Author Topic: Walking around corfu  (Read 320043 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #150 on: January 04, 2019, 09:38:32 AM »


This post is just some interesting facts. Greek History

From Middle English mirre, from Old English myrre, from Latin myrrha, from Ancient Greek μύρρα (múrrha)

. It represented the holy prayers, which aimed to reach God in heaven. Frankincense is ... Names of Ancient Greek Gods. Christening ...

Myrrh  from Aramaic, but see  Etymology is a natural gum or resin extracted from a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora. Myrrh resin has been used throughout history as a perfume, incense, and medicine.
Commiphora, is the most species-rich genus of flowering plants in the frankincense and myrrh family, Burseraceae. The genus contains approximately 190 species of shrubs and trees,
Myrrh is a resin, or sap-like substance, that comes from a tree called Commiphora myrrha, common in Africa and the Middle East. Myrrh is botanically related to frankincense, and is one of the most widely used essential oils in the world.

Frankincense also known as olibanum, Hebrew:  obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra
The Greek historian Herodotus was familiar with frankincense and knew it was harvested from trees in southern Arabia. He reported that the gum was dangerous to harvest because of venomous snakes that lived in the trees
Boswellia sacra (commonly known as frankincense or olibanum-tree) is a tree in the Burseraceae family. It is the primary tree in the genus Boswellia from which frankincense, a resinous dried sap, is harvested. It is native to the Arabian Peninsula (Oman, Yemen),
This species of Boswellia is a small deciduous tree, which reaches a height of 2 to 8 m  with one or more trunks. Its bark has the texture of paper and can be removed easily.Its tiny flowers, a yellowish white
Individual trees growing on steep slopes tend to develop some buttressing that extends from the roots up into the base of the stem. This forms a sort of cushion that adheres to the rock and ensures a certain stability.
The trees start producing resin when they are about 8 to 10 years

frankincense Ingesting  essential oil may have toxic effects and isn't recommended. In addition, some individuals may experience irritation or an allergic reaction when applying frankincense essential oil to the skin

Myrrh seems safe for most people when used in small amounts. It can cause some side effects such as skin rash if applied directly to the skin, and diarrhea if taken by mouth. Large doses may be UNSAFE. Amounts greater than 2-4 grams can cause kidney irritation and heart rate changes.

Both frankincense and myrrh are derived from the gummy sap that oozes out of the Boswellia and Commiphora trees, respectively, when their bark is cut. The leaking resin is allowed to harden and scraped off the trunk in tear-shaped droplets; it may then be used in its dried form or steamed to yield essential oils
frankincense and myrrh

Myrrh and Frankincense
Flavoring for food
Treating hay fever
As an antiseptic to clean and treat wounds
As a paste to help stop bleeding
Anti-cancer Benefits
Potent Antioxidant
Antibacterial and Antifungal Benefits
Skin Health
Use as a Cold Compress
Relief for Upper Respiratory Problems
Decrease in Digestive Problems
Helps Prevent Gum Disease and Mouth Infections
Helps Treat Hypothyroidism
May Help Treat Skin Cancer
Treatment for Ulcers and Wounds
Helps Reduce Stress Reactions and Negative Emotions
Helps Boost Immune System Function and Prevents Illness
 May Help Fight Cancer or Deal with Chemotherapy Side Effects
Astringent and Can Kill Harmful Germs and Bacteria
Heals Skin and Prevents Signs of Aging
Improves Memory
Acts as a Sleep Aid
 Decrease Inflammation and Pain
Natural Household Cleaner
Natural Hygiene Product
Anti-Aging and Wrinkle Fighter
Scar, Wound, Stretch Mark or Acne Remedy
Natural Cold or Flu Medicine

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #151 on: January 05, 2019, 11:41:58 AM »



