Author Topic: Walking around corfu  (Read 193607 times)

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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #450 on: June 15, 2020, 10:12:04 AM »


HI

Silver Ragwort

Jacobaea maritima  Known as silver ragwort formerly known as Senecio cineraria. I still call the plant Senecio and so do others
 Is a perennial plant species in the genus Jacobaea in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region. It was formerly placed in the genus Senecio, and is still widely referred to as Senecio cineraria;
It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant for its white, felt-like tomentose leaves; in horticultural use, it is also sometimes called dusty miller, a name shared with several other plants that also have silvery tomentose leaves; the two most often to share the name are Centaurea cineraria and Lychnis coronaria.
This plant stands out in your garden with silver leaves and yellow flowers Silver Ragwort is a very white-wooly, heat and drought tolerant evergreen subshrub growing to 0.5–1 m (1.6–3.3 ft) tall. The stems are stiff and woody at the base, densely branched, and covered in long, matted grey-white to white hairs. The leaves are pinnate or pinnatifid, 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long and 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) broad, stiff, with oblong and obtuse segments, and like the stems, covered with long, thinly to thickly matted with grey-white to white hairs; the lower leaves are petiolate and more deeply lobed, the upper leaves sessile and less lobed.
The tomentum is thickest on the underside of the leaves, and can become worn off on the upper side, leaving the top surface glabrous with age. The flowers are yellow, daisy-like in dense capitula 12–15 millimetres (0.47–0.59 in) diameter, with central disc florets surrounded by a ring of 10–13 ray florets, and enclosed in a common whorl of bracts at the base of the capitulum. The seeds are cylindrical achenes.
Jacobaea maritima is native to the western and central Mediterranean region, in northwest Africa (Morocco, northern Algeria, Tunisia), southern Europe (Spain, Gibraltar, southern France including Corsica, Italy including Sardinia and Sicily, Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia, and Greece), and the far west of Asia (Turkey). It occurs primarily on cliffs and rocky coastal sites, more rarely inland.
It is also naturalised further north in Europe (north to Great Britain and Ireland, where occurring mainly in mild coastal areas) and locally in North America.
Family:   Asteraceae
Tribe:   Senecioneae
Genus:   Jacobaea
Species:   J. maritima
Binomial name
Jacobaea maritima
(L.) Pelser & Meijden
Synonyms
Othonna maritima L. (basionym)
Cineraria maritima (L.) L.
Senecio maritimus (L.) Rchb. [non L.f.]
Maritima bicolor Willd.
Senecio bicolor (Willd.) Tod. [non Viv.]
Senecio cineraria DC.
Cineraria gibbosa Guss.
Cineraria nebrodensis Guss.
Cineraria ambigua Biv.
Senecio bicolor subsp. cineraria (DC.) Chater
Senecio cineraria subsp. bicolor (Willd.) Arcang.

HABITAT
Very dry hot - cold is that of the rocky ridges near the sea and is also easily found on stony and low walls and sometimes even far from the sea

Jacobaea maritima is widely used in horticulture for its silvery foliage. It is winter-hardy
 tolerating winter temperatures down to -12° to -15 °C, tolerant of light shade but preferring full sun. In colder areas it is grown as an annual plant. Many cultivars have been selected for particularly dense silvery tomentum, such as 'Cirrus', 'New Look', 'Ramparts', 'Silverdust', 'Silver Filigree', and 'White Diamond', It has been recommended in North America for its fire resistance resistance to browsing by deer, and its salt tolerance.






Jacobaea maritima preparations that are not certified and labeled “hepatotoxic PA-free” are considered UNSAFE. ... The dangerous chemicals in dusty miller can be absorbed quickly through broken skin Sap can cause irritation to the skin and eyes and can lead to dangerous body-wide toxicity  but the taste of the plant is usually off-putting to livestock. That's why it's not unusual to see horses in fields chomping on grass but leaving the ragwort – clever things..

excels when planted as garden borders but also planted as individual specimens. The plant becomes the “Star of the Show” in a moonlight themed garden.
The branches air dry well for use in cut flower arrangements as an interesting ornamental component where it keeps its silver color even when dry.  heat and drought tolerant evergreen subshrub in gardens parks


The parts of the plant that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Despite serious safety concerns, people take dusty miller to treat “spots before the eyes” and migraineheadache. Women use it to start their menstrual periods. Dusty miller is sometimes used as an eyewash for cataracts and blurred vision.
The fresh juice of the leaves is ophthalmic. Applied to the eyes it has a mildly irritating effect that increases blood flow tot he area, helping to strengthen resistance and clear away infections. One or two drops put into the eyes is said to be of use in removing cataracts and also in the treatment of conjunctivitis. This remedy should only be used under the supervision of a trained practitioner. The plant contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are highly toxic to the liver so the plant should not be used internally.





Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #451 on: June 19, 2020, 10:56:52 AM »


HI

This plant you may not have seen around Arillas yet but you can see this plant in the tria you can buy the bulbs Wilko £2 for 20 i sent a pack to Helen They are a fantastic plant full of Mixed Colours

Tiger flower

Tigridia pavonia  Common names include jockey's cap lily, Mexican shellflower peacock flower, tiger iris, and tiger flower. The species is widespread across much of Mexico as well as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. The species is also considered naturalized in Ecuador and Peru and in Europe
Best-known species from the genus Tigridia, in the family Iridaceae.
Family:   Iridaceae
Genus:   Tigridia
Species:   T. pavonia
Binomial name
Tigridia pavonia
They have large showy flowers and one species, Tigridia pavonia, is often cultivated for this. The approximately thirty five species in this family grow in the Western Hemisphere, from Mexico to Chile. The tigridia flower is short lived, each often blooming for only one day, but often several flowers will bloom from the same stalk. Usually they are dormant during the winter dry-season. Its roots are edible and were eaten by the Aztecs of Mexico who called it cacomitl and its flower ocēlōxōchitl "Jaguar flower". The genus name means "tiger-like" and alludes to the coloration and spotting of the flowers of the type species Tigridia pavonia.
HABITAT
Oak and pine forests, it is also frequent on roadsides and in semi-wild habitats
Hardy in zones 8-10, they can be grown as annuals in zones 2-7.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.
Plant in well-drained soil in a full sun location. Strong afternoon sun is a plus. They may also be planted in containers.
 2-3 inches deep, 4-5 inches apart and water well. Growing to 12-18 inches tall, we recommend planting in groups of 5-6 bulbs for an eye-catching display.
I Plant them among low-growing flowering perennials; this supports the delicate stems of the Tigridia and gives you a nice combination. Try it with some of the low-growing ornamental grasses, Saponaria, or pop it in between Lavender, Agastache or as a garden border.
T. pavonia, the tiger flower or peacock tiger flower, grown for its large strikingly marked red, white, or yellow concave flowers: family Iridaceae. [New Latin, from Greek tigris, tigridis tiger]





Tigridia pavonia poisonous? Tigridia pavonia has no toxic effects reported.

Gardens, Parks, Pots, Tubs
 when baked, tasting like a sweet potato. The corm is quite small unfortunately and so will never be more than a very tasty occasional treat. The corm has an unpleasant, burning sensation on the mouth if it is eaten raw


The Aztecs also knew about medicinal properties of Tigridia pavonia roots and used them to promote fertility and treat fever and stomach problems.




Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #452 on: June 26, 2020, 10:42:21 AM »


Hi

You may have seen this spider around Arillas on a wall

Wasp Spider

Argiope bruennichi The common name Wasp Spider it shows striking yellow and black markings on its abdomen.
Is a species of orb-web spider distributed throughout central Europe, northern Europe,
Orb-weaver spiders or araneids are members of the spider family Araneidae. They are the most common group of builders of spiral wheel-shaped webs often found in gardens, fields and forest. "Orb" can in English mean "circular",hence the English name of the group. Araneids have eight similar eyes, hairy or spiny legs, and no stridulating organs.
The spider builds a spiral orb web at dawn or dusk, commonly in long grass a little above ground level, taking it approximately an hour. The prominent zigzag shape called the stabilimentum, or web decoration, featured at the centre of the orb is of uncertain function, though it may be to attract insects.
When a prey item is first caught in the web, Argiope bruennichi will quickly immobilise its prey by wrapping it in silk. The prey is then bitten and then injected with a paralysing venom and a protein-dissolving enzyme.
The differences of size of these male spiders actually allows the males to come into contact with the females in relation to their orb webs. The male Argiope bruennichi are able to enter into the female's orb and thus make their webs without being detected as prey and thus eaten before they are able to mate, a major fitness advantage
Or web in this case! Female Wasp spiders are much larger than males, measuring in at an impressive 14-17mm head + body not including the legs,  whilst males only reach up to between 4 and 6mm. When it comes to mating, males play a daring and dangerous game.
The female Wasp Spider creates one of the largest egg sacs of any of the spiders found in Britain.  It is urn shaped, pale brown in colour, often with dark brown vertical bands and about 25mm across.  She fills it with eggs and then seals the top with more silk.
Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Arthropoda
Subphylum:   Chelicerata
Class:   Arachnida
Order:   Araneae
Infraorder:   Araneomorphae
Family:   Araneidae
Genus:   Argiope
Species:   A. bruennichi
Binomial name
Argiope bruennichi

