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 23, 2019, 09:21:38 AM



Echinacea The genus Echinacea has ten species, A group of herbaceous flowering plants in the daisy family
Echinacea purpurea cultivation represents nearly 65% of all Echinacea cultivated in Europe
Echinacea species have been grown for their ornamental value in Europe since the 18th century. About 10 garden varieties of Echinacea purpurea were in cultivation in Europe at least until 1960
E. purpurea has long been the focus of plant breeders who have found varieties within Echinacea purpurea. Echinacea angustifolia and Echinacea pallida have no breed varieties defined thus far. Although Echinacea originated in North America, the purple coneflower species (E. purpurea) is probably better appreciated in Europe than in the United States as a garden ornamental plant.
Many of the cultivars traded at present were developed in Europe. German plant breeders have focused on developing cultivars with ray flowers that do not droop. Consumers see drooping petals as being diseased or wilted. Presently, seed companies offer varieties in various shades of red and white for which origin or breeder is not always known.
They have large, showy heads of composite flowers, blooming from early to late summer. The generic name is derived from the Greek word ἐχῖνος (ekhinos), meaning "sea urchin", due to the spiny central disk. These flowering plants and their parts have different uses. Some species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers.
HABITAT E. purpurea, purple coneflower
Size: 2 to 4 feet tall (rarely to 6 feet), 2 to 3 feet wide. A shrubby, well branched plant with leafy stems and dozens of flowers with flat or drooping rose-pink to red-violet rays
Can grow on waste ground,Edge of woodland,Parks,Gardens
Light: Echinacea thrives in full to partial sun. ...
Soil: Echinacea will tolerate poor rocky soil, but will not grow in wet, mucky soil. ...
Spacing: Coneflowers are clumping plants. ...
Planting: Plant Echinacea plants in the spring or the fall, in well-drained soil in full to part sun.

There were ten distinct species.

Echinacea angustifolia – Narrow-leaf coneflower
Echinacea atrorubens – Topeka purple coneflower
Echinacea laevigata – Smooth coneflower, smooth purple coneflower
Echinacea pallida – Pale purple coneflower
Echinacea paradoxa – Yellow coneflower, Bush's purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea – Purple coneflower, eastern purple coneflower
Echinacea sanguinea – Sanguine purple coneflower
Echinacea serotina – Narrow-leaved purple coneflower
Echinacea simulata – Wavyleaf purple coneflower
Echinacea tennesseensis – Tennessee coneflower

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Echinacea is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth in the short-term. ... Applying echinacea to the skin can cause redness, itchiness, or a rash.

The cone part of the flower head dries is a attractivein flower arrangements

Echinacea, also known as the purple coneflower, is an herbal medicine that has been used for centuries, customarily as a treatment for the common cold, coughs, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections, and some inflammatory conditions.
High in Antioxidants
Positive Effect on the Immune System
May Lower Blood Sugar Levels
May Reduce Feelings of Anxiety
Anti-Inflammatory Properties
May Help Treat Skin Concerns
May Offer Protection Against Cancer
Infections including urinary tract, ear and throat infections

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 25, 2019, 09:19:19 AM



You can see this plant the back road pass the Bardis Hotel a small allotment and around Arillas

Solanum melongena Is known as Eggplant (US, Australia), aubergine (UK), or brinjal (South Asia and South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.
 Although often considered a vegetable, it is a berry by botanical definition. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to tomato and potato.and chili peppers! Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts.
The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs
S. m. var. esculentum – common aubergine, including white varieties, with many cultivars
S. m. var. depressum – dwarf aubergine
S. m. var. serpentium – snake aubergine
 Grow the plants in relatively moist fertile soils in sunny positions.
Apparently, way back in the 1700s, early European versions of eggplant were smaller and yellow or white. They looked a bit like goose or hen's eggs, which led to the name “eggplant." The eggplant has been around for a long, long time. It's native to India and Southeast Asia

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raw eggplants are not poisonous. However, the leaves and flowers of the plant can be toxic. Plants in the nightshade family -- which includes eggplants, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and tomatillos -- contain an alkaloid called solanine, which in very large doses can be poisonous.

It can be grilled, stuffed, roasted, served in soups and stews and on kabobs, and used in curries and stir-fries. Eggplant is nutritious, being low in calories, fat, and sodium. It is high in fiber, and provides additional nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin B6 and A.
eggplant greek dip
eggplant greek salad
eggplant greek yogurt
Melitzanosalata, or Greek Eggplant Dip, is a simple yet tasty dish of roasted eggplant, garlic, oil, and lemon juice. It's perfect spread on toasted bread, or as party of a larger Greek meze party!

Eggplants also contain flavonoids, such as anthocyanins. Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments that have many health benefits. They also help give the eggplant its well-known, dark purple color. The skin of the eggplant is rich in antioxidants, fiber, potassium, and magnesium.
HEART HEALTH. Eggplants contain fiber, potassium, vitamin C and B6. ...
LOWER BLOOD PRESSURE. Eggplants contain a red-blue flavonoid plant pigment called anthocyanin which has been found to help with dropping blood pressure significantly. ...
High in Antioxidants
Rich in Many Nutrients
May Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease
May Promote Blood Sugar Control
Could Help With Weight Loss
Have Cancer-Fighting Benefits

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 26, 2019, 09:09:03 AM



Zucchini The zucchini, like all squash, originates in the Americas, specifically Mesoamerica. However, the varieties of squash typically called "zucchini" were developed in northern Italy in the second half of the 19th century after being brought to Europe by European explorers, many generations after the introduction of cucurbits from the Americas in the early 16th century.
Zucchini, like all squash, has its ancestry in the Americas, specifically Mesoamerica. However, the varieties of green, cylindrical squash harvested immature and typically called "zucchini" were cultivated in northern Italy, as much as three centuries after the introduction of cucurbits from the Americas. It appears that this occurred in the second half of the 19th century, although the first description of the variety under the name zucchini occurs in a work published in Milan in 1901. Early varieties usually appended the names of nearby cities in their names.
The first records of zucchini in the United States date to the early 1920s. It was almost certainly taken to America by Italian immigrants and probably was first cultivated in the United States in California. A 1928 report on vegetables grown in New York State treats 'Zucchini' as one among 60 cultivated varieties of C. pepo
The female flower is a golden blossom on the end of each emergent zucchini. The male flower grows directly on the stem of the zucchini plant in the leaf axils (where leaf petiole meets stem), on a long stalk, and is slightly smaller than the female. Both flowers are edible and are often used to dress a meal or to garnish the cooked fruit.

Firm and fresh blossoms that are only slightly open are cooked to be eaten, with pistils removed from female flowers, and stamens removed from male flowers. The stems on the flowers can be retained as a way of giving the cook something to hold onto during cooking, rather than injuring the delicate petals, or they can be removed prior to cooking, or prior to serving. There are a variety of recipes in which the flowers may be deep fried as fritters or tempura (after dipping in a light tempura batter), stuffed, sautéed, baked, or used in soups.

courgettes can reach nearly 1 metre (100 cm; 39 in) in length, but is usually harvested when still immature at about 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 in). A zucchini is a thin-skinned cultivar of what in Britain and Ireland is referred to as a marrow. In South Africa, a zucchini is known as a baby marrow.
In Greece, zucchini is usually fried or stewed with other fruits (often green chili peppers and eggplants). It is served as an hors d'œuvre or as a main dish, especially during fasting seasons. Zucchini is also stuffed with minced meat, rice, and herbs and served with avgolemono sauce. In several parts of Greece, the flowers of the plant are stuffed with white cheese, usually feta or mizithra cheese, or with a mixture of rice, herbs, and occasionally minced meat. They are then deep-fried or baked in the oven with tomato sauce.

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Toxicology. Members of the plant family Cucurbitaceae, which includes zucchini/marrows, pumpkins and cucumbers, can contain toxins called cucurbitacins. These are chemically classified as steroids; they defend the plants from predators, and have a bitter taste to humans. ... The toxin is not destroyed by cooking.
However, cucurbitacin poisoning is very unlikely from commercial varieties.

Zucchini is a good source of potassium and vitamins C and A, and it's super low in calories — wins all around. Zucchini are a multifunctional squash; you can fry them, saute them, use a vegetable peeler to turn zucchini into “pasta ribbons” or even munch on the raw squash.
Blueberry Zucchini Muffins,Spicy Zucchini Frittata, Zucchini Waffles,Zucchini Summer Skillet with Poached Eggs,Bacon Zucchini Quiche,Zucchini Quinoa Burgers,Shaved Squash Salad with Sunflower Seeds,Zucchini and Ricotta Galette,Spinach and Zucchini Soup,Zucchini Crudo, Zucchini Cornbread,Zucchini Butter, Zucchini Baba Ghannouj,Balsamic Steak with Garlic Zucchini,Zucchini Bread
Just type in any of the names and you can get the recipes loads to choose

Rich in Many Nutrients. Zucchini is rich in several vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial plant compounds. ...
High in Antioxidants. ...
Contributes to Healthy Digestion. ...
May Reduce Blood Sugar Levels. ...
May Improve Heart Health. ...
May Strengthen Your Vision. ...
May Aid Weight Loss. ...
Easy to Add to Your Diet.
Helps Lower Cholesterol
Helps Control Diabetes
Helps Cure Asthma
Enhances Digestion
Slows Down Aging
Strengthens Bones And Teeth
Helps Balance Thyroid And Adrenaline Function
Helps During Pregnancy
Good For Babies (And Kids)
Helps Prevent Gout
Promotes Prostate Health
Aids Collagen Formation
Helps In Skin Hydration
Improves Brain Functioning And Memory
Promotes Hair Growth
Enhances Immunity
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on July 26, 2019, 11:34:45 AM
You may be interested in this pic , Kevin.
My neighbours land , just across from the house and taken from our balcony. These were planted about 4 days ago.
(Loadsa Z's) - They will grow very quickly so I will post an updated pic in a weeks time.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 26, 2019, 01:39:05 PM

Hi Neil
 I will be out soon I can have look

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 28, 2019, 01:34:44 PM



Cucumis sativus is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. It is a creeping vine that bears cucumiform fruits that are used as vegetables. There are three main varieties of cucumber: slicing, pickling, and seedless. Within these varieties, several cultivars have been created. In North America, the term "wild cucumber" refers to plants in the genera Echinocystis and Marah,Echinocystis is a monotypic genus in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. The sole species is E. lobata, commonly called wild cucumber or prickly cucumber. It is an annual, sprawling plant that is native to North America.
  Marah They are also commonly called Old man in the ground. The genus (which Kellogg noted was characterized by extreme bitterness) was named for Marah in Exodus 15:22-25, which was said to be named for the bitter water there.
but these are not closely related. The cucumber is originally from South Asia, but now grows on most continents. Many different types of cucumber are traded on the global market.
The cucumber is a creeping vine that roots in the ground and grows up trellises or other supporting frames,
The plant may also root in a soilless medium and will sprawl along the ground if it does not have supports. The vine has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruits. The fruit of typical cultivars of cucumber is roughly cylindrical, but elongated with tapered ends, and may be as large as 60 centimeters (24 in) long and 10 centimeters (3.9 in) in diameter.[citation needed] Botanically speaking, the cucumber is classified as a pepo, a type of botanical berry with a hard outer rind and no internal divisions. Much like tomato and squash, it is often perceived, prepared and eaten as a vegetable. Cucumber fruits consist of 95% water

"True berries", or "baccae", may also be required to have a thin outer skin, not self-supporting when removed from the berry. This distinguishes, for example, a Vaccinium or Solanum berry from an Adansonia (baobab) amphisarca, which has a dry, more rigid and self-supporting skin. The fruit of citrus, such as the orange, kumquat and lemon, is a berry with a thick rind and a very juicy interior divided into segments by septa, that is given the special name "hesperidium". A specialized term, pepo, is also used for fruits of the gourd family Cucurbitaceae, which are modified to have a hard outer rind, but are not internally divided by septae. The fruits of Passiflora passion fruit and Carica papaya are sometimes also considered pepos.
Berries that develop from an inferior ovary are sometimes termed epigynous berries or false berries, as opposed to true berries, which develop from a superior ovary. In epigynous berries, the berry includes tissue derived from parts of the flower besides the ovary. The floral tube, formed from the basal part of the sepals, petals and stamens can become fleshy at maturity and is united with the ovary to form the fruit. Common fruits that are sometimes classified as epigynous berries include bananas, coffee, members of the genus Vaccinium (e.g., cranberries and blueberries), and members of the family Cucurbitaceae (gourds, cucumbers, melons and squash
A few cultivars of cucumber are parthenocarpic, the blossoms creating seedless fruit without pollination.
 these are usually grown in greenhouses, where bees are excluded. In Europe, they are grown outdoors in some regions, and bees are excluded from these areas.
Most cucumber cultivars, however, are seeded and require pollination. Thousands of hives of honey bees are annually carried to cucumber fields just before bloom for this purpose. Cucumbers may also be pollinated by bumblebees and several other bee species. Most cucumbers that require pollination are self-incompatible, so pollen from a different plant is required to form seeds and frui
The cucumber is listed among the foods of ancient Ur, and the legend of Gilgamesh describes people eating cucumbers.[citation needed] Cucumbers are mentioned in the Bible as one of the foods eaten by the Israelites in Egypt

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pickled in brine,cucumbers with vinegar,cucumbers juice,cucumber juice for skin,just about anything

Nothing is worse than bad breath and being out of breath mints. A great alternative is cucumber! Slice some up and hold on the roof of your mouth for 1-2 minutes. It will boost saliva production, which washes away the stinky bacteria.
Whenever you’re feeling a little groggy—from the time you wake up, to a sleepy afternoon, to after dinner—reach for a cucumber instead of reaching for something with too much caffeine in it. Caffeine loaded drinks can cost too much, anyway! Since cucumbers have vitamin B and carbs that are great at replenishing your body, they can help give you the energy boost you need. Skip the caffeine and caffeine crashes, snack on cucumbers
Since cucumbers have a high amount of potassium and mild diuretic property, it minimizes the effects of sodium as it helps reduce blood pressure and heart rate
Who wants to take a bunch of medicine if it’s not necessary? Cucumbers have vitamins and electrolytes that replenish the body and naturally keep headaches away. Simply eat cucumber slices before bed to wake up with a pain-free head.
Cucumbers contain silica. It is a mineral that helps improve collagen in the body, meaning it helps to keep hair from breaking or getting damaged. Since cucumbers are cooling they can also help hair during the summer from long days outside.
Make a paste of cucumber juice, honey, and ground coffee. Apply to cellulite and wrap in cloth and let sit for 30 minutes. Exfoliate the area for full benefits. The paste tightens skin and reduces the appearance of cellulite.
With its high fiber and water content, if you suffer from constipation eat some cucumbers and your body will be thanking you.
If you have these visitors in your garden, you’ll be happy to know that cucumbers can help. Put some cucumber slices in a pie tin. The chemicals in the cucumber will react with the aluminum that will give off a scent that will keep the slugs away.
Cucumber is actually a natural way to get rid of tapeworms in your intestines. Cucumber juice has the enzyme erepsin—which digests proteins—that eat away at tapeworms.
Because cucumbers have so many nutrients and can eliminate toxins, they are a great natural remedy for ridding the body of the harmful effects of too much alcohol. Try it.
You’ve probably seen or even tried cucumber slices on eyes; but do you know why they work? Cucumbers have ascorbic acid and caffeic acid. Antioxidants that relieve water retention, thereby reducing swelling around the eyes.
If your child has gotten a little crazy with the crayons lately, get out a cucumber! The outer peel is great for removing marks on walls. Just rub it on the wall and the crayon markings will come right off.
After regular cleaning, rub a cucumber slice on metal to remove tarnish and make it shine. We put this to the test, and it worked beautifully! It was actually easy to remove the tarnish on an old serving bowl.
Are you constantly waiting for the bathroom mirror to unfog to shave or put on makeup? Before your take a shower, wipe a cucumber across the mirror. It’ll help prevent the after-shower mirror fogs.
Squeaky door in the house and don’t have WD-40? No problem! A simple, all-natural solution is to rub a cucumber slice on the hinge. Squeak gone!
It may seem funny to wipe cucumber onto your shoes, but it does make them shine! Cucumbers contain a chemical that give shine and also repels water.
Cucumbers truly are a super food. They contain three lignans—lariciresinol, pinoresinol, and secoisolariciresinol—which have been shown to reduce the risk of breast, uterine, ovarian, and prostate cancers.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 29, 2019, 09:18:25 AM



I dont know if this plant grows on Corfu

Linum usitatissimum  known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
This plant is a food and fiber crop Textiles made from flax are known in the Western countries as linen, and traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen. Its oil is known as linseed oil.
After almost one hundred years flax will be grown again in Crete for textile use. The Penelope Gandhi mission women’s team, in cooperation with the Technical Educational Institute of Crete students and the University of Mountains decided to grow the crops which had helped the region’s microeconomic development in the past
Flax  it is the oldest of all fabrics, and evidence of linen has been found in Swiss lake dwellings dating from 8000 BC. It may simply be that flax was taken for granted.
After all, families in every country around the world had their own flax garden; it was just as natural an occurrence as fetching water from the well. However, the earliest mention of linen fabric comes from ancient Greece, where the evidence of a linen industry is shown on 4,000 year-old tablets.
Flax in Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece: Archaeobotanical evidence
Flax was cultivated extensively in ancient Egypt, where the temple walls had paintings of flowering flax, and mummies were entombed in linen.
Habitat The plant is adaptable to a variety of soils and climates but grows best in well-drained sandy loam and in temperate climates. In most areas planting of the same land with flax is limited to once in six years to avoid soil exhaustion. Cool moist growing seasons produce the most-desirable fibre.

Native Habitat: Woodland,Prairie/Meadow/Field
Wild Blue Flax Linum lewisii
Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Sand

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Flax is grown for its seeds, which can be ground into a meal or turned into linseed oil, a product used as a nutritional supplement and as an ingredient in many wood-finishing products. Flax is also grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Moreover, flax fibers are used to make linen.

Though tiny, they are rich in the omega-3 fatty acid ALA, lignans and fiber, all of which have been shown to have many potential health benefits. They can be used to improve digestive health, lower blood pressure and bad cholesterol, reduce the risk of cancer and may benefit people with diabetes
Flax Seeds Are a Rich Source of Lignans, Which May Reduce Cancer Risk
Flax Seeds Are Rich in Dietary Fiber
Flax Seeds May Improve Cholesterol
Flax Seeds May Lower Blood Pressure
They Contain High-Quality Protein
Flax Seeds May Help Control Blood Sugar
Flax Seeds Keep Hunger at Bay, Which May Aid Weight Control
 Flax Seeds Can Be a Versatile Ingredient
Flax seeds or flaxseed oil can be added to many common foods.

Adding them to water and drinking it as part of your daily fluid intake
Drizzling flaxseed oil as a dressing on salad
Sprinkling ground flax seeds over your hot or cold breakfast cereal
Mixing them into your favorite yogurt
Adding them into cookie, muffin, bread or other batters
Mixing them into smoothies to thicken up the consistency
Adding them to water as an egg substitute
Incorporating them into meat patties
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on July 29, 2019, 10:16:15 AM



With a cuccumber that big I would imagine you can fight anything!!!

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on July 29, 2019, 06:36:41 PM
Kevin - I have sent you a PM , and..... tis not about the that cucumber!!

and .... how do you start up a chat with a lady who grows these???
for me , I would say "Cucumber" here often??
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 30, 2019, 08:58:29 AM


ladies' fingers

Okra  is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. The geographical origin of okra is disputed, with supporters of West African, Ethiopian, and South Asian origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world.
Okra grows in an elongated, lantern shape vegetable. ... Okra is common in African, Middle Eastern, Greek, Turkish, Indian, Caribbean, and South American cuisines. Okra is commonly associated with US Southern, Creole, and Cajun cooking since it was initially introduced into the United States in the US South.
Okra probably originated somewhere around Ethiopia, and was cultivated by the ancient Egyptians by the 12th century B.C. Its cultivation spread throughout North Africa and the Middle East. The seed pods were eaten cooked, and the seeds were toasted and ground, used as a coffee substitute (and still is).
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus), native to Africa and related to hibiscus, arrived in North America in the 1600s. This edible green seed pods quickly became popular in the Deep South as both a side dish and a thickening for gumbo and stews. As a crop, oka thrives in any climate where corn will grow.
Okra can grow from three to six feet tall. Choose a garden spot where its shade will not harm other sun loving plants.
Temperature – An optimum temperature of 35 degress is what ladies finger
crops require. If you are sowing the seeds in winter, ensure that they remain in a
sunny spot during the day but stay out of chilling cold weather in the night. Too
much cold can kill the plant overnight.

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The entire okra plant is edible. The leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked like any other greens. Okra pods can even be eaten raw. ... The slime okra is known for is called mucilage, and it's actually good for you
Ladies' fingers can be used in salads, soups, and stews, fresh or dried, fried, sautéed, roasted, or boiled. They can also be pickled. Cutting okra and cooking it in moisture releases a mucilaginous, or slimy, juice that increases the thickness of soups and stews.

Okra's high levels of vitamin A, B vitamins (B1, B2, B6), and vitamin C, and traces of zinc and calcium, make it an ideal vegetable to eat during pregnancy. Okra also serves as a supplement for fiber and folic acid. This helps prevent birth defects like spina bifida and can even stop constipation during pregnancy.
 It’s a low calorie food
It’s a diuretic
That means it helps the body detoxify itself and helps you shed excess water weight. A great weapon in your arsenal for de-bloating!
 It’s cancer fighting
Packed with antioxidants, okra can provide much-needed support to cells in fighting off free-radicals that can lead to cancer.
It helps control cholesterol levels
 It boosts the immune system
It supports fertility and healthy pregnancy
It stabilizes blood sugar levels
It helps prevent diabetes
It helps prevent kidney disease
It may help reduce asthma symptoms
It’s good for your brain
It’s good for eye health
supports strong bones
great for your skin
great source of vegetable protein
ulcer healing

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on July 31, 2019, 09:13:38 AM


Handkerchief tree

I am not sure if this tree is on Corfu
This is a lovely flowering tree

Davidia involucrata,  Is a medium-sized deciduous tree in the family Nyssaceae. It was previously included with tupelos in the dogwood family, Cornaceae,
Other common names are dove-tree,handkerchief tree, pocket handkerchief tree,ghost tree, native to South Central and Southwest China from Hubei to southern Gansu, south to Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan, but is widely cultivated elsewhere in the world
It is a moderately fast-growing tree, growing to 20–25 m  the leaves are mostly 10–20 cm long and 7–15 cm wide and are ovate to heart-shaped.
Davidia involucrata is the only member of its genus, but there are two varieties differing slightly in their leaves, D. involucrata var. involucrata, which has the leaves thinly pubescent (short-haired) on the underside, and D. involucrata var. vilmoriniana, with glabrous (hairless) leaves. Some botanists treat them as distinct species, with good reason, as the two taxa have differing chromosome numbers so are unable to produce fertile hybrid offspring.
The species was introduced from China to Europe and North America in 1904, and is a popular ornamental tree in parks and larger gardens. Most trees in cultivation are var. vilmoriniana, which has proved much better able to adapt to the climatic conditions in the west.
 handkerchief tree is best known for its striking display of floral bracts in late spring. Its small, reddish purple flower heads are surrounded by a pair of large, white bracts up to 30 cm long, which are said to resemble dangling handkerchiefs or doves resting on the branches. Fruits: Hard, dark-green nuts, which turn purple when ripe. Each fruit contains 6-10 seeds. Seeds germinate erratically, and trees may need 10-20 years to flower.
This ancient tree species is known from fossil records millions of years old. As the population in China has grown, the tree’s natural habitat has gradually been destroyed and it is now an endangered species. In recognition of this, the Chinese government has named it a protected plant.

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Ornamental tree in parks and larger gardens.
 fruits in the form of small pear (3 cm). They stay on the tree late in winter. Overripe, they are edible. , the fruit tastes disgusting to humans.

Couid not find any medicinal uses

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 01, 2019, 09:14:32 AM



We had theses trees in south kensington a beautiful trees

Catalpa bignonioides  is native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Common names include southern catalpa, cigartree, and Indian-bean-tree.
It is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 15–18 metres  with a trunk up to 1 metre diameter,
The leaves are large and heart shaped, being 20–30 cm long and 15–20 cm broad.
 It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from October to December.
The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light sandy, medium loamy and heavy clay soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.
A fast-growing tree with an extensive root system, it has been planted on land that is subject to landslips or erosion in order to stabilize the soil. Wood - coarse and straight-grained, soft, not strong, moderately high in shock resistance, very durable in the soil.
 It is highly valued for posts and fencing rails, and is also used for interior finishes, cabinet work etc
 Plants are hardy to about -15°c, probably more in continental climates, they grow best in areas with hot summers
The genus was common in Europe during the Tertiary period and its fossil remains have been discovered in the Miocene rocks of the Yellowstone River.
Tertiary is a widely used term for the geologic period from 66 million to 2.6 million years ago,

Can grow all over the world
It is widely grown as an ornamental tree. In parks and gardens of all temperate countries.
 it is fast-growing in the wild where it often flowers when only 6 - 8 years old

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The roots are highly poisonous The tree is famous for its long seed pods, which resemble beans or cigars. Despite the common name of "bean tree," however, this catalpa has no known edible uses.

Grown as an ornamental tree.
Common Uses: Fence posts, utility wood, cabinetry, and carving. ... Unlike most other common carving woods, such as Butternut or Basswood, Catalpa is resistant to decay, and is more suited to outdoor carvings than other domestic species.
Catalpa is often called a softwood, but is technically a hardwood, but one of the softer low density hardwoods. Catalpa wood is good for starting fires and will put out heat just fine, but it will burn up quickly and you will have to keep putting wood on the fire if you want an extended burn.

A tea made from the bark has been used as an antiseptic, antidote to snake bites, laxative, sedative and vermifuge. As well as having a sedative effect, the plant also has a mild narcotic action, though it never causes a dazed condition.
 It has therefore been used with advantage in preparations with other herbs for the treatment of whooping cough in children, it is also used to treat asthma and spasmodic coughs in children. The bark has been used as a substitute for quinine in treating malaria. The leaves are used as a poultice on wounds and abrasions
Distilled water made from the pods, mixed with eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis) and rue (Ruta graveolens) is a valuable eye lotion in the treatment of trachoma and conjunctivitis

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 02, 2019, 09:17:35 AM


silver birch

Betula pendula  Commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch,
Species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe,
 Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in some states in the United States and parts of Canada. The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia.
The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m tall The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe
 The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch (B. papyrifera). The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged.
, it is mainly found in mountainous regions. Its light seeds are easily blown by the wind and it is a pioneer species, one of the first trees to sprout on bare land or after a forest fire. It needs plenty of light and does best on dry, acid soils and is found on heathland, mountainsides, and clinging to crags. Its tolerance to pollution make it suitable for planting in industrial areas and exposed sites.
Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies​/​moths and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant.
Silver birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only
The silver birch has an open canopy which allows plenty of light to reach the ground.
The silver birch is Finland's national tree.
Birch brushwood is used for racecourse jumps and besom brooms. In the spring, large quantities of sap rise up the trunk and this can be tapped. It contains around 1% sugars and can be used in a similar way to maple syrup, being drunk fresh,

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No reported toxicity

But i read this i Never Heard of It
There is empirical evidence which points to toxicity from pollen and vapour given off by the common silver birch tree, Betula pendula. ... It is a highly toxic substance. It is a cause of irritation of the lungs manifesting itself in a chronic cough. This vapour surrounds the trees until the tree sheds its leaves.

It is planted decoratively in parks and gardens and is used for forest products such as joinery timber, firewood, tanning, racecourse jumps, and brooms.
Birch sap extract has an unusual scent and flavor that is used to make birch syrup, birch beer, oil of wintergreen and is used in soaps and shampoos
 In Sweden, the bark of birch trees was ground up and used to make bark bread, a form of famine food.

Silver birch is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic and is reputed to be useful in the treatment of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, gout, kidney stones, nephritis, cystitis, digestive disturbances, and respiratory diseases. For these purposes, a decoction of the bark or leaves is generally used. Externally, silver birch is used to promote healing, relieve pain, and treat inflammations and infections of the skin such as eczema and psoriasis.
Some people take birch along with lots of fluids for “irrigation therapy” to flush out the urinary tract. Other uses include treating arthritis, achy joints (rheumatism), loss of hair, and skin rashes. Birch is also used in “Spring cures” for “purifying the blood.”

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Erja on August 05, 2019, 01:19:58 PM
Betula pendula is my absolute favourite tree! Never knew the Latin name. And nothing smells nicer that a birch tree after a summer rain :)
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 06, 2019, 09:02:42 AM


star jasmine

Trachelospermum jasminoides  is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia (Japan, Korea, southern China and Vietnam) It is widely planted in California and also particularly in the Southeastern United States, and also in Europe
In late evening you can smell this plant in Arillas
Trachelospermum jasminoides is an evergreen woody liana growing to 3 m (10 ft) high. The leaves are opposite, oval to lanceolate,
The fragrant flowers are white or yellow with green or variegated or yellow leaves
Trachelospermum jasminoides is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and houseplant. In gardens, public landscapes, and parks it is used as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios. It will flower in full sun, partial shade, or total shade, and requires well-drained soi
T. jasminoides can be found growing in sunny edges of forests, shrublands, disturbed sites, wastelands, along roadsides and trails and drought tolerant

What is the difference between star jasmine and Confederate jasmine?
The star jasmine might be just the thing. Also known as confederate jasmine, star jasmine is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones through . Actually, star jasmine is not really jasmine at all, but belongs to the Trachelospermum genus. ... Star jasmine has small, glossy green leaves that are evergreen in warm climates.