Orobanche (broomrape or broom-rape) is a genus of over 200 species of parasitic herbaceous plants in the family Orobanchaceae, mostly native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere
The broomrape plant is small, from 10–60 cm tall depending on species. It is best recognized by its yellow- to straw-coloured stems completely lacking chlorophyll, bearing yellow, white, or blue snapdragon-like flowers.
As they have no chlorophyll, they are totally dependent on other plants for nutrients. Broomrape seeds remain dormant in the soil, often for many years, until stimulated to germinate by certain compounds produced by living plant roots. Broomrape seedlings put out a root-like growth, which attaches to the roots of nearby hosts. Once attached to a host, the broomrape robs its host of water and nutrients.
The scientific name comes from Ancient Greek ὄροβος (orobos, “bitter vetch”)
Common broomrape is one of the most widespread species, and is native to Southern Europe
The plants are attached to their host by means of haustoria, which transfer nutrients from the host to the parasite. Only the hemiparasitic species possess an additional extensive root system. The root system is reduced as its function is mainly anchorage of the plant.
The Broomrape can be seen all over Corfu
Broomrapes are plant-parasitic weeds which constitute one of the most difficult-to-control of all biotic constraints that affect crops in Mediterranean, central and eastern Europe,Use of fungal metabolites for broomrape suicidal germination (Vurro) 27 ... Use of herbicide resistant crops in Greece for control of Orobanche ...

broomrape poisonous to humans unknown


Medicinal Uses: The root is pectoral. The chewed root has been used as a dressing on wounds and open sores. An infusion of the leaves is used as a wash on sores. Forms of the plant that are parasitic on sweet sage roots have been used as a treatment of cancer. The dried and powdered plant is inserted in the rectum as a specific treatment for haemorrhoids

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #152 on: January 06, 2019, 01:08:22 PM »


lion's tail and wild dagga

Leonotis leonurus, also known as lion's tail and wild dagga, is a plant species in the Lamiaceae (mint) family.The shrub grows 3 to 6 ft (1 to 2 m) tall leaves are aromatic when crushed
The plant has tubular orange flowers in tiered whorls, typical to the mint family,
It is found is found in sandy, clayey, loam or stony areas, forest margins or rough grasslands
However the nectar and pollen is also attractive to honey bees and other insects who also visit the flowers.
I have grown this lovely plant  It is moderately drought tolerant, and a nectar source for birds and butterflies in landscape settings . In cooler climates it is used as an annual and winter conservatory plant


The problem is these plant chemicals that interact with the human body to create a desired effect are also highly toxic. They are equally able to cure or kill depending strictly on how they're administered. One of the big surprises to show up in these stoner ethnobotany sites is lion's tail, Leonotis leonurus

The dried foliage of Leonotis - both Wild Dagga and Klip Dagga - can be used as a legal substitute for marijuana (ganja, cannabis, hemp). Smoking this dried herb gives an euphoric-like effect and exuberance. The flowers are the most potent part and can be smoked or used as a calming tea.

Traditional uses. The infusions made from flowers and seeds, leaves or stems are widely used to treat tuberculosis, jaundice, muscle cramps, high blood pressure, diabetes, viral hepatitis, dysentery, and diarrhoea. The leaves, roots and bark are used as an emetic for snakebites, bee and scorpion stings.The fresh stem juice is used as an infusion drunk for 'blood impurity'
skin rashes

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #153 on: January 06, 2019, 07:08:48 PM »

Hi Neil

I don’t want to see pot holes around  Arillas where you have been digging up leonotis for you wild party’s
🤣 😂


Offline Eggy

  • On the Spot reporter
  • *
  • Posts: 6404
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #154 on: January 06, 2019, 10:17:18 PM »

Hi Neil

I don’t want to see pot holes around  Arillas where you have been digging up leonotis for you wild party’s
🤣 😂


POTholes , Kevin?? - Your play on words is better than mine !!!

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #155 on: January 07, 2019, 09:41:04 AM »


You can see this plant on the back road in Arillas

Ricinus communis, the castor bean or castor oil plant, is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae
Although Ricinus communis is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India, today it is widespread throughout tropical regions. In areas with a suitable climate, castor establishes itself easily where it can become an invasive plant and can often be found on wasteland.
Castor seed is the source of castor oil It is also used extensively as a decorative plant in parks and other public areas, particularly as a "dot plant" in traditional bedding schemes. plant can reach a height of 2–3 metres or more

Ricin Toxin from Castor Bean Plant, Ricinus communis. Ricin is one of the most poisonous naturally occuring substances known. The seeds from the castor bean plant, Ricinus communis, are poisonous to people, animals and insects. ... The symptoms of human poisoning begin within a few hours of ingestion. Eating just one or two castor beans can easily cause the demise of the eater.
In children 2-3 seeds - Adults 4-8 seeds can be FATAL

The toxicity is dose related and depends on the amount of castor beans ingested. There is no specific treatment and supportive management needs to be started early to reduce the load of the toxin so as to avoid serious complications.