HABITAT
Grassland, hedgerows, meadows, gardens and waste ground

Food:  Small invertebrates, especially grasshoppers and crickets

You can find this Spider in the UK
Distribution:  Found mainly in the southern counties of England but slowly spreading northwards and throughout central Europe, northern Europe, north Africa, parts of Asia, and the Azores archipelago.
This spider was a fairly rare sight but due to warmer weather is much more common. The bite from this spider is sharp and causes immediate pain that can spread to the groin and that alone puts it high









Female wasp spiders are around the size of a 2p piece, with body marking resembling those of wasps and bees. But while they can bite, the creatures are not poisonous but very painful

The wasp spider is a great mimic - looking just like a common wasp keeps it safe from predators, even though it is not dangerous itself. Can eat other insects




Offline angiem

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #453 on: June 26, 2020, 02:02:10 PM »

RE: Ragwort



Jacobaea maritima preparations that are not certified and labeled “hepatotoxic PA-free” are considered UNSAFE. ... The dangerous chemicals in dusty miller can be absorbed quickly through broken skin Sap can cause irritation to the skin and eyes and can lead to dangerous body-wide toxicity  but the taste of the plant is usually off-putting to livestock. That's why it's not unusual to see horses in fields chomping on grass but leaving the ragwort – clever things..
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Ragwort is highly toxic to horses.
It contains arsenic which stays in the body so accumulates over the years, and can be fatal.
Horse owners spend MANY hours removing it from fields and grazing areas.


Offline kevin-beverly

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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #455 on: July 05, 2020, 12:36:23 PM »


HI

This plant is ideal for any garden. This plant i have not seen on Corfu but most probably somewhere on the island

Pineapple Broom

Cytisus battandieri syn.Argyrocytisus battandieri 'Yellow Tail', Common names are  Moroccan broom or Pineapple Broom,
 Is a species of flowering plant in the legume family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. It is the only member of the genus Argyrocytisus (formerly Cytisus battandieri) A native of Morocco, it is a substantial deciduous shrub growing to 4 metres (13 ft) tall and wide, with trifoliate grey-green leaves, and erect racemes of yellow flowers with a distinctive pineapple scent. Grown in a sheltered location, it is hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F).
Family:   Fabaceae
Subfamily:   Faboideae
Tribe:   Genisteae[1]
Genus:   Argyrocytisus
(Maire) Frodin & Heywood ex Raynaud
Species:   A. battandieri
Binomial name
Argyrocytisus battandieri
It was introduced to European horticulture in 1922.
Pineapple broom makes an excellent wall shrub, with 3-parted silvery-grey leaves producing yellow, erect, pea-shaped flowers in large upright cones having the scent of pineapple, hence the name. It has a rounded habit
This can be a shrub or a small tree
HABITAT
Suited to gardens of all sizes, battanderi is a medium-sized shrub of rounded habit, possessing silvery elliptical trifoliate leaves that are silky to the touch. Cytisis battanderi prefers sun or part shade and is unfussy on soil.
Moroccan pineapple broom plants are easily grown in light, sandy or gritty, well-drained soils in full sun. As they originally come from the Atlas Mountains, they tolerate heat, drought, poor soil and dry growing conditions. They prefer a south- or west-facing aspect.
Bloom Time: June to August
Genus name comes from the Greek words argyros meaning silver and cytisus (original genus name) in reference to the silver-gray leaves of this shrub/tree. Cytisus from Greek refers to several types of woody legumes.