Trachelospermum jasminoides is called Star Jasmine in Europe and Chinese Jasmine in Asia.

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A valuable perfume oil is extracted from the steam distilled or tinctured flowers and used in high end perfumery. In a dilute form, tinctured flowers are much used in Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai incenses. A bast fibre is produced from the stems
Also you get this plant at christmas in a basket with a bit of wire climbing around it
Is Star jasmine flower edible?
Very sweet. Brewed as tea and used to make agua fresca. The flowers are also preserved in syrup and used as a cocktail addition or dessert topping. Only the species Jasminum sambac is edible; all other jasmine species are poisonous.

This plant is especially useful for the aged. The flowering stem is analgesic, antibacterial, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, depurative, emmenagogue, febrifuge, resolvent, tonic and vasodilator. A decoction is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, sore throats and various boils and abscesses
Trachelospermum jasminoides is considered to have bitter, warm and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the heart and liver meridians.
Trachelospermum jasminoides, ginseng, Smilax glabra root and fossil fragments (calcined) are powdered and taken on an empty stomach to treat gonorrhea.
A decoction of Trachelospermum jasminoides can be taken orally to treat pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx).
A decoction of Trachelospermum jasminoides, honey locust, licorice root, Trichosanthes kirilowii, mastic, myrrh and wine is taken orally to treat swollen lip with mouth ulcers.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 07, 2019, 09:45:52 AM



Lonicera  are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae  Approximately 180 species of honeysuckle have been identified
Native to northern latitudes in North America and Eurasia
Several species of honeysuckle have become invasive when introduced outside their native range, particularly in North America, Europe, South America, Australia, and Africa
Lonicera japonica is found in a variety of habitats, including fields, forest edges and openings, disturbed woods, and floodplains. It is shade and drought tolerant, though it needs full to partial sunlight to grow successfully. L. japonica is still planted in gardens and along roadsides for landscaping purposes.
 L. etrusca from the Mediterranean Lonicera etrusca is a species of honeysuckle known by the common name Etruscan honeysuckle. It is native to Europe
Honeysuckles are Deciduous, Semi-Evergreen, Evergreen
Most are known as climing vine But some are shrubs such as [Lonicera Baggesen'sGold] for hedges and [lonicera pileata] for ground cover the shrubs do not smell like the vines

There are two kinds of shrubby honeysuckle with varied uses around the garden. Foliage kinds are popular for hedging and topiary, while flowering species and varieties are important border shrubs. This species is perhaps the best known of the hedging types, popular for dwarf formal hedges kept clipped to the same strict outlines as can be achieved with box. It is dense and fast-growing, both in the green form and its fine yellow variety 'Baggesen's Gold'. The colour is at its brightest in summer, fading to a yellowish green in autumn. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its Award of Garden Merit

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NONE While most honeysuckle species are not poisonous, some varieties contain glycosides in the stems or vines, and carotenoids in the berries.  generally only mildly toxic in humans, but can be harmful to animals and small children.

are common garden plants with highly fragrant flowers
 fast growing plant to cover the fence,
grow well in a pergola

Fresh Honeysuckle Eau de Parfum

Honeysuckle & davana cologne

Honeysuckle is also used for urinary disorders, headache, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. Some people use it to promote sweating, as a laxative, to counteract poisoning, and for birth control.
Improved Immunity and Fever Treatment:
Sizzling honeysuckle tea if taken with a little amount of honey can help boost your immune system and help you fight several seasonal heath conditions such as cold and flu naturally. Furthermore, it works like a magic to provide instant relief from high fever and helps soothing sore throats and easing cough.
Maintain Blood Sugar Level:
Assistance in the maintenance of blood sugar levels is another most popular heath attribute of this amazing herb.
Protection against Viral and Bacterial Infections:
Honeysuckle tea is believed to host certain elements that aid elimination of infection causing germs that cause strep, tuberculosis and salmonella infections.
The oil extracted from this sweet smelling shrub is a great aromatherapy oil which helps alleviating mental and physical stress, leaving you feeling mentally calm and tranquil.
 Smooth Respiratory System:
This amazing potion is also known to fight bladder infections and ensure smooth functioning of respiratory system.
Honeysuckle Benefits For Skin:
Thanks to its excellent antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, honeysuckle oil works wonders to relieve skin rashes, poison ivy and blemishes. Additionally, it is also reported to offer relief from sunburn and minor burns.
Gargles and Mouthwash:
Honeysuckle leaves have great astringent abilities and thus they can be used in preparing gargles and mouthwash.
Natural Detoxifier:
This wonderful oil is a natural cleanser and detoxifier that cleans up human liver as we as body from wind, heat and toxins.
 Problem-Free Digestive System:
The buds of honeysuckle flower can be efficiently used to treat various digestion related disorders. In addition, researches have highlighted its role in preventing breast cancer.
Relief from Nausea:
Last but certainly not the least; honeysuckle tea is very effectual for the patients of hepatitis C as it helps curbing down the pesky nausea and vomiting sensation.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on August 11, 2019, 12:15:12 PM
You may be interested in this pic , Kevin.
My neighbours land , just across from the house and taken from our balcony. These were planted about 4 days ago.
(Loadsa Z's) - They will grow very quickly so I will post an updated pic in a weeks time.

This one taken 9th August.
This is only one half of his crop. He will be picking 'em very soon.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 15, 2019, 06:12:36 PM


Walking around behind the galini and keep going up I saw a lovely Butternut tree - white walnut tree full of fruit ready for harvest later in the year some lovely wild flowers all unspoilt


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on August 15, 2019, 07:43:51 PM
Kevin , you up for trying some walnuts , from our trees last year. They are hit n miss and roughly 3 from 5 OK.
You may need some nut crackers and I am not talking about those street corners, in Corfu town, at midnight.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 20, 2019, 05:34:59 PM

Neil hope this helps

Typically, a fig tree tree takes several seasons before it produces figs. It may produce two fruit crops per year. Figs ripen at different times of the growing season, depending on the tree variety and the growing environment

planting a black fig tree in the spring of 2011 and it did well last summer and produced a lot of fruit. To our surprise this spring, it has developed small figs all over the tree, but no leaves. Is this normal behaviour

Thats probably the breba crop on plant this spring .
Some plants get 2 crops.

A breba is a fig that develops on a common fig tree in the spring on the previous year's shoot growth. In contrast, the main fig crop develops on the current year's shoot growth and ripens in late summer or fall
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 28, 2019, 08:55:49 AM



You will see this plant all over Arillas

Daucus carota  common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace
 Is a white, flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia, and naturalized to North America and Australia. Domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.
The history of Daucus carota and its cultivation in different parts of the world can be traced back through historical texts and artwork. Paintings from the 16th and 17th century, for example, that are of maids in a market or farmers' most recent crops can provide information on carrots' history. Studying such paintings shows that yellow or red roots were cultivated in Turkey, North Africa, and Spain. Orange roots were cultivated in 17th century Netherlands.
The wild carrot is a herbaceous, somewhat variable biennial plant that grows between 30 and 60 cm (1 and 2 ft) tall, and is roughly hairy, with a stiff, solid stem. The leaves are tripinnate, finely divided and lacy,
 The flowers are small and dull white, clustered in flat, dense umbels. The umbels are terminal and approximately 3–4 inches (8–10 cm) wide. They may be pink in bud and may have a reddish or purple flower in the centre of the umbel.
 Wild carrot blooms in summer and fall. It thrives best in sun to partial shade. Daucus carota is commonly found along roadsides and in unused fields.
Similar in appearance to the deadly poison hemlock, D. carota is distinguished by a mix of tripinnate leaves, fine hairs on its solid green stems and on its leaves, a root that smells like carrots, and occasionally a single dark red flower in the center of the umbel.

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Skin contact with the foliage of Daucus carota, especially wet foliage, can cause skin irritation in some people. "Sensitized photosensitive persons may get an exact reproduction of the leaf on the skin by placing the leaf on the skin for a while, followed by exposure to sunshine
Uses. Like the cultivated carrot, the D. carota root is edible while young, but it quickly becomes too woody to consume. The flowers are sometimes battered and fried. The leaves are also edible except in large quantities.

This beneficial weed can be used as a companion plant to crops. Like most members of the umbellifer family, it attracts wasps to its small flowers in its native land; however, where it has been introduced, it attracts very few wasps. In northeast Wisconsin, when introduced with blueberries it did succeed in attracting butterflies and wasps. This species is also documented to boost tomato plant production when kept nearby, and it can provide a microclimate of cooler, moister air for lettuce, when intercropped with it
If used as a dyestuff, the flowers give a creamy, off-white color.
An essential oil obtained from the seed has an orris-like scent. It is used in perfumery and as a food flavouring. The oil has also been used cosmetically in anti-wrinkle creams.

Wild carrot is used for urinary tract problems including kidney stones, bladder problems, water retention, and excess uric acid in the urine; and also for gout, a painful joint problem caused by too much uric acid. The seed oil is used for severe diarrhea (dysentery), indigestion, and intestinal gas.
The wild carrot is an aromatic herb that acts as a diuretic, soothes the digestive tract and stimulates the uterus. A wonderfully cleansing medicine, it supports the liver, stimulates the flow of urine and the removal of waste by the kidneys. The whole plant is anthelmintic, carminative, deobstruent, diuretic, galactogogue, ophthalmic, stimulant. An infusion is used in the treatment of various complaints including digestive disorders, kidney and bladder diseases and in the treatment of dropsy. An infusion of the leaves has been used to counter cystitis and kidney stone formation, and to diminish stones that have already formed. Carrot leaves contain significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones. The plant is harvested in July and dried for later use. A warm water infusion of the flowers has been used in the treatment of diabetes. The grated raw root, especially of the cultivated forms, is used as a remedy for threadworms. The root is also used to encourage delayed menstruation. The root of the wild plant can induce uterine contractions and so should not be used by pregnant women. A tea made from the roots is diuretic and has been used in the treatment of urinary stones. The seeds are diuretic, carminative, emmenagogue and anthelmintic. An infusion is used in the treatment of oedema, flatulent indigestion and menstrual problems. The seed is a traditional "morning after" contraceptive and there is some evidence to uphold this belief. It requires further investigation. Carrot seeds can be abortifacient and so should not be used by pregnant women.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 29, 2019, 09:38:02 AM


Mexican petunia

You will see this plant in the Tria Adelphia BUT midday the flowers drop off next day full bloom again

Ruellia, commonly known as Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia,
 is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae. It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933
 They are not closely related to petunias (Petunia) although both genera belong to the same euasterid clade. The genus was named in honor of Jean Ruelle, herbalist and physician to Francis I of France and translator of several works of Dioscorides.
Ruellia simplex is an evergreen perennial growing 1m tall, forming colonies of stalks with lance-shaped leaves that are 6 to 12 in (15 to 30 cm) and .5 to .75 in (1.3 to 1.9 cm) wide. Trumpet shaped flowers are metallic blue to purple, with five petals, and 3 in (7.6 cm) wide. There is a dwarf variety that is only 1 ft (0.30 m) tall.
 The genus is named after French botanist Jean Ruel, while the specific name refers to the simple, not compound leaves.
R. simplex has been introduced as an ornamental in gardens. However, it has escaped from cultivation and naturalized into natural habitats. In the USA, it was first noticed as naturalized along the Florida through Louisiana coast lines in 1933 . In Australia, in the last 20 years, this species has gone from being relatively uncommon to being one of the most common and widespread species recently ranked among the 200 most invasive plant
HABITAT R. simplex grows in wet, disturbed sites including drainage ditches, shores of ponds or lakes, and moist to wet wooded areas. It grows well in both wet and dry conditions, and plants may survive in drier sites with full sunlight exposure.
R. simplex has been widely commercialized as an ornamental. It is also grown as a potted-plant. Many cultivars of this species have been selected commercially and are now available in the nursery and landscape industry. Despite being highly weedy, R. simplex is very popular among consumers, landscapers and growers

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Ruellias are popular ornamental plants. Some are used as medicinal plants, but many are known or suspected to be poisonous.
Its absence from the lists is not an absolute guarantee that R. brittoniana is completely non-toxic; however, its absence from the lists is a good indication that it is harmless

have been used as garnish, but as members of the nightshade family, they are not to be eaten.

In landscape Parks,Gardens,
Mexican petunia (Ruellia) does attract butterflies. Many different butterflies enjoy visiting its flowers for their nectar, and some butterflies may use it as a host plant in their caterpillar stage.
And Bees

Plant extracts of genus Ruellia have anti-hypertensive, antinociceptive, analgesic, antispasmolytic, antioxidant, antiulcer, antidiabetic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties   Ruellia brittoniana is used for variety of purposes in traditional medicines.
Ruellia tuberosa is used in stomach cancer
Ruellia has been used as diuretic
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on August 30, 2019, 09:25:52 AM



Chrysanthemum Are  called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae. They are native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Most species originate from East Asia and the center of diversity is in China Countless horticultural varieties and cultivars exist.
The name "chrysanthemum" is derived from the Ancient Greek: χρυσός chrysos (gold) and Ancient Greek: ἄνθεμον anthemon (flower)
Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. They have alternately arranged leaves divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges.
The head has a base covered in layers of phyllaries. The simple row of ray florets is white, yellow, or red; many horticultural specimens have been bred to bear many rows of ray florets in a great variety of colors. The disc florets of wild taxa are yellow. The fruit is a ribbed achene. Chrysanthemums, also known as "mums", are one of the prettiest varieties of perennials that start blooming early in the autumn. This is also known as favorite flower for the month of November.
Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC. Over 500 cultivars had been recorded by 1630
Chrysanthemum cultivation began in Japan during the Nara and Heian periods (early 8th to late 12th centuries), and gained popularity in the Edo period (early 17th to late 19th century). Many flower shapes, colours, and varieties were created.
Modern cultivated chrysanthemums are showier than their wild relatives. The flower heads occur in various forms, and can be daisy-like or decorative, like pompons or buttons. This genus contains many hybrids and thousands of cultivars developed for horticultural purposes. In addition to the traditional yellow, other colors are available, such as white, purple, and red.
Chrysanthemum plants have been shown to reduce indoor air pollution by the NASA Clean Air Study.
The UK National Collection of hardy chrysanthemums is at Hill Close Gardens near Warwick
Meaning & Symbolism of Chrysanthemums
Daisy-like with a typically yellow center and a decorative pompon, chrysanthemums symbolize optimism and joy. They're the November birth flower, the 13th wedding anniversary flower and the official flower of the city of Chicago.
In some countries of Europe (e.g., France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Poland, Hungary, Croatia), incurve chrysanthemums symbolize death and are used only for funerals or on graves, while other types carry no such symbolism; similarly, in China, Japan, and Korea, white chrysanthemums symbolize adversity,
Chrysanthemum flowers are available in a wide array of colors - from white, to yellow and gold, pink, orange, bronze, deep red, maroon, violet and purple. Some chrysanthemums are a mix of two and even more colors.
These late-season flowers can handle a light touch of frost, and colors often deepen and improve with cold weather!
Found wild in most habitats. Grasslands on mountain slopes, thickets, wet places by rivers, fields, roadsides, saline places by seashores, under shrubs 100 - 2900 m.
 Height : 12 to 48 inches. Traditional long stems with flowers at the top of the plant.
will thrive in full sun conditions, given adequate moisture. About three hours of direct sunlight is about the minimum that will produce bushy plants and plenty of flowers. Early in the season mums should be watered like your lawn, about one inch a week.

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If you want to see more here is a link =


. Exhibitions,Landscape,Gardens,Parks,Indoors,
All chrysanthemum flowers are edible, but the flavor varies widely from plant to plant, from sweet to tangy to bitter or peppery. It may take some experimentation to find flavors you like. ... You can buy traditional Chrysanthemum morifolium plants for your garden at Companion Plants.
Chrysanthemum tea is a flower-based infusion beverage made from chrysanthemum flowers of the species

It is possible to experience certain side effects if you consume chrysanthemum or handle it to prepare your tea. You may suffer from a skin rash (also called contact dermatitis), including redness, swelling, or itching. ... There is not enough evidence to know that consuming chrysanthemum over the long term is safe.

Chrysanthemum morifolium or Chrysanthemum indicum, which are most popular in East Asia, especially China.
 Used for funerals
chrysanthemum flower bouquets

People use the flowers to make medicine. Chrysanthemum is used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, fever, cold, headache, dizziness, and swelling. In combination with other herbs, chrysanthemum is also used to treat prostate cancer
Diabetes. Early research suggests that taking a specific product containing Chinese chrysanthemum and chromium (jiangtangkang) by mouth three times daily for 6 months might lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 04, 2019, 11:36:35 AM


Barberton daisy

You can see this plant at the Tria

Gerbera jamesonii is a species of flowering plant in the genus Gerbera.
Commonly known as the Barberton daisy, the Transvaal daisy, and as Barbertonse madeliefie in Afrikaans.
This plant produces tall colorful flowers in season. The flowers may be red, yellow, pink, or orange. flower sizes anywhere from 2 to 5 inches across.  is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae (daisy family). It was named in honour of German botanist and medical doctor Traugott Gerber (1710-1743) who travelled extensively in Russia and was a friend of Carl Linnaeus.
Gerbera daises are the fifth most used flower in cut arrangements and bouquets, straight after roses, carnations, chrystanthemums and tulips. Not surprisingly the Victorian meaning of the gerbera daisy is happiness.
Gerbera flowers are available in almost all the colours of the rainbow, except blue – if you see a blue one it was created artificially.
If you want a long lasting flower, gerbera should be your choice – they are one of the longest lasting flowers when used as a cut flower in a vase.
Gerberas have developed a protection mechanism against fungal diseases. Gerbera flowers are used as model organisms in studying flower formations.
Gerbera hybrida. Thousands of cultivars exist. They vary greatly in shape and size.
Gerbera contains naturally occurring coumarin derivatives. Gerbera is a tender perennial plant. It is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds, but resistant to deer
Habitat. It usually inhabits grasslands, meadows, gardens, urban areas and areas near the roadsides. It can survive in both dry and wet habitats, but it prefers well-drained soils and a lot of direct sun. People cultivate daisies because of their simple but very attractive flowers.The Gerbera Daisy or Transvaal Daisy is a pot plant that is related to the familiar white and yellow daisies that you find growing outside in the lawn.
If you look at gerbera flower, you would think that it’s just one big flower head with lots of small petals. In fact, the flower head is a huge cluster of hundreds of flowers.
Deadheading encourages a gerbera daisy plant to produce more flowers, and dividing an outdoor plant helps keep it healthy. Deadheading, which is removing flowers as they fade, improves the plant's appearance and encourages a long blooming period.

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Garden borders ,Pot,tubs,Parks,Housplants,Cut flowers,daisies are not only delightful to look at - they are edible.
Flower extracts are used in perfumes, nail paint, lipsticks and as cut flowers for birthdays, weddings and anniversaries.

Wild daisy is a plant. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicinal tea. People take wild daisy tea for coughs, bronchitis, disorders of the liver and kidneys, and swelling (inflammation). They also use it as a drying agent (astringent) and as a "blood purifier."

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 05, 2019, 09:09:20 AM



You can see this plant near the Bardis Hotel and past the Tria up the hill going out of Arillas i did not know they grow cabbages in Arillas
The cabbages in Arillas are the size of medicine ball makes ours like tennis ball

Cabbage is several cultivars of Brassica oleracea  is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. It is descended from the wild cabbage, B. oleracea var. oleracea, and belongs to the "cole crops", meaning it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower (var. botrytis); Brussels sprouts (var. gemmifera); and savoy cabbage (var. sabauda). Brassica rapa is commonly named Chinese, celery or napa cabbage and has many of the same uses. Cabbage is high in nutritional value
Cabbage was most likely domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC, although savoys were not developed until the 16th century AD. By the Middle Ages, cabbage had become a prominent part of European cuisine
 but plants intended for seed are allowed to grow a second year and must be kept separate from other cole crops to prevent cross-pollination. Cabbage is prone to several nutrient deficiencies, as well as to multiple pests, and bacterial and fungal diseases.
The Greeks were convinced that cabbages and grapevines were inimical, and that cabbage planted too near the vine would impart its unwelcome odor to the grapes; this Mediterranean sense of antipathy survives today.
The wild ancestor of cabbage, Brassica oleracea, originally found in Britain and continental Europe, is tolerant of salt but not encroachment by other plants and consequently inhabits rocky cliffs in cool damp coastal habitats, retaining water and nutrients in its slightly thickened, turgid leaves.
Hundreds of varieties of cabbage are grown throughout the world. This cruciferous vegetable is a hearty staple on tables from China to Italy and Ireland. But in American markets you will find three basic types: green, red, and Savoy.

  North Korea      Lee described an experiment in which 50 healthy women prisoners were selected and given poisoned cabbage leaves. All of the women were required to eat the cabbage, despite cries of distress from those who had already eaten. All 50 died after 20 minutes of vomiting blood and anal bleeding. Refusing to eat the cabbage would allegedly have meant reprisals against them and their families.

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But i read this
 are capable of forming toxic quantities of SMCO , a chemical that can cause hemolytic anemia in livestock. These plants also contain glucosinolates, which can cause goiter. ... Glucosinolates contained in kale, cabbage, and broccoli (Brassica oleracea) can cause goiter in humans

Culinary,In landscape as in photo

Cabbage is also used to treat asthma and morning sickness. It is also used to prevent weak bones (osteoporosis), as well as cancer of the lung, stomach, colon, breast and other types of cancer. Breast-feeding women sometimes apply cabbage leaves and cabbage leaf extracts to their breasts to relieve swelling and pain.
Cabbage Is Packed With Nutrients. Share on Pinterest. ...
It May Help Keep Inflammation in Check. ...
Cabbage Is Packed With Vitamin C. ...
It Helps Improve Digestion. ...
May Help Keep Your Heart Healthy. ...
May Lower Blood Pressure. ...
Could Help Lower Cholesterol Levels. ...
Cabbage Is an Excellent Source of Vitamin K.

helps in the prevention of various cancers including breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, and colon cancer.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 05, 2019, 05:50:47 PM


If you been walking around Arillas and seen a small red black striped bug on a lot of the plants i have never seen this bug before so here is the Answer

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Scientific name: Graphosoma italicum (Müller, 1766)
Common name: Italian Striped-Bug. Stink Bug.
Other names: Minstrel Bug.
French name: Punaise Arlequin, Graphosome Italien, Scutellère rayée, Pentatome rayée.
Order: Heteroptera.
Family: Pentatomidae.
Wingspan : 8-11 mm.
Stink bugs get their name from the unpleasant odor they produce when they are threatened. Scientists think this odor helps protect the bugs against predators. The stink bugs produce the smelly chemical in a gland on their abdomen. Some species can actually spray the chemical several inches.
A crop of fennel has been completely sucked of all life by an infestation of brown striped shield bugs, Graphosoma italicum, sometimes called stink bugs.
The good news is that stink bugs don't bite. They also don't harm people or pets, nor do they spread disease. However, some people are allergic to the compounds released by the stink bug. Symptoms of this allergy can include a runny nose and, if you come in contact with crushed bugs, dermatitis.
When stink bugs locate a suitable location, they release an aggregation pheromone that attracts other stink bugs to the site. ... Although overwintering stink bugs can be a major nuisance, they do not damage structures, eat fabrics, or consume foods stored inside the home.
Graphosoma semipunctatum  The legs are orange, the red and black bands are interrupted on the pronotum, where they form black points. The distribution is restricted to the Mediterranean region.

G. italicum is an insect of warm and sunny areas. It prefers warm slopes and meadows located on south-facing slopes.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on September 05, 2019, 06:04:16 PM
I think when they are threatened they fart really badly. - Just like me if I get threatened ... or annoyed. Problem is , driving the Punto with the windows up and then I get annoyed by "part time car drivers who think they can throw the highway code outa der windo" then I am in trouble.
(Have to open my window !! - Thanks guys --- fumigate Punto when I get home)
Not sure if I can spray chemical several inches or more... may have to try that on an unsuspecting cyclist!!!
or the guy that stopped dead, in the middle,  at a T-junction, right in front of me, today. - Maybe he was being attacked by a "Stink Bug"
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 06, 2019, 09:03:56 AM


If you walk around Arillas and see a field or roadside with lots of white flowers this is it

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota  Common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace
 is a white, flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia, and naturalized to North America and Australia.
Domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.
The wild carrot is a herbaceous, somewhat variable biennial plant that grows between 30 and 60 cm tall, and is roughly hairy, with a stiff, solid stem. The leaves are tripinnate, finely divided and lacy, . The flowers are small and dull white, clustered in flat, dense umbels. The umbels are terminal and approximately 3–4 inches (8–10 cm) wide. As the seeds develop, the umbel curls up at the edges, becomes more congested, and develops a concave surface.
Like the cultivated carrot, the D. carota root is edible while young, but it quickly becomes too woody to consume.
Extra caution should be used when collecting D. carota because it bears a close resemblance to poison hemlock. In addition, the leaves of the wild carrot may cause phytophotodermatitis, so caution should also be used when handling the plant.
Phytophotodermatitis, also known as berloque dermatitis or margarita photodermatitis, is a cutaneous phototoxic inflammatory reaction resulting from contact with a light-sensitizing botanical agent followed by exposure to ultraviolet light (from the sun, for instance).
This beneficial weed can be used as a companion plant to crops. Like most members of the umbellifer family, it attracts wasps to its small flowers in its native land; however, where it has been introduced, it attracts very few wasps. In northeast Wisconsin, when introduced with blueberries it did succeed in attracting butterflies and wasps. This species is also documented to boost tomato plant production when kept nearby, and it can provide a microclimate of cooler, moister air for lettuce, when intercropped with it. However, the states of Iowa, Ohio, Michigan and Washington have listed it as a noxious weed,and it is considered a serious pest in pastures. It persists in the soil seed bank for two to five years.
Allegedly they are orange for entirely political reasons: in the 17th century, Dutch growers are thought to have cultivated orange carrots as a tribute to William of Orange – who led the the struggle for Dutch independence – and the color stuck. ... All our modern, western carrots ultimately descend from these varieties

This mainly coastal plant is a summer wildflower of dry grassland; it can be seen in swathes on the verges of country lanes, field boundaries and sheltered grassy cliffs and dunes near the sea.
Daucus is an ancient Greek name for this plant, and the specific pithet carota simply means carrot.

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Toxicity. Skin contact with the foliage of Daucus carota, especially wet foliage, can cause skin irritation in some people.

Eating only a tiny bit of the toxins found in poison hemlock can cause death. Poison-hemlock can be confused with wild carrot (Daucus carota, or Queen Anne's Lace), as with many other members of the parsley family that resemble it. While poison hemlock is similar to wild carrot, their differences are numerous.

Like the cultivated carrot, the D. carota root is edible while young, but it quickly becomes too woody to consume. The flowers are sometimes battered and fried. The leaves are also edible except in large quantities.
 It is used in perfumery and as a food flavouring. The oil has also been used cosmetically in anti-wrinkle creams.
Carrot essential oil is warming and reviving. It is good for problem skin, including overheated and irritated skin and also the best essential oil known for caring for mature skinmature skin.

Carrot seed essential oil does not have an especially pleasant scent and is therefore best blended with other more acceptable oils such as Frankincense or Neroli. It is believed to stimulate the red blood cells, adding tone and elasticity to the skin. It is also known for its regenerative powers after severe burns.

 carrot essential oil originates from within the UK and is extracted by steam distillation of the dried fruit (seeds).

Carrot essential oil is a member of the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) family and is also referred to as wild carrot, queen annes lace or birds nest. Carrot essential oil blends well with cedarwood, lemon, geranium, orange, cinnamon, clove bud, grapefruit, ginger and mandarin.