 The first priority in treating a patient with castor or jequirity bean poisoning is to establish that the patient's airway is patent and that breathing and circulation are adequate. Supportive care that is based on clinical symptoms is the primary therapy. Replace GI fluid losses with intravenous fluids.

The seed contains 35 - 55% of an edible oil, used in cooking
 It is used by the food industry to add butter and nut flavours to various foods
The seed is a rich source of phosphorus, 90% of which is in the phytic form
 Some caution should be observed,

The hull contains a deadly poison called ricin. Castor oil has been used as medicine for centuries. Castor seeds without the hull are used for birth control, constipation, leprosy, and syphilis. Castor oil is used as a laxative for constipation, to start labor in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk.
A Powerful Laxative
Reduces Acne
Fights Fungus
Keeps Your Hair and Scalp Healthy
Promotes Wound Healing
A Natural Moisturizer
The anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil (thanks to the ricinoleic acid) help reduce redness and swelling of the eyes. The oil also soothes the skin, and this can help reduce wrinkles and fine lines around the eyes.
Pharmaceutical grade castor oil can be used as a natural remedy to treat cataracts.
Impressive Anti-Inflammatory Effects. Ricinoleic acid, the main fatty acid found in castor oil, has impressive anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that when castor oil is applied topically, it reduces inflammation and relieves pain.
Castor oil has antifungal properties and is rich in Vitamin E
 Helpful In Fighting Rheumatism
Relieves Menstrual Pain
Effective In Birth Control
Stimulate Lactation Process
A Treat For The Skin
Eliminates Stubborn Ringworm
Cures Wounds And Bruises
Antimicrobial Properties
Drains Excess Fluids

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #156 on: January 08, 2019, 09:32:14 AM »



Verbena bonariensis common name Purpletop vervain and  Aloysia citrodora common name  lemon verbena
Verbena bonariensis  is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. It can grow to 6 ft  it will develop a woody base. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until first frost.    This plant prefers warm and sunny conditions but will tolerate semi shade A common weed of roadsides, pastures, grasslands, open woodlands, riparian vegetation, crops, orchards, gardens, disturbed sites and waste areas in warmer temperate, sub-tropical and occasionally also tropical environments.

Aloysia citrodora  is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family Verbenaceae Common names include lemon verbena and lemon beebrush  It was brought to Europe by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 17th century and cultivated for its oil. Lemon verbena is a perennial shrub or subshrub growing to 2–3 m high. Sprays of tiny purple or white flowers appear in late spring or early summer  Due to its many culinary uses, it is widely listed and marketed as a plant for the herb garden.
When you brush past this plant  emit a powerful scent reminiscent of lemon when bruised

verbena bonariensis

Aloysia citrodora can see this pant around Arillas

Most verbena varieties are safe, but the purple top verbena (Verbena bonariensis) is poisonous to animals ...
Lemon verbena is safe for most people when consumed in amounts found in alcoholic beverages. It also seems to be safe when taken in appropriate amounts as a medicine. It can cause skin irritation (dermatitis) in some people.

Lemon verbena leaves are used to add lemon flavor to vegetable marinades, fish and poultry dishes, salad dressings, puddings, jams, Greek yogurt, and beverages. The plant is also used to make Greek lemon verbena tea wherein the leaves are dried and steeped.