Argyrocytisus, commonly called silver broom or pineapple broom, is a silver/gray-leaved evergreen to deciduous shrub or small tree in the legume family. It typically grows to 12’ tall and as wide, but infrequently will rise to as much as 20’ tall. It is native to forested areas of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Trifoliate leaves are densely covered with fine silver-gray hairs. Large, cone-shaped, terminal racemes (to 6” long) of pineapple-scented, deep yellow, pea-shaped flowers bloom late spring to early summer (June to early August). Flowers are followed by pea pod-like seed capsules (to 3” long) which are covered with silver-gray hairs. This shrub/tree is evergreen to semi-evergreen in mild winter locations, but deciduous near the northern edge of its growing range or in unusually cold winters.






NONE No reported toxicity to:Birds,Cats,Dogs,Horses,Livestock,




Known for attracting bees. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers. use in gardens,Landscape,Parks Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought  Showy, Fragrant use in walk ways


Unknown





Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #456 on: July 13, 2020, 10:59:03 AM »


Hi

I have seen this plant walking to Afionas

Eurasian baneberry

Actaea spicata Also known as  baneberry, Eurasian baneberry, herb Christopher, bugbane and cohosh is a species of flowering plant in the genus Actaea, native to Eastern Europe and western Asia.  comprised of about 20-30 species of woodland perennials with toothed leaves, fluffy flowers, and conspicuous berries.
Actaea arizonica – Arizona bugbane
Actaea asiatica
Actaea elata
Actaea matsumurae – Kamchatka bugbane, Japanese bugbane
Actaea pachypoda – white baneberry, white cohosh, doll's eyes
Actaea podocarpa
Actaea racemosa – black cohosh, black bugbane
Actaea rubra (syn. Actaea erythrocarpa) – red baneberry
Actaea simplex
Actaea spicata (syn. Actaea alba) – baneberry, herb christopher



Family:   Ranunculaceae
Genus:   Actaea
Species:   A. spicata
Binomial name
Actaea spicata

Actaea spicata  is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 30–60 cm tall. It has toothed, bipinnate compound leaves up to 40 cm long and 30 cm broad. The flowers are white, with 4–6 petaloid sepals, and are produced in an erect raceme about 10 cm long. The fruit is an oval glossy black berry, 10–11 mm long and 8 mm diameter.
A useful additions to a woodland garden or shady border. The flowers are generally not showy, but the leaves are often attractive and the colorful berries, sometimes resembling doll’s eyes, stand out in the garden. Some species will thrive even in dry, full shade.

This plant was called Cimicifuga now generally included in Actaea

The sizes of these plants range from 3ft-6ft

HABITAT
 Often found in small woodland openings. shaded sites on limestone. Mountain meadows and alpine regions  Forest margins, scrub, grassy slopes and open lands at elevations of 300 - 3,200 metres

Actaea is derived from the Greek name for elder (Sambucus); it was named by Pliny because the leaves of Actaea and Sambucus are similar in appearance.

The name Actaea alba (L.) Mill. is a confused one (Fernald 1940); although described as an American species (now named A. pachypoda), the illustration on which the description was based was actually a picture of the European A. spicata, and strictly, the name is therefore a synonym of the European species. Some texts, however, still treat A. pachypoda under this name



BELOW ACTAEA SPICATA
 







It is an extremely poisonous plant. The berries contain cardiogenic toxins which can have an immediate sedative effect on human cardiac muscle tissue, and are the most poisonous part of the plant. Ingestion of the berries can lead to cardiac arrest and death. The berries are harmless to birds, the plants' primary seed dispersers.
However all parts are toxic the roots as well  The berries are quite bitter, so it is not likely that one would eat enough of them to receive a severe reaction.  Children have been poisoned by eating the waxy, shiny red black or white berries. Ingestion of the berries can lead to cardiac arrest and death. It is toxic to rabbits.



It is grown as an ornamental in gardens. Landscape, Parks,



The root is antispasmodic, cytostatic, emetic, nervine and purgative. In Canada the root is used in the treatment of snakebite. It is also considered useful in the treatment of nervous disorders and rheumatic fever.
 In India it is used in the treatment of rheumatism, goitre and asthma. This remedy should be used with some caution,




Offline Eggy

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #457 on: July 13, 2020, 11:50:39 AM »


Hi

I have seen this plant walking to Afionas

Eurasian baneberry

That's a clever plant , Kevin. Is it like a Triffid??