The wild carrot is an aromatic herb that acts as a diuretic, soothes the digestive tract and stimulates the uterus. A wonderfully cleansing medicine, it supports the liver, stimulates the flow of urine and the removal of waste by the kidneys. The whole plant is anthelmintic, carminative, deobstruent, diuretic, galactogogue, ophthalmic, stimulant. An infusion is used in the treatment of various complaints including digestive disorders, kidney and bladder diseases and in the treatment of dropsy. An infusion of the leaves has been used to counter cystitis and kidney stone formation, and to diminish stones that have already formed. Carrot leaves contain significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones. The plant is harvested in July and dried for later use. A warm water infusion of the flowers has been used in the treatment of diabetes. The grated raw root, especially of the cultivated forms, is used as a remedy for threadworms. The root is also used to encourage delayed menstruation. The root of the wild plant can induce uterine contractions and so should not be used by pregnant women. A tea made from the roots is diuretic and has been used in the treatment of urinary stones. The seeds are diuretic, carminative, emmenagogue and anthelmintic. An infusion is used in the treatment of oedema, flatulent indigestion and menstrual problems. The seed is a traditional "morning after" contraceptive and there is some evidence to uphold this belief. It requires further investigation. Carrot seeds can be abortifacient and so should not be used by pregnant women.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 08, 2019, 12:05:14 PM


prickly dandelion

You will see this plant all over Arillas

Sonchus asper Common names are prickly sow-thistle, prickly dandelion,rough milk thistle,spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, and spiny-leaved sow thistle,
Kingdom:   Plantae
Clade:   Angiosperms
Clade:   Eudicots
Clade:   Asterids
Order:   Asterales
Family:   Asteraceae
Tribe:   Cichorieae
Genus:   Sonchus
Species:   S. asper
Sonchus asper is an annual or biennial herb sometimes reaching a height of 200 cm. with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion.
The leaves are bluish-green, simple, lanceolate, with wavy and sometimes lobed margins, covered in spines on both the margins and beneath. The base of the leaf surrounds the stem.
The leaves and stems emit a milky sap when cut. One plant will produce several flat-topped arrays of flower heads, each head containing numerous yellow ray flowers but no disc flowers
Sonchus asper is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. It has also become naturalized on other continents and is regarded as a noxious, invasive weed in many places. Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable
This is a wildflower of urban roadsides, wasteland, arable field margins and other disturbed ground.Mature sow thistle stems can range from 30 cm to 2 m (1 to 6 feet) tall, depending upon species and growing conditions. Colouration ranges from green to purple in older plants.
Flowering time
Prickly sow-thistle flowers from June to October.
Sonchus is a genus of about 60-90 species that contains annual, biennial and perennial herbs. Its main diversity occurs in Africa, the Mediterranean region and the mid-Atlantic archipelagos, but it also comprises woody species endemic to Macaronesia, and several cosmopolitan weedy species

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The sow thistle was introduced to North America from Europe. Edible parts: The leaves, flowers and roots are edible. These are best consumed when the plant is young because the older it gets the more bitter it becomes. Once it becomes bitter you can cook with it or mix it with pleasant tasting greens.
 In the Mediterranean region and South-East Asia use of Sonchus asper as a vegetable is widespread,

The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. It is also said to have anticancer activity.
The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. The gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. The leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. An infusion of the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 10, 2019, 09:09:04 AM



Conium maculatum the hemlock or poison hemlock, is a highly poisonous biennial herbaceous flowering plant in the carrot family Apiaceae, native to Europe and North Africa. A hardy plant capable of living in a variety of environments, hemlock is widely naturalized in locations outside its native range, such as parts of North and South America, Australia and West Asia to which it has been introduced.
Conium comes from the Ancient Greek κώνειον – kṓneion: "hemlock". This may be related to konas (meaning to whirl), in reference to vertigo, one of the symptoms of ingesting the plant
Conium maculatum is known by several common names. In addition to the British hemlock, the Australian carrot fern and the Irish devil's bread or devil's porridge, the following names are also used: poison parsley, spotted corobane, spotted hemlock, and poison hemlock. The dried stems are sometimes called kecksies or kex
Conium maculatum is an herbaceous biennial flowering plant that grows to 1.5–2.5 m (5–8 ft) tall, with a smooth, green, hollow stem, usually spotted or streaked with red or purple on the lower half of the stem. All parts of the plant are hairless (glabrous); the leaves are two- to four-pinnate, finely divided and lacy
 overall triangular in shape, up to 50 cm (20 in) long and 40 cm (16 in) broad. Although it looks like a carrot plant, poison hemlock can be distinguished by the smooth texture and light green color it possesses. The poison hemlock's flower is small and white. The flowers are loosely clustered and each flower has five petals
Conium maculatum grows in damp areas, but also on drier rough grassland, roadsides and disturbed ground.
Poison hemlock flourishes in the spring, when most other forage is gone. All plant parts are poisonous, but once the plant is dried, the poison is greatly reduced, although not gone completely
Kingdom:   Plantae
Clade:   Angiosperms
Clade:   Eudicots
Clade:   Asterids
Order:   Apiales
Family:   Apiaceae
Genus:   Conium
Species:   C. maculatum

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Hemlock contains conhydrine, N-methylconine, but its most poisonous alkaloid is coniine, which has a chemical structure similar to nicotine. This poison disrupts the central nervous system—a small dose can cause respiratory collapse. Death can result from blockage of the neuromuscular junction caused by coniine.
Hemlock poisoning can be fatal, and there is no antidote. Symptoms can begin showing as early as 30 minutes after ingesting the plant. The severity of your poisoning depends on how much hemlock is in your system and how toxic the plant was at the time of ingestion.
The most important identification feature of poison hemlock are the stems and stalks. They are hairless, hollow, and almost always have distinctive purplish-red splotching or streaking on them, especially towards the base of the plant. These markings are a sure giveaway that it is poison hemlock.
It is a common misconception that poison hemlock sap will cause skin rashes and blisters. In fact, poison hemlock toxins must be ingested or enter through the eyes, cuts, or other openings to cause poisoning.
Children: Use of hemlock is UNSAFE and can be fatal, especially in children. Children can be poisoned by even small amounts of hemlock. Some children have died after eating leaves or using hollow hemlock stems as peashooters, flutes, or whistles. Hemlock should not be used for treating pain in children due to teething.


Hemlock is a very poisonous plant that has a long history of medicinal use, though it is very rarely used in modern herbalism. It is a narcotic plant that sedates and relieves pain. The plant contains coniine, an extremely toxic substance that can also cause congenital defects. The whole plant is analgesic, antispasmodic, emetic, galactofuge and sedative. It is a traditional folk treatment for cancer and was formerly widely used internally in very small doses to treat a variety of complaints including tumours, epilepsy, whooping cough, rabies and as an antidote to strychnine poisoning. It is still used externally, usually in ointments and oils, in the treatment of mastitis, malignant tumours (especially breast cancer) anal fissure and haemorrhoids. The leaves and stems should be harvested when the first fruits are forming, since they are then at their most active medicinally. The fruits are gathered either when fully ripe, or before they turn from green to yellow, and are then dried. Because of the extremely toxic nature of this herb, it is seldom employed nowadays. Use with extreme caution and only under the guidance of a qualified practitioner. A homeopathic remedy is prepared from a tincture of the fresh plant, harvested when in flower. It is used for treating complaints such as dizziness, coughs, insomnia, exhaustion, arteriosclerosis and prostate problems.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 11, 2019, 09:16:06 AM



Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, comprises 10–16 species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions.
Mulberries are fast-growing when young, but soon become slow-growing and rarely exceed 10–15 m
The closely related genus Broussonetia is also commonly known as mulberry, notably the paper mulberry, Broussonetia papyrifera
The trees can be monoecious or dioecious.
"Dioecious" and "monoecious" are terms that refer to plant reproduction. ... Dioecious describes a plant group that includes distinct male and female plants. Monoecious describes a single plant that bears both male and female flowers. The pronunciation for the two words is dahy-EE-shuhs and muh-NEE-shuhs
 fruits are white, green, or pale yellow. In most species, the fruit turn pink and then red while ripening, then dark purple or black, and have a sweet flavor when fully ripe. The fruit of the white-fruited cultivar are white when ripe; the fruit of this cultivar are also sweet, but have a mild flavor compared with darker varieties.[citation needed] Although quite similar looking, they are not to be confused with blackberries.
The taxonomy of Morus is complex and disputed. Over 150 species names have been published, and although differing sources may cite different selections of accepted names, only 10–16 are generally cited as being accepted by the vast majority of botanical authorities. Morus classification is even further complicated by widespread hybridisation, wherein the hybrids are fertile.
Black, red, and white mulberries are widespread in Southern Europe,
Black mulberry was imported to Britain in the 17th century in the hope that it would be useful in the cultivation of silkworms.
Mulberries are also widespread in Greece, particularly in the Peloponnese, which in the Middle Ages was known as Morea, deriving from the Greek word for the tree (μουριά, mouria).
Mulberries can be grown from seed, and this is often advised, as seedling-grown trees are generally of better shape and health,
Morus  commonly invades old fields, roadsides, forest edges, urban environments, and other disturbed areas. It prefers a warm, moist, well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position.
Mulberry leaves, particularly those of the white mulberry, are ecologically important as the sole food source of the silkworm (Bombyx mori, named after the mulberry genus Morus), the cocoon of which is used to make silk. The wild silk moth also eats mulberry.
During the Angkorian age of the Khmer Empire of Southeast Asia, monks at Buddhist temples made paper from the bark of mulberry trees. The paper was used to make books, known as kraing.
Fossils of Morus are reported from the Pliocene of the Netherlands
The Pliocene Epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP. It is the second and youngest epoch of the Neogene Period in the Cenozoic Era. The Pliocene follows the Miocene Epoch and is followed by the Pleistocene Epoch.

Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush is an English nursery rhyme and singing game. It has a Roud Folk Song Index  The same tune is also used for "Lazy Mary, Will You Get Up" and "Nuts in May". A variant is used for "The Wheels on the Bus".
The rhyme was first recorded by James Orchard Halliwell as an English children's game in the mid-19th century. He noted that there was a similar game with the lyrics "Here we go round the bramble bush". The bramble bush may be an earlier version, possibly changed because of the difficulty of the alliteration, since mulberries do not grow on bushes.

The most common modern version of the rhyme is:

Here we go round the mulberry bush,
The mulberry bush,
The mulberry bush.
Here we go round the mulberry bush
On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we wash our face,
Wash our face,
Wash our face.
This is the way we wash our face
On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we comb our hair,
Comb our hair,
Comb our hair.
This is the way we comb our hair
On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we brush our teeth,
Brush our teeth,
Brush our teeth.
This is the way we brush our teeth
On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we put on our clothes,
Put on our clothes,
Put on our clothes.
This is the way we put on our clothes
On a cold and frosty morning.

Here we go round the mulberry bush,
The mulberry bush,
The mulberry bush.
Here we go round the mulberry bush
On a cold and frosty morning.

“Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush” is often sung as part of a children's game. ... Duncan, a former governor of England's Wakefield Prison, the song originated with that 420-year-old institution's female prisoners, who were exercised around a mulberry tree.

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Fruit is especially large and succulent with an intense, rich flavour. It can be eaten fresh, in preserves or made into wine. The white mulberry (Morus alba) is also grown for its fruits but is considered to have fruit of inferior quality to the black mulberry (M. nigra) when grown in the UK.
They carry colorful berries — most commonly black, white, or red — that are often made into wine, fruit juice, tea, jam, or canned foods, but can also be dried and eaten as a snack.
We usually think of mulberries either in terms of their fruit (black mulberry) or their leaves (white mulberry), used to feed silk worms -- or indeed their ornamental beauty as trees. But for centuries mulberry wood has been highly prized by makers of cabinets, bowls and functional and decorative objects.
(Morus alba) are also the primary food source for the silkworm (Bombyx mori), which is used to produce silk

White mulberry is often tried in order to help treat diabetes. It is also tried for treating high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, the common cold and its symptoms, muscle and joint pain such as from arthritis, constipation, dizziness, ringing in the ears, hair loss, and premature graying.
Mulberries are rich in many vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C and iron:
Vitamin C. An essential vitamin that is important for skin health and various bodily functions .
Iron. ...
Vitamin K1. ...
Potassium. ...
Vitamin E. An antioxidant that protects against oxidative damage
Improve Blood Sugar Control
Lower Cholesterol
Reduce Cancer Risk

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 11, 2019, 10:07:09 AM


Near the Tria Adelphia outside is a bus stop shelter the field behind the shelter is covered with Squirting Cucumber Its Latin name Ecballium elaterium is from the Greek ‘ekballein,’ meaning to throw out and refers to the ejection of the seeds from the fruit when it ripens.



This shows how fast these plants can grow in the right conditions
Squirting cucumber is a fragile vine with small greenish-yellow flowers that haunts marshes, sandy roadsides and low woods. Blossoms are bisexual and symmetrical. Often found along railroad tracks, this herbaceous plant of the gourd family has thick, haired stems on a plant that spreads to about 24 inches across.
Upon reaching maturity, the fruits explosively eject their brown seeds as they detach from the stem; the seeds may travel 3 to 6 metres (about 10 to 20 feet) from the plant. squirting cucumberThe unusual seed dispersal of the squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium).
Squirting cucumber contains poisonous cucurbitacins, and all parts of the plant can be fatal if ingested. ... squirting cucumberThe unusual seed dispersal of the squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium).

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on September 11, 2019, 10:37:30 AM
We had a "mini plague" , of these squirters , a few years back and were advised to wear gloves and glasses when digging them up.
and....... not to put them in the composter!!!! - Nasty things and they do spit at you.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 12, 2019, 09:06:21 AM


Deadly Nightshade

Belladonna or deadly Nightshade Are the common names for Atropa belladonna is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (aubergine). It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. Its distribution extends from Great Britain in the west to western Ukraine and the Iranian province of Gilan in the east. It is also naturalised or introduced in some parts of Canada and the United States.
The name "belladonna" comes from the Italian language, meaning 'beautiful lady'; originating either from its usage as a cosmetic to beautify pallid skin, or more probably, from its usage to increase the pupil size in women.
 Drops prepared from the belladonna plant were used to dilate women's pupils, an effect considered to be attractive and seductive.[5][6] Belladonna drops act as a muscarinic antagonist, blocking receptors in the muscles of the eye that constrict pupil size.
Atropa belladonna is native to Central and Southern Europe, as well as some parts of Asia. ... Atropa belladonna doesn't really have a preference as far as soil pH - it can grow in acidic, neutral, or basic soil. It will also grow in sandy, stony, or loamy soil.
It has a long history of use as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison. Before the Middle Ages, it was used as an anesthetic for surgery; the ancient Romans used it as a poison — the Roman empresses Livia Drusilla and Agrippina the Younger both were rumored to have used it for murder; and, predating this, it was used to make poison-tipped arrows.
The foliage and berries are extremely toxic when ingested, containing tropane alkaloids.[1][2] These toxins include atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine, which cause delirium and hallucinations,[1][2][3] and are also used as pharmaceutical anticholinergics. These tropane alkaloids appear to be common in the Solanaceae family, as they are also present in plants of the Brugmansia, Datura and Hyoscyamus genera, of the same family but in different subfamilies and tribes to the nightshade.
Atropa belladonna is a branching herbaceous perennial rhizomatous hemicryptophyte, often growing as a subshrub from a fleshy rootstock. Plants grow to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall with ovate leaves 18 cm (7.1 in) long. The bell-shaped flowers are dull purple with green tinges and faintly scented. The fruits are berries, which are green, ripening to a shiny black, and approximately 1.5 cm (0.59 in) in diameter. The berries are sweet and are consumed by animals that disperse the seeds in their droppings, even though they contain toxic alkaloids. There is a pale-yellow flowering form called Atropa belladonna var. lutea with pale yellow fruit.
Atropa belladonna is in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which it shares with potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, jimsonweed, tobacco, wolfberry, and chili peppers. The common names for this species include belladonna, deadly nightshade, divale, dwale, banewort, devil's berries, death cherries, beautiful death, devil's herb, great morel, and dwayberry.

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Atropa Belladona is a poisonous plant called deadly nightshade. It's a plant classified in the solanaceae family and its roots, leaves and fruits contain the belladonna alkaloids: atropine, hyocyamine, and scopolamine , responsible for the anticholinergic toxicity of the plant.
Ingesting just two to four berries from deadly nightshade can kill a child. Ten to 20 berries can kill an adult. ... Meet Atropa belladonna, more popularly known as deadly nightshade. The plant looks harmless enough, as its leaves are green and it grows up to 4 feet high
Symptoms of deadly nightshade poisoning include dilated pupils, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, headaches, confusion and convulsions.
Belladonna is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth. It contains chemicals that can be toxic. Side effects can include dry mouth, enlarged pupils, blurred vision, red dry skin, fever, fast heartbeat, inability to urinate or sweat, hallucinations, spasms, mental problems, convulsions, and coma.
Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor

Atropa belladonna perfume=
Belladonna is used in ointments that are applied to the skin for joint pain, pain along the sciatic nerve, and general nerve pain.
Belladonna is also used as suppositories for hemorrhoids.

Belladonna has been used in herbal medicine for centuries as a pain reliever, muscle relaxer, and anti-inflammatory, and to treat menstrual problems, peptic ulcer disease, histaminic reaction, and motion sickness.
Though widely regarded as unsafe, belladonna is taken by mouth as a sedative, to stop bronchial spasms in asthma and whooping cough, and as a cold and hay fever remedy. It is also used for Parkinson's disease, colic, inflammatory bowel disease, motion sickness, and as a painkiller.
Belladonna Self Adhesive Plaster stimulates blood flow to relieve aches and pains. RECOMMENDED FOR: Muscular tension and strain, stiff neck and aching shoulders, sciatica, lumbago, rheumatism and back ache.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 13, 2019, 09:10:48 AM


Wild Mustard

Sinapis arvensis, the charlock mustard, field mustard, wild mustard or charlock, is an annual or winter annual plant of the genus Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. It is found in the fields of North Africa, Asia and Europe.
Sinapis arvensis reaches on average 20–80 centimetres  of height, but under optimal conditions can exceed one metre. The stems are erect, branched and striated, with coarse spreading hairs especially near the base.
 It blooms from May to September, or May to August, in the UK. The inflorescence is a raceme made up of yellow flowers having four petals.
It contains chemicals of the class glucosinolates, including sinalbin. The seeds contain a plant hormone, Gibberellic acid, which effects the dormancy of the seeds
It is commonly known as charlock mustard, field mustard, wild mustard, or charlock.
The genus name Sinapis derives from the Greek word "sinapi" meaning 'mustard'. The species name arvensis is a Latin adjective meaning 'from/of the field'
It grows in the plains and mountains, in pastures, fields, roadsides, waste places such as railways, tips and waste ground, and ruins, but mainly in cultivated places. It prefers calcareous soils in sunny places, at an altitude of 0–1,400 metres (0–4,593 ft) above sea level.
It is found in North Africa, within=Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Within Asia, it is found in Arabian Peninsula (in Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates), Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Caucasus, China, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Siberia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It is also found in tropical Pakistan. In eastern Europe, it is found within Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova and Ukraine. In middle Europe, it is in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia and Switzerland. In northern Europe, in Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. In southeastern Europe, within Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. Also in southwestern Europe, it is found in France, Portugal and Spain.
The leaves of wild mustard are edible at the juvenile stage of the plant; they are usually boiled, such as in 18th century, in Dublin, where it was sold in the streets. During the Irish Potato Famine, wild mustard was a common famine food, even though it often caused stomach upset. Once the seeds are ground, they produce a kind of mustard.

common name of mustard? These are the plants what make the Yellow Brown and black stuff
 The scientific name of field mustard is Brassica rapa subsp oleifera. The scientific name of black mustard is Brassica nigra. The scientific name of brown mustard is Brassica juncea.

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NONE BUT Wild mustard is highly invasive, and may be poisonous to livestock. Wild mustard is considered a noxious weed. Wild mustard can be a serious weed problem in spring cereals.

The leaves of wild mustard are edible at the juvenile stage of the plant;[8] they are usually boiled, such as in 18th century, in Dublin, where it was sold in the streets. During the Irish Potato Famine, wild mustard was a common famine food, even though it often caused stomach upset. Once the seeds are ground, they produce a kind of mustard
A type of oil can be extracted from the seed which has been used for lubricating machinery.
Somewhat hot, the young leaves are used as a flavouring in salads, where they add a piquant flavour. Older leaves are used as a potherb. It is best to use just the young shoots and leaves in the spring, older leaves are bitter.
A large plant can yield tens of thousands of seeds but other varieties have been chosen for use by the makers of mustard.
Other Brassicas, mainly mustards and rape.
Can look a little like Ragwort, pictured, but the smell of mustard should keep you safe.

An infusion of the seeds will relieve chronic bronchitis and confirmed rheumatism, and for a relaxed sore throat a gargle of Mustard Seed Tea
The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Black depression', 'Melancholia' and 'Gloom
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 13, 2019, 10:27:53 AM

No it is not déjà vu


Mustard plant

Mild white mustard (Sinapis hirta)  black mustard (Brassica nigra)  brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard (Brassica juncea),
The mustard plant is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. Mustard seed is used as a spice. Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard. The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens.
 "Some of the earliest known documentation of mustard's use dates back to Sumerian and Sanskrit texts from 3000 BC".
 (Brassica nigra) is grown in Argentina, Chile, the US and some European countries.
Mild white mustard (Sinapis hirta) grows wild in North Africa, the Middle East, and Mediterranean Europe, and has spread farther by long cultivation;
(Brassica juncea), originally from the foothills of the Himalaya, is grown commercially in India, Canada, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and the US;
fallow fields,Farms, And also= weedy meadows, thickets areas and roadsides,

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NONE  Toxic to Horses

All The Different Kinds Of Mustards,oils,
Recent research has studied varieties of mustards with high oil contents for use in the production of biodiesel, a renewable liquid fuel similar to diesel fuel. The biodiesel made from mustard oil has good flow properties and cetane ratings. The leftover meal after pressing out the oil has also been found to be an effective pesticide
Yellow mustard seeds (also known as white mustard seeds) are the most common and the mildest in flavor. The brown and black seeds tend to be more pungent and are used in varying degrees with yellow seeds to help create different varieties of mustard.
These are just ground mustard seeds. You can find coarse grinds, but most preground mustard seeds are made into powder. Different brands or types will have different blends of seeds to get varying levels of heat. Mix the powder with vinegar or water until you have a paste, wait about 10-15 minutes for the oils and enzymes to work their magic, and boom, you’ve got homemade mustard.
Yellow Mustard: Aka “American mustard,” this gets its characteristically bright yellow color from turmeric. One of the milder mustards, it’s hugely popular in the U.S. and can be found at most backyard cookouts involving hot dogs or burgers. It’s commonly referred to as just “mustard” by most Americans.
Dijon: The classic French mustard, it’s been around since the 1850s, and originally it swapped in unripe grape juice for vinegar. Nowadays, dijon is made with “white wine.” While Dijon is a region of France that does in fact produce mustard, the term “Dijon” as it applies to mustard is not a protected food name like Champagne, and most Dijon mustard is made outside of France. A lot of recipes that call for mustard use Dijon, as it has a smooth consistency like yellow but a more complex, sharp flavor.
Spicy Brown: This uses a slightly coarser grind than yellow or Dijon and includes some of the spicier brown mustard seeds in addition to the standard yellow/white seeds. With more heat and deeper flavor than yellow mustard, this is a favorite in many delis, as well as the common New York City hot dog cart. If you’re having some pastrami on rye, this is the mustard you want.
Similar to Dijon mustard, these use specific types of wine to give the mustard a specific flavor that is unique from standard Dijon (which usually lists the nondescript “white wine” as one of its ingredients). If you like Dijon, I highly recommend giving some of these a try.
English: Nice and spicy, this has a bright yellow color like yellow American mustard, but waaaaaaay more bite. If you want some serious mustard heat on your sandwich, this is what you should go for.

German: A bit like Dijon, but with a little more heat, this is the perfect mustard for your brat and pretzel.

Chinese: Super hot. Like, clear-your-sinuses hot. But I mean that in the best way possible. A little bit of this on your egg roll is highly recommended.
your diet.

What Are The Healthiest Spices?
Everything You Need To Know About Nigella Seeds
Our Favorite Pickle Recipes For Fermentation Week
What Does It Take To Be A Mustard Sommelier?
Mustard is made by grinding mustard seeds and mixing them into liquid, which helps release the enzymes and oils that give mustard its bite. High-acid liquids, like vinegar, temper the resulting heat but help it keep its pungency, while using something low-acid, like cold water, results in a hotter mustard that can lose its potency relatively quickly.
Yellow mustard seeds (also known as white mustard seeds) are the most common and the mildest in flavor. The brown and black seeds tend to be more pungent and are used in varying degrees with yellow seeds to help create different varieties of mustard.

These are just ground mustard seeds. You can find coarse grinds, but most preground mustard seeds are made into powder. Different brands or types will have different blends of seeds to get varying levels of heat. Mix the powder with vinegar or water until you have a paste, wait about 10-15 minutes for the oils and enzymes to work their magic, and boom, you’ve got homemade mustard.

Classic yellow mustard
Yellow Mustard: Aka “American mustard,” this gets its characteristically bright yellow color from turmeric. One of the milder mustards, it’s hugely popular in the U.S. and can be found at most backyard cookouts involving hot dogs or burgers. It’s commonly referred to as just “mustard” by most Americans.

Dijon mustard
Dijon: The classic French mustard, it’s been around since the 1850s, and originally it swapped in unripe grape juice for vinegar. Nowadays, dijon is made with “white wine.” While Dijon is a region of France that does in fact produce mustard, the term “Dijon” as it applies to mustard is not a protected food name like Champagne, and most Dijon mustard is made outside of France. A lot of recipes that call for mustard use Dijon, as it has a smooth consistency like yellow but a more complex, sharp flavor.

Spicy brown mustard
Spicy Brown: This uses a slightly coarser grind than yellow or Dijon and includes some of the spicier brown mustard seeds in addition to the standard yellow/white seeds. With more heat and deeper flavor than yellow mustard, this is a favorite in many delis, as well as the common New York City hot dog cart. If you’re having some pastrami on rye, this is the mustard you want.

Pinot Noir mustard
Similar to Dijon mustard, these use specific types of wine to give the mustard a specific flavor that is unique from standard Dijon (which usually lists the nondescript “white wine” as one of its ingredients). If you like Dijon, I highly recommend giving some of these a try.

Whole grain stout beer
Creole, Stone Ground, etc.: These types of mustard use a coarse to chunky grind and usually have some texture in addition to good, deep flavor. Some versions of spicy brown could fall into this category.

Whole Grain: These use whole mustard seeds. Sometimes they’ll use terms like “country” or “old style,” but if this is what you’re going for, you’ll be able to see the whole grains in the jar pretty easily. These have the most texture, obviously, which can add a unique element to sauces and dressings (this is what I like to use in my BBQ sauce).

Mustard is used as a food flavoring, for forage, as an emetic, and diuretic, as well as a topical treatment for inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism.
The powdered seeds act as a stimulant to gastric mucosa and increase pancreatic secretions

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 14, 2019, 12:48:05 PM



You my see this plant on your walks but you may think it is a weed

Nepeta flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. [same as the common Mint] The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepete, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species.
Northern Africa:   Algeria, Morocco,
Europe:   Albania, Andorra, Austria, Bulgaria, Crete, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Macedonia FYR, Montenegro, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Sardinia, Sicily, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom.

The one on Corfu is Nepeta parnassica [Greek Catmint] and others i will give information about this plant and others

(Nepeta parnassica) Plant Height:12 inches to 18 inches (20-30 cm)  Plant Spread:12 inches to 24 inches Fragrant
Other: Green to gray-green heart shaped leaves appear opposite along the stems. in full the best
Flower Time:Late spring to early Autumn A dark Blue Flower
Roadsides and near streams. Hedgerows, borders of fields, dry banks and waste ground, especially on calcareous and gravelly soils


Some members of this group are known as catnip or catmint because of their effect on house cats – the nepetalactone contained in some Nepeta species binds to the olfactory receptors of cats, typically resulting in temporary euphoria.
Most of the species are herbaceous perennial plants, but some are annuals. They have sturdy stems with opposite heart-shaped, green to gray-green leaves. Nepeta plants are usually aromatic in foliage and flowers.
The tubular flowers can be lavender, blue, white, pink, or lilac, and spotted with tiny lavender-purple dots. The flowers are located in verticillasters grouped on spikes; or the verticillasters are arranged in opposite cymes, racemes, or panicles – toward the tip of the stems.
The fruits are nutlets, which are oblong-ovoid, ellipsoid, ovoid, or obovoid in shape. The surfaces of the nutlets can be slightly ribbed, smooth or warty.
 Nepeta species are cultivated as ornamental plants. They can be drought tolerant – water conserving, often deer repellent, with long bloom periods from late spring to autumn. Some species also have repellent properties to insect pests, including aphids and squash bugs, when planted in a garden. good to have near a Bar-b-Cue
Good for pollinators, such as honey bees.

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NONE  A volatile oil, nepetalactone, is present but its exact nature is undefined. It is thought to be an abortificant. The effect of catmint on humans is of a lot less interest than its action on cats where it seems to be a stimulant leading to its being called 'cannabis for cats'.

This plant is edible for humans and it even has some medicinal benefits. The leaves and flowers can be steeped to make tea. Catmint herbal tea has a mild minty taste and a sweet fragrance. Also use cooking and as an herbal
Young leaves - raw. A mint-like flavour, they make an aromatic flavouring in salads. Older leaves are used as a flavouring in cooked foods. They can be used fresh or dried to make an aromatic herb tea. The tea should be infused in a closed container in order to preserve the essential oils, boiling is said to spoil it.
nepeta essential oil
Nepeta cataria is cultivated as an ornamental plant for use in gardens. It is also grown for its attractant qualities to house cats and butterflies. The plant is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. It can be a repellent for certain insects, including aphids and squash bugs.
Use in Landscape,Gardens,Parks,Pots,Tubs,

Catmint has a long history of use as a household herbal remedy, being employed especially in treating disorders of the digestive system and, as it stimulates sweating, it is useful in reducing fevers. The herbs pleasant taste and gentle action makes it suitable for treating colds, flu and fevers in children. It is more effective when used in conjunction with elder flower (Sambucus nigra). The leaves and flowering tops are strongly antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, slightly emmenagogue, refrigerant, sedative, slightly stimulant, stomachic and tonic. The flowering stems are harvested in August when the plant is in full flower, they are dried and stored for use as required. An infusion produces free perspiration, it is considered to be beneficial in the treatment of fevers and colds. It is also very useful in the treatment of restlessness and nervousness, being very useful as a mild nervine for children. A tea made from the leaves can also be used. The infusion is also applied externally to bruises, especially black eyes.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 16, 2019, 09:39:15 AM



Sambucus  is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae. The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry. The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in the genus Adoxa.
Depending on the variety and growing conditions, elderberries can reach a height of 6 to 10 feet and width of 6 to 12 feet.
Tall deciduous shrub (though nearly evergreen in mild climates) growing in a variety of conditions
10 species of shrubs and small trees in the family Adoxaceae. Most are native to forested temperate or subtropical areas of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Elderberry can be identified by its leaves, which are oblong and have 'sawtooth' sharply serrated edges. ...
 They bear large clusters of small white or cream-colored flowers in late spring; these are followed by clusters of small black, blue-black, or red berries (rarely yellow or white).
Elder is widespread in many temperate and subtropical regions of the world. It grows in woodland, scrub, hedgerows and on wasteland.
The flowers provide nectar for a variety of insects and the berries are eaten by birds and mammals. Small mammals such as dormice and bank voles eat both the berries and the flowers.
The leaf can be green,yellow,variegated,Purple,
Many moth caterpillars feed on elder foliage, including the white spotted pug, swallowtail, dot moth and buff ermine.
a. At sites in Switzerland and Italy, researchers have uncovered evidence that the black elderberry may have been cultivated by prehistoric man, and there are recipes for elderberry-based medications in the records dating as far back as Ancient Egypt. Historians, however, generally trace the tradition of the elderberry’s healing power back to Hippocrates,
 The ancient Greek known as the “father of medicine,” who described this plant as his “medicine chest” for the wide variety of ailments it seemed to cure.