Lemon verbena Benefits. Lemon Verbena is a stomachic and therefore good for relieving indigestion, heartburn, and for tonifying the digestive tract. It is also great for soothing anxiety and as a sedative it is helpful in insomnia. ... Lemon verbena leaves can be made into a delicious and refreshing tea.
Traditional/Ethnobotanical uses. Lemon verbena has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries to stop muscle spasms, as a fever reducer and sedative, for indigestion, and to increase appetite, among other indications. Research regarding its medicinal use is limited.
Verbena is used for sore throats
Whooping cough
Chest pain (angina)
Heart failure
Generalized seizure
Metabolic disorders
Blood” (anemia)
Digestive disorders
Cold symptoms
Joint pain
Sinuses (sinusitis)

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #157 on: January 09, 2019, 09:42:17 AM »


Night-Blooming Jasmine

I have seen this beautiful plant in Arillas or near by

Cestrum nocturnum (common names include night-blooming jasmine, night-blooming cestrum is a species of Cestrum in the plant family Solanaceae (the potato family) nightshade family
C. nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla
Cestrum nocturnum is grown in subtropical regions as an ornamental plant for its flowers that are heavily perfumed at night. It grows best in average to moist soil that is light and sandy
Like all other flowering plants, jasmine also produces a flower-inducing hormone in its leaves when exposed to bright sunlight. This hormone is called florigen (flower-generating hormone) and it migrates from the leaves to flowering shoots during the day. ... So due to this jasmine bloom at night .The fruit is a berry 10 millimetres long by 5 mm diameter, either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers.

All members of the Solanaceae family contain an alkaloid toxin called solanine,
Night blooming jasmine not only produces clusters of fragrant flowers, it also produces attractive clusters of small white berries. As with other members of the nightshade family, these berries are toxic to humans and many animals if ingested
 Do not ingest any part of the plant, and
Though, that the fragrance from the flowers can irritate the airways of asthma sufferers,
Some people, especially those with respiratory sensitivities or asthma, have reported difficulty breathing, irritation of the nose and throat, headache, nausea, or other symptoms when exposed to the blossom's powerful scent
 The smoke from any part of this plant, if burnt, should not be inhaled.

Essential Oil-perfume-shampoo-Essence sticks-soaps-creams
grown as an ornamental hedge as well as a shrub

The medicinal properties of night blooming jasmine include antioxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-convulsant, anti-HIV and larvicidal activities shown to inhibit tumour growth
against Staphylococcus aureus

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #158 on: January 10, 2019, 09:09:27 AM »


Monocotyledon Plants and Dicotyledon plants

Monocotyledons commonly referred to as monocots,  are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon. They constitute one of the major groups into which the flowering plants have traditionally been divided, the rest of the flowering plants having two cotyledons and therefore classified as dicotyledons, or dicots.
Do you like to eat onions? The part of the onion plant that we actually eat is a group of compressed leaves. If you look closely at them, you will see that the veins of the leaves all run parallel, demonstrating that the onion is a monocotyledon plant.
Monocotyledons are any plants that have flower parts in multiples of three, leaf veins that run parallel and adventitious roots. Common examples include tulips, onions, garlic and lilies


Bermuda grass.
Lucky bamboo.

dicotyledons  also known as dicots The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group
 flowering plant with an embryo that bears two cotyledons (seed leaves). Dicotyledons constitute the larger of the two great divisions of flowering plants, and typically have broad stalked leaves



The leaves of the dicot plants have veins that form a branched pattern, The veins are actually netted or webbed on the whole surface of the leaf.

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #159 on: January 10, 2019, 10:11:59 AM »



Primula is a genus of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. They include the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, (P. vulgaris). P. auricula They have been extensively cultivated and hybridised - in the case of the primrose, for many hundreds of years. Primula are native to the temperate northern hemisphere, south into tropical mountains in Ethiopia, Indonesia and New Guinea, and in temperate southern South America.europe Almost half of the known species are from the Himalayas.
Primula species have been extensively cultivated and hybridised, mainly derived from P. elatior, P. juliae, P. veris and P. vulgaris. Polyanthus (often called P. polyantha) is one such group of plants, which has produced a large variety of strains in all colours, usually grown as annuals or biennials and available as seeds or young plants
The majority of primula species grow to height of 8 to 12 inches.

Are primulas and primroses the same?