All well with you guys??
Cheers
Negg


Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #458 on: July 13, 2020, 01:09:21 PM »


Hi Neil

Yes they were coming out of the Night owl
It looks like they had a few ouzo’s they were swaying about

Kev



Offline Eggy

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #459 on: July 13, 2020, 03:28:28 PM »
Trithic answer Kevin , or is it Triffid answer?
Negg

Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #460 on: July 14, 2020, 10:57:13 AM »


Hi

On your walks taking in the scenery inland or coastal scenery you look at a flower and wonder what it is.
I know i have done these threads about different plants. It is so you can look them up for a reference but no one can remember them so what do you do
We all got a mobile phone so why not use it on your walks you most probably take photos with it so your halfway there
I come across a plant i don't know out come the phone take a photo of the leaf or flower as a blink fo a eye it tells all about the plant

I am talking about plant identification apps very clever some are Free and some you have to pay for i use a Free one it is just as good i use iplant

Down load the app try it if you can not get on with it you can delete the app and download another one and get one that suits you

Here are some apps all phones use these app

iplant FREE
Picture this IN-APP PURCHASES
Candide FREE
Plant identifier IN-APP PURCHASES
Plantsnap IN-APP PURCHASES
Garden flower identification FREE

And loads more you can download the in-app purchases ones  you can still use them buy paying you get more  features you can use
All very easy to use

I hope this helps you all



Offline Erja

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #461 on: July 14, 2020, 02:15:59 PM »
Cheers for this and looking forward to using the iPlant in Corfu :)
Life is good ;)




Offline Eggy

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #462 on: July 14, 2020, 05:55:34 PM »
Erja - Personally I think the cannabis plant is better than the I-plant.
Negg

Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #463 on: July 15, 2020, 11:47:27 AM »


HI
I came across a article about this plant very interesting

Hemp or industrial hemp

Cannabis A genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. ruderalis may be included within C. sativa; all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C. sativa; or C. sativa may be accepted as a single undivided species. The genus is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Central Asia, with some researchers also including upper South Asia in its origin.
Can be found all over the world
Cannabis is an annual, dioecious, flowering herb. The leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. The first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, the number gradually increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or nine), depending on variety and growing conditions. At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf. The lower leaf pairs usually occur in an opposite leaf arrangement and the upper leaf pairs in an alternate arrangement on the main stem of a mature plant
The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves
 cannabis species, hemp plants can be male or female (or both, in monoecious species). It is the female plants that are grown to full maturity and harvested at the end of the season.

Family:   Cannabaceae
Genus:   Cannabis
L.
Species
Cannabis sativa L.
Cannabis indica Lam.
Cannabis ruderalis Janisch
The etymology is uncertain but there appears to be no common Proto-Indo-European source for the various forms of the word; the Greek term κάνναβις (kánnabis) is the oldest attested form, which may have been borrowed from an earlier Scythian or Thracian word
Industrial hemp was banned in Greece in from 1957. 60 years later after the changes in policy regarding medicinal cannabis, Greek producers are now free to plant varieties of cannabis included in a list deemed legal by the European Union which have a THC content lower than 0.2 percent.


HABITAT
Hemp is native to central Asia and it was introduced to the United States for agricultural purposes. Habitats include borders of floodplain woodlands, borders of low-lying fields, weedy meadows along rivers, fence rows, and roadside ditches. This plant is found primarily in disturbed habitats  requires little weeding, thrives in most climates

 Cannabis sativa also called industrial hemp, plant of the family Cannabaceae cultivated for its fibre (bast fibre) or its edible seeds.
 It is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 50,000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items, including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.

Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. The legality of industrial hemp varies widely between countries. Some governments regulate the concentration of THC and permit only hemp that is bred with an especially low THC content
Sativa is the marijuana type that people seem to like smoking the most. This plant grows quite large, reaching up to 15 feet in some cases. While it is not a really thick plant, many growers like it due to how tall it can grow.
Cannabis indica is an annual plant in the family Cannabaceae. It is a putative species of the genus Cannabis. Whether it and Cannabis sativa are truly separate species is a matter of debate. The Cannabis indica plant is cultivated for many purposes; for example, the plant fibers can be converted into cloth. Cannabis indica produces large amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The higher concentrations of THC provide euphoric and intoxicating effects making it popular for use both as a recreational and medicinal drug.