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Elderberry (Sambucus nigra L. ssp. ... The seeds, stems, leaves and roots of the Black Elder are all poisonous to humans. They contain a cyanide-inducing glycoside. Eating a sufficient quantity of these cyanide-inducing glycosides can cause a toxic buildup of cyanide in the body and make you quite ill.

Cooked ripe elderberries are perfectly edible. Unripe elderberries are poisonous. Raw berries can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, among other symptoms, so be sure to cook them before eating.

Gin,Jam,Wine,Syrup,Muffings,Wood Art, In landscape,parks,Gardens

The berries and flowers of elderberry are packed with antioxidants and vitamins that may boost your immune system. They can help tame inflammation, lessen stress, and help protect your heart, too. Some experts recommend elderberry to help prevent and ease cold and flu symptoms.
Improve Heart Health
Aid in Digestion
Improve Respiratory Health
Boost Immunity
Improve Bone Health
Skin Care

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 17, 2019, 08:50:58 AM


Common Lilac

Syringa vulgaris lilac or common lilac is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae,
Grown for its scented pink flowers in spring, this large shrub or small tree is widely cultivated and has been naturalized in parts of Europe and North America. It is not regarded as an aggressive species, found in the wild in widely scattered sites, usually in the vicinity of past or present human habitations.
Syringa vulgaris is a large deciduous shrub or multistemmed small tree, growing to 6–7 m The bark is grey to grey-brown, smooth on young stems,
The flowers have a tubular base to the corolla 6–10 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 5–8 mm across, usually lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in dense, terminal panicles 8–18 cm (3–7 in) long. The fruit is a dry, smooth, brown capsule, 1–2 cm long, splitting in two to release the two-winged seeds.
Lilacs—both S. vulgaris and S. × persica the finer, smaller "Persian lilac", now considered a natural hybrid—were introduced into northern European gardens at the end of the 16th century, from Ottoman gardens, not through botanists exploring the Balkan habitats of S. vulgaris. The Holy Roman Emperor's ambassador, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq,
The lilac is a very popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks, because of its attractive, sweet-smelling flowers, which appear in early summer just before many of the roses and other summer flowers come into bloom.
The ideal spot to plant lilacs is in an area with full sun (at least 6 to 8 hours per day)—give them too much shade and they may not bloom. Lilacs also like slightly alkaline, moist, well-drained soil.
Syringa (Lilac) is a genus of about 20 – 25 cultivated species of flowering plants in the olive family (Oleaceae). In addition to the cultivated species of Lilacs, there are many more hybrids, and over 1,000 total varieties of Lilac bushes (along with a few varieties of actual trees).

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NONE Lilac bushes (Syringa spp.) are a feast for the eyes and nose, with their large clusters of showy, fragrant flowers. If your pets want to sample a taste of the bush as well, never fear -- the plants are not poisonous to animals and are not toxic to humans at all.

Although not hollow, lilac twigs can be easily drilled out to make flutes and pipe stems. Vulgaris, the species name, means common. Lilac blossoms are edible, though they smell better than they taste, so use in small amounts.
Lilacs are edible, so feel free to top your desserts with them. You can mist a bit of water on the lilacs (freshly picked and clean, do not use lilacs that have been treated with pesticides) and roll them in granulated sugar. Use them to top cupcakes, cakes, cookies, and other desserts.
Freeze them in ice cubes.
Make your own lilac honey.
An essential oil

used as a tea or infusion historically it has been used as a anti-periodic. Anti-periodic basically means that it stops the recurrence of disease such as malaria. There has been some studies that indicate a febrifuge action which may help bring down fever.
Treats Skin Problems: Lilac essential oil has many health benefits, and it also helps treat skin problems like cuts, rashes and burns. In fact, the oil also helps treat sunburn. Lilac essential oil promotes glowing and healthy skin.
Place them by a bedside where the aroma can help promote sleep and relaxation. The season for lilacs is so short, so give these uses for lilacs a try.
 The leaves and the fruit are antiperiodic, febrifuge, tonic and vermifuge. The bark or leaves have been chewed by children as a treatment for sore mouth.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 18, 2019, 09:18:20 AM



You can see this plant near the Galini by the bridge

Banana = Musa basjoo   is an edible fruit – botanically a berry produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants You can grow this plant in the UK in warm sunny place and cut the leaves off and wrap the stem up in a fleece you will not get big fruit on the plants.
 but the supermarket banana is strictly a plant for heated greenhouses or warm, frost-free climates. Even if hardy bananas survive outdoors they often crop infrequently, if at all.
Bananas do not grow on trees. Rather, they grow from a root structure that produces an above ground stem. The plant is specifically classified as an arborescent (tree-like) perennial herb; in fact, it is the largest herbaceous flowering plant. The banana plant being an herb is that the banana itself is a berry.
In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
The term "banana" is also used as the common name for the plants that produce the fruit. This can extend to other members of the genus Musa, such as the scarlet banana (Musa coccinea), the pink banana (Musa velutina), and the Fe'i bananas. It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.
 Cultivated banana plants vary in height depending on the variety and growing conditions. Most are around 5 m (16 ft) tall, with a range from 'Dwarf Cavendish' plants at around 3 m (10 ft) to 'Gros Michel' at 7 m (23 ft) or more. Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide.
The word banana is thought to be of West African origin, possibly from the Wolof word banaana, and passed into English via Spanish or Portuguese
Wolof  is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people. Like the neighbouring languages Serer and Fula, it belongs to the Senegambian branch of the Niger–Congo language family. Unlike most other languages of the Niger-Congo family, Wolof is not a tonal language.
The vast majority of the world's bananas today are cultivated for family consumption or for sale on local markets.
Banana plants grow in the humid, tropical regions of Central and South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia where there are high temperatures and rainfall. Modern agricultural technologies also enable people to cultivate banana plants in non-tropical regions such as California in the United States.

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Allergic reactions to banana vary widely and can include itching of the mouth and throat, itchy rash (hives, urticaria), skin or mucosal swellings (angioedema), and in rare cases narrowing of the throat, wheezing, and even collapse. In most cases, symptoms begin within seconds or minutes of eating the fruit.

You can eat edible sweet bananas.
You can eat edible banana fruit peels.
You can even eat the stem.
You can use stem fibres as natural craft materials.
You can use banana plant fibres to make garments.
Banana leaves can be used as natural leaf platters.
Steamed banana leaves can be used for packing your lunch.
You can use steamed banana leaves to make wrapped desserts.
Banana flowers are edible.
wine making
Ice cream
Wrap fish in the leaves to be steamed
The banana is versatile

Various parts of banana act as food medicines for treatment of diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cancer, ulcers, diarrhoea, urolithiasis, Alzheimer's and infections. Other medicinal uses are in surgical dressing, pain relief, food and pharmaceuticals, nano medicine, pollution control, apoptosis and cell cycle
Bananas Contain Many Important Nutrients
Bananas Contain Nutrients That Moderate Blood Sugar Levels
Bananas May Improve Digestive Health
Bananas Contain Powerful Antioxidants
Help You Feel More Full
Unripe Bananas May Improve Insulin Sensitivity
Bananas May Improve Kidney Health

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 19, 2019, 12:03:18 PM

You wake up another nice day put your hiking boots on or just your Trainers put water bottles in your rucksack and off you go with your Arillas Map in hand deciding what walk you are going to take.
Down the road you go taking a side road and down a old grass foot path you see wild flowers and Olive trees also might see a honey buzzard circling around high in the sky.
Something rustles in the long grass you wonder what it is a Mouse,Snake.or a Lizard All harmless.
You see one of Corfus big Swallowtail butterfly,Bees landing on flowers.
And hear the cicadas making a load of nose do you try and look for them and you wonder why they make such nose well i shall try explain


[si ka da] cicadas  are a superfamily, the Cicadoidea, of insects in the order Hemiptera (true bugs). They are in the suborder Auchenorrhyncha, along with smaller jumping bugs such as leafhoppers and froghoppers. The superfamily is divided into two families, Tettigarctidae, with two species in Australia, and Cicadidae, with more than 3,000 species described from around the world; many species remain undescribed.
, cicadas don't bite or sting so they're not harmful to pets. Cicadas generally leave no lasting damage (except possibly to young trees and shrubs). When ingested, they can potentially result in some stomach upset in dogs and cats, as the exoskeleton may be difficult to digest.
The cicada is an ancient polyvalent symbol: resounding themes are resurrection, immortality, spiritual realization and spiritual ecstasy.
Some Greeks say if you get one in the house it's LUCKY
They typically live in trees, feeding on watery sap from xylem tissue and laying their eggs in a slit in the bark. Most cicadas are cryptic. The vast majority of species are active during the day as adults, with some calling at dawn or dusk and only a rare few species are known to be nocturnal. The periodic cicadas spend most of their lives as underground nymphs, emerging only after 13 or 17 years, , cicadas emerge from the ground as nymphs. Nymphs climb the nearest available tree, and begin to shed their nymph exoskeleton
Crickets make sound by rubbing their wings together (not its legs!), and cicadas have a special organ called a tymbal that produces sound. The tymbal contains a series of ribs that buckle one after the other when the cicada flexes its muscles. Every time a rib buckles, the rib produces a click.
Cicadas usually sing during the heat of the day. In addition to attracting a mate, the loud noise actually repels birds. The cicada's song is painful to the birds' ears and interferes with their communication, making it difficult for the birds to hunt in groups.
The sounds that they make are far from random, though. Cicadas make their clicking and chirping noises quite intentionally, and they serve a very specific purpose. The songs are a mating call. Males make these calls in order to draw females toward them when they need to mate.
Cicadas are great at clinging to tree trunks and making loud screeching sounds by vibrating their bodies. But these bulky, red-eyed insects aren't so great at flying. The reason why may lie in the chemistry of their wings, a new study shows.

After mating, do cicadas die of starvation? Horton: “Adult cicadas have piercing sucking mouth parts and they feed on xylem of plants for their nutritional value. I would say they die simply because their life cycle has expired
In some species of cicada, the males remain in one location and call to attract females. Sometimes several males aggregate and call in chorus. In other species, the males move from place to place, usually with quieter calls while searching for females. The Tettigarctidae differ from other cicadas in producing vibrations in the substrate rather than audible sounds.[9] After mating, the female cuts slits into the bark of a twig where she deposits her eggs
Cicadas are featured in the well-known protest song "Como La Cigarra" ("Like the Cicada") written by Argentinian poet and composer María Elena Walsh. In the song, the cicada is a symbol of survival and defiance against death. The song was famously recorded by Mercedes Sosa, among other Latin American musicians. Another well-known song, "La Cigarra" ("The Cicada"), written by Raymundo Perez Soto, is a song in the mariachi tradition that romanticises the insect as a creature that sings until it dies
Ancient Greeks use to eat Cicadas

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( Leave a comment Please to Let me know if this was a interesting facts thanks

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Billy M on September 19, 2019, 03:03:33 PM

It’s good. Do you remember mum told me she wrote in to the really wild show to find out what that chirping sound is mum was about five she got no answer

Billy m
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 25, 2019, 09:33:01 AM


Corn on the cob

You can see this plant on the back road pass the BARDIS HOTEL

Maize  known as corn, Corn on the cob is a culinary term used for a cooked ear of freshly picked maize from a cultivar of sweet corn. Sweet corn is the most common variety of maize eaten directly off the cob.[1] The ear is picked while the endosperm is in the "milk stage" so that the kernels are still tender. Ears of corn are steamed or boiled, usually without their green husks, or roasted with them. The husk leaves are in any case removed before serving.
Also  is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.
Family: Poaceae  Genus: Zea   Scientific name: Zea mays
Zea mays grows to be about eight feet tall at maturity. When corn is grown in a field with thousands of other corn plants, it can provide shelter for medium to small-sized animals. In the Corn Belt, it is common to see white-tailed deer in the corn fields. Worms are also are common

Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup.[4] The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.[5] Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks. Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels.
In places outside North America, Australia, and New Zealand, corn often refers to maize in culinary contexts. The narrower meaning is usually indicated by some additional word, as in sweet corn, sweetcorn, corn on the cob, baby corn, the puffed confection known as popcorn and the breakfast cereal known as corn flakes.

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Uses Of Maize Maize can be used in many other ways they are: Maize Flour, Cornstarch, Kitty litter, Corn syrup and Maize mazes. Maize flour is used to make baked products and corn bread. Cornstarch is made from maize kernels which is act as a thickening agent in soups.
Maize is also an important livestock feed both as silage and as crop residue, grain and is also used industrially for starch and oil extraction. It is an important source of carbohydrate, protein, iron, vitamin B, and minerals.
People have made liquor from their crops for thousands of years, and in the western hemisphere that meant whiskey distilled from corn. During the settlement of the Appalachian Mountains by European immigrants, farmers found it much easier to transport their corn crop to distant markets when they distilled it first (and just as profitable, if not more so). Taxes imposed during the Civil War and later liquor prohibition laws split the corn whiskey industry into the legal distilling of Bourbon and the illegal distilling of moonshine, so called because it was produced at night to evade notice.

Corn silk is used as a medicine. Corn silk is used for bladder infections, inflammation of the urinary system, inflammation of the prostate, kidney stones, and bedwetting. It is also used to treat congestive heart failure, diabetes, high blood pressure, fatigue, and high cholesterol levels.

Prevents Hemorrhoids
The fiber content of one cup of corn amounts to 18.4% of the daily recommended amount. This aids in alleviating digestive problems such as constipation and hemorrhoids, as well as lowering the risk of colon cancer due to maize being a whole-grain.

Cosmetic Benefits
Cornstarch is used in the manufacturing of many cosmetic products and may also be applied topically to soothe skin rashes and irritation. Its products can be used to replace carcinogenic petroleum products which are major components of many cosmetic preparations. Many of the traditional skin creams contain petroleum jelly as a base material, which can often block pores and make skin conditions even worse. Furthermore, cosmetic use of corn oil in skin cleansing and wrinkle-reducing cream
Manages Diabetes
Eye & Skin Care
Yellow corn is a rich source of beta-carotene, which forms vitamin A in the body and is essential for the maintenance of good vision and skin.
Lowers LDL Cholesterol
Prevents Anemia
Corn helps prevent anemia caused by a deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
Protects Your Heart  Corn oil, in particular, is the best way to improve heart health and this is derived from the fact that corn is close to an optimal fatty acid combination. This allows omega-3 fatty acids to strip away the damaging LDL or bad cholesterol and replace them at the binding sites. This will reduce the chances of arteries becoming clogged, lower blood pressure, and minimize the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 26, 2019, 10:03:19 AM

As you walk though Arillas countryside you see some sort of wild life on your travels

Swallowtail butterfly

In the family Papilionidae and include over 550 species. Though the majority are tropical, members of the family inhabit every continent except Antarctica. The family includes the largest butterflies in the world, the birdwing butterflies of the genus Ornithoptera.
The forked appearance of the swallowtails' hindwings, which can be seen when the butterfly is resting with its wings spread, gave rise to the common name swallowtail. As for its formal name, Linnaeus chose Papilio for the type genus, as papilio is Latin for "butterfly". For the specific epithets of the genus, Linnaeus applied the names of Greek figures to the swallowtails. The type species: Papilio machaon honored Machaon, one of the sons of Asclepius, mentioned in the Iliad. Further, the species Papilio homerus is named after the Greek poet, Homer.
Swallowtails have a number of distinctive features; for example, the papilionid caterpillar bears a repugnatorial organ called the osmeterium on its prothorax. The osmeterium normally remains hidden, but when threatened, the larva turns it outward through a transverse dorsal groove by inflating it with fluid
The scarce swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) is a butterfly belonging to the family Papilionidae. It is also called the sail swallowtail or pear-tree swallowtail These you will see in Arillas
 Only 12 species are found in Europe and only one species, Papilio machaon is found in the British Isles. I have seen in london
The caterpillars of various swallowtail butterfly species feed on a wide range of different plants, most depending on only one of five families: Aristolochiaceae, Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) and Rutaceae. By eating some of these toxic plants, the caterpillars sequester aristolochic acid which renders both the caterpillars and the butterflies of some of these as toxic, thus protecting them from predators.
Adult swallowtails sip nectar, but also mud and sometimes manure
For example, the eastern black swallowtail's main host plant in the wild is Queen Anne's lace,[wild carrot] but they also eat garden plants in the carrot family, including carrots, parsley, dill, and fennel.
The butterfly prefers areas of mixed fen usually dominated by sedge, or sometimes reed, which are cut periodically and contain tall, prominent foodplants. The occasional migrants of gorganus can be found in almost any habitat but are most frequently seen on grassland

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 27, 2019, 09:34:39 AM


European hornet

We all have see the Hornet And flapping our arms around to get rid of it well should we ?

Vespa crabro is better known as the dreaded Hornet
Is the largest eusocial wasp native to Europe. It is also the only true hornet (genus Vespa) found in North America, having been introduced by European settlers in the 1800s. V. crabro is usually regarded as a pest by those humans who come into contact with it.
This species stings in response to being stepped on or grabbed, but generally avoids conflict. It is also defensive of its nest and can be aggressive around food sources. European hornets are largely carnivorous and hunt large insects such as beetles wasps, large moths, dragonflies, and mantises
The European hornet is a true hornet (genus Vespa), a group characterized by eusocial species. The genus is in the subfamily Vespinae, members of which are known for chewing up their food to feed it to their young, as well as chewing up paper-like materials to make their nests. According to a recent phylogenetic study, its closest relative is Vespa dybowskii.
Hornets (insects in the genus Vespa) are the largest of the eusocial wasps, and are similar in appearance to their close relatives yellowjackets. Some species can reach up to 5.5 cm (2.2 in) in length.
Are European hornets aggressive? Even though these giant hornets are the largest in the United States, they are not as aggressive as some wasp species. European hornets will aggressively defend their nests and may get hostile if you are near their food.
Certain gels and baits, when transported to the nest, serve to poison and kill European hornets. This can be an effective means of pest control. Honeydew gel is an effective means to poison European hornets.
European hornet nests do not survive the winter. The workers will die by late fall. A few fertile females will leave the nest to hide in sheltered places until spring. They will establish colonies in the spring.
V. crabro prefers to build nests in dark places, usually hollow tree trunks. After the site has been chosen, the queen lays eggs in the combs inside the nest. The workers dispose of any eggs that are not laid by their queen; this behavior is called worker policing. Based on laboratory data, the average rate of egg-laying is 2.31 eggs per day. However, in this same nest, cell construction rate was only 1.63 cells per day
Endangered species and legal protection
Unwarranted fear of V. crabro has often led to the destruction of nests. This has led to the decline of the species, which is often locally threatened or even endangered. European hornets benefit from legal protection in some countries, notably Germany, where killing a European hornet or nest has been illegal since January 1, 1987, with a fine up to €50,000.

 stings from V. crabro do not require medical attention, but rarely can be serious.
Hornets are specific types of wasp and are usually a little rounder and fatter than the common wasp. Although they nest in the same way, hornets are known to be less aggressive than wasps if unprovoked.
Hornet stings are also more painful to humans than typical wasp stings because of the chemicals found in hornet venom.
Individual hornets can sting repeatedly, Severe pain or burning at the site lasts 1 to 2 hours. Normal swelling from venom can increase for 48 hours after the sting. The redness can last 3 days. The swelling can last 7 days.
 European Hornets will prey on many types of insects, both alive and dead, and are attracted to most anything sweet or protein based. European hornets will readily eat fruit and honeydew (tree and plant sap).

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European hornets and other stinging insects sting to subdue prey or protect and defend their colonies. Hornets can sting repeatedly during an attack. Because European hornets have smooth stingers, they may not always detach after a sting. If the stinger becomes lodged in the skin at the site of the sting, it is important to remove the stinger as quickly as possible to curb the release of venom from the stinger.
When a sting occurs, clean the affected area thoroughly with soap and cold water and apply a cold compress or ice pack. Over the counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including Aspirin, Ibuprofen and Naproxen) may be used as needed to relieve pain. Antihistamines and hydrocortisone ointment can help soothe the local reaction. If the local reaction worsens, see a doctor for prescription oral steroids or antihistamines. If a more serious reaction occurs, seek emergency medical assistance. Those who have known allergies to European hornets or other stinging insects should acquire epinephrine kits, know how to use them, and carry them at all times.
Please note that DEET and other insect repellents are not effective in protecting against European hornet stings. To prevent stings, avoid swatting at hornets. Instead, blow gently from a safe distance. Avoid attracting hornets to certain areas by keeping both food and garbage in sealed containers. Rinse out empty food containers before throwing them away.
Generally, hornet venom isn't considered that toxic to humans, but due to their size, the amount of venom they release per sting can be harmful. Hornets release more venom per sting than any other stinging insect.

European hornets prey on a variety of large insects such as grasshoppers, flies, yellow jackets and honeybees. They help control insects that would otherwise become pests without the local presence of European hornets. European hornets also eat tree sap, fruit and honeydew.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on September 27, 2019, 06:40:49 PM
To be honest , Kevin , when approached by one of these little buggers I do not have to time to communicate with it and make pleasant conversation as to where it is from. - Our food is their food so they will, however do what they have to do and get at it , at our expense.
So.... we let them exist , alongside us , and pick up a few scraps of cat food plus the odd fly which we swat. (them not us!)
But..... sting me once , matey and I'll bite yer head off!!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 29, 2019, 10:19:22 AM

If you been very lucky to see this animal i have in Arillas between The Tria and the Makris
Have you seen any Mr EGGY Neil


The beech marten Also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, Martes foina family is Mustelids  is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America. It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN on account of its wide distribution, its large population, and its presence in a number of protected areas. It is superficially similar to the pine marten, but differs from it by its smaller size and habitat preferences. While the pine marten is a forest specialist, the beech marten is a more generalist and adaptable species, occurring in a number of open and forest habitats.
 Martes vetus, which also gave rise to the pine marten. The earliest M. vetus fossils were found in deposits dated to the Würm glaciation [ , was the last glacial period in the Alpine region. It is the youngest of the major glaciations of the region that extended beyond the Alps themselves. It is, like most of the other ice ages of the Pleistocene epoch, named after a river, the Würm in Bavaria, a tributary of the Amper. The Würm ice age can be dated to the time about 115,000 to 11,700 years ago, ]
The beech marten is superficially similar to the pine marten, but has a somewhat longer tail, a more elongated and angular head and has shorter, more rounded and widely spaced ears. Its nose is also of a light peach or grey colour, whereas that of the pine marten is dark black or greyish-black.
These animals prefer rock croppings and open deciduous forest in mountainous habitats, preferring open landscapes, as they are less dependent on forested areas than other martens. They are often found living close by human habitation, and may den in buildings.
The beech marten's diet includes a much higher quantity of plant food than that of the pine marten and sable. Plant foods eaten by the beech marten include cherries, apples, pears, plums, black nightshade, tomatoes, grapes, raspberries and mountain ash. Plant food typically predominates during the winter months. Rats, mice and chickens are also eaten. Among bird species preyed upon by the beech marten, sparrow-like birds predominate, though snowcocks and partridges may also be taken. The marten likes to plunder nests of birds including passerines, galliformes and owls, preferring to kill the parents in addition to the fledglings. Although it rarely attacks poultry, some specimens may become specialized poultry raiders, even when wild prey is abundant. Males tend to target large, live prey more than females, who feed on small prey and carrion with greater frequency
The Mustelidae are a family of carnivorous mammals, including weasels, badgers, otters, ferrets, martens, minks, and wolverines, among others. Mustelids are a diverse group and form the largest family in the order Carnivora, suborder Caniformia. Mustelidae comprises about 56–60 species across eight subfamilies
Marten are shy, and sightings are not common, but if you do spot one it will likely hold its ground. An aggressive predator, the marten makes growling, huffing, and scolding noises when approached by humans.

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Though it has recovered a little from a dramatic decline, the species is still rare. Scotland's population is estimated at 3,700 adult pine martens. It was once trapped for its fur.
 martens are sexually mature by 2 or 3 years of age and the females usually give birth in March or April to litters of around 2-5. The young are fully independent around 6 months after their birth; the male pine marten plays no part in rearing the young
Baby martens are known as kits. ... This is due to a process called delayed implantation, which means adults can keep their winter activities to a minimum but babies are born at the best time of year for survival. Mating season is usually the only time that martens make any noise: a shrill cat-like call.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on September 30, 2019, 11:25:37 AM


(http://pampas grass)

You can see this plant around Arillas

Cortaderia selloana, Commonly known as pampas grass It is a tall grass, growing in dense tussocks that can reach a height of 3 m (10 ft). The leaves are long and slender, 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) long, and 1 cm (3⁄8 in) broad, with very sharp edges that can easily cut exposed skin. The leaves are usually bluish-green, but can be silvery grey. The flowers are produced in a dense white panicle 20–40 cm (8–16 in) long on a 2–3 m (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) tall stem.
The plant was introduced to Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand as an ornamental grass, and, to a lesser extent, to provide food for grazing animals. The feathery flower head plumes, when dried, are widely used in flower arrangements and other ornamental displays.
Pampas grass is highly adaptable and can grow in a wide range of environments and climates. It also seeds prolifically, with each plant able to produce over one million seeds during its lifetime. As such, in some areas such as Florida, California, Hawaii and Spain it is regarded as an invasive weed. In areas of the southeastern United States, large pampas clumps are known to shelter snakes and rodents.
Several media outlets reported that it was planted by some couples who practise swinging in the United Kingdom as a way to indicate to other swingers that they enjoy that lifestyle, based on a post on Twitter. The reports caused a plunge in already declining sales
Order:   Poales
Family:   Poaceae
Genus:   Cortaderia
Species:   C. selloana
The Poales are a large order of flowering plants in the monocotyledons, and includes families of plants such as the grasses, bromeliads, and sedges. Sixteen plant families are currently recognized by botanists to be part of Poales.
The best time to cut back pampas grass is in late winter just before the plant begins sending up new foliage. ... Every once in a while, clumps of pampas grass form smaller clumps off to the side. Remove these clumps when you do your annual pruning to prevent overcrowding and to preserve the shape of the clump.
Or you can set fire to The dead foliage of warm-season ornamental grasses can be burned to remove it and make way for new growth. ... Burning it in fall would destroy the winter interest the grass contributes and open the plant up to winter injury.
Pampas Grass and Outdoor Bench. ... Because pampas grass has stiff stems and sharp-edged leaves, it also can also serve as a living hedge or fence. Gardeners like its graceful, fluffy plumes, which appear in late summer in colors that range from sand-pink to silvery-white.
pampas grass in Greek pampas γρασίδι  pampas grasídi
Some Greeks use this plant in weddings
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Because pampas grass has stiff stems and sharp-edged leaves, it also can also serve as a living hedge or fence. Gardeners like its graceful, fluffy plumes,
In Gardens,Parks.All types of landscaping,
Uses of pampas grass. The plant has no known edible or medicinal use. But a fiber can be extracted from the leaves that can be used for making paper.
flower arrangements,Weddings,


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 01, 2019, 09:33:44 AM



Onobrychis , are Eurasian perennial herbs of the legume family (Fabaceae). Including doubtfully distinct species and provisionally accepted taxa, about 150 species are presently known. The Flora Europaea lists 23 species of Onobrychis;
Sainfoin is a herbaceous plant, which grows wild in Europe  it can grow at temperatures above 32°C in Spain and Greece.
The Greeks did not grow it, and their descendants have not introduced it into their Agriculture to this day
These highly nutritious plants were an important forage for heavy working horses in agriculture, and are still an excellent source of nectar for honey production as well as pollen for bee food.
England have started to use this plant for Honey and fodder.
 Onobrychis typically have a deep taproot and so are very drought resistant,
Onobrychis means "devoured by donkeys", from Ancient Greek ónos (ὄνος, "donkey") and brýkein (βρύκειν, "to eat greedily")
HABITAT A perennial herb which occurs in a dwarf form in unimproved chalk grassland. Robust alien variants are found on grassy banks, roadsides and by tracks on chalk and less often on other calcareous soils. They can be abundant on newly sown roadsides.