They are known for being similar to primroses, but unlike primroses the flowers stand on a single stalk, proud of the leaves of the plant. Polyanthus plants are known to be a natural hybrid between the cowslip (Primula veris) and the common primrose (Primula vulgaris).

Primula obconica is the scientific name given to what is commonly known as the Poisonous Primrose. ... However, this plant can also have a negative interaction with humans because it is poisonous. This plant is on Corfu
Primula obconica (German primula) - skin irritant.

Primula Non-poisonous

Use as seasonal bedding plants parks gardens

An ointment has been made from the plant and used for treating skin wounds. It is used mostly today as an expectorant (due to saponins) and tonic to the respiratory & nervous system. It also contains salicylates which are the main ingredient of aspirin and have anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge
supporting its tonic effect on the nervous system
 swollen nose and throat and bronchitis
 trouble sleeping
muscle spasms
heart failure and many other conditions

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #160 on: January 11, 2019, 09:16:06 AM »


Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants trees in the family Salicaceae native to most of the Northern Hemisphere
English names variously applied to different species include poplar, aspen, and cottonwood.The bark on young trees is smooth, white to greenish or dark grey
The genus has a large genetic diversity, and can grow from 15–50 m tall, with trunks up to 2.5 m in diameter
Several species of Populus in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe have experienced heavy dieback; this is thought in part to be due to Sesia apiformis The hornet moth or hornet clearwing
You can see this tree on the Arillas trail

below The hornet moth or hornet clearwing

As the weather gets warmer, cottonwood trees will let their characteristic seeds fly, filling the air with what look like tiny white clouds. The trees are not actually related to cotton plants; instead, they are poplars,

below is a BACK COTTONWOOD   Populus trichocarpa   

Eating small amounts of cottonwood leaves can cause stomach problems, but not everyone would define that as poisoning

Cottonwood Firewood. Cottonwood firewood is a low density hardwood with a low BTU rating. Cottonwood can be tough to split when green and sometimes takes longer to dry than a lot of other tree species. When it is dry it burns fast and produces fast heat but doesn't last long and leaves a lot of ash.
Farmers use the trees around fields as a  windbreaker to protect the crops cottonwood becomes commercial veneer for utility and low-priced furniture, most ends up as fruit and berry baskets or boxes More often sold as carving blocks than lumber, cottonwood costs less than basswood.

Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. A compound called salacin, salicin…which aspirin comes from which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. ... Because cottonwood is high in antioxidants, it is useful for healing the skin, including sunburn.
The Eastern Cottonwood also had a few edible uses. Its inner bark, buds, and capsules are all edible. Its buds and cottony tufts were used as chewing gum. Its sap, which contains some sugar, is drinkable.
A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #161 on: January 12, 2019, 11:20:09 AM »


European beech or common beech,

Fagus sylvatica  is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae  reaching heights of up to 50 m though more typically 25–35 m A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m a typical lifespan of 150–200 years, though sometimes up to 300 years. In cultivated forest stands trees are normally harvested at 80–120 years of age Although often regarded as native in southern England, Habitat
Habitat Damp heavy soils of forests, parks, avenues, and hedges.
Recent evidence suggests that F. sylvatica did not arrive in England until about 4000 BC, or 2,000 years after the English Channel formed after the ice ages;
Since the early 19th century there have been numerous cultivars of European beech made by horticultural selection, often repeatedly; they include: Copper Beech or Purple Beech (Fagus sylvatica purpurea) – leaves purple
Golden beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Zlatia') – leaves golden in spring
Dawyck beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck') – fastigiate (columnar) growth – occurs in green, gold and purple forms; named after Dawyck Botanic Garden in the Scottish Borders
dwarf beech (Fagus sylvatica Tortuosa Group) – distinctive twisted trunk and branches

European beech                             Copper Beech or Purple Beech


. Beech trees flower in the spring, shortly after their new leaves appear, and produce a triangular shaped fruit called beechnuts in the fall. Beechnuts have historically been consumed for food, but they are high in tannins and have a strong bitter taste. In large quantities, they are toxic to both humans and dogs especially when they are green or uncooked.
Beechnuts are often consumed as a food, but unripe or raw nuts are toxic in large quantities