  Cannabis ruderalis or C. sativa subsp. sativa var. spontanea, is a low-THC variety or subspecies of Cannabis which is native to Central and Eastern Europe and Russia. Many scholars accept Cannabis ruderalis as its own species due to its unique traits and phenotypes which distinguish it from Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa; however, it is widely debated by many other scholars as to whether or not ruderalis is a subspecies of Cannabis sativa

All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated and the fruit is an achene Cannabis is predominantly dioecious,having imperfect flowers, with staminate "male" and pistillate "female" flowers occurring on separate plants
At a very early period the Chinese recognized the Cannabis plant as dioecious", and the c. 3rd century BCE Erya dictionary defined xi  "male Cannabis" and fu (or ju) "female Cannabis".Male flowers are normally borne on loose panicles, and female flowers are borne on racemes.
The genus Cannabis was formerly placed in the nettle family (Urticaceae) or mulberry family (Moraceae), and later, along with the genus Humulus (hops), in a separate family, the hemp family (Cannabaceae sensu stricto). Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former family Celtidaceae, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato

plants cultivated for fiber and seed production, described as low-intoxicant, non-drug, or fiber types.
plants cultivated for drug production, described as high-intoxicant or drug types.
escaped, hybridised, or wild forms of either of the above types.


One of the many beautiful things about the Cannabis plant is that it comes in many different variations. Not one marijuana type is exactly the same, and they also come in both the male and female variety. Some are tall and skinny, others are short and stout, and still, others are much smaller.





There are no reported cases or direct experimental evidence of poisoning in humans,


For thousands of years, humans have used parts of the hemp plant for food, textiles, paper, fabric, and fuel oil. Today, modern processing technologies have made it possible to create alternatives to gasoline, plastic, and other petroleum products that can help the human race lessen its reliance on polluting and expensive fossil fuels.
Hemp is also good for animals, and some veterinarians recommend including it in the diets of pets and livestock. In Europe, fishermen sprinkle hempseed on the water as an effective bait. When hempseed is included in bird seed, songbirds will pick it out of the mix as they prefer it over other seeds.
Hemp foods are becoming more and more popular as the public discovers the nutritional benefits and culinary uses of hemp.
Hemp is an ideal material for making paper. It regenerates in the field in months (unlike trees which can take 30 years or more to become harvestable after planting.) Moving towards the use of hemp for paper can help save the world's forests.
Building Materials
Hemp based materials can replace wood and other materials used to build homes and other structures including foundations, walls, shingles, paneling, pipes, and paint.



CBD oil
CBD oil usually doesn’t have any major risks for users. However, side effects are possible. These include:
depression
dizziness
hallucinations
low blood pressure
withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability and insomnia
More human studies are needed to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t common. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some obstacles for researchers. With the legalization of marijuana products, more research is possible, and more answers will come

Cancer treatment
Some studies have investigated the role of CBD in preventing cancer cell growth, but research is still in its early stages. The National Cancer InstituteTrusted Source (NCI) says that CBD may help alleviate cancer symptoms and cancer treatment side effects. However, the NCI doesn’t fully endorse any form of cannabis as a cancer treatment. The action of CBD that’s promising for cancer treatment is its ability to moderate inflammation and change how cell reproduce. CBD has the effect of reducing the ability of some types of tumor cells to reproduce.

Pain relief
The effects of CBD oil on your brain’s receptors may also help you manage pain. Studies have shown that cannabis can offer some benefits when taken after chemotherapy treatments. Other pre-clinical studies sponsored by the National Institutes of Health are also looking at the role of cannabis in relieving symptoms caused by:
arthritis
chronic pain
MS pain
muscle pain
spinal cord injuries
Nabiximols (Sativex), a multiple sclerosis drug made from a combination of TCH and CBD, is approved in the United Kingdom and Canada to treat MS pain. However, researchers think the CBD in the drug may be contributing more with its anti-inflammatory properties than by acting against the pain. Clinical trials of CBD are necessary to determine whether or not it should be used for pain management.

Anti-seizure
CBD has been in the news before, as a possible treatment for epilepsy. Research is still in its early days. Researchers are testing how much CBD is able to reduce the number of seizures in people with epilepsy, as well as how safe it is. The American Epilepsy Society states that cannabidiol research offers hope for seizure disorders, and that research is currently being conducted to better understand safe use.
A studyTrusted Source from 2016 worked with 214 people with epilepsy. The study participants added oral doses of 2 to 5mg of CBD per day to their existing anti-epilepsy medications. The study’s researchers monitored the participants for 12 weeks, recording any negative side effects and checking on the frequency of their seizures. Overall, participants had 36.5 percent fewer seizures per month. However, severe adverse effects were recorded in 12 percent of the participants.