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Sainfoin provides a superb forage for grazing animals and voluntary intake of sainfoin by cattle and sheep is 20% higher than for grass. Unlike many other legumes, it is non-bloating and is known to have anthelmintic properties, so reducing the problems associated with livestock worms.
For Bees Honey and Pollination

Unkown for humans
Due to its anthelmintic properties the common sainfoin is a natural alternative to drugs to control nematode parasitism in the guts of small ruminants.
Ruminants (e.g. cows, deer, goats, antelope, bison, buffalo, moose, giraffe, elk) have a specialized stomach for fermentation, which requires that they chew, regurgitate and chew their food (cud) again.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 02, 2019, 09:20:48 AM

Greek bee

Apis mellifera cecropia  the Greek bee, is the subspecies of honey bee that is native to southern Greece.
 It is very similar to Apis mellifera ligustica, the Italian bee. it is favored for its extreme gentleness and lack of tendency to swarm. The Greek bee originates in Greece where the climate is Mediterranean, and cannot survive in the north of Europe where the climate is cooler, and because of that they are not spread around the world much by commercial beekeepers. They are mainly only kept in southern Greece.
Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination
Family:   Apidae
Genus:   Apis
Species:   A. mellifera
Subspecies:   A. m. cecropia
Some species including honey bees, bumblebees, and stingless bees live socially in colonies. Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former primarily as an energy source and the latter primarily for protein and other nutrients. Most pollen is used as food for larvae. Bee pollination is important both ecologically and commercially. The decline in wild bees has increased the value of pollination by commercially managed hives of honey bees.
There are about 20,000 different species of bees in the world. Bees live in colonies and there are three types of bees in each colony. There is the queen bee, the worker bee and the drone.
Africanized “Killer” Bees
This bee species, which resembles its European honeybee cousin, has a much more aggressive nature. Although their venom is no stronger than that of the regular honeybee, the danger comes from the fact that “killer” bees attack in much larger numbers, usually the entire colony.
A honey bee colony typically consists of three kinds of adult bees: workers, drones, and a queen. Several thousand worker bees cooperate in nest building, food collection, and brood rearing. Each member has a definite task to perform, related to its adult age.
When a honey bee stings a person, it cannot pull the barbed stinger back out. It leaves behind not only the stinger, but also part of its abdomen and digestive tract, plus muscles and nerves. This massive abdominal rupture kills the honey bee. Honey bees are the only bees to die after stinging.
A drone is a male honey bee. Unlike the female worker bee, drones do not have stingers and gather neither nectar nor pollen. A drone's primary role is to mate
HABITATS of the honey bee are tropical climates and heavily forested areas. Honey bees can thrive in natural or domesticated environments, though they prefer to live in gardens, woodlands, orchards, meadows and other areas where flowering plants are abundant.

If you walk past the Kaloudis up the path towards the Akrotir on the way you can see theses Hives on the side of the foot path

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Honeybees are the only type of bee that die after they sting. Wasps and other species don't lose their stingers. They may sting you more than once. If a bee stings you, it leaves a behind a venomous toxin that can cause pain and other symptoms
Bee poisoning refers to a serious body reaction to the venom from a bee sting. Usually, bee stings don't cause a serious reaction. However, if you're allergic to bee stings or have had several bee stings, you may experience a severe reaction such as poisoning. Bee poisoning requires immediate medical attention.

Bees use pollen for food, which is converted into energy, allowing the bee to fly for extended periods in order to gather and distribute the pollen. Due to the bee's attentions, crops thrive and produce fruit, vegetables, flowers, nuts, seeds, beans, and much more.
Bees are not only extremely important for humans, but also for entire ecosystems to function. As we know, bees allow plants to reproduce through pollination. These plants contribute to the food system by feeding animals – aside from humans – such as birds and insects.
Honey is used in Shampoo,Shower gel,breakfast cereal,Sweets,Cooking,
 preserving meat and fruits. Highly popular in cosmetic treatment, bee's honey is used in preparing facial washes, skin moisturizers,

Fresh bee's honey is used in treatment of eye diseases, throat infections, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, hiccups, thirst, dizziness, fatigue, hepatitis, worm infestation, constipation, piles, eczema, healing of wounds, ulcers and used as a nutritious, easily digestible food for weak people
High-Quality Honey Is Rich in Antioxidants
Honey Is "Less Bad" Than Sugar for Diabetics
The Antioxidants in It Can Help Lower Blood Pressure
Honey Also Helps Improve Cholesterol
Honey Can Lower Triglycerides
The Antioxidants in It Are Linked to Other Beneficial Effects on Heart Health
Honey Promotes Burn and Wound Healing=Topical honey treatment has been used to heal wounds and burns since ancient Egypt and is still common today.
Honey Can Help Suppress Coughs in Children

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 03, 2019, 09:17:36 AM


Corfu Lizards

Most People would see these Lizards

Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species  ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains. The group is paraphyletic as it excludes the snakes and Amphisbaenia; some lizards are more closely related to these two excluded groups than they are to other lizards. Lizards range in size from chameleons and geckos a few centimeters long to the 3 meter long Komodo dragon

Balkan Green Lizard
Europe’s largest lizard, body length is up to 20cm. and if the tail is included can be 60cm. or more. Its long tail allows it to run along on only its hind legs. It has a bright green body . The females and juveniles have yellow or brighter stripes the length of the body.
Food is mainly insects and smaller vertebrates. Does not hibernate in hotter areas of its range like the Ionians. Regularly seen in the open countryside, where it invariably scurries off once disturbed.
If you sit quietly it will usually re-emerge to continue its previous activity after a few minutes
It is found in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Israel, Syria, and Turkey.

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Also known as the Sling Tailed Agama The blue-throated keeled lizard This species is about 12 inches long but quite heavily built and not dissimilar to an iguana. They have a gular fold and spiny scales around the neck. The male can change colour depending on mood. They love to bask in sunshine and are usually found on rocky terrain.Their colour also differs between species, between genders,  Up to eight eggs are laid in June which hatch late August into September

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Dalmatian Algyroides
The most common lizard found on Corfu. They reach lengths of about 8 inches. the male is distinguishable by his bright blue throat. During the hottest part of the day they seek shelter in rocky walls etc. Two or three eggs are laid in may.
The natural habitats of A. nigropunctatus are Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, arable land, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, and urban areas.

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can be seen around lights at night where they feed on moths and other insects attracted by the light. Their more natural habitat is stone walls and tree trunks. The Gecko’s feet are unusual in that they have thousands and thousands of tiny hairs which in turn split into thousands of smaller hairs, these microscopic hairs create “Van Der Waals forces “ which produces a molecular attraction with the surface on which they climb which allow it to walk across ceilings and on virtually any surface.

Moorish Gecko
This is Europe’s largest species up to 6 inches long, also known as the Wall Gecko. They are more stockily built than the lizards. Their colour is grey / tan brown with darker blotches, the under belly is white. They have pronounced wart like scales along the side of the body and tail. Two to four clutches of two eggs are buried where they hatch after about two months; the hatchlings take up to two years to mature. The males can sometimes be heard making a clicking sound.

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Turkish Gecko
Smaller in size to the Moorish Gecko. It’s habits however are very similar. Distinguishable by it’s very pink colouration.
The Greeks have always had a superstitious fear of geckos. They call geckos “Molintiri “ the defiler.
The Mediterranean house gecko is a type of house gecko common to the Mediterranean which has spread to many parts of the world. It is commonly referred to as the Turkish gecko as represented in its Latin name and also as the moon lizard because it emerges in the evening.

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These Lizards are not poisonous and do not pose any threat to people

Until 2006 it was thought that among lizards, only the Gila monster and the Mexican beaded lizard were venomous. However, several species of monitor lizards, including the Komodo dragon, produce powerful venom in their oral glands. Lace monitor venom, for instance, causes swift loss of consciousness and extensive bleeding through its pharmacological effects, both lowering blood pressure and preventing blood clotting. Nine classes of toxin known from snakes are produced by lizards. The range of actions provides the potential for new medicinal drugs based on lizard venom proteins.

Genes associated with venom toxins have been found in the salivary glands on a wide range of lizards, including species traditionally thought of as non-venomous, such as iguanas and bearded dragons. This suggests that these genes evolved in the common ancestor of lizards and snakes, some 200 million years ago (forming a single clade, the Toxicofera). However, most of these putative venom genes were "housekeeping genes" found in all cells and tissues, including skin and cloacal scent glands. The genes in question may thus be evolutionary precursors of venom genes

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 04, 2019, 12:30:00 PM

Common fig

Looking though my records i have not listed this plant.
This plant is all over  Corfu and Arillas.
The Greek word for FIG is Σύκο [ Sýko ]
The Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family,
It is grown commercially. Native to the Middle East and western Asia, it has been sought out and cultivated since ancient times and is now widely grown throughout the world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant. The species has become naturalized in scattered locations in Asia and North America.
The word fig, first recorded in English in the 13th century, derives from (Old) French figue, itself from Occitan (Provençal) figa, from Romance *fica, from Classical Latin ficus (fig or fig-tree). Italian has fico, directly derived from Latin ficus. The name of the caprifig, Ficus caprificus Risso, is derived both from Latin capro (billygoat) and English fig
Family:   Moraceae
Genus:   Ficus
Subgenus:   Ficus subg. Ficus
Species:   F. carica
Ficus carica is a deciduous tree or large shrub that grows up to 7–10 metres (23–33 ft) tall, with smooth white bark. Its fragrant foliage is 12–25 centimetres
The edible fruit consists of the mature syconium that contains numerous one-seeded fruits,
The fruit is 3–5 centimetres (1.2–2.0 in) long, with a green skin that sometimes ripens toward purple or brown. Ficus carica has milky sap, thus rendering it a laticifer. The sap of the green parts is an irritant to human skin.
 Ficus carica does not always require pollination by a wasp or from another tree, because the fig wasp, Blastophaga psenes can pollinate it so as to produce seeds. Fig wasps are not present to pollinate in colder nations, e. g. the United Kingdom.
The plant tolerates seasonal drought, and the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are especially suitable to it.
Sometime  you will see the tree with no leaves it is not going to Die it is going to fruit again save energy and all the energy gose to the Fruit [seed] so it can reproduce

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None Only  phytophotodermatitis from the SAP  also known as berloque dermatitis or margarita photodermatitis, is a cutaneous phototoxic inflammatory reaction resulting from contact with a light-sensitizing botanical agent followed by exposure to ultraviolet light (from the sun, for instance).

Figs can be eaten fresh or dried, and used in jam-making The widely produced fig roll is a biscuit, August through to early October. Fresh figs used in cooking should be plump and soft, and without bruising or splits. If they smell sour, the figs have become over-ripe. Slightly under-ripe figs can be kept at room temperature for 1–2 days to ripen before serving. Figs are most flavorful at room temperature
Ficus wood make furniture and more.

Fig FRUIT is used as a laxative to relieve constipation. Fig LEAF is used for diabetes, high cholesterol, and skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and vitiligo. Some people apply the milky sap (LATEX) from the tree directly to the skin to treat skin tumors and warts I WOULD NOT DO THIS AS A IRRITANT ALSO CAN BLISTER THE SKIN
Figs benefits for hair
It may also help lower cholesterol and control blood sugar levels. Figs are a good source of calcium, which can ward off osteoporosis as well as other health issues.
Improve Heart Health
Prevent Colon Cancer
Cure Anemia
Prevent Breast Cancer
Strengthen Bones
Rich In Antioxidants
Prevent Hypertension
Increase Sexual Stamina [Now i know Neil you got one in your garden] or do save the stamina for Darts
Reduce Throat Pain
Prevent Macular Degeneration
 Improve Liver Health
Treat Piles
Boost The Immune System
Prevent Wrinkles
Rejuvenate Your Skin
Cure Boils And Warts

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 05, 2019, 11:00:12 AM



You will see this plant around Arillas give a try lovley

pomegranate in Greek ρόδι  [ródi]

Punica granatum As we Know as the Pomegranate is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub in the family Lythraceae, subfamily Punicoideae, that grows between 5 and 10 m
The fruit is typically in season in the Northern Hemisphere from September to February, and in the Southern Hemisphere from March to May.
The pomegranate originated in the region extending from modern-day Iran to northern India, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region. It was introduced into Spanish America in the late 16th century and into California by Spanish settlers in 1769.
Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the Middle East and Caucasus region, north and tropical Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, the drier parts of southeast Asia, and parts of the Mediterranean Basin. It is also cultivated in parts of Arizona and California. In the 20th and 21st centuries, it has become more common in the shops and markets of Europe and the Western Hemisphere
Family:   Lythraceae
Genus:   Punica
Species:   P. granatum

The Greeks were familiar with the fruit far before it was introduced to Rome via Carthage, and it figures in multiple myths and artworks.[63] In Ancient Greek mythology, the pomegranate was known as the "fruit of the dead", and believed to have sprung from the blood of Adonis.

The myth of Persephone, the goddess of the underworld, prominently features her consumption of seven pomegranate seeds, requiring her to spend seven months in the underworld every year. During these seven months, while Persephone sits on the throne of the underworld beside her husband Hades, her mother Demeter mourned and no longer gave fertility to the earth. This was an ancient Greek explanation for the seasons

The pomegranate is one of three trees mentioned or alluded to in the Bible many times. It is also included in coinage and various types of ancient and modern cultural works.

Pomegranates are curious fruits - apple-sized, red in color, and containing hundreds of pitch-red juicy seeds. ... Some sources fix the number to exactly 613, some allow for an error of +/- 200, yet others believe that all pomegranates have the exact same number of seeds.
Judaism. Pomegranate seeds are said to number 613—one for each of the Bible's 613 commandments. The pomegranate was revered for the beauty of its shrub, flowers, and fruit—symbolising sanctity, fertility, and abundance.
The tree prefers low-humidity environments and thrives in warm areas that are protected from the wind.
The pomegranate does best in well-drained ordinary soil, but also thrives on calcareous or acidic loam as well as rock strewn gravel.
Once established, pomegranates can take considerable drought, but for good fruit production they must be irrigated. To establish new plants they should be watered every 2 to 4 weeks during the dry season. The plants are tolerant of moderately saline water and soil conditions.

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The root, stem, or peel of pomegranate is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in large amounts. The root, stem, and peel contain poisons. When applied to the skin: Pomegranate extract is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied to the skin. Some people have experienced sensitivity to pomegranate extract.

Culinary use After the pomegranate is opened by scoring it with a knife and breaking it open, the seeds are separated from the peel and internal white pulp membranes. Separating the seeds is easier in a bowl of water because the seeds sink and the inedible pulp floats. Freezing the entire fruit also makes it easier to separate.
Pomegranate juice can be sweet or sour, but most fruits are moderate in taste,
Pomegranate juice has long been a popular drink in Europe and the Middle East, and is now widely distributed in the United States and Canada.
Grenadine syrup long ago consisted of thickened and sweetened pomegranate juice, now is usually a sales name for a syrup based on various berries, citric acid, and food coloring, mainly used in cocktail mixing. In Europe, Bols still manufactures grenadine syrup with pomegranate. Before tomatoes (a New World fruit) arrived in the Middle East, pomegranate juice, molasses, and vinegar were widely used in many Iranian foods, and are still found in traditional recipes such as fesenjān, a thick sauce made from pomegranate juice and ground walnuts, usually spooned over duck or other poultry and rice, and in ash-e anar (pomegranate soup).
Pomegranate seeds are used as a spice known as anar dana  most notably in Indian and Pakistani cuisine. Dried whole seeds can often be obtained in ethnic South Asian markets. These seeds are separated from the flesh, dried for 10–15 days, and used as an acidic agent for chutney and curry preparation.
pomegranate wine
In Turkey, pomegranate sauce
In Greece, pomegranate is used in many recipes, including kollivozoumi, a creamy broth made from boiled wheat, pomegranates, and raisins, legume salad with wheat and pomegranate, traditional Middle Eastern lamb kebabs with pomegranate glaze, pomegranate eggplant relish, and avocado-pomegranate dip. Pomegranate is also made into a liqueur, and as a popular fruit confectionery used as ice cream topping, mixed with yogurt, or spread as jam on toast.

Various parts of the tree and fruit are used to make medicine. People use pomegranate for conditions such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), heart conditions, high blood pressure, athletic performance, and recovery after exercise, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
Pomegranate seeds get their vibrant red hue from polyphenols. These chemicals are powerful antioxidants.
 Vitamin C
Cancer prevention
 Alzheimer's disease protection
 Heart disease
 Blood pressure
Endurance and sports performance
Pomegranate was traditionally used as a remedy for diabetes in the Middle East and India. While much is still unknown about the effects of pomegranate on diabetes, it may help decrease insulin resistance and lower blood sugar.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 07, 2019, 09:39:31 AM


Walnut tree

You can see this plant behind the Galini walking up the hill A white Walnut

Juglans  commonly known as butternut or white walnut,and black walnut,
 the type genus of the family Juglandaceae, the seeds of which are referred to as walnuts. All species are deciduous trees, 10–40 metres (33–131 ft) tall, with pinnate
Juglans cinerea,  commonly known white walnut
Juglans nigra, commonly known black walnut
The 21 species in the genus range across the north temperate Old World from southeast Europe east to Japan, and more widely in the New World from southeast Canada west to California and south to Argentina.
In 2014, global production of walnuts (in shell) was 3.5 million tonnes, led by China with 46% of the world total (table). Other major producers were the United States and Iran
The trees  live for some 75 years English walnut trees can live up to 150 years
 The first historical account of walnut cultivation dates back to Babylon (now Iraq) circa 2000 B.C. However, archaeological excavation of Neolithic sites in southwest France has uncovered roasted walnut shells, indicating walnuts were being eaten in Europe at least 8000 years ago. 
The following from Greek scholar Eleanor Irwin (personal communication) is helpful. Generally all nuts and fruit are fertility symbols. The ancients knew that they were the end product of flowering. A nut like walnut with a big seed and a shell to crack must have seemed appropriate as an "encouragement" to throw towards the bride and groom (like rice).
The Greek bride and groom shared a quince on their wedding night as a symbol of the fertility (and sweetness?) they hoped for in their marriage.

The common walnut is a demanding species and requires special site conditions. Usually grown in pure stands or as individual trees, rather than within mixed woodland, it needs a warm and sheltered site and a long growing season3, 13. It also prefers deep and rich soils, with pH values of between 6 and 7.51. Forests in the Himalayas, preferring a northerly aspect in the west but a southerly or westerly aspect in the east of the range.

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foods, such as salads, fish, pork, chicken, vegetables and pasta dishes. Oil, furniture
Beauty benefits. • Slows down the aging process • Moisturizes skin • Gives shine to hair • Prevents skin inflammation • A natural hair dye • Lightens dark circles
 A yellow dye is obtained from the green husks. It is green. The green nuts (is this the same as the green husks?) and the leaves are also used. The rind of unripe fruits is a good source of tannin. A brown dye is obtained from the leaves and mature husks. It does not require a mordant and turns black if prepared in an iron pot. The dye is often used as a colouring and tonic for dark hair. The leaves and the husks can be dried for later use. A golden-brown dye is obtained from the catkins in early summer. It does not require a mordant. A drying oil is obtained from the seed. It is used in soap making, paints, etc. It is not very stable and quickly goes rancid. The nuts can be used as a wood polish. Simply crack open the shell and rub the kernel into the wood to release the oils. Wipe off with a clean cloth. The dried fruit rind is used to paint doors, window frames etc (it probably protects the wood due to its tannin content). The shells may be used as anti-skid agents for tyres, blasting grit, and in the preparation of activated carbon. The leaves contain juglone, this has been shown to have pesticidal and herbicidal properties. The crushed leaves are an insect repellent. Juglone is also secreted from the roots of the tree, it has an inhibitory effect on the growth of many other plants. Bark of the tree and the fruit rind are dried and used as a tooth cleaner. They can also be used fresh. Wood - heavy, hard, durable, close grained, seasons and polishes well. A very valuable timber tree, it is used for furniture making, veneer

The walnut tree has a long history of medicinal use, being used in folk medicine to treat a wide range of complaints. The leaves are alterative, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and depurative. They are used internally the treatment of constipation, chronic coughs, asthma, diarrhoea, dyspepsia
Juglans regia is used to treat Diabetes mellitus symptoms in Austrian traditional medicine, whereby air-dried leaves are used as aqueous decoction or liquor preparation and are consumed on a daily basis.
 bark has been claimed to possess anti-inflammatory, blood purifying, anticancer, depurative, diuretic and laxative activities. It contains several therapeutically active constituents, especially polyphenols.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 08, 2019, 09:11:05 AM


Sea Blackthorns

Hippophae Is a Deciduous shrubs in the family Elaeagnaceae. Known as sea buckthorn,
 It produces orange-yellow berries, which have been used over centuries as food, traditional medicine, and skin treatment in China, Russia, and northern Europe, which are its origin regions.
It is an exceptionally hardy plant able to withstand winter temperatures as low as −43 °C (−45 °F).[4] Because Hippophae develops an aggressive and extensive root system, it is planted to inhibit soil erosion and is used in land reclamation for its nitrogen fixing properties, wildlife habitat, and soil enrichment.[5] Hippophae berries and leaves are manufactured into various human and animal food and skincare products.
Hippophae production in Greece is developing at a fast pace, while exports are also in the works. No wonder sea buckthorn area has increased sixfold within only one year! Greek sea buckthorn or hippophae –as it is also known– producers are ready to expand their presence into international markets.
Sea-buckthorn is one of the oldest plants on Earth and its presence is dated back long before the ice age.
Hippophae belongs to natural superfoods.
Hippophae is a small genus of Elaeagnaceae having a terminal taxon with seven species recognized, as of 2002.Hippophae rhamnoides is a highly variable species with eight subspecies.
 is the most widespread of the species in the genus, with the ranges of its eight subspecies extending from the Atlantic coasts of Europe across to northwestern Mongolia and northwestern China. In western Europe, it is largely confined to sea coasts where salt spray off the sea prevents other larger plants from outcompeting it. In central Asia, it is more widespread in dry semi-desert sites where other plants cannot survive the dry conditions.
They are tolerant of salt in the air and soil, but demand full sunlight for good growth and do not tolerate shady conditions near larger trees. They typically grow in dry, sandy areas.
The shrubs reach 0.5–6 metres (1.6–19.7 ft) tall, rarely up to 10 metres (33 ft) in central Asia. The leaf arrangement can be alternate or opposite.
During the Cold War, Russian and East German horticulturists developed new varieties with greater nutritional value, larger berries, different ripening months and branches that are easier to harvest. Over the past 20 years, experimental crops have been grown in the United States, one in Nevada and one in Arizona, and in several provinces of Canada.
Sea buckthorn may be used as a landscaping shrub with an aggressive basal shoot system used for barrier hedges and windbreaks,
The majority of Sea Buckthorn plant's habitat is in northern Europe, China, Mongolia, Russia, and Canada. It is a soil stabilizer, wildlife food and cover, repairs desert areas and is a source of commercial products. Plants may grow as shrubs of less than 2 feet in height or trees of nearly 20 feet tall.

Family:   Elaeagnaceae
Genus:   Hippophae

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Sea buckthorn berries are edible and nutritious,   
When the berries are pressed, the resulting sea buckthorn juice separates into three layers: on top is a thick, orange cream; in the middle, a layer containing sea buckthorn's characteristic high content of saturated and polyunsaturated fats; and the bottom layer is sediment and juice. Containing fat sources applicable for cosmetic purposes, the upper two layers can be processed for skin creams and liniments, whereas the bottom layer can be used for edible products such as syrup.
Besides juice, sea buckthorn fruit can be used to make pies, jams, lotions, teas, fruit wines, and liquors.[4] The juice or pulp has other potential applications in foods, beverages, or cosmetics products.[4] Fruit drinks were among the earliest sea buckthorn products developed in China. Sea buckthorn-based juice is common in Germany and Scandinavian countries. It provides a beverage rich in vitamin C and carotenoids.
 used as a landscaping shrub with an aggressive basal shoot system used for barrier hedges
 Free from gluten, dairy, yeast, soy and nuts. – Nature's super berry – 60 different antioxidants, more than 10 times the vitamin C found in oranges

Sea buckthorn has been used over centuries in traditional medicine.
 Rich in Many Nutrients
It is naturally full of antioxidants, which help protect your body against aging and illnesses like cancer and heart disease
Promotes Heart Health
For starters, its antioxidants may help reduce risk factors of heart disease, including blood clots, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.
Protect Against Diabetes
Animal studies show that it may help reduce blood sugar levels by increasing insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity
Protects Your Skin
The oil may help stimulate skin regeneration, helping wounds heal more quickly
Boost Your Immune System
 High flavonoid content of the oil.
 Support a Healthy Liver
 Help Fight Cancer Cells
Improve digestion
lower inflammation
Treat dry eyes
Reduce symptoms of menopause
Reduce symptoms of depression


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 09, 2019, 09:03:51 AM



If you been out in Arillas in May you most probably have seen this Insect a fantastic site

Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera with over 2,000 described species. They are soft-bodied beetles that are commonly called fireflies or lightning bugs for their conspicuous use of bioluminescence during twilight to attract mates or prey.
Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light by a living organism. It is a form of chemiluminescence. Bioluminescence occurs widely in marine vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as in some fungi, microorganisms including some bioluminescent bacteria and terrestrial invertebrates such as fireflies.
. Fireflies produce a "cold light", with no infrared or ultraviolet frequencies. This chemically produced light from the lower abdomen may be yellow, green, or pale red, with wavelengths from 510 to 670 nanometers. Fireflies are found in temperate and tropical climates. Many are found in marshes or in wet, wooded areas where their larvae have abundant sources of food. Some species are called "glowworms" in Eurasia and elsewhere. While all known fireflies glow, only some adults produce light and the location of the light organ varies among species and between sexes of the same species.
Firefly populations are declining worldwide, for a variety of reasons. Fireflies, like many other organisms, are directly affected by land-use change (e.g. loss of habitat area and connectivity), which is identified as the main driver of biodiversity changes in terrestrial ecosystems. Pesticides and weed-killers have also been indicated as a likely cause of firefly decline.
These are beneficial insects. They don't bite, they have no pincers, they don't attack, they don't carry disease, they are not poisonous, they don't even fly very fast.
Fireflies don't put on those spectacular summer displays just to entertain us. You're eavesdropping on the firefly singles bar. Male fireflies cruising for mates flash a species-specific pattern to announce their availability to receptive females. An interested female will reply, helping the male locate her where she's perched, often on low vegetation.
Most fireflies are nocturnal, although some species are diurnal. They are soft-bodied beetles that range from 5 to 25 mm (up to 1 inch) in length. The flattened, dark brown or black body is often marked with orange or yellow.
Larvae Feed on Snails
Firefly larvae are carnivorous predators, and their favorite food is escargot. Most firefly species inhabit moist, terrestrial environments, where they feed on snails or worms in the soil. A few Asian species use gills to breathe underwater, where they eat aquatic snails and other mollusks. Some species are arboreal, and their larvae hunt tree snails.

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 11, 2019, 09:32:37 AM


European Tree frog

I did not know about tree frogs on Corfu i have seen them in Australia so i am going to look for them next time

Hyla arborea Is a small tree frog found in Europe, Asia and part of Africa.
 Tree frogs are small; the males range from 32–43 mm (1.3–1.7 in) in length, and females range from 40–50 mm (1.6–2.0 in) in length. They are slender, with long legs. Their dorsal skin is smooth, while their ventral skin is granular. Their dorsal skin can be green, gray, or tan depending on the temperature, humidity, or their mood.
 The discs on the frog's toes, which it uses to climb trees and hedges, is a characteristic feature of H. arborea . Like other frogs, their hind legs are much larger and stronger than the fore legs, enabling the frogs to jump rapidly.
They hibernate in walls, cellars, under rocks, under clumps of vegetation, or buried in leaf piles or manure piles.
Historically, tree frogs were used as barometers because they respond to approaching rain by croaking.
Depending on subspecies, temperature, humidity, and the frog's 'mood', skin colour ranges from bright to olive green, grey, brown and yellow.
European tree frogs eat a variety of small arthropods, such as spiders, flies, beetles, butterflies, and smooth caterpillars. Their ability to take long leaps allow them to catch fast-flying insects, which make up most of their diets.
Family:   Hylidae
Genus:   Hyla
Species:   H. arborea
European tree frogs reproduce in stagnant bodies of water, such as lakes, ponds, swamps, reservoirs, and sometimes puddles, from late March to June. They croak in the breeding season, even when migrating to their mating pools or ponds. Males will often change breeding ponds, even within the same breeding season. After a spring rain, the males will call females from low vegetation or shallow ponds. About 800 to 1000 eggs are laid in clumps the size of a walnut.
Individual eggs are about 1.5 mm in diameter. After 10–14 days, the eggs hatch. Then, after three months, tadpoles metamorphose into frogs. Metamorphosis usually peaks from late July to early August. They are able to live for up to 15 years.
Look around the stream that runs though Arillas. The bridge near the Galini this year had Terrapins in the water

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 13, 2019, 10:45:00 AM



You will see this insect early spring and early summer

The cockchafer, colloquially called May bug or doodlebug, is a European beetle of the genus Melolontha, in the family Scarabaeidae.
Once abundant throughout Europe and a major pest in the periodical years of "mass flight", it had been nearly eradicated in the middle of the 20th century through extensive use of pesticides and has even been locally exterminated in many regions. However, since an increase in regulation of pest control beginning in the 1980s, its numbers have started to grow again.
 The adults are a common sight in the spring and early summer evenings as they habitually fly into lamps and windows only to fall to the ground beneath.
Adults of the common cockchafer reach sizes of 25–30 mm; the forest cockchafer is a little smaller (20–25 mm). The two species can best be distinguished by the form of their tail end: it is long and slender in the common cockchafer, but shorter and knob-shaped at the end in the forest cockchafer. Both have a brown colour.
Male cockchafers have seven "leaves" on their antennae, whereas the females have only six.
Adults appear at the end of April or in May and live for about five to seven weeks. After about two weeks, the female begins laying eggs, which she buries about 10 to 20 cm deep in the earth. She may do this several times until she has laid between 60 and 80 eggs. The common cockchafer lays its eggs in fields, whereas the Forest Cockchafer stays in the vicinity of the trees. The preferred food for adults is oak leaves, but they will also feed on conifer needles.
Life begins as an egg laid around June – July, hatching into a white grub which lives underground. Grubs can spend 3 years underground (up to 5 years in colder climates) until they pupate. As grubs they munch on roots and tubers until they reach around 4cm. This is the point when they pupate, emerging as an adult beetle (or imago) in the spring. They live as adults for a mere six weeks during which time the female can lay as many as 80 eggs.
The cockchafer is sometimes known as the doodlebug. Because of the buzz of its flight, this nickname was used for Germany's V-1 flying bomb in World War II. Cockchafers are also called May bugs because of the time of year when they tend to emerge.
They are active in late evening and enter buildings through open windows or down chimneys. They do not bite or sting and are not a danger to health. ... Put up fine mesh over door and window to stop them entering your home. We do not provide pest control treatment for Cockchafers as they only live up to six weeks.
Adult Cockchafers are found on and around trees and shrubs in gardens, parks, field hedgerows and woodland margins, feeding on leaves and flowers. The larvae, sometimes called rookworms, live in the soil and eat the roots of vegetables and grasses.