Common Uses: Lumber, veneer, flooring, boatbuilding, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments (piano pinblocks), plywood, and turned objects. Comments: Beech is an important and widely-used hardwood in Europe.
Its wood is strong and wears well making it ideal for a wide range of uses, from furniture boatbuilding
Beech wood is used for the stocks of military rifles when traditionally preferred woods such as walnut are scarce or unavailable or as a lower-cost alternative
oil is obtained from the seed, it is used as a fuel for lighting
 bowls, baskets and kitchen utensils.
As well as for pulp and firewood.
Fagus sylvatica hedge

Medicinal use of Beech: The bark is antacid, antipyretic, antiseptic, antitussive, expectorant, odontalgic. A tar (or creosote), obtained by dry distillation of the branches, is stimulating and antiseptic. It is used internally as a stimulating expectorant and externally as an application to various skin diseases.
boils, piles and other skin complaints
Pure creosote has been used to give relief from toothache

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #162 on: January 14, 2019, 09:17:32 AM »



European grapevine = Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region-A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines
The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. vinifera restricted to cultivated forms
The grape is eaten fresh, processed to make wine or juice, or dried to produce raisins
 Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the basis of the majority of wines produced around the world. All of the familiar wine varieties belong to Vitis vinifera, which is cultivated on every continent except for Antarctica, and in all the major wine regions of the world.
Humans are known to have interacted with the Vitis vinifera in the Neolithic period.also known as the "New Stone Age  began about 12,000 years ago
The term Neolithic derives from the Greek νέος néos, "new" and λίθος líthos, "stone", literally meaning "New Stone Age"
Use of grapes is known to date back to Neolithic times, following the discovery in 1996 of 7,000-year-old wine storage jars in present-day northern Iran
There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.
The liana growing to 32 m in length, with flaky bark. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed
[A liana is any of various long-stemmed, woody vines that are rooted in the soil at ground level and use trees, as well as other means of vertical support, to climb up to the canopy to get access to well-lit areas of the forest]


USES Wine, Jam, Juice, grape seed oil. vinegar, jelly,raisins, Woodwork craft projects

Made fron the vines trunk

Health Benefits of Eating Grapes
 Vitamins C and K.                                                         
May Protect Against Certain Types of Cancer                     
Alzheimer’s disease:                                                                                                     
Breast cancer:                                                                 
For vision:                                                                     
Indigestion: Blood cholesterol:                                                   
Kidney disorders:                                                           
Antibacterial activity:
Protection against sunburns:
Anti-ageing benefits:
Skin softener:
Rejuvenates the skin:
Cures uneven skin tone:
Treatment of dandruff:
Lightens scars:
Power up Your Weight Loss:
Protect Your Heart:
Mop Up Brain Damaging Plaques:
Cancer radiation:
Immune System:
LDL cholesterol:
Supports Muscle Recovery:
Bone Health: 
Fight Diabetes:
Improve Brain Power:

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #163 on: January 15, 2019, 09:26:19 AM »



Asphodelus is a genus of mainly perennial plants  Now placed in the family Asphodelaceae, the genus was formerly included in the lily family (Liliaceae). can be seen flowering up to June. It was used to treat several diseases by the Greeks and Romans. The roots are used to make a glue used by bookmakers and shoemakers.
The plants are hardy herbaceous perennials with narrow tufted radical leaves and an elongated stem bearing a handsome spike of white or yellow flowers. Asphodelus albus and A. fistulosus have white flowers and grow from 1½ to 2 ft. high
 A. ramosus is a larger plant, the large white flowers of which have a reddish-brown line in the middle of each segment.
 The genus is native to temperate Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian Subcontinent, and now naturalized in other places (New Zealand, Australia, Mexico, southwestern United States,

In Greek legend the asphodel is one of the most famous of the plants connected with the dead and the underworld. Homer
describes it as covering the great meadow the haunt of the dead  It was planted on graves
 Its general connection with death is due no doubt to the greyish colour of its leaves and its yellowish flowers, which suggest the gloom of the underworld and the pallor of death.
The asphodel was also supposed to be a remedy for poisonous snake-bites
 Habitats, Dry sandy or rocky places in fields, track-sides and uncultivated ...
The Asphodel Meadows is a section of the ancient Greek underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
According to Victorian Flower Language, asphodel is a type of lily meaning 'My regrets follow you to the grave' and wormwood means 'absence' and also typically symbolized bitter sorrow. If you combined that, it meant 'I bitterly regret Lily's death'.