Anxiety relief
CBD may be able to help you manage anxiety. Researchers thinkTrusted Source it may change the way your brain’s receptors respond to serotonin, a chemical linked to mental health. Receptors are tiny proteins attached to your cells that receive chemical messages and help your cells respond to different stimuli.
One studyTrusted Source found that a 600mg dose of CBD helped people with social anxiety give a speech. Other early studies done with animals have shown that CBD may help relieve anxiety by:
reducing stress
decreasing physiological effects of anxiety, such as an increased heart rate
improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
inducing sleep in cases of insomnia

 Neuroprotective
Researchers are looking at a receptor located in the brain to learn about the ways that CBD could help people with neurodegenerative disorders, which are diseases that cause the brain and nerves to deteriorate over time. This receptor is known as CB1.
Researchers are studying the use of CBD oil for treating:
Alzheimer’s disease
multiple sclerosis (MS)
Parkinson’s disease
stroke
CBD oil may also reduce the inflammation that can make neurodegenerative symptoms worse. More research is needed to fully understand the effects of CBD oil for neurodegenerative diseases.

 Anti-acne
The effects of CBD on receptors in the immune system may help reduce overall inflammation in the body. In turn, CBD oil may offer benefits for acne management. A human study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigationfound that the oil prevented activity in sebaceous glands. These glands are responsible for producing sebum, a natural oily substance that hydrates the skin. Too much sebum, however, can lead to acne.
Before you consider CBD oil for acne treatment, it’s worth discussing with your dermatologist. More human studies are needed to evaluate the potential benefits of CBD for acne.






Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #464 on: July 24, 2020, 11:11:20 AM »


HI

Strawberry

The garden strawberry or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa

collectively known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness.  It is consumed in large quantities,
The garden strawberry was first bred in Brittany, France, in the 1750s via a cross of Fragaria virginiana from eastern North America and Fragaria chiloensis, which was brought from Chile by Amédée-François Frézier in 1714. Cultivars of Fragaria × ananassa have replaced, in commercial production, the woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca), which was the first strawberry species cultivated in the early 17th century.
The strawberry is not, from a botanical point of view, a berry. Technically, it is an aggregate accessory fruit, meaning that the fleshy part is derived not from the plant's ovaries but from the receptacle that holds the ovaries. Each apparent "seed" (achene) on the outside of the fruit is actually one of the ovaries of the flower, with a seed inside it.
In 2017, world production of strawberries was 9.2 million tonnes, led by China with 40% of the total.
Wild strawberries and cultivated selections from wild strawberry species were the common source of the fruit.

Family:   Rosaceae
Genus:   Fragaria
Species:   F. × ananassa
Binomial name
Fragaria × ananassa

Duchesne determined F. ananassa to be a hybrid of F. chiloensis and F. virginiana. F. ananassa, which produces large fruits, is so-named because it resembles the pineapple in smell, taste and berry shape. In England, many varieties of F. ananassa were produced, and they form the basis of modern varieties of strawberries currently cultivated and consumed. Further breeding were also conducted in Europe and America to improve the hardiness, disease resistance, size, and taste of strawberries.
Strawberry cultivars vary widely in size, color, flavor, shape, degree of fertility, season of ripening, liability to disease and constitution of plant.On average, a strawberry has about 200 seeds on its external membrane. Some vary in foliage, and some vary materially in the relative development of their sexual organs. In most cases, the flowers appear hermaphroditic in structure, but function as either male or female. For purposes of commercial production, plants are propagated from runners and, in general, distributed as either bare root plants or plugs. Cultivation follows one of two general models—annual plasticulture, or a perennial system of matted rows or mounds. Greenhouses produce a small amount of strawberries during the off season.

HABITAT
Strawberries generally prefer plenty of sunlight, but if you've got a shaded garden, try other varieties. Plant your strawberries during the spring or autumn. They favour a sunny and sheltered position in fertile, free-draining soil
The habitats of wild strawberry include moist black soil prairies, openings and edges of woodlands, savannas, limestone glades, and areas along railroads. When it is in open prairies it is usually not very far from woodlands. ... It prefers rich soil and moist conditions. It is able to grow in disturbed areas.
Strawberry Species. According to the Germplasm Resources Information Network (part of the United States Department of Agriculture), there are 103 distinct species and subspecies of strawberry plants.