Ther are currently no insecticidal products licensed to treat cockchafers. Control is biological with the use of nematodes, which are watered into the soil and attack the cockchafer grub. Control: Cockchafers were once very abundant, before the advent of pesticides took them to near extinction in some parts of Europe.
In ancient Greece, young boys used to catch the unwitting cockchafer, and tether it by tying a thread around its feet, amusing themselves by watch the poor chap fly aimlessly around in spirals.
 A German newspaper from Fulda from the 1920s tells of students eating sugar-coated cockchafers.

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Cockchafer soup is a European dish made from the cockchafer insect.

Fried Cockchafer Bug   Thai Food

Roasted Cockchafer Grubs in Paper
Take a handful of freshly harvested cockchafer grubs and season them with salt and pepper.

Roll the grubs in a mixture of flour and fine bread crumbs.

Butter some pieces of baking paper, or aluminium foil. Feel free to use lots of butter, this is a French recipe.

Roll up your floured grubs inside the paper or foil, and bake them in the hot ashes of your wood fire (or, your oven). Take them out when crispy.
Something different for sunday dinner
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 13, 2019, 10:12:48 PM
Well , Kevin , dunno wot to say about a roasted cockchafer served in paper, or even sugar coated "chafers" - Wot ever I say could be deemd as a .......,,,,,,,,,"cock (chafer) up.!!
Maybe yer aving a laff with yer chaff?? - Who knows??
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 14, 2019, 09:23:14 AM


Neil i thought you was going to say you see a lot of cockchafer on the north beach haha

Most of you would have seen this animal aroud Arillas or Corfu


Equus africanus asinus is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae. The wild ancestor of the donkey is the African wild ass, E. africanus. The donkey has been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years.
A male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny or jennet;
Asses were first domesticated around 3000 BC, probably in Egypt or Mesopotamia,
There are more than 40 million donkeys in the world, mostly in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as draught or pack animals. Working donkeys are often associated with those living at or below subsistence levels. Small numbers of donkeys are kept for breeding or as pets in developed countries.
They continue to fill important roles in many places today. While domesticated species are increasing in numbers, the African wild ass is an endangered species. As beasts of burden and companions, asses and donkeys have worked together with humans for millennia.
Family:   Equidae
Genus:   Equus
Species:   E. africanus
Subspecies:   E. a. asinus
Donkeys are able to carry up to twice their own body weight,
They are more independent than horses and harder to train
China has more donkeys than any other country in the world.
In the U.S., donkeys are kept as pets or to breed mules.
Mules are actually a very special mix - they have a donkey father and horse mother, and they often inherit the best qualities of both
For example, they can be faster than donkeys and more intelligent than horses
They can also live for a very long time
Mules born from a donkey mother and horse father are known as hinnys and tend not to be as strong as mules
Donkeys live up to 40 years if given proper care.
In developed countries where their use as beasts of burden has disappeared, donkeys are used to sire mules, to guard sheep, for donkey rides for children or tourists, and as pets. Donkeys may be pastured or stabled with horses and ponies, and are thought to have a calming effect on nervous horses. If a donkey is introduced to a mare and foal, the foal may turn to the donkey for support after it has been weaned from its mother.

During World War I John Simpson Kirkpatrick, a British stretcher bearer serving with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, and Richard Alexander "Dick" Henderson of the New Zealand Medical Corps used donkeys to rescue wounded soldiers from the battlefield at Gallipoli
The donkey is the cheapest form of agricultural power in poorer countries in the world
 In Italy, which has the highest consumption of equine meat in Europe and where donkey meat is the main ingredient of several regional dishes, about 1000 donkeys were slaughtered in 2010, yielding approximately 100 tonnes of meat
In China, donkey meat is considered a delicacy with some restaurants specializing in such dishes, and Guo Li Zhuang restaurants offer the genitals of donkeys in dishes. Donkey-hide gelatin is produced by soaking and stewing the hide to make a traditional Chinese medicine product. Ejiao, the gelatine produced by boiling donkey skins, can sell for up to $388 per kilo, at October 2017 prices
In Arillas at the wine festival brining in the grapes
In films
In the pits coal mines

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 14, 2019, 06:32:41 PM
Love Donkeys , Kevin , and I have made a friend with a local one.

I call him "Ho-Tey" and I am sure every one has heard of "Donkey Ho-Tey" -  There was a book once , I remember!
and................ good to see you good 'ole guys keeping the Forum interest going. - BRAVO!!!!

and.... what is this part of your post that says "An African Wild Ass" ???? - Don't think my pacemaker could handle that!!!
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 14, 2019, 06:42:00 PM

Hi Neil

I think everyone has gone over to Facebook I am not on F/B
There is only a few now what contribute now

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 15, 2019, 09:40:48 AM



Zingiber officinale  a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about a meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. The inflorescences bear pale yellow with purple flowers and arise directly from the rhizome on separate shoots.
Family:   Zingiberaceae
Genus:   Zingiber
Species:   Z. officinale
Ginger originated from Island Southeast Asia. It is a true cultigen and does not exist in its wild state.The most ancient evidence of its domestication is among the Austronesian peoples where it was among several species of ginger cultivated and exploited since ancient times
From India, it was also carried by traders into the Middle East and the Mediterranean by around the 1st century CE. It was primarily grown in southern India and the Greater Sunda Islands during the spice trade, along with peppers, cloves, and numerous other spices.
Ginger produces clusters of white and pink flower buds that bloom into yellow flowers. Because of its aesthetic appeal and the adaptation of the plant to warm climates, it is often used as landscaping around subtropical homes. It is a perennial reed-like plant with annual leafy stems, about a meter (3 to 4 feet) tall. Traditionally, the rhizome is gathered when the stalk withers; it is immediately scalded, or washed and scraped, to kill it and prevent sprouting. The fragrant perisperm of the Zingiberaceae is used as sweetmeats by Bantu, and also as a condiment and sialagogue.

Hedychium coccineum Is the hardy ginger plant edible?:   Like its cousin, the culinary ginger (Zingiber officinale), ginger lilies have edible roots...but, they do not have much flavor and just because they are edible does not mean you'll like to cook with them. However ginger lily flowers produce essential oils that are very tasty. Both the flower buds and open flowers can be used in cooking, much like its other cousin, the mioga ginger, Zingiber myoga. You can grow this plant in the UK

Ginger is in the family Zingiberaceae, to which also belong turmeric (Curcuma longa), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal. Ginger originated in Island Southeast Asia and was likely domesticated first by the Austronesian peoples. It was transported with them throughout the Indo-Pacific during the Austronesian expansion (c. 5,000 BP), reaching as far as Hawaii. Ginger was also one of the first spices exported from Asia, arriving in Europe with the spice trade, and was used by ancient Greeks and Romans. The distantly related dicots in the genus Asarum are commonly called wild ginger because of their similar taste.
Ginger produces a spicy, fragrant spice.
Ginger beer is one of the traditional Corfu products, τσιτσιμπύρα (tsitsibira) in greek. Introduced by the British, this refreshing drink with a unique taste is still very widespread all overthe island

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Uses  They are often pickled in vinegar or sherry as a snack or cooked as an ingredient in many dishes. They can be steeped in boiling water to make ginger herb tea, to which honey may be added. Ginger can be made into candy or ginger wine.Mature ginger rhizomes are fibrous and nearly dry. The juice from ginger roots is often used as a seasoning in Indian recipes and is a common ingredient of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, and many South Asian cuisines for flavoring dishes such as seafood, meat, and vegetarian dishes.cakes,
Shampoo,ginger ale,gingerbread, cookies, Ginger oil,

Ginger Can Treat Many Forms of Nausea, Especially Morning Sickness. ...
Ginger May Reduce Muscle Pain and Soreness. ...
The Anti-Inflammatory Effects Can Help With Osteoarthritis.
Lower Blood Sugars and Improve Heart Disease Risk Factors
 Treat Chronic Indigestion
Reduce Menstrual Pain
Lower Cholesterol Levels
Help Prevent Cancer
Protect Against Alzheimer's Disease
Help Fight Infections

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 21, 2019, 10:45:36 PM
So , here's one for the Arillas Gardener. - (Capital G on gardener means respect)
What , pray is this fungus???
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 22, 2019, 08:22:14 AM

HI Neil

On the job looking for the fungi

when i find him it will be a laugh haha

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 22, 2019, 09:24:20 AM



Have you been bitten on the beach or near the beach by flies and it makes you jump

Phlebotomine Known as sand flies,Sandfly, sand gnat, sandflea, granny nipper, chitra, punkie, or punky.
Sand flies occur throughout the tropics and sub-tropics, as well as in temperate zones. Phlebotomus spp. occurs in Africa, where it is an important vector in certain regions, Europe (particularly the Mediterranean region the Middle East and Asia particularly the Indian subcontinent
 A number of sand fly species are present in Europe, and in recent years, their range has increased.
The island of Corfu is an endemic area of human leishmaniasis, mainly visceral and secondly cutaneous. In August 1996, a survey of phlebotomine sandflies was conducted throughout the whole island. Using castor-oil paper traps, a total of 2,615 sandflies were caught.The temperature in northern Europe is likely to become milder and precipitation will increase. In addition, winter temperatures will increase at higher altitudes. These climatic changes are predicted to lead to an expansion in the range of phlebotomine sand flies in Europe, as they will be able to survive in areas that are uninhabitable today, including large areas of north-western and central Europe and at higher altitudes in regions where they are already established . It is predicted that should climate change result in suitable temperatures, sand fly species could rapidly establish in countries currently on the edge of their range, including inland Germany, Austria and Switzerland, as well as along the Atlantic coast
Sand flies need humid environments and, as their name implies, prefer sandy areas around beaches, lagoons and mangroves. The females will also lay eggs in moist soils around ponds, creeks, streams, lakes and dripping air conditioners.
Bites from sandflies (also known as blackflies) are a familiar nuisance during the warmer months. As with mosquitoes, it's only the females that bite and they use the extra nutrients from blood to produce more eggs. ... Sandflies don't just feed on humans but will attack other mammals and birds too.
In general, sand fly bites are painful and may cause red bumps and blisters. These bumps and blisters can become infected or cause skin inflammation, or dermatitis. Sand flies transmit diseases to animals and humans, including a parasitic disease called leishmaniasis. ... There are no vaccinations to prevent leishmaniasis.
Leishmaniasis is a treatable and curable disease, which requires an immunocompetent system because medicines will not get rid of the parasite from the body, thus the risk of relapse if immunosuppression occurs. All patients diagnosed as with visceral leishmaniasis require prompt and complete treatment.
Over-the-counter repellents with high concentrations of DEET or picaridin are proven to work, but may not be suitable for some people, e.g. people with sensitive skin and pregnant women. However, the effectiveness of DEET and picaridin products seems to differ among individuals with some people reporting better results with one product over another while other people finding neither product effective for them. This may be partially due to various species living in different areas.
A particular extract of Lemon Eucalyptus oil (not the essential oil) has now been shown to be as effective as DEET in various studies.
Most information on repellents focuses on mosquitoes, but mosquito repellents are effective for sandflies and midges as well.
Lavender Oil Spray or Candles – Lavender Oil is repellent for sand gnats. You can also spray or burn them to keep sand flies away. Orange Peel Extracts – This a homemade remedy. You can keep orange peel extracts at windows, balcony, terrace, doors, or any other entry or exit to keep the biting midges away.

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 22, 2019, 03:51:28 PM
Thanks Kevin , Don't think I'll ever go on the beach again. - Being attacked by Zombies is a better option (Although the bite is a tad bigger!)
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 23, 2019, 09:35:18 AM


Corfu Snakes

If you been lucky or not to see one of Corfu snakes lovely reptiles.
I have seen a large snake at Kassiopi and a very large snake on north beach [Neil i know what you are thinking BUT NO] the snake must have fell from the top the grass and shrubs area

Four-Lined Snake

Named so because of the four black lines visible along the length of its body. This snake can grow to 2.5 metres in length.  It is a non venomous and fairly placid snake and although it can bite it very rarely does and has been known to be handled easily – although
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Nose-Horned Viper

Caution is the keyword if you come across one of these snakes as they are venomous and very dangerous with a particularly long strike. They are easily identified because of pronounced horn near the tip of their noses. They grow to around 2 to 3 feet in length. As with all snakes it will avoid coming near to humans if at all possible and will only be aggressive if it feels threatened, however i would advise viewing at a distance of 10 metres at least and never corner them.
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Montpellier Snake

Another fairly large snake that is typically 1.5 to 2 metres in length when fully grown. This snake can be aggressive if cornered and may even rear up. Although not deadly they can exact a fairly painful bite so best viewed as always at a safe distance.
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Caspian Whip Snake

Another fairly aggressive, but non venomous snake that again will bite if threatened. This snake grows to approximately 2 metres in length. They are usually identified by a brownish back and cream coloured belly.
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The Sand Boa

 The Sand Boa is also known as the Javelin sand boa. It is a species of snake in the Boidae family, or Giant Snakes.
It can reach a length of plus minus 80 centimeters, so it's the kid brother of the Boa Constrictor, which can be 5 meters in length. Most visitors of Corfu consider that as a benefit.
The coloring varies quite. It's back is mostly sand colored, but can also be grayish, tawny, brownish, or reddish, with darker blotches or bars in an irregular patchwork. It usually has a dark streak from the eye to the corner of the mouth. The belly side is whitish or yellowish. It is heavy-bodied and has a short blunt tail.
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The Sand Boa lives preferably in dry, sandy areas, definitely not in forests or meadowland. His aversion for abundant vegetation lies in the way it hunts. The snake digs itself in and waits in ambush for prey to come. Because of its camouflage it will not be noticed by many of his favorite snacks. When a small mammal, a bird or a lizard comes by, not aware of the danger, the snake comes up with the speed of a skyrocket and grabs this tasty bite. Is it a small portion it will be swallowed alive. When the victim is bigger than, let's say, a hamster, it will be strangled before it will sink into eternal darkness.

Leopard Snake

Also known as the European Ratsnake. This is a species of the non venomous Colubrid, or smooth scaled snake.
The Leopard Snake is mostly gray coloured with dorsal reddish/brown transverse blotches with black borders. On each side is a series of smaller black spots, alternating with the dorsal blotches. The underside is white, checkered with black.
Adults Leopard Snakes may attain 90 cm in length. They experience the sunny side of life, lying on stoney places and cairns enjoying the heat. They love the summers on Corfu, just like most people.
Their natural habitat is shrubby vegetation, pastureland, plantations, and rural gardens. There they prey on small mammals and birds, killing them by strangulation.
The propagation of the Leopard Snake is, from our point of view, bizar. When mating, the male bites the female in the head or neck. Then, as an atonement, he wraps his body around his wife. How sweet!
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Grass snake

This snake is sometimes called the ringed snake or water snake. It's a non-venomous and harmless snake which rarely bites. Sometimes it will rear up if threatened. Defending method is to play dead with its mouth open.
It is often found near water. That's probably the explanation, Natrix is probably derived from the Latin expression "to swim". It's typically dark green/brownish in colour with a characteristic yellow collar behind the head. That might explain the alternative name Ringed Snake. The belly is whitish with irregular blocks of black. The larger copies can reach up to almost 2 meters in length, but this is pretty rare. Females are considerably larger than males (approximately 50 centimeters) when fully grown. Grass snakes prey mainly on amphibians, they love toads and frogs. You can often find this snake on watersides, searching for prey. They use their sight and sense of smell to catch their prey. Occasionally the Grass Snake eat small mammals and even fish. But it's a picky character: dead prey items are never taken.
Grass snakes are strong swimmers and can be found close to lakes, ponds and brooks. Though most of 'm prefer to be in open woodland.
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Glass Lizard

The Glass Lizard or Glass Snake is a so called Ophisaurus (from the Greek word snake-lizard). Officially it is not a snake, it's a reptile species that resemble snakes, but are actually lizards. Although most species have no legs, their head shapes, movable eyelids, and external ear openings identify them as lizards.
These animals are also known as jointed snakes. They reach lengths of 1 meter or more, but that's only because they have a very long tail (approximately two-third of the total length).
utubeThe name Glass Snake is because their tails are easily broken, just like lizards. The tail can break into several pieces, like glass. When attacked by a predator, they drop off a part of the tail, and away they go, leaving the assailant in confusion. Bye sucker!
The Glass Lizards diet consists primarily of arthropods, snails and small mammals as well as insects, spiders, small reptiles, and young rodents.
Some Glass Lizards give birth to live young, others lay eggs. That's weird
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Dice Snake

This is a European non-venomous snake belonging to the family of Colubridae, the so called Smooth Scaled type. It is not only found in the Balkan and mainland Greece, among others, but on Corfu too.
Dice snakes prefer water as a home. With their slender body and a triangular, flat head with pointed snout, they can swim very fast. Which is a benefit for the hunt. Not weird that They usually eat fish, although sometimes they eat amphibians like frogs, salamanders and toads. Who wouldn't when you're able to get them for free?
But they are ambhibious so sometimes you can see them in woodland or at a plain. As long as there is some water nearby.
Preferably they stay into dry holes next to the water. The colours are olive green to dark brown (almost black), although it can be greenish gray too. Males will be less than a meter, females can grow up to 1.3 meters in length.
It's a shy species, so they definitely won't visit you at your apartment or hotel, nor will they bother you when you are walking. Still you can meet them sometimes but it won't bite. They have different ways to defend themselves. One of the tactics they use for defense is playing dead. Another way is to let out a very bad smell when chased or attacked. So you better not grab a 'dead' Dice Snake or you will be avoided for the rest of you Corfu holidays.
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Dahl's Whip Snake

This snake lives among others in Mediterranean areas. So you will find it on Corfu.
This beautiful snake is an elegant and slender type with a length up to one and a half meter. The color of the dorsal side is light brownish with a reddish tinge. The front of the body is a bit dark, with bluish/gray spots with white edging. The ventral side is pale yellow.
This is a fast-moving snake, doing its activities by day. It feeds on lizards and small rodents. The breeding period is in May/June. The Young ones hatch in August or September. Their habitat is found in dry, stony or rocky environments with sparse grass and shrubs, sparse forests. Commonly found in walls of ordinal stone, like a fortress wall and more.
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Cat Snake
This snake belongs to the family of smooth scaled snakes (Colubridae). When mature they reach a length of one meter.
When looking it in the eyes, you know right away why it's called a Cat Snake. The striking large eyes have vertical pupils, just like the Felix Domesticus. If it starts to purr when you pet it is not known. Despite they are not venomous for humans, you better not try to find out.
This species is not aggressive, it's not even shy for humans. They like to crawl around through gardens and meadows, enjoying the grass and the flowers. They will start to hiss if you try to step on them. Sportive, no?
The colour of the skin is brownish with symetric dark spots on the back. The Cat Snake loves heat, so you will find it at rocks and cairns, lying in the sun, working at their tan. They love Corfu, that's for sure!
It feeds on lizards and gecko's. As opposed to most of his congeners, the Cat Snake hunts at night. It is helped by some kind of a heat detector with which it can track down pray. Remarkable: It won't catch rats or mice. The venom that's injected will not kill rodents, just lizards and gecko's. So humans don't have to fear the Cat Snake because of its venom.
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Balkan Whip Snake

 This is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. Its natural habitat is shrubby vegetation, pastureland, plantations and rural gardens.
The Balkan whip snake is slender with smooth scales. Usually the're under a metre long, only by exception they reach a length of 125 cm. The head and front of the body are olive-grey or yellowish-brown with dark spots separated by paler areas. There are small white spots on some of the scales. The Balkan Whip Snake eyes are prominent in the head with round pupils.
The Balkan whip snake lives by day, sleeps at night, so it got some human behaviour. It prefer to stay ground level, although they don't mind to do some climbing through low vegetation to get something to eat. This fast and agile snake feeds on lizards, insects such as grasshoppers, tiny birds and mammals.
During wintertime it stays in rock fissures, animal burrows or abandoned buildings. It's a social, or shall we say, economic snake, often it will share their hibernating site with other snakes.
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Snakes will not harm you only if threaten or stepped on
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 24, 2019, 04:39:12 PM
That's the best pic, I can get , of that fungi.
Nearest tree is around 7 metres away.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 25, 2019, 09:03:31 AM

This fungi is not easy there are Around 120,000 species of fungi have been described by taxonomists, but the global biodiversity of the fungus kingdom is not fully understood. A 2017 estimate suggests there may be between 2.2 and 3.8 million species. In mycology, species have historically been distinguished by a variety of methods and concepts.
I have aasked Roger Phillips i am hoping he will reply  [Roger Phillips is one of the world's leading mushroom specialists with over 40 years' of expertise of studying fungi in the wild. Roger's book, 'Mushrooms', first published in 2006 has been hugely successful with more than 2 million copies sold worldwide in 7 European languages.]
I think it is a jack-o-lantern mushroom but others look like it as well some you can eat others you you be wearing a wooden box
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on October 25, 2019, 09:35:19 AM
I think you could be right, there.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 27, 2019, 02:05:25 PM



I have not seen a Tortise in Arillas i have been reading you can get them on Corfu

Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni ) is a species in the genus Testudo. Two subspecies are known: the western Hermann's tortoise (T. h. hermanni ) and the eastern Hermann's tortoise (T. h. boettgeri ).
Corfu is host to Hermans Tortoises (Testudo Hermani) which are found mainly in the undergrowth. They eat mainly flower, herbs and weed. They are now a protected species so please don't consider taking one home as a pet. They are actually freely available in Pet Shops across the UK from home grown licensed breeders.
Hermann's tortoises are small to medium-sized tortoises from southern Europe. Young animals and some adults have attractive black and yellow-patterned carapaces, although the brightness may fade with age to a less distinct gray, straw, or yellow coloration. They have slightly hooked upper jaws and, like other tortoises, possess no teeth just strong, horny beaks.Their scaly limbs are greyish to brown, with some yellow markings, and their tails bear a spur (a horny spike) at the tip. Adult males have particularly long and thick tails, and well-developed spurs, distinguishing them from females.
The eastern subspecies T. h. boettgeri is much larger than the western T. h. hermanni, reaching sizes up to 28 cm (11 in) in length. A specimen of this size may weigh 3–4 kg (6.6–8.8 lb). T. h. hermanni rarely grows larger than 18 cm (7.1 in). Some adult specimens are as small as 7 cm (2.8 in).
When you are walking though long Vegetation you could be treading on them
The subspecies T. h. hermanni includes the former subspecies T. h. robertmertensi and has a number of local forms. It has a highly arched shell with an intensive coloration, with its yellow coloration making a strong contrast to the dark patches. The colors wash out somewhat in older animals, but the intense yellow is often maintained. The underside has two connected black bands along the central seam.
The coloration of the head ranges from dark green to yellowish, with isolated dark patches. A particular characteristic is a yellow fleck on the cheek found in most specimens, although not in all; T. h. robertmertensi is the name of a morph with very prominent cheek spots. Generally, the forelegs have no black pigmentation on their undersides. The base of the claws is often lightly colored. The tail in males is larger than in females and possesses a spike. Generally, the shell protecting the tail is divided. A few specimens can be found with undivided shells, similar to the Greek tortoise.
On They eat mainly flower, herbs and weed. Tortoises and Turtles They are now a protected species so please don't consider taking one home as a pet.
Early in the morning, the animals leave their nightly shelters, which are usually hollows protected by thick bushes or hedges, to bask in the sun and warm their bodies. They then roam about in search of food. known to eat dandelions, clover, and lettuce, as well as the leaves, flowers, and pods of almost all legumes.
Around midday, the sun becomes too hot for the tortoises, so they return to their hiding places. They have a good sense of direction to enable them to return.  In the late afternoon, they leave their shelters again and return to feeding.
In late February, Hermann’s tortoises emerge from under bushes or old rotting wood, where they spend the winter months hibernating, buried in a bed of dead leaves. And commence courtship and mating
Courtship is a rough affair for the female, which is pursued, rammed, and bitten by the male, before being mounted. Aggression is also seen between rival males during the breeding season, which can result in ramming contests.
Between May and July, female Hermann’s tortoises deposit between two and 12 eggs into flask-shaped nests dug into the soil,[6] up to 10 cm (3.9 in) deep. Most females lay more than one clutch each season. The pinkish-white eggs are incubated for around 90 days and, like many reptiles, the temperature at which the eggs are incubated determines the hatchlings sex. At 26 °C, only males will be produced, while at 30 °C, all the hatchlings will be female.Young Hermann’s tortoises emerge just after the start of the heavy autumn rains in early September and spend the first four or five years of their lives within just a few metres of their nests. If the rains do not come, or if nesting took place late in the year, the eggs will still hatch, but the young will remain underground and not emerge until the following spring. Until the age of six or eight, when the hard shell becomes fully developed, the young tortoises are very vulnerable to predators and may fall prey to rats, badgers, magpies, foxes, wild boar, and many other animals. If they survive these threats, the longevity of Hermann’s tortoises is around 30 years. One rare record of longevity is 31.7 years. Compared to other tortoises (e.g. Testudo graeca), the longevity might be underestimated and many sources are reporting they might live 90 years or more.

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 28, 2019, 08:56:36 AM



I have not seen these plants in Arillas. Reading some books and the good old inter net these plants are on Corfu

Phytolacca Other known names are  pokebush, pokeberry,poke sallet, inkberry and ombú. [ombu we will talk next post]  is a genus of perennial,shrubs and trees native to North America, South America and East Asia.
The generic name is derived from the Greek word φυτόν (phyton), meaning "plant," and the Latin word lacca, a red dye. The genus comprises about 25 to 35 species  growing from 1 to 25 m (3.3 to 82.0 ft) tall.
They have alternate simple leaves, pointed at the end, with entire or crinkled margins; the leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen. The stems are green, pink or red. The flowers are greenish-white to pink, produced in long racemes at the ends of the stems. They develop into globose berries 4–12 mm diameter, green at first, ripening dark purple to black.
Pokeweed grows best in open woods, damp thickets, around clearings and along roadsides. It grows well in sun or shade, reaching heights of up to 3 to 10 feet, and can readily survive periodic fire events due to its well developed root structure. In fact, older plants have a taproot over a foot long and 4 to 6 inches thick, allowing some plants to persist after canopy closure in maturing forests. Pokeweed is a toxic plant.
All parts of the pokeweed plant, especially the root, are poisonous. Severe poisoning has been reported from drinking tea brewed from pokeweed root and pokeweed leaves. ... Don't touch pokeweed with your bare hands. Chemicals in the plant can pass though the skin and affect the blood.
So a plant with flowers, lots of munchable leaves for caterpillars, and abundant fall berries is worth my time. This gangly, strange-looking character is pokeweed. ... But pokeweed is a native American plant, and the berries are a source of high-quality nutrition for birds.  pokeweed is an invasive species. This plant grows in the uk

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Pokeberries are found in grape-like clusters on tall perennials with purple-red stems. Eating several berries can cause pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Adults have eaten the roots, mistaking them for medicinal plants. Serious gastrointestinal problems have occurred, including bloody vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and low blood pressure.

The berries are a favorite food among birds, which helps to spread the seeds From a bird's point of view, fall is a season of seeds and berries. One very popular source of berries is a large and gangly native plant known as pokeweed. ... At least 30 different birds feed on the berries. They include mourning doves, bluebirds, robins, mockingbirds, and cedar waxwings, all of which commonly eat fruit.
Each pokeberry gulped down by a hungry bird contains 10 seeds which remain unscathed as they pass through a bird's digestive system. The seed coat is so hard that pokeberry seeds can remain viable for 40 years. Pokeweed is a host plant for the stunning giant leopard moth. A red ink and a dye are obtained from the fruit. A beautiful colour, though it is not very permanent. It makes a good body paint, washing off easily when no longer required, though the slightly toxic nature of the berries should be remembered. The rootstock is rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute. Cut the root into small pieces and simmer it in boiling water to obtain the soap. The plant is currently (1980) being evaluated for its snail-killing properties.