UNKNOWN  Only the The root is poisonous.

An alcohol can be obtained from the fermented roots.
Asphodel was planted amongst the tombs

The tubers are antidermatosic, detergent, emollient and vulnerary. They are mainly used externally in the treatment of skin conditions and for lightening freckles. They have also been employed internally as a cough remedy.

Offline kevin-beverly

  • *
  • Posts: 3718
Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #164 on: January 16, 2019, 09:19:53 AM »


 At your command Mr Eggy have a read


Ziziphus jujuba (from Greek ζίζυφον, zízyphon), commonly called jujube (/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/; sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date,is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.
It is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching a height of 5–12 metres usually with thorny branches The flowers are small, 5 mm yellowish-green petals
This plant has been introduced in Madagascar and grows as an invasive species in the western part of the island
In Arabic-speaking regions the jujube and alternatively the species Z. lotus are closely related to the lote-trees (sing. "sidrah", pl. "sidr") which are mentioned in the Quran
This enables the jujube to grow in mountain or desert habitats, provided there is access to underground water throughout the summer. The jujube, Z. jujuba grows in cooler regions of Asia. Five or more other species of Ziziphus are widely distributed in milder climates to hot deserts of Asia and Africa.
The fruit is an edible oval drupe The mango, olive, apricot, cherry, nectarine, peach, and plum are all examples of drupes.
In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside

The Jujube has been cultivated for over 4,000 years for its edible fruit, and over 400 cultivars have been selected.
The tree tolerates a wide range of temperatures and rainfall, though it requires hot summers and sufficient water for acceptable fruiting. Unlike most of the other species in the genus, it tolerates fairly cold winters, surviving temperatures down to about -15°C. This enables the jujube to grow in desert habitats, provided there is access to underground water through the summer. Virtually no temperature seems to be too high in summertime.


China and Korea produce a sweetened tea syrup In China, a wine made from jujube fruit is called hong zao jiu
Sometimes pieces of jujube fruit are preserved by storing them in a jar filled with baijiu (Chinese liquor), which allows them to be kept fresh for a long time, especially through the winter. Such jujubes are called jiu zao
 Its hard, oily wood was, along with pear, used for woodcuts to print the world's first books, starting in the 8th century and continuing through the 19th in China and neighboring countries. As many as 2000 copies could be produced from one jujube woodcut
jujube candy
Italy has an alcoholic syrup called brodo di giuggiole
 use it to make jam.
pickle with oil and spices
jujube vinegar
Both China and Korea produce a sweetened tea syrup containing jujube fruit in glass jars, and canned jujube tea or jujube tea in the form of teabags
In traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, jujube and walnut were often placed in the newly weds' bedroom as a sign of fertility.
In Korea, the wood is used to make the body of the taepyeongso, a double-reed wind instrument.

          Taepyeongso                    Made from Jujube wood

In traditional medicine, the fruit, seeds and bark of jujube have been used to treat anxiety and insomnia, as well as as an appetite stimulant or digestive aid. ... Like dates, jujube fruit is loaded with energy, essential vitamins and minerals, which provide its many health benefits.
Treats Cancer
Improves Sleep And Treats Insomnia
Improves Heart Health And Decreases The Risk Of Heart Disease
Enhances Gastrointestinal Health
Relieves Chronic Constipation
Regulates Circulation
Reduces Inflammation
Reduces Stress and Anxiety
Aids Digestion
Improves Bone Strength
Aids Digestion
Detoxifies Blood
Protects Against Brain Damage
Improves Cognitive Function
Protects Against Seizures
Has Antimicrobial Properties
Benefits Skin Health
Improves Ovarian Health
Removes Breast Milk Toxins
Rich In Vitamin C
Regulates Blood Pressure