To maintain top quality, berries are harvested at least every other day. The berries are picked with the caps still attached and with at least half an inch of stem left. Strawberries need to remain on the plant to fully ripen because they do not continue to ripen after being picked. Rotted and overripe berries are removed to minimize insect and disease problems. The berries do not get washed until just before consumption.

Around 200 species of pests are known to attack strawberries both directly and indirectly. These pests include slugs, moths, fruit flies, chafers, strawberry root weevils, strawberry thrips, strawberry sap beetles, strawberry crown moth, mites, aphids, and others.The caterpillars of a number of species of Lepidoptera feed on strawberry plants. For example, the Ghost moth is known to be a pest of the strawberry plant.

The strawberry aphid, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, is a bug species found in the United States (Arizona), Argentina and Chile. It is a vector of the strawberry mild yellow-edge virus.


Why Are Bananas Berries, But Strawberries Aren't? i will tell you another time









NONE


Greenhouse,pots,tubs,
In addition to being consumed fresh, strawberries can be frozen or made into jam or preserves,[45] as well as dried and used in prepared foods, such as cereal bars. Strawberries and strawberry flavorings are a popular addition to dairy products, such as strawberry milk, strawberry ice cream, strawberry milkshakes/smoothies and strawberry yogurts.

In the United Kingdom, "strawberries and cream" is a popular dessert consumed at the Wimbledon tennis tournament.[5] Strawberries and cream is also a staple snack in Mexico, usually available at ice cream parlors. In Sweden, strawberries are a traditional dessert served on St John's Day, also known as Midsummer's Eve. Depending on area, strawberry pie, strawberry rhubarb pie, or strawberry shortcake are also common. In Greece, strawberries may be sprinkled with sugar and then dipped in Metaxa, a brandy, and served as a dessert. In Italy, strawberries are used for various desserts and as a common flavoring for gelato (gelato alla fragola).
Also for wine making and soft drinks




Packed with vitamins, fiber, and particularly high levels of antioxidants known as polyphenols, strawberries are a sodium-free, fat-free, cholesterol-free, low-calorie food. They are among the top 20 fruits in antioxidant capacity and are a good source of manganese and potassium.
ating strawberries is associated with a reduced risk of many chronic diseases (31Trusted Source, 32Trusted Source, 33Trusted Source).

Strawberries may improve heart health, lower blood sugar levels, and help prevent cancer.

Heart health
Heart disease is the most common cause of death worldwide.
Studies have found a relationship between berries — or berry anthocyanins — and improved heart healt
Large observational studies in thousands of people link berry consumption to a lower risk of heart-related deaths
According to a study in middle-aged people with well-established risk factors for heart disease, berries may improve HDL (good) cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood platelets function
Strawberries may also
improve blood antioxidant status
decrease oxidative stress
reduce inflammation
improve vascular function
improve your blood lipid profile
reduce the harmful oxidation of LDL (bad) cholesterol
The effects of freeze-dried strawberry supplements on type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome have been studied intensely — mainly in overweight or obese individuals.
After 4–12 weeks of supplementing, participants experienced a significant decrease in several major risk factors, including LDL (bad) cholesterol, inflammatory markers, and oxidized LDL particles
Blood sugar regulation
When carbs are digested, your body breaks them down into simple sugars and releases them into your bloodstream.
Your body then starts secreting insulin, which tells your cells to pick up the sugar from your bloodstream and use it for fuel or storage.
Imbalances in blood sugar regulation and high-sugar diets are associated with an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease
Strawberries seem to slow down glucose digestion and reduce spikes in both glucose and insulin following a carb-rich meal, compared to a carb-rich meal without strawberries
Thus, strawberries may be particularly useful for preventing metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
Cancer prevention
Cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.
Cancer formation and progression is often linked to oxidative stress and chronic inflammation
A number of studies suggest that berries may help prevent several types of cancer through their ability to fight oxidative stress and inflammation
Strawberries have been shown to inhibit tumor formation in animals with mouth cancer and in human liver cancer cells
The protective effects of strawberries may be driven by ellagic acid and ellagitannins, which have been shown to stop the growth of cancer cells
More human research is needed to improve the understanding of the effects of strawberries on cancer before any solid conclusions can be reached.