Medicinal use of Pokeweed: Pokeweed has a long history of medicinal use, being employed traditionally in the treatment of diseases related to a compromised immune system. The plant has an interesting chemistry and it is currently (1995) being investigated as a potential anti-AIDS drug. It contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, antiviral proteins and substances that affect cell division. These compounds are toxic to many disease-causing organisms, including the water snails that cause schistosomiasis. All parts of the plant are toxic, an excess causing diarrhoea and vomiting. This remedy should be used with caution and preferably under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women. The root is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, expectorant, hypnotic, narcotic and purgative. The dried root is used as an anodyne and anti-inflammatory. The root is taken internally in the treatment of auto-immune diseases (especially rheumatoid arthritis), tonsillitis, mumps, glandular fever and other complaints involving swollen glands, chronic catarrh, bronchitis etc. The fresh root is used as a poultice on bruises, rheumatic pains etc, whilst a wash made from the roots is applied to swellings and sprains. The root is best harvested in the autumn and can be dried for later use. The fruit has a similar but milder action to the roots.The juice is used in the treatment of cancer, haemorrhoids and tremors. A poultice made from the fruit is applied to sore breasts. A tea made from the fruit is used in the treatment of rheumatism, dysentery etc. The plant has an unusually high potassium content and the ashes, which contain over 45% caustic potash, have been used as a salve for ulcers and cancerous growths. The leaves are cathartic, emetic and expectorant. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root. Its main action is on the throat, breast, muscular tissues and the joints.
  It contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, antiviral proteins and substances that affect cell division. ... The root is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, expectorant, hypnotic, narcotic and purgative. The dried root is used as an anodyne and anti-inflammatory.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 29, 2019, 12:03:22 PM



Phytolacca dioica Known as Ombu is a massive evergreen tree native to the Pampa of South America.
 was imported into  Europe after the mid 18th century, It has an umbrella-like canopy that spreads to a diameter of 12 to 15 meters and a height of 12 to 18 meters  up to 30m in circumference!
Because it is derived from herbaceous ancestors, its trunk consists of anomalous secondary thickening rather than true wood. As a result, the ombú grows fast but its wood is soft and spongy enough to be cut with a knife.
This tree is categorized in the same genus as the North American pokeweed. The species is also cultivated in Southern California as a shade tree. Ombú has been declared as a minor invasive species  in South Africa, where it is widely planted.
 Since the sap is poisonous, the ombú is not grazed by cattle and is immune to locusts and other pests. For similar reasons, the leaves are sometimes used as a laxative or purgative. It is a symbol of Uruguay and Argentina, and of gaucho culture,
Phytolacca dioica is used in Europe as an ornamental plant in parks and road trees.
It is native to Argentina grasslands and its water storing trunk is fire resistant to protect itself from the grass fires that occur naturally, and also to store water supply for the dry season.
In Israel, the ombu is in demand for city parks, due to the shade they provide. For example, they were planted about twenty years ago in Moshav Sitriya. Ombus are good for planting next to benches, and children can climb its wide branches while their parents enjoy the tree's shade. The roots go down deep, so when planting, sewage pipes and underground electric cables must be taken into account.  The tree is covered with dark, glossy, green leaves. It has greenish-white flowers that grow in long clusters. These clusters droop from the weight of the crimson, ripe berries that develop from these flowers.
(http://The term Phytolacca comes from the Greek φυτόν phytόn, plant and dall’indi lakh, a dye extracted from an insect that provides a hue similar to the purple color of the juice contained in the berries. The specific dioecious epithet derives from the Greek δις dis, twice and οἰκία oikía, habitation: dioico, because male and female flowers are worn by different plants.)
Phytolacca dioica It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs you can grow this tree in a large pot in the uk it will not grow large it will stop growing it will be happy. Bring in over winter or cover with a plant fleece you can get from your  local nursery
The United Kingdom lies in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6 through 9 with some variations across regions and seasons. It enjoys a temperate maritime climate characterized by cool winters and warm summers.
Woodland, Garden, Dappled Shade,Grasslands,Parks,

Family:   Phytolaccaceae
Genus:   Phytolacca
Species:   P. dioica

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The leaves are poisonous. They are said to be alright to eat when young, the toxins developing as they grow older. Other parts of the plant, including the fruit, are poisonous. Can cause pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Adults have eaten the roots, mistaking them for medicinal plants. Serious gastrointestinal problems have occurred, including bloody vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and low blood pressure.

Very good for starting a Bonsai
Young leaves and shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[183]. The leaves should not be eaten raw and only the young leaves should be used since they become toxic with age. The fruits are made into jellies or jams and are also used as a red colouring for food A red ink is obtained from the fruit.
And the tree canopy gives shelter in sun and rain

It is the same as the Pokeweed    has a long history of medicinal use, being employed traditionally in the treatment of diseases related to a compromised immune system. The plant has an interesting chemistry and it is currently (1995) being investigated as a potential anti-AIDS drug. It contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, antiviral proteins and substances that affect cell division. These compounds are toxic to many disease-causing organisms, including the water snails that cause schistosomiasis. All parts of the plant are toxic, an excess causing diarrhoea and vomiting. This remedy should be used with caution and preferably under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women. The root is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, expectorant, hypnotic, narcotic and purgative. The dried root is used as an anodyne and anti-inflammatory. The root is taken internally in the treatment of auto-immune diseases (especially rheumatoid arthritis), tonsillitis, mumps, glandular fever and other complaints involving swollen glands, chronic catarrh, bronchitis etc. The fresh root is used as a poultice on bruises, rheumatic pains etc, whilst a wash made from the roots is applied to swellings and sprains. The root is best harvested in the autumn and can be dried for later use. The fruit has a similar but milder action to the roots.The juice is used in the treatment of cancer, haemorrhoids and tremors. A poultice made from the fruit is applied to sore breasts. A tea made from the fruit is used in the treatment of rheumatism, dysentery etc. The plant has an unusually high potassium content and the ashes, which contain over 45% caustic potash, have been used as a salve for ulcers and cancerous growths. The leaves are cathartic, emetic and expectorant. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root. Its main action is on the throat, breast, muscular tissues and the joints.
  It contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, antiviral proteins and substances that affect cell division. ... The root is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, expectorant, hypnotic, narcotic and purgative. The dried root is used as an anodyne and anti-inflammatory.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 30, 2019, 09:09:24 AM

I meant to say the last post about OMBU can be seen at Kassiopi estate

Mediterranean smilax

You can see this plant on your walks

Smilax Is a species of flowering vine in the greenbriar family. common names common smilax, rough bindweed, sarsaparille,
 is a genus of about 300–350 species,
Family:   Smilacaceae
Genus:   Smilax
Species:   S. aspera
Smilax aspera is a perennial, evergreen climber with a flexible and delicate stem, with sharp thorns The climbing stem is 1–4 metres  The leaves are 8–10 centimetres  tough and leathery, heart-shaped, with toothed and spiny margins. The underside of the leaves are provided with spines.
 The flowers, very fragrant, are small, yellowish or greenish, gathered in axillary racemes. The flowering period in Mediterranean regions extends from September to November. The fruits are globose berries, gathered in clusters, which ripen in Autumn. They are initially red, later turn black. They have a diameter of 8–10 millimetres  and contain one to three tiny and round seeds. They're insipid and unpalatable to humans, but they are a source of nourishment for many species of birds.Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
The plant is widespread in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia), Mediterranean Europe (Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, France, Portugal, Spain), temperate Asia Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and tropical Asia India, Bhutan, Nepal. It is also naturalized in other regions

 Thrives in Mediterranean forests and shrublands, wasteland sunny,shade,close to the sea,river banks and ravines,
 Although we do not eat the fruits, other plant parts, including the rhizomes (horizontal underground stems), of many Smilax species are edible.
The plant is often grown as an impenetrable hedge in the tropics

* The word 'smilax' comes from the Greek name for 'poison'. According to Dioscorides, it was considered an antidote to poison, and if the berries were crushed into a drink and given to a new-born child, ‘he shall be hurt by no poisonous medicine’. 'Aspera' comes from the Latin word for  'rough', possibly referring to the toughness of its branches, or to the presence of many small prickles that make the plant cling to clothes and other plants, giving it a rough sensation.
* There are different versions about Smilax in Greek mythology, but all involve a relationship between the beautiful nymph Smilax with a Spartan boy, Krokos, loved by the god Hermes. After the unhappy love affair Hermes metamorphosed him into the saffron crocus. Aphrodite transformed the tragic nymph into the Smilax, to grow nearby, so that they could be together for eternity.

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Young shoots - raw or cooked as a vegetable
 They can be cooked and used as an asparagus substitute. The tendrils are also eaten
The plant is an ingredient of soft drinks this probably refers to the root
 Berries are delicious raw or cooked into a jam or jelly. ... Roots were also ground and used in Sarsaparilla or as an addition to flavor root beer. Additionally, they were also used to thicken soups, sauces and stews.
In the American “Old West,” sarsaparilla was the most popular drink of the cowboys.
The plant is often grown as an impenetrable hedge in the tropics
A red dye is obtained from the ripe tendrils
wild life birds

Root has extensive medicinal uses. As the traditional medicine, it is used to treat leprosy, tumors, cancer, psoriasis and rheumatism. It is also used as tonic for anemia and skin diseases. It is reported to have anti-inflammatory, testosterogenic, aphrodisiac and progesterogenic effects.
The ripe fruits are squeezed and applied to the skin in the treatment of scabies

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on October 31, 2019, 09:13:44 AM


Annual Honesty

Lunaria annua , is a species of flowering plant native to the Balkans and south west Asia, and naturalized throughout the temperate world.
This plant is an annual or biennial growing to 90 cm tall X  30 cm broad, with large, coarse, pointed oval leaves with marked serrations. The leaves are hairy, the lower ones long-stalked, the upper ones stalkless.In spring and summer it bears terminal racemes of white or violet flowers, followed by showy, light brown, translucent, disc-shaped seedpods (silicles) the skin of which falls off to release the seeds, revealing a central membrane which is white with a silvery sheen, 3–8 cm (1–3 in) in diameter; they persist on the plant through winter. These pods are much used in floral arrangements.
The Latin name lunaria means "moon-shaped"   In South East Asia, it is called the "money plant" and in the United States it is commonly known as "silver dollars"  In Denmark it is known as judaspenge and in Dutch-speaking countries as judaspenning (both meaning "coins of Judas"), an allusion to the story of Judas Iscariot and the thirty pieces of silver he was paid for betraying Christ.
This plant is easy to grow from seed and tends to naturalize. It is usually grown as a biennial, being sown one year to flower the next. It is suitable for cultivation in a shady or dappled area, or in a wildflower garden, and the flowers and dried seedpods are often seen in flower arrangements. Numerous varieties and cultivars are available, of which the white-flowered L. annua var. albiflora and the variegated white L. alba var. albiflora 'Alba Variegata' have won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Family:   Brassicaceae
Genus:   Lunaria
Species:   L. annua
 Dappled shade and can often be seen growing on the edges of woodland,Wasteland,Grassland,
Lunaria annua originates in Central and Southern Europe but has spread far beyond its native range and is now naturalised across many temperate regions. Lunaria are easy to grow and require little to no attention. They can be grown in almost any soils
Lunaria annua 'Corfu Blue' An unusual Honesty with wonderful 4 petalled purpley-blue flowers on purple stems, followed by purple flushed papery silvered seed heads. At its best in the Spring garden for a huge hit of Spring colour and nectar for the insects. It then goes on to flower sporadically throughout the year.

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But i have found this on the inter net
The leaves, bark and seeds are poisonous. The seeds are particularly toxic for children and can cause shortness of breath, cyanosis (when the skin gets a blue tint because there's not enough oxygen in the blood), weakness and light-headedness. Every part of these shrubs, including the seeds, is poisonous.

I have looked in my books and found nothing about poison it is safe BUT I WOULD NOT EAT IT BE SAFE

Seed - cooked. A pungent flavour, they are used as a mustard substitute. The pungency of mustard develops when cold water is added to the ground-up seed - an enzyme (myrosin) acts on a glycoside (sinigrin) to produce a sulphur compound. The reaction takes 10 - 15 minutes. Mixing with hot water or vinegar, or adding salt, inhibits the enzyme and produces a mild bitter mustard
Unripe raw seed add a mustard-like flavours in salads.
Root - raw. Used before the plant produces flowers
Plant in gardens,parks,landscape
Lunaria annua is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, butterflies​/​moths and other pollinators. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers and is a caterpilar food plant.


Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 01, 2019, 08:49:33 AM


Mediterranean buckthorn.

Rhamnus alaternus  Is a species of flowering plant in the buckthorn family other name  Italian buckthorn
Is an evergreen shrub 1–5 metres tall  The stems have reddish bark and pubescent young branches, rounded and compact foliage with alternating leaves, 2–6 centimetres The small fragrant flowers are gathered in a short axillary yellow-green raceme. The flowering period extends from February to April. Fruits are obovoidal red-brownish drupes of about 3–4 millimetres Native to southern Europe   France, Portugal, Spain, Albania, Italy, Greece and Ukraine
Rhamnus is a genus of about 110 accepted species of shrubs or small trees, commonly known as buckthorns,
Family:   Rhamnaceae
Genus:   Rhamnus
Species:   R. alaternus
generally grows in areas with a Mediterranean-type climate (summer drought and intermittent winter rain), particularly coastal areas and bare rock. It can also grow beside streams, on forest margins, islands, and shrublands  from sea level up to 700 m above sea level.
This species is cultivated as an ornamental garden shrub, valued for its glossy evergreen leaves and red berries. The variegated cultivar 'Argenteovariegata' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit
This species reproduces mainly by seed, however plants will re-shoot vigorously from the base whenever they are damaged.
The seeds are often spread by fruit-eating (i.e. frugivorous) birds, especially blackbirds, and other animals. However, they may also be spread in dumped garden waste.

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The seeds and leaves are mildly poisonous for humans and most other animals,
Rhamnus alaternus can be toxic when used in an abusive way beside its strong antibacterial, antioxidant, and antidiabetic activities. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of renal failure and rhabdomyolysis which is possibly associated with a chronic consumption of Rhamnus alaternus roots.

alaternus makes a beautiful hedge, privacy screen or windbreak, and you can either place the plants in a straight line or stagger them for a slightly more natural look. The glossy foliage is decorative in itself, but as noted, it makes a beautiful backdrop for perennials, flowers or deciduous shrubs with showy blooms.
Also use in parks,gardens,landscape,
Good for wildlife Birds – Buckthorn is a starvation food for birds. They eat buckthorn berries only when food sources are low, especially in late winter. Buckthorn berries cause diarrhea and weakens birds. The blue stains on houses and sidewalks are the result of droppings from birds eating buckthorn berries.

The plant is used in folk medicine in many Mediterranean countries, as it has anti-oxidant virtues and is also considered to be antibacterial, antidiabetic, astringent, digestive, diuretic, hypotensive and laxative. It is used for controlling blood pressure and in the treatment of hepatic and dermatological complications
An infusion of the leaves is used as an astringent gargle.
Rhamnus alaternus can be toxic when used in an abusive way
A decoction of the leaves and branches has been used in the treatment of conditions such as arterial hypertension; as a preventative of conditions such as arteriosclerosis and thromboembolisms; and to alleviate dental or periodontal pains.
The branches and leaves are also rich in tannins and therefore astringent; In popular medicine they have been used in the form of gargles to treat inflammations, especially of the mouth and throat

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 03, 2019, 11:44:00 AM


1 Narrow-leaved Mock Privet

2 green olive tree

You may have past these two plants thinking they are young Olive trees on your walks or just a shrub the plants look the same

Phillyrea  is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, native to the Mediterranean region,

1 Narrow-leaved Mock Privet is Phillyrea Angustifolia,  It is a compact evergreen shrub that rarely grows over 3 meters in height and 2.5 meters in width.  related to Ligustrum, Olea and Osmanthus.[Privet,Olive,Devilwood]  The flowers are small, greenish-white, produced in short clusters. The fruit is a drupe containing a single seed.
 It most commonly grows in dry areas in coastal maquis shrubland with Pinus or Quercus woodland and in mixed deciduous shrub forest.

2 Green olive tree is Phillyrea latifolia  is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m[tree]  at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. This is the jewel in the Architectural Plants Panoply of Trees. Not only shapely in the extreme but tough as old boots it is  A good coastal plant but not right by the sea.
is that of mild and sunny climates where it grows up to an altitude of 800 m. In Italy it is present in all regions except in the Valle d'Aosta and Piedmont and more common in the Center-South.
The term Phillyrea comes from the Greek φῐλΰρα philýra, the name used by Dioscorides to designate the lime tree and later by Theophrastus referred to a species of the genus Phillyrea.

Both plants can be used for topiary

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NONE  but some say Edible Parts: fruit UNKNOWN leave alone

Bears pruning well and can be grown as a hedge,and topiary tolerating maritime exposure though it is fairly slow growing. Any trimming is best carried out in the spring. Wood - fine grained. Used in turner. An excellent charcoal is obtained from the stem
Both plants when in flower very scented
The berries for birds

Diuretic, emmenagogue. Also used as a mouthwash

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 04, 2019, 09:12:27 AM


shrubby hare's-ear

You can see this plant around Arillas wasteland and The Kassiopi Estate

Bupleurum fruticosum Is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to the Mediterranean region.
Around 150 species, is one of the largest genera of the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae).
 Is an evergreen shrub to 2m tall, with simple, obovate, blue-green leaves and clusters of tiny yellow flowers in summer and early autumn.
Family:   Apiaceae
Genus:   Bupleurum
Species:   B. fruticosum
 It lives in sunny hills, walls and rocky places., drought-tolerant Full Sun, Sun, Part Sun, Afternoon Sun, Reflected Heat light woodland or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
 It is in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by wasps. The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Fabulous Foliage, Foliage, Long Blooming, Low Maintenance, Winter Interest, Year-round Interest
Native to Southern Europe, this rounded, medium-sized shrub makes a subtle but extraordinary background plant. It is particularly useful in dry shade, exposed coastal conditions or as a filler plant and provides a long-lasting cool presence.
You can grow this plant in the uk

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Wildlife: Bees, Beneficial Insects, Deer Resistant, Pollinators  Ground Cover; Hedge;  Beds and Borders,Year-round Interest

Bupleurum is used for respiratory infections, including the flu (influenza), swine flu, the common cold, bronchitis, and pneumonia; and symptoms of these infections, including fever and cough. Some people use bupleurum for digestion problems including indigestion, diarrhea, and constipation.
Traditionally the root is used to regulate the metabolism, for the treatment of fever, pain and inflammation associated with influenza and the common cold
Bupleuri extracts have been used for improvement and protection against chronic hepatitis,

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 05, 2019, 09:20:35 AM



We have done PISTACIA VERA so i will do this one that grows on Corfu as well
 Greek: μαστίχα mastíkha

Pistacia lentiscus  is a dioecious evergreen shrub or small tree of the genus Pistacia, growing up to 4 m (13 ft) tall which is cultivated for its aromatic resin, mainly on the Greek island of Chios
 With a strong smell of resin, growing in dry and rocky areas in Mediterranean Europe. It resists heavy frosts and grows on all types of soils, and can grow well in limestone areas and even in salty or saline environments, making it more abundant near the sea. It is also found in woodlands, dehesas (almost deforested pasture areas),
The leaves are alternate, leathery, and compound paripinnate  with five or six pairs of deep-green leaflets. It presents very small flowers, the male with five stamens, the female trifid style. The fruit is a drupe, first red and then black when ripe, about 4 mm in diameter.
Pistacia lentiscus is native throughout the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and the Iberian peninsula in the west through southern France and Turkey to Iraq and Iran in the east. It is also native to the Canary Islands.
The aromatic, ivory-coloured resin, also known as mastic  is harvested as a spice from the cultivated mastic trees grown in the south of the Greek island of Chios in the Aegean Sea, where it is also known by the name "Chios tears".Originally liquid, it is hardened, when the weather turns cold, into drops or patties of hard, brittle, translucent resin. When chewed, the resin softens and becomes a bright white and opaque gum.
Mastic resin is a relatively expensive kind of spice  has been used principally as a chewing gum for at least 2,400 years.
The flavour can be described as a strong, slightly smoky, resiny aroma and can be an acquired taste.
Family:   Anacardiaceae
Genus:   Pistacia
Species:   P. lentiscus

Mastic is known to have been popular in Roman times when children chewed it, and in medieval times, it was highly prized for the Sultan's harem both as a breath freshener and for cosmetics. It was the Sultan's privilege to chew mastic, and it was considered to have healing properties. The spice's use was widened when Chios became part of the Ottoman Empire, and it remains popular in North Africa and the Near East.
Apart from its medicinal properties and cosmetic and culinary uses, mastic gum is also used in the production of high-grade varnish.
The mastic tree has been introduced into Mexico as an ornamental plant, where it is very prized and fully naturalized.

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Culinary use Mastic gum is principally used either as a flavouring or for its gum properties,
As a spice it continues to be used in Greece to flavour spirits and liqueurs
Also used in cakes, pastries, spoon sweets, and desserts. Sometimes it is even used in making cheese
 In Lebanon and Egypt, the spice is used to flavour many dishes, ranging from soups to meats to desserts,
while in Morocco, smoke from the resin is used to flavour water. In Turkey, mastic is used as a flavor of Turkish delight. Recently, a mastic-flavoured fizzy drink has also been launched, called "Mast".
Mastic resin is a key ingredient in Greek festival breads, for example, the sweet bread tsoureki and the traditional New Year's vasilopita. Furthermore, mastic is also essential to myron, the holy oil used for chrismation by the Orthodox Churches
pistacia lentiscus essential oil
pistacia lentiscus cosmetics
pistacia lentiscus ornamental=Tree or Shrub in Parks,Gardens,In Landscaping,

restore digestive function and has been used for over 3000 years to relieve abdominal symptoms.  has been used as a health food for many years. It has also been used to prevent dental carries, heal mouth ulcers and other gum problems andreduce cholesterol and treat skin ulcers.stomach and intestinal ulcers, breathing problems, muscle aches, and bacterial and fungal infections. It is also used to improve blood circulation.. Chewing the resin releases substances that freshen the breath and tighten the gums.
Ease symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease
helps promote overall liver health
treat symptoms of allergic asthma
help prevent prostate cancer
help prevent colon cancer

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 06, 2019, 09:26:06 AM

Tree Germander

Teucrium fruticans Other common name is  shrubby germander  is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to the western and central Mediterranean. Growing to 1 m tall by 4 m wide, it is a spreading evergreen shrub with arching velvety white shoots, glossy aromatic leaves and pale blue flowers in summer.
It is hardy in milder areas, where temperatures do not fall below −5 °C (23 °F). It prefers the shelter of a wall, in full sun There are hundreds of species, including herbs, shrubs or subshrubs. They are found all over the world but are most common in Mediterranean climates.
Family:   Lamiaceae
Genus:   Teucrium
Species:   T. fruticans
Teucrium fruticans 'Azureum' Upright silver foliaged evergreen shrub with wonderful azure blue flowers most of the summer. Good for sunny dry areas where they combine nicely with other drought tolerant plants such as lavenders, rock roses, Phlomis, etc. Also from rocky slopes
Teucriums are bee favorites. Deer resistant.
Teucrium species are rich in essential oils. Some (notably Teucrium fruticans) are valued as ornamental plants and as a pollen source, and some species have culinary and/or medical value.

Teucrium tatjanae seed fossils are known from the Oligocene, Miocene and Pliocene of western Siberia, Miocene and Pliocene of central and southern Russia and Miocene of Lusatia. The fossil seeds are similar to seeds of the extant Teucrium orientale.Teucrium pripiatense seed fossils have been described from the Pliocene Borsoni Formation in the Rhön Mountains of cental Germany.
Teucrium chamaedrys, Teucrium cossonii a native of the Balearics, Teucrium flavum, Teucrium fruticans, Teucrium hircanicum a native of the Caucasus and Iran, Teucrium marum from the western Mediterranean; much loved and often destroyed by cats but doing very well in total drought

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poisonous if ingested.
Germander is UNSAFE. France has banned its sale. Canada does not allow germander to be included in products that are taken by mouth. However, the US still allows germander to be used in small amounts as a flavoring agent in alcoholic beverages.

The safety concern is that germander has caused several cases of liver disease (hepatitis) and death.

Suitable for coastal plantings,Gardens,Parks,Landscaping, hedges,Fragrant, The plant has been a staple of knot gardens,Knot gardens were first established in England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. A knot garden is a garden of very formal design in a square frame, consisting of a variety of aromatic plants and culinary herbs including germander, marjoram, thyme, southernwood, lemon balm, hyssop, costmary, acanthus, mallow, chamomile, rosemary, Calendula, Viola and Santolina.  low border, hedge or screen, moon garden, rock garden, banks, year round interest

Germander is a plant. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Despite serious safety concerns, people take germander for treating gallbladder conditions, fever, stomachaches, and mild diarrhea; as a digestive aid, germ-killer, and “rinse for gout;” and to help with weight loss.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 07, 2019, 09:02:21 AM


Moon Trefoil

You will see this plant up by the Akrotiri

Medicago arborea  Common names include moon trefoil, shrub medick, alfalfa arborea, and tree medick. It is found throughout Europe and especially in the Mediterranean basin,
It is a flowering plant species in the pea and bean family Fabaceae.106 species from the Fabaceae family
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus:   Medicago
Species:   M. arborea
The shrub is 1–4 metres high and wide and is pale yellow in colour. Its stems are erect and terete while its stipules are triangular and are 5–8 millimetres
Stipules are small, paired appendages at the base of the petiole. Right: A compound leaf in which the blade is divided into leaflets.
 It is the only member of the genus Medicago which is used as an ornamental. M. arborea is sometimes misidentified as Cytisus, which it resembles.
The Medicago arborea is a typical species of the Mediterranean areas. Its habitat is that of areas characterized by heat, even torrid, where it grows well on sandy and also rocky, calcareous and dry soils, from the plain up to 300 m. It is a species that tolerates the lack of water very well.Waste ground Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;[ South Wall uk.]
Requires a warm position in full sun, succeeding in dry or well-drained moist soils. Best grown against a wall in the colder areas of the country. Tolerant of wind and salt spray, it grows well in maritime gardens. Plants are not hardy in the colder areas of Britain, they tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c when fully dormant, though the young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. They do not succeed in the open at Kew, though they grow well against a wall. The flowers have a vanilla or sweet pea scent. Any pruning should consist of cutting out dead wood in the spring. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Crete, Greece, Spain, Andorra,Italy,Sardinia, Sicily,Malta,France,Monaco,Channel Island,  Portugal,Turkey
You can see the flower from March to mid  summer
Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

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Leaves - raw or cooked. This plant was supplied to Plants for a Future in early 1994 from a person in Greece who said that it was often used in salads there. Young shoots, when the plant is growing vigorously, have a slightly sweet, grass-like flavour but a rather chewy texture. Older leaves, and younger leaves if the plant is not growing vigorously, have a distinct bitterness and are rather unpleasant.

NONE Known
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 08, 2019, 09:23:10 AM


Mediterranean hackberry

I know you can see this tree at The Kassiopi Estate and at the Rou Estate you can have a look around

The kassiopi Estate =

 The Rou Estate =,%20Rou%20Estate,%20Corfu,%202011.pdf

Celtis australis  known as the European nettle tree, Mediterranean hackberry, lote tree, or honeyberry, is a deciduous tree native to southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor. The tree was introduced to England in 1796.
The largest genus, Celtis, includes about 60 species distributed in the temperate and tropical zones.1, 2 Among these species are Celtis australis L. and Celtis occidentalis L. which are commonly cultivated in the Egyptian gardens for shade purposes.
Family:   Cannabaceae
Genus:   Celtis
Species:   C. australis
The tree can grow to 25 m in height, though 10 m is more common in cooler climates. The bark is smooth and grey, almost elephantine.
The alternate leaves are narrow and sharp-toothed, rugose above and tomentose below, 5–15 cm long and dark grey/green throughout the year, fading to a pale yellow before falling in autumn
The apetalous wind-pollinated flowers are perfect (:hermaphrodite, having both male and female organs), small and green, either singly or in small clusters.
The fruit is a small, dark-purple berry-like drupe, 1 cm wide, hanging in short clusters, and are extremely popular with birds and other wildlife.
The species is fast growing and it is found in woods, meadows and on riverbanks and cliffs.Parks.and sandy places.
Celtis australis is a large tree and can live up to 1,000 years in its native range Flowers March-may

 In Australia, European hackberry invades woodland, urban areas, river margins and pine plantations.
 Succeeds on dry gravels and on sandy soils. The trees have deep spreading roots and are very drought resistant once established. This species requires mild winters if it is to succeed. Trees prefer hotter summers and more sunlight than are normally experienced in Britain, they often do not fully ripen their wood when growing in this country and they are then very subject to die-back in winter. A hardier form, from seed collected in the Caucasus, is in cultivation in Britain. The fruit and the seed are sometimes sold in local markets in the Balkans. This plant is said to be the lotus fruit of the ancients. It is mentioned in the story of Odysseus returning from Troy and the story relates that if a person should eat the fruit they will never leave that area. Coppices well. A good shade tree. Trees can be very long-lived, Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.
Celtis australis is supposed to have been the Lotus of the ancients, whose fruit Herodotus, Dioscorides, and Theophrastus describe as sweet, pleasant, and wholesome. Homer has Ulysses refer to the "Lotus-eaters" and the "lotus" in Odyssey, Book IX. The fruit and its effects are described in Tennyson's poem The Lotos-Eaters.

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It is often planted as an ornamental as it is long-living and resistant to air pollution. The fruit of this tree is sweet and edible, and can be eaten raw or cooked.
 A fatty oil is obtained from the seed.
The Wood can be used for carving
 The wood is very tough, pliable, durable and widely used by turners; the flexible thin shoots are used as walking sticks.
 A yellow dye is obtained from the bark.
Macking  handles for Agricultural and Horticulture implements.

The leaves and fruit are astringent, lenitive and stomachic. Decoction of both leaves and fruit is used in the treatment of amenorrhoea, heavy menstrual and inter-menstrual bleeding and colic. The decoction can also be used to astringe the mucous membranes in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery and peptic ulcers.
 Young leaves of Celtis australis from Northern Italy were found to contain the highest amounts of phenolics
Phenolics are aromatic benzene ring compounds with one or more hydroxyl groups produced by plants mainly for protection against stress. The functions of phenolic compounds in plant physiology and interactions with biotic and abiotic environments are difficult to overestimate.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 11, 2019, 02:36:06 PM


If you are  on your walks and see a london plane tree [Platanus × acerifolia] with a branch on the floor or hanging down well i will tell you

Massaria disease Splanchnonema platani  is a fungus in the genus Splanchnonema. It was formerly known under the name Massaria platani. The anamorph of the fungus is known as Macrodiplodiopsis desmazieresii. The fungus has caused serious damage to plane trees across Europe.
The disease, commonly known as Massaria disease, infects branches of plane trees.
The fungus has usually been considered to be a weak parasite causing only minor damage such as twig dieback in warmer Mediterranean climates. However, in the 21st century it has been found associated with branch death and rapid decay within other parts of Europe, most notably Germany and Austria, the Netherlands, and parts of France. Damage caused by this fungus has been reported in the southern United States. The first formal identification of the disease in the United Kingdom came in March 2011.
The disease seems to be specific to the London plane, the Oriental plane and the Occidental plane. The disease causes large lesions on the upper sides of branches associated with branch drop.
Family:   Pleomassariaceae
Genus:   Splanchnonema
Species:   S. platani
 It was found in living plane trees in London in 2009 and Bristol more recently.

General Massaria Symptoms:

A strip of dead bark starting at the branch collar and stretching along the top of the branch. The width of the dead strip varies but nearly always tapers to a distinct point.
On smaller diameter branches (100 to 150 mm), death can occur within a year; these are normally obvious from the ground due to young twigs, seed clusters and sometimes ‘droughted’ leaves still being visible on the dead branch. Dead flaking bark is also often present, rapidly exposing the orange coloured sapwood.
Larger diameter branches may not exhibit any symptoms and the dead strip of bark is mainly on the upper side of the branch which makes it difficult to identify from the ground.
It is most frequent on shaded lower order branches which are in the mid to lower canopy level.
Symptoms are seen affecting mature trees over 40 years of age
Significant increase from 2015 to 2016 which was consistent across London; possibly due to a warm winter and dry summer in London.
2012 had fewer occurrences of Massaria during the wet summer

Some plane trees are cut down depending how far it has got into the tree

S. platani has been rife in Germany and Holland for some years

 There is no ‘disease-resistant’ option for the London plane.  The existing trees will have to be treated or lost and treatment, by injection and bark applications, is possible.

We had a big branch come down on to a new Mercedes at Onslow Sq south kensington the car came to it's end of life

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Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 12, 2019, 09:16:36 AM



Osmanthus Is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae (Olive Family). Most of the species are native to eastern Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Indochina, the Himalayas. Also known as Sweet Olive,Tea tree,
 Fragrant Olive, sweet olive or sweet tea,
Osmanthus range in size from shrubs to small trees, 2–12 m tall.  leaves are opposite, evergreen, and simple, with an entire, serrated or coarsely toothed margin. The flowers are produced in spring, summer or autumn, each flower being about 1 cm long, white, with a four-lobed tubular-based corolla ('petals'). The flowers grow in small panicles, and in several species have a strong fragrance. The fruit is a small (10–15 mm), hard-skinned dark blue to purple drupe containing a single seed.
Family:   Oleaceae
Tribe:   Oleeae
Subtribe:   Oleinae
Genus:   Osmanthus
Osmanthus are popular shrubs in parks and gardens throughout the warm temperate zone. Several hybrids and cultivars have been developed.
The most popular is Osmanthus x burkwoodii i have one in my garden the fragrance lovley
Possibly the most popular variety, this elegant, rounded, evergreen shrub has glossy, dark green leaves which are finely toothed at the edges. In mid to late spring it produces clusters of highly-scented, jasmine-like flowers. Osmanthus x burkwoodii has been awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit.
Tolerate: Drought, Soil Chalk, Clay, Sand, Loam Bloom Time: April Bloom White  Full sun to part shade
pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

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Sweet olive, or sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans), produces an edible fruit. Its leaves, used to perfume tea, cosmetics,
Parks,Gardens,Landscaping-shopping malls osmanthus burkwoodii topiary
An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. Used as a flavouring. The flowers are used as an insect repellent for clothes.

Osmanthus fragrans has a long history of use in herbal medicine, and is used in perfumery and as a flavouring. The flowers are used to make a scented jam and tea (hence its common name, tea olive), and in traditional herbal medicine a decoction of the stem bark is used to treat boils and carbuncles.
The flowers are antitussive. They are used in cosmetics for the hair and skin, but are mostly used to flavour other medicines. A decoction of the stem bark is used in the treatment of boils, carbuncles etc. A past made from the stem or bark is used in the treatment of boils, carbuncles, whoping cough and retinitis. A decoction of the lateral roots is used in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea, rheumatism, bruises etc.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 13, 2019, 12:07:05 PM


This plant you may have seen or smell it at night

lady of the night

Cestrum nocturnum Known as night-blooming jessamine, night-blooming jasmine, night-blooming cestrum, and raatrani  is a species of Cestrum in the plant family Solanaceae (the potato family). It is native to the West Indies, but naturalized in South Asia and over europe and over the world
Cestrum nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. The leaves are simple, narrow lanceolate, broad, smooth and glossy,with an entire margin
 The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla  when open at night, and are produced in cymose inflorescences. A powerful, sweet perfume is released at night. The fruit is a berry  either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers. There are mixed reports regarding the toxicity of foliage and fruit
Moist and wet forests and open areas, often forming dense, impenetrable thickets dry sunny
 (Cestrum nocturnum) is aptly named because its white-yellow, tubular flowers bloom at night; the flowers close during the day. soil that is light and sandy with a neutral pH of 6.6 to 7.5, and hardy to hardiness
Cestrum nocturnum goes by lots of English names such as Night Blooming Jasmine, Queen of the Night, Night Jessamine, Lady of the Night and Bastard Jasmine. Despite all the references to Jasmine, Jasmine is something else entirely, in the Olive Family not the Nightshade. I've settled on the name Lady of the Night just because that's the mood you get in when you smell it.
Night-blooming jasmines flower up to four times per year, after which, they produce white berries full of seeds.
If grown as a houseplant, chances are that the flowers will never pollinate, unless you do it by hand with an artist's brush or similar tool. Cestrum nocturnum is self-pollinating and does not need another plant for cross-pollination. Common pollinators include bats and moths.
All Cestrum nocturnum plants flower at the same time. If yours is in flower, you can be sure that every other one in the neighborhood is in flower at the same time.
Family:   Solanaceae
Genus:   Cestrum
Species:   C. nocturnum
Binomial name
Cestrum nocturnum

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All parts of the plant are poisonous. The toxic principles are solanine-type glyco-alkaloids and atropine-like alkaloids. The symptoms are headache, dizziness, hallucinations, nausea, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, muscular spasms and nervousness, high temperature, salivation and sweating,, especially the fruit, and can cause elevated temperature, rapid pulse, excess salivation and gastritis. paralysis and coma

It is also used as a ornamental hedge plant  do attract insects and other rodents who feed on the insects.
Cestrum nocturnum can be grown in cooler climates as a house or conservatory plant.

The medicinal properties of night blooming jasmine include antioxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-convulsant, anti-HIV and larvicidal activities.
 Flowers alcohol extract contains cytotoxic steroids.
The volatile oil is known to be mosquito-repellent and hence C. nocturnum is used to prevent malaria in several African Nations
An extract of the plant is used as an antispasmodic and as a treatment for epilepsy
Various studies have been carried out on the medicinal virtues of the plant. One study isolated two new flavonoid glycosides and seven steroidal saponins. The study reports cytotoxic activities of the compounds against human oral squamous cell carcinoma and normal human gingival fibroblasts
Decoctions of the dried leaves were not effective against pharmacologically induced convulsions, but repeated administration reduced the amplitude of epileptic spikes in both primary and secondary foci. Results suggest the plant possesses analgesic activity through a peripheral mechanism Both aqueous and methanol extracts of the plant have shown bactericidal activity against Staphylococcus aureus and various other bacteria
In laboratory tests, extracts of the plant were shown to inhibit tumour growth and prolong the lifetime in a dose-dependent manner

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 14, 2019, 09:35:53 AM



If you look very carefully on trees shrubs you might see this  insect

GREEN AND WHITE MANTIS Mantises are an order (Mantodea) of insects that contains over 2,400 species in about 430 genera in 15 families. The largest family is the Mantidae ("mantids"). Mantises are distributed worldwide in temperate and tropical habitats.
Mantises have large, triangular heads with a beak-like snout and mandibles. They have two bulbous compound eyes, three small simple eyes, and a pair of antennae. The articulation of the neck is also remarkably flexible; some species of mantis can rotate their heads nearly 180°
On Corfu you can find both the white mantis and the green mantis. The mantis has a very frightening way of making sex. It seems that the male mantis cannot ejaculate as long as it still has its head on. So the female has to cut it off to complete the act! Well it sounds like a horror story, but to tell you the truth, I can think of worse ways to die
 The name mantodea is formed from the Ancient Greek words μάντις (mantis) meaning "prophet",
Colour depends on their habitat; those found in grass are usually green while those in bushes are usually browner.

Sphodromantis viridis Green mantis
Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Arthropoda
Class:   Insecta
Order:   Mantodea
Family:   Mantidae
Genus:   Sphodromantis
Species:   S. viridis
Binomial name
Sphodromantis viridis

Hymenopus coronatus White mantis
Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Arthropoda
Class:   Insecta
Order:   Mantodea
Family:   Hymenopodidae
Genus:   Hymenopus
Species:   H. coronatus
Binomial name
Hymenopus coronatus

 They are related to cockroaches and grasshoppers. They feed on any insect including their own kind that they can catch with their forelegs, which are equipped with a row of hooked spines making escape almost impossible. Because of their cannibalistic nature they are solitary and are usually found motionless in undergrowth awaiting their prey. The male mantis has 8 segments on its abdomen whilst the female has 6. The female is stouter and also has a tube like ovipositor with which she lays hundreds of eggs in what is called an Ootheca. Once the young hatch they resemble ants, they moult or shed their exoskeleton numerous times during growth and after the final moult they have developed their wings. If attacked they expose their brightly coloured wings to give the impression of greater size.

The Praying Mantis is found in many differing habitats. They are generally located in the warmer regions, particularly tropical and subtropical latitudes. Most species live in the tropical rainforest, although others can be found in deserts, grasslands and meadowlands.
The earliest mantis fossils are about 135 million years old, from Siberia.
Sphodromantis viridis Despite its scientific name (viridis is Latin for green) this insect ranges in color from bright green to dull brown. Females can reach 10 cm (3.9 in) in length. Sexual dimorphism is typical of mantises; the male is much smaller.

Hymenopus coronatus
Doesn't it's name give it away? With it's pointed eyes and petal like shapes on it's walking legs, resembling flowers is what it does best.
Colours vary during their life cycle. When newly hatched from the Ootheca (mantis egg), they are a strange bright red and black colour (a bit like Aliens). After the first shed, they tend to be a pinkish colour which lightens as they become mature. The adult females are mainly white with some brown markings and they have a green haze over the wings. The females measure roughly 60mm, where as the males are very small measuring only 30mm in size. This is half the size of a female!!! Males again are white with more brown markings but they do not have the green haze over the wings.

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So keep an eye open when walking though Arillas and take photos of this lovely insects
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 15, 2019, 09:22:16 AM



Don't be alarmed you most probably will never see one unless you looking for one

Europe hosts a surprisingly high diversity of scorpions. At the moment, 76 valid species are reported from Europe  Scorpions are reported from France, Monaco, Spain, Portugal, Italy, San Marino, Malta, Switzerland, Austria, Cyprus, Greece, Turkey, Russia (North Caucasus), Ukraine (Crimea only), and the Balkan countries. In addition, an introduced colony of scorpions in southern England has been known since the 18th. century. Scorpion findings have also been reported from Germany, Holland, Norway, Denmark and Sweden, but no data indicate that these countries host permanent populations (as England does). These scorpions have probably been accidental stowaways.
There are 2 main species of scorpions in Greece, Euscorpius Carpathicus and Mesobuthus Gibbosus

Mesobuthus gibbosus
This yellow to yellow-brown scorpion can reach 67-75 mm in length, and is distributed in eastern parts of Europe. It is reported from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (including many of the Greek islands), Macedonia, Turkey and Yugoslavia. M. gibbosus is found in several habitats. I have collected it in dry and hot wasteland without any vegetation, both in mountain areas and on the beach, only meters away from the sea. In addition, some papers reports of collecting sites located in forests. It seems that this species can be found in both humid areas and warm and dry areas. M. gibbosus is usually located under stones and other suitable objects on the ground. Even though this species has a very rural distribution,
Order:   Scorpiones
Family:   Buthidae
Genus:   Mesobuthus

The sting is very painful, but does not cause serious systemic effects. Like B. occitanus and M. cyprius, M. gibbosus is  not dangerous for healthy humans.

Euscorpius carpathicus
This species had previously 23 subspecies and had a very wide and diverse distribution in Europe. Systematic morphological and genetical analysis revealed the existence of several "hidden" species within the E. carpathicus species complex. In the last year, the following new species have been separated from E. carpathicus, and given species status: E. balearicus, E. hadzii, E. koschewnikowi, E. sicanus and E. tergestinus. The status of some populations in eastern Europe (Balkan, northern Greece) is also still unclear
 Adults are dark brown in overall coloration (legs and telson are yellow-orange) and no distinct patterns are present. The metasomal segments (tail segments) and pedipalps are somewhat stocky in appearance. Adult size vary in legths from 30 to 40 mm.
It is quite easy to identify the members of the "Euscorpius carpathicus species complex", but much trickier to identify the species within the complex.
habitats like gardens, in fields, in forests, in houses, in old walls etc., where the scorpions can be found under stones, bark, logs and in cracks and crevices in dead trees, stones and rocks etc
Family:   Euscorpiidae
Subfamily:   Euscorpiinae
Genus:   Euscorpius

The species range in colour from yellow-brown to dark brown. Many are brown with yellow legs and stinger. The largest is E. italicus at 5 cm (2 in), and the smallest is E. germanus at 1.5 cm (0.6 in). The venom of Euscorpius species is generally very weak, with effects similar to a mosquito bite. Some smaller specimens may not even be able to puncture the human skin with their stings.

Euscorpius flavicaudis
Euscorpius flavicaudis, or the European yellow-tailed scorpion, is a small black scorpion with yellow-brown legs and tail (metasoma). Adults measure about 35–45 mm (1.4–1.8 in) long. It is a fossorial scorpion with relatively large, strong claws (pedipalps) and a short, thin tail.
The native range of E. flavicaudis extends through Northwest Africa and Southern Europe, but it has also been accidentally introduced into the United Kingdom at Sheerness Dockyard on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent. The introduction is thought to have taken place in the early 19th century via a shipment of Italian masonry. The resulting colony, numbering 10,000 to 15,000 individuals in 2013, is the northernmost population of scorpions known.
E. flavicaudis is an ambush predator, lying motionless at the entrance to its lair, but moving quickly to capture prey that wanders by. The main prey of E. flavicaudis are woodlice, although most small insects are taken. Cannibalism has been noted in colonies of E. flavicaudis. Thanks to their low metabolic rate these scorpions may go for long periods of time without food and subsist on as few as four or five woodlice per year.
In warm temperate climates, this species can be found in built-up areas. In the UK, the scorpion occupies cracks and holes in walls where the mortar pointing has crumbled away.
Family:   Euscorpiidae
Genus:   Euscorpius
Species:   E. flavicaudis
Binomial name
Euscorpius flavicaudis

It is a mildly venomous scorpion, which rarely uses its stinger. Their sting is less painful than a bee sting to humans.

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If you are stung by a scorpion:

Don't panic.
Wash the area gently with soap and water.
Put a cold compress (ice in a cloth) on the wound.
If you feel tingling in the extremities, or get blurry vision or rapid eye movement, or hyperactivity, go to a hospital regardless. There's no way of gauging the severity of the sting, or your reaction to it. Seek medical help, just in case.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: Eggy on November 15, 2019, 04:37:28 PM
We've had a coupla of these little gems around the balcony. - Only tiddley and they fit in the palm of the hand. No damage done to us or them and they get put, with care, back into the garden.
Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 18, 2019, 12:04:36 PM


Gigante Beans

I have seen runner beans growing in Arillas near the Bardis hotel and behind the Kaloudis on some allotments near Irini but do not know if they are Lima beans they look the same

Phaseolus coccineus Also known as  multiflora bean,scarlet runner bean,butter bean, runner bean
 is a plant in the legume family, Fabaceae. Another common name is butter bean, which, however, can also refer to the lima bean,
The Butter Bean or Lima Bean is used in the Greek dish  Giant beans or Gigantes plaki These large white beans gigantes means "giant" in Greek are a classic ingredient in Greek cooking.
This species originated from the mountains of Central America. Most varieties have red flowers and multicolored seeds (though some have white flowers and white seeds), and they are often grown as ornamental plants. The vine can grow to 3 m (9 ft) or more in length
It differs from the common bean (P. vulgaris) in several respects: the cotyledons stay in the ground during germination, and the plant is a perennial vine with tuberous roots though it is usually treated as an annual.
The knife-shaped pods are normally green; however, there are very rare varieties bred by amateurs that have very unusual purple pods. An example of such a purple-podded runner bean is 'Aeron Purple Star' Runner beans have also been called "Oregon lima bean
In the US, in 1978, the scarlet runner was widely grown for its attractive flowers primarily as an ornamental plants
Lima bean is a domesticated species of economic and cultural importance worldwide, especially in Mexico. The species has two varieties. The wild variety is silvester and the domesticated one is lunatus.
 the lima bean has adapted to live in many different climates around the world.
They are not the same as a broad beans  but they are both beans - and in the same Family - the Fabaceae(sound familiar?). Favas are also known as broad beans (and a few other names) and are originally from the old world. ... The scientific name of the lima bean is Phaseolus lunatus. It is in the same genus as other common beans such as green beans
 grow best in warm climes where the temperature stays about 60-70° Fahrenheit throughout the growing season. Plant the seeds 2-4 weeks after the final spring frost, once the weather begins to warm. sunny dry position up poles or a fence trellis

Family:   Fabaceae
Genus:   Phaseolus
Species:   P. coccineus
Binomial name
Phaseolus coccineus

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Like many beans, raw lima beans are toxic (containing e.g. phytohaemagglutinin) if not boiled for at least 10 minutes. However, canned beans can be eaten without having to be boiled first, as they are pre-cooked
The lima bean can contain anti-nutrients like phytic acids, saponin, oxalate, tannin, and trypsin inhibitors. These inhibit absorption of nutrients in animals and can cause damage to some organs. In addition to boiling, methods of roasting, pressure cooking, soaking, and germination can also reduce the antinutrients significantly.

Lima beans, like many other legumes, are a good source of dietary fiber, and a virtually fat-free source of high-quality protein.  cooking Lima bean is cultivated primarily for its immature and dry seeds, which in tropical Africa are usually eaten boiled, fried in oil or baked. In Nigeria they are also cooked with maize, rice or yam and used in making special kinds of soup and stew. The Yoruba people process the seeds into porridges, puddings and cakes. Immature green seeds, young pods and leaves are eaten as a vegetable,we eat runner beans

The high fiber content in lima beans prevents blood sugar levels from rising too rapidly after eating them due to the presence of those large amounts of absorption-slowing compounds in the beans, and the high soluble fiber content. Soluble fiber absorbs water in the stomach, forming a gel that slows down the absorption of the bean's carbohydrates. They can therefore help balance blood sugar levels while providing steady, slow-burning energy, which makes them a good choice for people with diabetes suffering with insulin resistance
The leaves and stems may be turned into hay or silage. Juice from the leaves is used in nasal instillations against headache and as eardrops against otitis in Senegal and DR Congo. In Nigeria the seeds are powdered and rubbed into small cuts on tumours and abscesses to promote suppuration. In traditional Asian medicine the seeds and leaves are valued for their astringent qualities and used as a diet against fever. Lima bean has been grown as a cover crop and for green manure.

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 19, 2019, 09:11:04 AM



Citrullus lanatus  plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originating in West Africa. It is cultivated for its fruit.
There are four basic types of watermelon: seedless, picnic, icebox, and yellow/orange fleshed
 Family:   Cucurbitaceae
Genus:   Citrullus
Species:   C. lanatus
A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet edible, fleshy fruit. This includes other common melons such as the Honeydew, Galia and even Cantaloupe. As part of the Citrullus genus the watermelon, watermelon is most closely related to it's cousin the Egusi or white-seed melon.

I will do the Honeydew and Cantaloupe next time

The watermelon is an annual that has a prostrate or climbing habit. Stems are up to 3 m long and new growth has yellow or brown hairs. Leaves are 60 to 200 mm long and 40 to 150 mm wide. These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. Plants have both male and female flowers on 40-mm-long hairy stalks. These are yellow, and greenish on the back
The watermelon is a large annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. Young growth is densely woolly with yellowish-brown hairs which disappear as the plant ages. The leaves are large, coarse, hairy pinnately-lobed and alternate; they get stiff and rough when old. The plant has branching tendrils. The white to yellow flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). The male flowers predominate at the beginning of the season; the female flowers, which develop later, have inferior ovaries. The styles are united into a single column. The large fruit is a kind of modified berry called a pepo with a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp). Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in). The rind of the fruit is mid- to dark green and usually mottled or striped, and the flesh, containing numerous pips spread throughout the inside, can be red or pink (most commonly), orange, yellow, green or white
The watermelon is certainly the king of summer of all fruits in Greece and it is frequently served as a dessert in the Greek taverns. This amazing fruit revitalizes and detoxicates the body.
 The watermelon originates from the Kalahari Desert in Africa, but can be found in numerous areas around the world including all tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate areas. It is produced in 101 countries today, and makes up 6.8% of the world's area dedicated to vegetable productions.
Experts believe watermelon first developed in the Kalahari Desert region of Southern Africa. Archaeologists have found ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs that show the first watermelon harvest occurred at least 5,000 years ago.
Did you know that you can also eat watermelon rinds? It's true!
Although many people don't like their flavor, watermelon rinds are often cooked as a vegetable in China, which produces more watermelons than any other country in the world. The Chinese stir-fry, stew, and even pickle watermelon rinds.
The ancient Greek name for the watermelon was the pepon. Physicians, including Hippocrates and Dioscorides, praised its many healing properties. It was prescribed as a diuretic and as a way to treat children with heatstroke by placing the cool, wet rind on their heads.
Lycopene is a type of carotenoid that doesn't change into vitamin A. This potent antioxidant gives a red color to plant foods such as tomatoes and watermelon and is linked to many health benefits.

The heaviest watermelon weighs 159 kg (350.5 lb) and was grown by Chris Kent (USA) of Sevierville, Tennessee, USA, as verified by the Great Pumpkin Commonwealth on 4 October 2013.

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dessert,watermelon juice

Vitamin C,
Contains Compounds That May Help Prevent Cancer
May Improve Heart Health
May Lower Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
 May Help Prevent Macular Degeneration
May Help Relieve Muscle Soreness
Is Good for Skin and Hair
Can Improve Digestion
Contains Nutrients and Beneficial Plant Compounds
Helps You Hydrate
Around 175-200 calories of fresh watermelon gives you 3-4 grams of dietary fiber, which is a nice mix of soluble and insoluble fiber.
Is Good For Pregnant Women
Watermelon eases heartburn, a common condition during pregnancy. It also helps alleviate morning sickness. The minerals in the fruit can help prevent third-trimester muscle cramps.
Prevents Asthma
 Controls Blood Pressure
Improves Bone Health
Offers Kidney Support
Though watermelons could be good sources of potassium, the percentage is lower compared to most other foods. This is why it can be good for people suffering from chronic kidney disease, who need to stick to lower-potassium fruit options
Helps Treat Diabetes
What is the link between watermelon and diabetes? Although watermelon has a high glycemic index, it has a lower glycemic load (the value by which a particular food will raise an individual’s blood glucose levels), and hence is suitable for diabetics.
Can Promote Sexual Health
The amino acid citrulline in watermelon relaxes and dilates the blood vessels and might aid in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Citrulline is converted into arginine, which is a precursor for nitric oxide that helps in blood vessel dilation.
 Can Prevent Cell Damage
Watermelon, being rich in lycopene, protects the cells from damage associated with heart disease. Lycopene fights the free radicals and prevents cell damage
Prevents Heat Stroke
Given its high water content, watermelon is known to prevent hyperthermia
It has a lot of significance in Chinese medicine as well – watermelon is one of the few fruits that clears heat and relieves irritability and thirst. It also relieves heat exhaustion, for which the outermost layer of the rind is used
Promotes Healthy Gums
The vitamin C in watermelon can also kill the bacteria in the mouth that might otherwise lead to gum disease and other gum infections.
Boosts Energy Levels

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 20, 2019, 09:22:25 AM

I Wrote about Honeydew and Cantaloupe this morrning got to the end press preview to check but this DELETES your listing this has done this a few times now on diffrent listings in Walking around corfu

not happy

Title: Re: Walking around corfu
Post by: kevin-beverly on November 21, 2019, 08:59:22 AM


Cantaloupe and Honeydew

A honeydew melon, also known as a honeymelon, is the fruit of one cultivar group of the muskmelon  Cucumis melo , in the gourd family [ Cucurbits] . The Inodorus group includes honeydew, crenshaw, casaba, winter, and other mixed melons.
Cantaloupe and Yellow Honeydew are mainly grown for the European market, but can be produced in any Mediterranean climatic region.
70 Different Cultivars Exist but Here are the Main Ones:
•   The most common is the cantaloupe or the so-called Melon Charentais – round with a sweet orange flesh.
•   The Persian melon resembles closely a cantaloupe, except it is slightly larger and the rind is greener. Its taste is very
 similar to its cousin.
•   The golden honeydew has a vibrant golden exterior and sweet taste.
•   The sharlyn is a sweet melon with a netted greenish-orange rind and white flesh that tastes like a cross between cantaloupe and honeydew.
•   The Casaba is a large melon with deep wrinkles at the stem end and is pale yellow when ripe. The flesh is white and sweet.
•   The Juan canary melon is bright-yellow like the canary bird and oblong in shape. It has white flesh tinged with pink.

A honeydew has a round to slightly oval shape, typically 15–22 cm (5.9–8.7 in) long. It generally ranges in weight from 1.8 to 3.6 kg (4.0 to 7.9 lb). The flesh is usually pale green in color, while the smooth peel ranges from greenish to yellow. Like most fruit, honeydew has seeds. The inner flesh is eaten, often for dessert, and honeydew is commonly found in supermarkets across the world alongside cantaloupe melons and watermelons. In California, honeydew is in season from August until October

The cantaloupe, rockmelon (Australia), sweet melon, or spanspek (South Africa) is a melon that is a variety of the muskmelon species (Cucumis melo) from the family Cucurbitaceae.
Cantaloupes range in weight from 0.5 to 5 kilograms (1 to 11 lb). Originally, cantaloupe referred only to the non-netted, orange-fleshed melons of Europe, but today may refer to any orange-fleshed melon of the C. melo species
Honeydew melon and cantaloupe are two members of the same species, Cucumis melo  ... They're similarly sweet, but honeydew melon has a smooth, light-colored rind and green flesh, while cantaloupe has a darker, netted rind and orange flesh

Because they’re the same species, cantaloupe and honeydew melon are noticeably similar. Nevertheless, they have distinct differences, Here are the similarities and differences between cantaloupe and honeydew melon.Honeydew melon and cantaloupe have comparable nutrient profiles,Honeydew melon has a smooth,Yellow and light-colored rind and green flesh, while cantaloupe has a darker and rough netted rind and orange flesh.

Honeydew Versus Cantaloupe: How to Tell the Difference

Honeydew is usually mistaken for cantaloupe at first glance, and vice versa. This is not surprising since both fruits are a type of muskmelon, and they are somewhat similar in shape. Despite their many similarities, there are several differences that you can look out for to easily tell these two melons apart.
One of the easiest ways is to check the color and texture of the rind. Honeydew has a smooth and waxy rind that comes in white, green, yellow and orange colors, while cantaloupe has a tough, reticulated rind that’s usually light brown or golden-hued
The appearance of these fruits’ flesh is also relatively different. Honeydew comes with a pale green, orange or white flesh,but cantaloupe has a peachy-orange one. In terms of flavor, both fruits have a distinct taste and are juicy when eaten ripe. However, honeydew tends to be sweeter than cantaloupe because it has a higher sugar content.
The size and weight of honeydew and cantaloupe are also a bit different. Honeydew has an average weight of 6 pounds and is usually larger than an average medium-sized cantaloupe, which weighs around 3 pounds.
Both of these fruits are a great source of nutrition, but honeydew contains a different set of vitamins and minerals compared to cantaloupe.
Requires a rich, well-drained moisture retentive soil and a warm, very sunny position. A frost-tender annual plant, the honeydew melon and Cantaloupe is widely cultivated in gardens and commercially, especially in warmer climates than Britain,

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Organic HoneyDew beer Alcohol by volume: 5%,Honeydew shampoo, showergel, honeydew juice, honeydew jelly, honeydew jam cantaloupe basil jam cantaloupe salsa cantaloupe jam cantaloupe juice
mixed melons to eat salad Serve a chilled ginger cantaloupe soup as the first course at a summer luncheon
   Mix up a hydrating fruit salad with a variety of different delicious fruits.
   Make a cantaloupe and mint salad, perfect for a summer BBQ: “I scoop the cantaloupe into small cubes, chop up a couple tablespoons of fresh mint from my herb garden, and add a tablespoon of fresh, grated ginger. Squeeze lime juice onto the salad, toss, and enjoy!” Gargiulo says.
   Whip up a batch of bacon and cantaloupe bites for a sweet and savory appetizer.
   Prepare a sweet, spicy cantaloupe salsa to use as dip for whole grain tortilla chips or add a layer of flavor to tacos.

Honeydew melon contains several nutrients that are vital for repairing and maintaining strong bones, including folate, vitamin K and magnesium
Folate, also known as vitamin B9 and folacin, is one of the B vitamins. Manufactured folic acid, which is converted into folate by the body, is used as a dietary supplement and in food fortification as it is more stable during processing and storage.
A cantaloupe is bursting with nutrients: It's loaded with vitamin A (in the form of beta-carotene) as well as vitamin C, and is a good source of the mineral potassium. Another benefit